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Sharad Purnima


• The full moon day is called Purnima in the Hindu calendar. And the full moon day in the month of Ashwin is referred to as Sharad Purnima as it falls during Sharad Ritu (autumn season). This day is also famous as Kojagiri Purnima in some regions. It is one of the most significant full moon days as it is associated with none other than Lord Krishna himself. And interestingly, devotees who hail from various regions worship different deities on this day. Some people worship Indra Dev, while some offer their prayers to Lakshmi Devi, the Goddess of wealth. And in some regions, Lord Shiva, his consort Parvati and Nandi, his vahana are revered. Moreover, for some people, it is a harvest festival as it marks the end of the monsoon season. • Like Dussehra, Sharad Purnima or Full-moon festival is observed in different ways, in different parts of India. It falls on the fifth day following Dussehra. Goddess Lakshmi presides over the festivity in some parts of the country, while Lord Krishna is worshipped in some other parts. Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth and prosperity, and Krishna symbolizes eternal love. According to their traditional culture and beliefs, the regional communities of India celebrate Sharad Purnima in different ways, unique to their identity. • Once Bengalis are blessed with peace due to divine victory over the evil during Durga Puja, they get busy preparing for the worship of Goddess Lakshmi in order to be blessed with prosperity on the full-moon night. This full-moon night which is known as Sharad Purnima all over the country is called Kojagori Purnima in West Bengal. Bengalis reverently call Goddess Lakshmi as Ma Lokkhi. The ritual of decorating the floor with alpana from the entrance to the interior is performed in every house. • Most of the households in Bengal worship Ma Lokkhi by offering flowers, homemade sweets and devotion to the idol of the Goddess sitting on a lotus. Among the homemade sweets, narkel nadu is a special offering to Ma Lokkhi. This festive dessert is made from fine gratings of coconut kernel, mixed with sugar, milk, ghee and dry fruits. Special porridge (called khichuri in Bengali language) is cooked in the kitchens of Bengali households, on the Kojagori Purnima evening. • In India, the state of Odisha or Orissa celebrates Sharad Purnima in two different ways. Some communities worship the Sun and the Moon on this occasion, while Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped on this pious day in some other communities. In Odisha, Sharad Purnima is also known as Kumar Purnima in honor of Kartikeya, the God of war in the Hindu mythology of India. Kartikeya, son of Lord Shiva, is the handsomest god who is worshipped by young girls in hope of getting handsome husbands. • After a holy bath in the morning, the girls cook several various food items to offer to the Sun Gold and adorn their necks with fresh garlands during worship. They keep fasting for the day. They break the day-long fast once the worship of the moon in the evening is over. They sing, dance and play a special game, Puchi, to rejoice in the festivity. The people of Odisha also observe Sharad Purnima as the birthday of Lakshmi. They play dice and some other indoor games to keep awake the whole night. • In north India, Sharad Purnima is popularly known as Raas Purnima. In the Hindu Mythology, there is a story of Raas Purnima from the life of Lord Krishna. According to the story, it is believed that during his human incarnation on earth, Lord Krishna used to play raas (a traditional folk dance) with Gopis, his female admirers in Vrindavan. It was the night of Sharad Purnima when he played maha raas with his beloved Radha and Gopis on the bank of Yamuna River. In different parts of north India, young boys and girls enact Raas Leela on the festive evening.

Birth Anniversary of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam


Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, October 15 is celebrated as World Students Day every year across the globe. The day is marked to celebrate the birth anniversary of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. It was first celebrated in 2010 in United Nations on Dr APJ Abdul Kalam's birthday when he was 79 years old. Today we honour India's most loved President. World Students Day is celebrated to honour the most loved President of India who was a scientist, a teacher, an author among many other roles that he played. Dr Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu, and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the DRDO and ISRO. India lampoons Pakistan at Commonwealth foreign ministers' meet for raising Kashmir issue Dr Kalam's favourite job was teaching and that is how he wanted the world to remember him. His death also happened while doing what he loves the most. Dr. Kalam was delivering a lecture to the students of IIM Shillong when he fell down the stage suffering a stroke and passed away on July 27, 2015. The theme of World Students Day 2020 is "Learning for people, planet, prosperity, and peace". This theme intends to highlight the centrality of development ambitions for our collectivity with humanitarian objectives. The day is celebrated to pay honor to the students from all across the globe for their hard work, dedication, and determination. Mulayam Singh Yadav tests positive for Covid-19 Dr. Kalam was the author of three books and recipient of several awards including Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan, Bharat Ratna, Veer Savarkar Award, Ramanujan Award. He was also called 'Missile Man of India' for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. Many educational institutes, scientific institutions, and some locations were named after his death.

World Arthritis Day


World Arthritis Day 2020 It’s time to remind the world that arthritis is a real disease that reduces quality of life. Oct. 12, 2020, is World Arthritis Day. This observance calls global attention to a complex, multifaceted disease that evidence shows is a leading cause of disability worldwide, with both physical and emotional impacts. But for much of the world, it’s still an invisible disease. This year, there’s the extra layer of COVID-19 — an unprecedented situation that has literally changed the world forever. We hope you will recognize arthritis through that extra lens and help spread the word to others in your network about how serious a disease arthritis really is, especially in how it diminishes quality of life. Many people with arthritis are more vulnerable to the pandemic because of their age or compromised immune system.

International Day of Older Persons


International Day of Older Persons On 14 December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly designated October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons (resolution 45/106). This was preceded by initiatives such as the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing, which was adopted by the 1982 World Assembly on Ageing and endorsed later that year by the UN General Assembly. In 1991, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Principles for Older Persons (resolution 46/91). In 2002, the Second World Assembly on Ageing adopted the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing, to respond to the opportunities and challenges of population ageing in the 21st century and to promote the development of a society for all ages. The composition of the world population has changed dramatically in recent decades. Between 1950 and 2010, life expectancy worldwide rose from 46 to 68 years. Globally, there were 703 million persons aged 65 or over in 2019. The region of Eastern and South-Eastern Asia was home to the largest number of older persons (261 million), followed by Europe and Northern America (over 200 million). Over the next three decades, the number of older persons worldwide is projected to more than double, reaching more than 1.5 billion persons in 2050. All regions will see an increase in the size of the older population between 2019 and 2050. The largest increase (312 million) is projected to occur in Eastern and South-Eastern Asia, growing from 261 million in 2019 to 573 million in 2050. The fastest increase in the number of older persons is expected in Northern Africa and Western Asia, rising from 29 million in 2019 to 96 million in 2050 (an increase of 226 per cent). The second fastest increase is projected for sub-Saharan Africa, where the population aged 65 or over could grow from 32 million in 2019 to 101 million in 2050 (218 per cent). By contrast, the increase is expected to be relatively small in Australia and New Zealand (84 per cent) and in Europe and Northern America (48%), regions where the population is already significantly older than in other parts of the world. Among development groups, less developed countries excluding the least developed countries will be home to more than two-thirds of the world’s older population (1.1 billion) in 2050. Yet the fastest increase is projected to take place in the least developed countries, where the number of persons aged 65 or over could rise from 37 million in 2019 to 120 million in 2050 (225%). The 2020 theme aims to: • Inform participants about the strategic objectives for the Decade of Healthy Ageing. • Raise awareness of the special health needs of older persons and of their contributions to their own health and to the functioning of the societies in which they live. • Increase awareness and appreciation of the role of the health care workforce in maintaining and improving the health of older persons, with special attention to the nursing profession • Present proposals for reducing the health disparities between older persons in the developed and developing countries, so as to “Leave no one behind”. • Increase understanding of the impact of COVID-19 on older persons and its impact on health care policy, planning, and attitudes. The year 2020 marks the 75th Anniversary of the United Nations and the 30th Anniversary of the International Day of Older Persons. This year has also seen an emergence of COVID-19, that has caused an upheaval across the world. Considering the higher risks confronted by older persons during the outbreak of pandemics such as COVID-19, policy and programmatic interventions must be targeted towards raising awareness of their special needs. Recognizing older persons contributions to their own health and the multiple roles they play in the preparedness and response phases of current and future pandemics is also important. This year has also been recognised as the “Year of the Nurse and Midwife”. International Day of Older Persons 2020 will highlight the role of the health care workforce in contributing to the health of older persons, with special recognition of the nursing profession, and a primary focus on the role of women - who are relatively undervalued and in most cases inadequately compensated. The 2020 observance will also promote the Decade of Healthy Ageing (2020-2030) and help bring together UN experts, civil society, government and the health professions to discuss the five strategic objectives of the Global Strategy and Action plan on Ageing and Health while noting the progress and challenges in their realization. The global strategy is well integrated into the Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs), while ageing issues cut across the 17 goals, especially Goal 3 which aims to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being of all at all ages”. As stated by Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (Director-General, WHO) “acting on the strategy, is a means for countries to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and ensure that every human being regardless of age will have an opportunity to fulfill their potential in dignity and equality” Source : UN



WORLD TOURISM DAY 2020: GLOBAL COMMUNITY UNITES TO CELEBRATE “TOURISM AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT” The 2020 edition of World Tourism Day will celebrate the unique role that tourism plays in providing opportunities outside of big cities and preserving cultural and natural heritage all around the world. Celebrated on 27 September with the theme of “Tourism and Rural Development”, this year’s international day of observation comes at a critical moment, as countries around the world look to tourism to drive recovery, including in rural communities where the sector is a leading employer and economic pillar. The 2020 edition also comes as governments look to the sector to drive recovery from the effects of the pandemic and with the enhanced recognition of tourism at the highest United Nations level. This was most notably illustrated with the recent release of a landmark Policy Brief on tourism from UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in which he explained that “for rural communities, indigenous peoples and many other historically marginalized populations, tourism has been a vehicle for integration, empowerment and generating income.” Historic International Cooperation All around the world, tourism empowers rural communities, providing jobs and opportunity, most notably for women and youth For the first time in the 40-year history of World Tourism Day, the official celebration will not be hosted by a single Member State of the United Nations specialized agency. Instead, nations from the MERCOSUR Member States (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, with Chile joining as Member Associate status) will serve as joint hosts. This co-hosting agreement exemplifies the spirit of international solidarity that runs through tourism and which UNWTO has recognized as essential for recovery. UNWTO Secretary-General Zurab Pololikashvili said: “All around the world, tourism empowers rural communities, providing jobs and opportunity, most notably for women and youth. Tourism also enables rural communities to hold onto their unique cultural heritage and traditions, and the sector is vital for safeguarding habitat and endangered species. This World Tourism Day is a chance to recognize the role tourism plays outside of major cities and its ability to build a better future for all.” Rural areas hit hard by COVID-19 For countless rural communities around the world, tourism is a leading provider of employment and opportunities. In many places, it is one of the few viable economic sectors. Moreover, development through tourism can also keep rural communities alive. It is estimated that by 2050, 68% of the world population will live in urban areas, while 80% of those currently living in ‘extreme poverty’ live outside of towns and cities. The situation is particularly hard for youth: young people in rural communities are three times more likely to be unemployed than older adults. Tourism is a lifeline, offering young people a chance to earn a living without having to migrate either within their home countries or abroad. World Tourism Day 2020 will once again be celebrated by UNWTO’s Member States in all global regions as well as by cities and other destinations and by private sector organizations and individual tourists. It comes as communities in rural areas also struggle with the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. These communities are usually much less-prepared to deal with the short and longer-term impacts of the crisis. This is due to a number of factors, including their aging populations, lower income levels and the continuing ‘digital divide’. Tourism offers a solution to all of these challenges. Source : UNWTO

International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons


International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons • The General Assembly declared the International Day in December 2013, in its resolution 68/32 as a follow-up to the high-level meeting of the General Assembly on nuclear disarmament held on 26 September 2013, in New York. • In resolution 68/32, the General Assembly called for the “urgent commencement of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament of a comprehensive convention on nuclear weapons to prohibit their possession, development, production, acquisition, testing, stockpiling, transfer and use or threat of use, and to provide for their destruction.” • The International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons has been observed annually since 2014. Pursuant to the resolutions of the General Assembly, Member States, the United Nations system and civil society, including non-governmental organizations, academia, parliamentarians, the mass media and individuals are encouraged to commemorate and promote the International Day through enhancing public awareness and education about the threat posed to humanity by nuclear weapons and the necessity for their total elimination. • Notable Events • 1945 - The two atomic bombs destroyed the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and are estimated to have killed a total of 213,000 people immediately. • 1946 - In its very first resolution, the General Assembly identified nuclear disarmament as a leading goal of the United Nations. • 1959 - The General Assembly included nuclear disarmament as part of the more comprehensive goal of general and complete disarmament under effective international control (resolution 1378(XIV)). It is the first General Assembly resolution ever to be sponsored by the entire membership of the United Nations. • 1963 - The Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water, also known as the Partial Test Ban Treaty, was opened for signature. Years-long discussions between the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States had been given a renewed sense of urgency by the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. • 1967 - The nuclear arms race and the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis prompted Latin American Governments to negotiate the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco), which established the first nuclear weapons-free zone in a highly populated area. • 1978 - The General Assembly held its first Special Session Devoted to Disarmament. In the Final Document, Member States affirmed that their common ultimate objective is “general and complete disarmament under effective international control” and that “effective measures of nuclear disarmament and the prevention of nuclear war have the highest priority.” • 1985 - The South Pacific became the second nuclear-weapon-free zone (Treaty of Rarotonga). • 1991 - South Africa voluntarily renounced its nuclear weapons programme. • 1992 - By the Lisbon Protocol to the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I), Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine voluntarily renounced nuclear weapons in their possession following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. • 1995 - At the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, States parties adopted without a vote the decisions on the indefinite extension of the Treaty, "Strengthening the review process for the Treaty" and "Principles and objectives on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament", as well as a "Resolution on the Middle East". Southeast Asia became the third nuclear-weapon-free zone (Bangkok Treaty). • 1996 - Africa became the fourth nuclear-weapon-free zone (Pelindaba Treaty). At the request of the General Assembly, the International Court of Justice provided an advisory opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons. The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty opened for signature. • 2000 - At the 2000 NPT Review Conference, States parties adopted thirteen practical steps for systematic and progressive efforts for nuclear disarmament. • 2006 - Central Asia became the fifth nuclear-weapon-free zone (Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia). • 2008 - United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced his five-point plan towards nuclear disarmament. • 2010 - At the 2010 NPT Review Conference, States parties adopted a 64-point action plan across all three pillars of the Treaty – nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy – and practical steps to implement the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East. • 2013 - The General Assembly held its first-ever high-level meeting on nuclear disarmament. The General Assembly, through its resolution 68/32, declared that 26 September will be the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons. The General Assembly, pursuant to resolution 67/56, convenes an open-ended working group on taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations. 2016 - The General Assembly, pursuant to resolution 70/33, convenes a second open-ended working group on taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations. • 2017 - On 7 July, the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons is adopted. It is the first multilateral legally binding instrument for nuclear disarmament to have been negotiated in 20 years. • 2018 - The Secretary-General launched “Securing Our Common Future: An Agenda for Disarmament.” The Agenda addresses the elimination of nuclear weapons in the framework of “disarmament to save humanity.” • 2020 - Fiftieth Anniversary of the entry- into force of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

World Rose Day


World Rose Day 2020: It is a day dedicated to give hope and spread cheer among people fighting cancer. As most cancer treatments are harsh on the body, and have a deep psychological impact and stigma surrounding the disease, it is very important to keep the patients cheerful, say experts and so every day should be a 'Rose Day' for them. September 22 is observed as World Rose Day, for bringing happiness in the lives of cancer patients. It is also a day to spread awareness about cancer among the people as early detection cures many types of cancer. World Rose Day 2020: Changing the way we look at cancer Cancer is often referred to as the big 'C'. Many experts today discourage it as advanced treatments have improved chances of recovery and quality of life. "No longer the big 'C', cancer must be appraised realistically. An increasing focus and reflection on cancer in the mainstream media is a good way of destigmatising and desensitising issues among the general public, while also bringing comfort, hope, and perhaps, some useful advice to patients and survivors alike," an editorial on oncology, published by the Lancet in 2016 said. The article also says, "A world where some cancers are becoming chronic, lifelong conditions, requires a shift in our perception of the disease and survivorship". World Rose Day 2020: How a 12-year-old inspired cancer patients Rose Day is observed in the memory of Melinda Rose from Canada who was diagnosed with Askin's Tumour, a rare form of blood cancer, when she was 12. After the diagnosis, the doctors had given her just weeks but she went on to live for six months, never giving up the hope of defeating cancer. Melinda Rose touched the lives of many. She wrote verses, little notes and e-mails to cancer patients giving hope. Spreading cheer and hope had become her life's mission. On World Rose Day, it is important that we take time out and spend with cancer patients. A rose is a symbol of tenderness, love and care. The flower is given to cancer patients on World Rose Day to tell them how much we care for them. Source : NDTV

World Alzheimer's Day


World Alzheimer's Day World Alzheimer's Day is an international campaign to raise awareness and highlight issues faced by people affected by dementia. It is an opportunity for people and organisations to demonstrate how we can overcome these issues and help people live well with dementia. World Alzheimer’s Day takes place every year on 21 September. It is the focus of World Alzheimer's Month during the month of September. Globally, dementia is one of the biggest challenges we face, with nearly 50 million people living with dementia worldwide. To tackle this global dementia challenge we need to work together, and to collaborate and share best practice with one another. This is why Alzheimer's Society has committed to work with partners on global research and campaigning, as well as sharing our learning, best practice and experience with one another. This World Alzheimer's Month, we are highlighting the importance of talking about dementia. We want to raise awareness of how it impacts the daily lives of people affected by the condition and challenge the stigma that surrounds it. We know that receiving a dementia diagnosis can leave a person feeling very alone. We have also spoken to primary carers who feel isolated since their loved one received a diagnosis. But you are not alone — Alzheimer's Society is here to support you. Let's shine a spotlight on dementia and highlight how taking the time to talk about dementia can have a huge impact for people affected by it.

The International Day of Peace


The International Day of Peace The International Day of Peace ("Peace Day") is observed around the world each year on 21 September. Established in 1981 by unanimous United Nations resolution, Peace Day provides a globally shared date for all humanity to commit to Peace above all differences and to contribute to building a Culture of Peace. This is a long established universal website which serves all involved in Peace Day, beginning annually with the 100-day Countdown. This year is particularly significant: It is the 20th Anniversary of the UN Resolution on the Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace. A/RES/53/243 B Let us all create Peace Day everyday!2020 Peace Day Theme: Shaping Peace Together Celebrate the International Day of Peace by spreading compassion, kindness and hope in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. Stand together with the UN against attempts to use the virus to promote discrimination or hatred. Join us so that we can shape peace together.

World Ozone Day


Ozone for life: 35 years of ozone layer protection This year, we celebrate 35 years of the Vienna Convention and 35 years of global ozone layer protection. Life on Earth would not be possible without sunlight. But the energy emanating from the sun would be too much for life on Earth to thrive were it not for the ozone layer. This stratospheric layer shields Earth from most of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation. Sunlight makes life possible, but the ozone layer makes life as we know it possible. So, when scientists working in the late 1970s discovered that humanity was creating a hole in this protective shield, they raised the alarm. The hole – caused by ozone-depleting gases (ODSs) used in aerosols and cooling, such as refrigerators and air-conditioners – was threatening to increase cases of skin cancer and cataracts, and damage plants, crops, and ecosystems. The global response was decisive. In 1985, the world’s governments adopted the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer. Under the Convention’s Montreal Protocol, governments, scientists and industry worked together to cut out 99 per cent of all ozone-depleting substances. Thanks to the Montreal Protocol, the ozone layer is healing and expected to return to pre-1980 values by mid-century. In support of the Protocol, the Kigali Amendment, which came into force in 2019, will work towards reducing hydrofluorocarbon (HFCs), greenhouse gases with powerful climate warming potential and damaging to the environment. World Ozone Day, held on September 16, celebrates this achievement. It shows that collective decisions and action, guided by science, are the only way to solve major global crises. In this year of the coronavirus pandemic that has brought such social and economic hardship, the ozone treaties’ message of working together in harmony and for the collective good is more important than ever. The slogan of the day, ‘Ozone for life’, reminds us that not only is ozone crucial for life on Earth, but that we must continue to protect the ozone layer for future generations.

World Ozone Day


Ozone for life: 35 years of ozone layer protection This year, we celebrate 35 years of the Vienna Convention and 35 years of global ozone layer protection. Life on Earth would not be possible without sunlight. But the energy emanating from the sun would be too much for life on Earth to thrive were it not for the ozone layer. This stratospheric layer shields Earth from most of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation. Sunlight makes life possible, but the ozone layer makes life as we know it possible. So, when scientists working in the late 1970s discovered that humanity was creating a hole in this protective shield, they raised the alarm. The hole – caused by ozone-depleting gases (ODSs) used in aerosols and cooling, such as refrigerators and air-conditioners – was threatening to increase cases of skin cancer and cataracts, and damage plants, crops, and ecosystems. The global response was decisive. In 1985, the world’s governments adopted the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer. Under the Convention’s Montreal Protocol, governments, scientists and industry worked together to cut out 99 per cent of all ozone-depleting substances. Thanks to the Montreal Protocol, the ozone layer is healing and expected to return to pre-1980 values by mid-century. In support of the Protocol, the Kigali Amendment, which came into force in 2019, will work towards reducing hydrofluorocarbon (HFCs), greenhouse gases with powerful climate warming potential and damaging to the environment. World Ozone Day, held on September 16, celebrates this achievement. It shows that collective decisions and action, guided by science, are the only way to solve major global crises. In this year of the coronavirus pandemic that has brought such social and economic hardship, the ozone treaties’ message of working together in harmony and for the collective good is more important than ever. The slogan of the day, ‘Ozone for life’, reminds us that not only is ozone crucial for life on Earth, but that we must continue to protect the ozone layer for future generations.

United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation


United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation 2020 In 2020 the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation on 10 September marks the 42nd anniversary of the 1978 adoption by consensus of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries South-South cooperation is a manifestation of solidarity among peoples and countries of the South that contributes to their national well-being, their national and collective self-reliance and the attainment of internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. That cooperation is done through a broad framework of collaboration among countries of the South in the political, economic, social, cultural, environmental and technical domains. Involving two or more developing countries, it can take place on a bilateral, regional, intraregional or interregional basis. Developing countries share knowledge, skills, expertise and resources to meet their development goals through concerted efforts. To highlight the importance of South-South Cooperation, the General Assembly in its resolution 58/220 decided to observe the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation. The United Nations Day commemorates the adoption in 1978 of the "Buenos Aires Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (BAPA)" by 138 Member States. The 2020 high-level commemoration of the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation organized ahead of the celebration of the 75th anniversary of the creation of the United Nations, provided an opportunity to reflect on the vital role of international solidarity and collaboration to support the delivery of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), while effectively responding to the global COVID-19 crisis and recovering better, especially in the Global South.

Birth Anniversary of Shri B D Jatti (Ex Acting President Of India)


B D Jatti Biography Shri Basappa Danappa Jatti, the former Vice-President (1974-1980) of India, was born in Bijapur district of Karnataka on September 10, 1912. After completing his Law graduation from Sykes Law College, Kolhapur, B D Jatti did his legal practice as an advocate for a very short span of time in his home town Jamakhandi. In 1940, he entered in politics as a Municipality member at Jamakhandi and finally was elected as a member of the Jamakhandi State Legislature. After entering politics as a municipality member in 1940, B D Jatti never looked back. In his long and eventful political career traversing more than five decades, he served in many important positions in the Government and finally became the acting president on February 11, 1977. After Jamakhandi merged with Bombay state in 1948, B D Jatti became the nominated member of the merged state in the Bombay State Legislative Assembly. In the same week he was appointed as a Parliamentary Secretary to the Chief Minister of Bombay, Mr B.G.Kher. After serving for two years as the private secretary to the Bombay Chief Minister, B D Jatti was appointed as the Deputy Minister for Health and Labor. After that B D Jatti was appointed as the chairman of Land Reforms Committee in the Mysore Legislative Assembly. In 1958 he was elected as the Chief Minister of Mysore and continued in this position till 1962. In the third general elections in 1962, he was re-elected from Jamkhandi constituency and appointed as Finance Minister in the Nijalingappa Ministry. B D Jatti came to the national scene in 1968 when he became the Lt Governor of Pondicherry. After a period of five years, in 1973, he was appointed as the Governor of Orissa. The subsequent year in 1974, B D Jatti moved to New Delhi to assume the office of the Vice-President of India. He was also the ex- officio Chairman, Rajya Sabha till 1979. He also held the Office of the President Of India for a brief period of 5 months from February 11, 1977 to July 25, 1977 due to the sudden death of Fakruddin Ali Ahmed, the then President of India. He passed away on 8th June 2002.

World Suicide Prevention Day


World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD), on 10 September, is organized by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP). WHO has been co-sponsor of the day. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness around the globe that suicide can be prevented. World Suicide Prevention Day is observed annually on September 10 to raise awareness regarding the subject of suicide and the actions that can be taken to prevent these tragedies on a global scale. In 2003, the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) collaborated with the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) to host the first ever World Suicide Prevention Day. Since then many countries around the world have joined them in this venture, in 2011, approximately 40 countries held awareness events to mark this occasion. According to the suicide data collection done by the WHO, close to 800,00 people die each year, due to suicide, boiling down to 1 death every 40 seconds and that is not taking into account the 20 million suicide attempts. However, reducing these tragedies into statistics does not mean that there are set causes or stereotypes that can be applied to it. There are several convergences that finally lead to suicide. Often it is a combination of genetic, psychological, social, cultural and other risk factors additionally combined with the experience of loss and trauma, that can wreak havoc in people’s lives. Not just the ones that take their own lives but of those around them as well. “For each suicide approximately 135 people suffer intense grief or are otherwise affected.” Regardless of the immediate cause or trigger that leads to suicide, ignoring all the factors that play a role would be a gross misrepresentation of the suffering of so many people. Each of these heterogenous individuals present a wide array of multifaceted causal influences that precede the final act. And it is often this heterogeneity that presents the biggest challenge in the prevention of suicide. The observance of World Suicide Prevention Day seeks to highlight that through the adoption of a multilevel and cohesive approach, each individual can work towards suicide prevention. Even the smallest members of society can play a massive role, through initiating conversation, educating oneself and others about the causes and warning signs of suicide. Perhaps most importantly, even the simplest gestures of compassion can help save a life. The ongoing pandemic has created a world environment that is harsh and seriously detrimental for mental health, especially with the downturn of the economy, the isolation that has come with months of social distancing and the sheer stress of navigating through life while people across the globe are suffering through a dangerous virus. These circumstances have pandemonium all around the globe, making this the most imperative time to focus on suicide prevention. Source : hindustantimes.com | Edited by Jahnavi Gupta Hindustan Times, Delhi

International Literacy Day


International Literacy Day 2020 The 8th of September was proclaimed International Literacy Day by UNESCO in 1966 to remind the international community of the importance of literacy for individuals, communities and societies, and the need for intensified efforts towards more literate societies. The issue of literacy is a key component of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals and the UN's 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The UN's Sustainable Development Agenda, adopted by world leaders in September 2015, promotes universal access to quality education and learning opportunities throughout people’s lives. Sustainable Development Goal 4 has as one of its targets ensuring all young people achieve literacy and numeracy and that adults, who lack these skills are given the opportunity to acquire them. International Literacy Day 2020 focuses on “Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond,” especially on the role of educators and changing pedagogies. The theme highlights literacy learning in a lifelong learning perspective, and therefore, mainly focuses on youth and adults. The recent Covid-19 crisis has been a stark reminder of the existing gap between policy discourse and reality: a gap that already existed in the pre-COVID-19 era and negatively affects the learning of youth and adults, who have no or low literacy skills, and therefore, tend to face multiple disadvantages. During COVID-19, in many countries, adult literacy programmes were absent in the initial education response plans, so most adult literacy programmes that did exist were suspended, with just a few courses continuing virtually, through TV and radio, or in open air spaces. What is the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on youth and adult literacy educators and teaching and learning? What are the lessons learnt? How can we effectively position youth and adult literacy learning in global and national responses and in strategies for the recovery and resilience-building phase? By exploring these questions, International Literacy Day 2020 provides an opportunity to reflect on and discuss how innovative and effective pedagogies and teaching methodologies can be used in youth and adult literacy programmes to face the pandemic and beyond. The Day will also give an opportunity to analyse the role of educators, as well as formulate effective policies, systems, governance and measures that can support educators and learning. Online Events The global celebrations of International Literacy Day on 8 September 2020 will be composed of two virtual meetings: Meeting on ‘Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond: the role of educators and changing pedagogies’ (13:30-15:30 in Paris time) Meeting on the Laureates of the UNESCO International Literacy Prizes 2020 (16:00-17:00 in Paris time).

Global Forgiveness Day


Global Forgiveness Day 2020: In 1994 the organization, ‘The Christian Embassy of Christ’s Ambassadors’ hung a single banner proclaiming National Forgiveness Day in downtown Victoria, British Columbia. As the annual celebration progressed, overwhelming media attention required that National Forgiveness Day be renamed Global Forgiveness Day. This was done to spread the message across the globe. Global Forgiveness Day 2020: Why would anyone forget someone who wronged him or her in the past? Do you think sticking around for past maltreatment from anyone is worth it? No. Forgiveness is the key to wash away all the painful past and start a new journey. But if you want to forgive someone for any kind of misbehaviour and harm they did to you in past, what could be a better day than Global Forgiveness Day. Celebrated on July 7 every year, Global Forgiveness Day aims to spread awareness about the healing power of forgiveness and make the world a happy place to live in. Forgiveness is choosing to be free from past pain or hurt and permitting ourselves to experience happiness again. In Jainism, every year they observe 8 days rituals and on the last day, which is called “Samvatsari”. On samvatsari they say “Micchami Dukkadam” i.e please forgive me if I have hurt you. It’s a day to forgive and to be forgiven.

World Coconut Day


World Coconut Day The first-ever celebration of world coconut day was in the year 2009. It’s an annual event to celebrate the day with great enthusiasm by the APCC or the Asian and Pacific Coconut Community. Health and nutrition benefits of coconut • Coconut is the fruit of the coconut palm. It’s mostly used for its water, milk, oil, and make meat tasty. • Coconuts are especially high in manganese, which is essential for bone health and the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and cholesterol. They’re also rich in copper and iron, which help form red blood cells, as well as selenium, an important antioxidant that protects our cells. • Studies have found that eating coconut may improve cholesterol levels and help decrease belly fat. People who frequently eat coconut meat have lower rates of heart disease. • Coconut meat contains phenolic compounds, which are antioxidants that may help protect cells from oxidative damage Coconut Development Board to celebrate World Coconut Day The Board is organising World Coconut Day which is celebrated every year on September 2 as an annual event in commemoration of the foundation day of the International Coconut Community, an inter governmental organisation established under UNESCAP. The theme of World Coconut day this year is: “Invest in coconut to save the world”. The theme was announced by ICC in accordance with the call of FAO for investments aimed at strengthening the resilience and growth potential of poor rural people, thereby leading to zero hunger, nourishing food and collective prosperity. Narendra Singh Tomar, the Union Minister for Agriculture and Famers welfare will virtually inaugurate the programme on September 2. Progressive farmer groups, policy makers, officials from the State government, entrepreneurs, exporters and other stakeholders are expected to participate in the webinar. A technical session will follow the inaugural session wherein the participants will be exposed to the potentials for investment in the sector through coconut cultivation, processing, value addition and export. The Investment in coconut sector has been promoted by CDB through various schemes, both in coconut cultivation and industry. Increased production and productivity will ensure remunerative returns thereby making the investment viable, the officials added. India is expanding the export base of coconut products and activated carbon, the most exported coconut product which is in high demand industries in the US and Europe. During 2019-20, the export of coconut products (excluding coir items) was valued at ?1,762.17 crores. India is the global leader in coconut production and productivity and the coconut industry is moving ahead with a steady pace, said Coconut Development Board officials. The coconut is grown in 2.15 million hectare and the annual coconut production and productivity is 21,308.41 million nuts and 9898 nuts per hectare respectively, the officials added. (Coconut Development Board to celebrate World Coconut Day, Source : The Hindu, Business Line, AgriBusiness dtd August 28th 2020)

International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances


• On 21 December 2010, by its resolution 65/209 the UN General Assembly expressed its deep concern about the increase in enforced or involuntary disappearances in various regions of the world, including arrest, detention and abduction, when these are part of or amount to enforced disappearances, and by the growing number of reports concerning harassment, ill-treatment and intimidation of witnesses of disappearances or relatives of persons who have disappeared. • By the same resolution the Assembly welcomed the adoption of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, and decided to declare 30 August the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances, to be observed beginning in 2011. • Enforced disappearance has frequently been used as a strategy to spread terror within the society. The feeling of insecurity generated by this practice is not limited to the close relatives of the disappeared, but also affects their communities and society as a whole. • Enforced disappearance has become a global problem and is not restricted to a specific region of the world. Once largely the product of military dictatorships, enforced disappearances can nowadays be perpetrated in complex situations of internal conflict, especially as a means of political repression of opponents. Of particular concern are: 1. the ongoing harassment of human rights defenders, relatives of victims, witnesses and legal counsel dealing with cases of enforced disappearance; 2. the use by States of counter-terrorist activities as an excuse for breaching their obligations; 3. and the still widespread impunity for enforced disappearance. • Who Is Affected? a. The Victims Themselves b. Friends and Families of the Victims c. Communities

Birth Anniversary of Dhyan Chand (The Wizard)


• Dhyan Chand was born on August 29, 1905, Allahabad, India • Indian field hockey player who was considered to be one of the greatest players of all time. • Dhyan Chand is most remembered for his goal-scoring feats and for his three Olympic gold medals (1928, 1932, and 1936). • Dhyan Chand joined the Indian army in 1922 and came to prominence when he toured New Zealand with the army team in 1926. • After playing in the 1928 and 1932 Olympic Games, Dhyan Chand captained the Indian team at the 1936 Games in Berlin, scoring three goals in the 8–1 defeat of Germany in the final match. • During India’s victorious world tour of 1932, Dhyan Chand scored 133 goals. Known as “the Wizard” for his superb ball control. • Chand played his final international match in 1948. • Dhyan Chand scored 570 goals in 185 matches.

Birth Anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi


• He was named as Rajiv to pay homage to his maternal grandfather Kamala Nehru. The word 'Kamala' refers to goddess Lakshmi and 'Rajiv' is another term for lotus, which is used to worship the deity • Rajiv Gandhi was a member of the Flying Club, where he received training in civil aviation • Rajiv Gandhi joined Air India in 1970 and worked there till he got into politics in 1980 • Rajiv Gandhi loved computers and gadgets. As a minister, he stressed on the advancement of digitisation within the country • Rajiv Gandhi was elected as the president of the youth wing of the Congress in 1981 • Till date, Rajiv Gandhi is still the youngest Prime Minister the country has ever had. He took the position at the young age of 40 • It was under Rajiv Gandhi’s leadership that the Congress won its largest majority in the Lok Sabha, with a record 411 seats of the 542 • Rajiv Gandhi was nicknamed Mr Clean because of his fight against corruption • In May 1991, Rajiv Gandhi made an unscheduled stop at Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, to garland Indira Gandhi's statue. • During the garlanding ceremony Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated by LTTE, a separatist organisation from Sri Lanka. • Sadbhavana Diwas is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India on 20th August every year

Birth Anniversary of N R Narayana Murthy (Infosys Founder)


• Jailed for 72 hours - Murthy, a self proclaimed socialist in the mid '70s was jailed for 72 hours in Bulgaria. The experience taught him that entrepreneurship and job creation is the way to alleviate poverty. • First company failed - In 1976, Murthy founded Softronics, a company that lasted a year and a half. When he realised that his first venture wasn't taking off, he moved on. • Keep the faith - Infosys almost wound up in 1990. Murthy did not want to sell the company. He asked co-founders if they wanted out and offered to buy their shares. All of them stuck together. • Get involved - Infosys won a contract from Reebok in the early '90s. Seeing the founders involvement, the software, was nick named 'Dinesh, Murthy and Prahlad.' Infy veterans still recall those days. • Hired Mohandas Pai at Infosys AGM - Hire a good accountant, even if he is argumentative A young, argumentative Indian, was asking too many questions at an annual general body meeting of Infosys. More impressed than irritated, he hired Mohandas Pai, who went on to help Infosys list on Nasdaq. • Flies economy class - The big man of Indian IT kept his personal life simple. He lives in a simple, middle class house and flies economy till date. Murthy has always been accessible to people around him. • Created Infosys on borrowed money - In 1981, a determined Murthy started Infosys with Rs 10,000 he borrowed from his wife. In few years, Infosys went on to become one of the largest wealth creators in the country. • Mantra to keep going - In God we trust, the rest must come with data, is perhaps Murthy’s favourite statement. When confronted with difficult decisions, he tends to rely on data. • Loves books - Keep your life simple and straight. That way, you get to work more and worry less. Murthy is known to be frugal with money. Despite being one of the richest Indians, he leads a simple life. However, he does not cut corners on buying books or brushing up on literature.

Birth Anniversary of Tania Sachdev (Chess Player)


• Tania Sachdev, Born in Delhi, Sachdev was introduced to the game by her mother, Anju, at the age of 6. • Tania Sachdev has played for the Indian national team in the Women's Chess Olympiads since 2008, the Women's World Team Chess Championship in 2009 and 2011 • She is arguably the prettiest Indian chess player ever. • In 2016, Tania Sachdev won the best woman's prize at the Reykjavik Open and won the Commonwealth women's champion title in Kalutara. • Tania Sachdev was conferred with the prestigious Arjuna Award in 2009. • In 2007, Tania Sachdev also won the Women's Asian Chess Championship with 6½ points out of nine rounds in Tehran. • Tania Sachdev won India's National Women's Premier Chess Championship in 2006 and 2007. • In 2005, Tania Sachdev became the eighth Indian player to be awarded the Woman Grandmaster title. • Tania Sachdev was coached by K.C. Joshi during her early years. As a child, Tania Sachdev won multiple events. • Tania Sachdev achieved her first international title when she was eight and since then there has been no looking back.

Birth Anniversary of Shri Shankar Dayal Sharma (former President of India)


• Shankar Dayal Sharma was the 9th President of India. Shankar Dayal Sharma had earlier served as the eighth vice-president of India. • Shankar Dayal Sharma also served as the Chief Minister of Bhopal and was the Cabinet minister holding the portfolios of Education, Law, Public Works, Industry and Commerce, National Resources and Separate Revenue. • Shankar Dayal Sharma was born in Bhopal and studied at St. John's College, Agra College, Punjab University and Lucknow University. A meritorious Law student from Fitzwilliam College, Sharma was awarded the Chakravarti Gold Medal for Social Service by Lucknow University. • Shankar Dayal Sharma later worked at the Cambridge University and Lucknow University. During his tenure in these universities, he was awarded a fellowship at the Harvard Law school and was elected Honorary Bencher and Master of Lincoln's Inn and Honorary Fellow, Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. • Political life An active member of the Indian National Congress, Sharma chaperoned the movement against the Nawab of Bhopal who expressed his wish to retain the princely state. He was arrested in 1948 on charges of leading a public agitation against the Nawab. He also served jail for violating restrictions on public meetings. He was later released under public pressure and the Nawab was forced to sign the agreement for merger with the Indian Union on 30 April 1949. • After attaining various political posts in Maharashtra and Punjab, he was elected for a 5-year term as the vice-president of India and the Chairman of Rajya Sabha. • He served as the Vice-President until 1992 when he was elected as the President. Sharma suffered from ill health in the last five years of his life. • 0n 26 December 1999, he suffered a massive heart attack and was admitted to a hospital, where he breathed his last.

World Humanitarian Day


This year’s World Humanitarian Day honours the front-line health workers - the Real-Life Heroes - including doctors and nurses, midwives and community volunteers, and those who risk their lives to ensure that everyone has access to health services, testing and treatment, protective equipment, and medication especially during the COVID-19 pandemic and all other emergencies. They are the people you may know from your village or town, who have been working tirelessly on the ground to bring vaccines to children, monitor the health of elderly, help mothers deliver babies safely, lead contact tracing and surveillance activities, and provide psycho-social support in times of conflict, pandemic, and natural disasters. They are our real-life heroes. Source : World Health Organization (WHO)

Birth Anniversary of Subedar Major Vijay Kumar ( Shooter)


• Subedar Major Vijay Kumar is a sport shooter from India. • Subedar Major Vijay Kumar won the silver medal in the individual 25 metre rapid fire pistol event at the 2012 Summer Olympics. • Subedar Major Vijay Kumar hails from Barsar village of Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh and is a serving Subedar Major (Warrant Officer Class I) in the Dogra Regiment (16th Battalion) Indian Army. Vijay Kumar is supported by the Olympic Gold Quest initiative. • At the 2006 Commonwealth Games, he won two gold medals: the individual 25 meter rapid fire pistol competition and the pairs competition in the same event together with Pemba Tamang. The same year, he won a bronze medal in the Asian Games. • In 2007, he finished second at the Asian Championship in 25 metre center-fire pistol. He also won a silver medal at the 2009 ISSF World Cup Beijing in rapid fire pistol, where he was defeated by 0.1 points. • In the 2010 Commonwealth Games, he won three gold medals and one silver. In 25 metre rapid fire pistol pairs, Gurpreet Singh and Vijay Kumar won the gold medal scoring 1162 points, setting a new Commonwealth games record. He won the 25 meter rapid fire pistol singles event and also teamed up with Harpreet Singh to win the 25-metre center fire pistol pairs event. In the 25-metre centre fire pistol singles, he finished second winning a silver, losing out to fellow Indian Harpreet Singh. • Subedar Major Vijay Kumar won the Silver Medal in the 25 m rapid fire pistol event at 2012 London Olympics. He finished with an average score of 9.767 and had a score of 293 with 7 inner 10s in the first stage. Vijay's silver was the second medal for India at London 2012. Earlier Kumar failed to qualify for the men's 10 m air pistol finals after finishing 31st on 28 July 2012. • Subedar Major Vijay Kumar was chosen to be the Indian flagbearer at the 2014 Commonwealth Games. The Indian trio of Vijay Kumar, Pemba Tamang and Gurpreet Singh won the silver medal in the 25m center fire event at the 2014 Asian Games, held at Incheon, South Korea. The team scored a total of 1740, two behind gold medalists China. • AWARDS AND RECOGNITION • Arjuna Award (2007) • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (2012) • Ati Vishisht Seva Medal (2013) • Padma Shri (2013) • For winning the silver medal at 2012 London Olympics, ?1 crore (US$150,000) cash award was awarded by the Government of Himachal Pradesh and ?50 lakh (US$74,000) by the Government of Rajasthan.

World Photography day


• World Photography day is an annual worldwide celebration of the science, history, art and craft of photography. August 19 marks the day when the people who share a passion for photography come together to raise awareness and share ideas about the field of photography. Each year, in celebration of this art form, many promotional photography competitions are announced with various themes to choose from. • A picture is worth more than a thousand words; it is a means of personal expression and the appreciation of it, all at the same time. • It traces its origins to 1837 when the first ever photographic process, the ‘Daguerreotype’ was developed by the Frenchmen Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce. On January 9, 1839, the French Academy of Sciences announced this process, and later in the same year, the French government purchased the patent for the invention and gave it as a gift, “free to the world.” • However, the first durable colour photograph was taken in the year 1861 and there is even speculation about the first digital photograph being invented in 1957, 20 years before the invention of the first digital camera. • Photography has evolved from its original purpose of documentation into a language in its own right. Different methods of photography convey different emotions, and often each photographer, in the course of time, develops their own style. • Each year, in celebration of this art form, many promotional photography competitions are announced with various themes to choose from.

Death Anniversary of Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee


Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee • Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, A man of the masses, firm in his political convictions. • Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee has been elected to the Lok Sabha (House of the People) nine times and to the Rajya Sabha (House of the States) twice, a record by itself. • As India’s Prime Minister, Foreign Minister, Chairperson of various important Standing Committees of Parliament and Leader of the Opposition, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee has been an active participant in shaping India’s post-Independence domestic and foreign policy. • Born in the family of a humble school teacher on December 25 1924, in the erstwhile princely state of Gwalior. • India’s second highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan, was conferred upon him in recognition of his selfless dedication to his first and only love, India, and his more than half-a-century of service to society and the nation. • In 1994, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was named India’s ‘Best Parliamentarian. • In late December 2014 Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour.

Birthday of Yashpal Sharma (Cricketer)


• Yashpal Sharma is a former Indian middle-order batsman who played for India at the turn of the 1980s. • In 1979, Yashpal Sharma toured England as part of the Indian World Cup squad, but didn't play any of the World Cup games. • Yashpal Sharma registered three of his five highest ODI career scores in the 1983 World Cup. He top-scored in three big wins for India playing the defining knock in these matches – in their tournament opener, a potential Quarter-Final and the Semi-Final. • Yashpal Sharma was a part of the 1983 World Cup winning squad and played a key role in India's success. In the first match against the West Indies, he top scored with 89 and was adjudged the Player of the Match, helping India win by 34 runs. He was again the top scorer with 61 against England in the semi-final, helping India win by 6 wickets.

Birth Anniversary of Shri V V Giri - President of India


• Shri V.V. Giri, was the only Independent candidate to have been elected to the post of the President so far. • Following the death of the then President Dr. Zakir Hussain on May 3, 1969, Shri V.V. Giri had to officiate as the President. • In 1969, Shri V.V. Giri was elected the fourth President of India. • Bharat Ratna recipient Shri V.V. Giri gave his assent to two revolutionary documents — the Shimla Agreement and Indira Gandhi’s bank nationalisation Bill. • In 1920, Shri V.V. Giri was put behind bars for protesting against the sale of liquor. • In 1923, Shri V.V. Giri became one of the founders of the All India Railway men’s Federation. • Shri V.V. Giri was twice elected President of the Trade Union Congress, in 1926 and 1942 respectively. • Shri V.V. Giri was a member of the Lok Sabha from 1952 to 1957 and from 1952 to 1954 he served as the Union Labour Minister. • Shri V.V. Giri also served as Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore. • Shri V.V. Giri has written two important books, one on "Industrial Relations" and the other on "Labour Problems in Indian Industry".

International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples


• This year’s theme is COVID-19 and indigenous peoples’ resilience. The virtual commemoration will feature an interactive panel discussion on the innovative ways indigenous peoples continue demonstrating resilience and strength in the face of the pandemic while confronting grave threats to their survival. The aim is to highlight how the preservation and promotion of indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge and practices can be leveraged more fully during this pandemic. Panelists will share good practices with the audience through an interactive virtual event that will focus on building back stronger. • 9 August commemorates the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples worldwide. • This date marks the day of the first meeting, in 1982, of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. • BACKGROUND • There are an estimated 370 million indigenous people in the world, living across 90 countries. • They make up less than 5 percent of the world’s population but account for 15 percent of the poorest. • They speak an overwhelming majority of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures. • Indigenous peoples are inheritors and practitioners of unique cultures and ways of relating to people and the environment. • They have retained social, cultural, economic and political characteristics that are distinct from those of the dominant societies in which they live. • Indigenous peoples have sought recognition of their identities, their way of life and their right to traditional lands, territories and natural resources for years, yet throughout history, their rights have always been violated. • Indigenous peoples today, are arguably among the most disadvantaged and vulnerable groups of people in the world.

Birthday Wish to Chetan Anand (Badminton Player)


• Chetan Anand was born on 08-07-1980 in Vijayawada in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. • Chetan started his career in 1992 by playing badminton at the Mini Nationals in Mumbai. • Chetan Anand won the 12 and 15 year age groups doubles, pairing up with A. Prithvi. • At the age of 15, he reached his first open nationals singles and was adjudged the runner-up. He won the doubles again with A. Prithvi. • Chetan Anand won more than 15 major ranking tournaments in India after his first Asian Satellite tournament in Bangalore – the beginning of his seniors. • In 2004, Chetan Anand became the National Badminton Champion. • Chetan Anand won the Toulouse Open in France 2004 and Irish and Scottish open Badminton Tournaments in 2005. • Chetan Anand won his first Grand Prix title in 2008 at the Bitburger Open. • In 2008, Chetan Anand was also the runner-up in the Dutch Grand Prix. • Chetan Anand was ranked 10th in the world, touched his epitome in 2009. • Chetan Anand won the Dutch Open Grand Prix in 2009 and also the Jaypee Syed Modi Memorial Grand Prix at Lucknow. • Chetan Anand dropped to a 54 following his ankle injury later on. • Chetan Anand was adjudged the National Badminton champion 4 times, in 2004, 2007, 2008 and 2010. • Chetan Anand also received the prestigious Arjuna Award for his achievements on the court.

Death Anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore


• A poet, musician, writer and even a painter, Rabindranath Tagore was one of the greatest minds of India, who made tremendous contribution to Indian literature, music, as well as art. • We all know that Tagore gifted India its national anthem ‘Jana-Gana-Mana’. However, not many know that he is the only person whose songs are used as the national anthem for not one, but three countries. From India’s ‘Jan Gan Man’ to Bangladesh’s ‘Amar Sona Bangla’, Sri Lanka’s national anthem is also based on Tagore’s poem. • He traveled to over 30 countries on five continents in a little over five decades in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. • Each time Rabindranath Tagore visited a new nation, the government would pledge thousands of dollars to his Visva Bharti University in honor of his visit to their country. • A lover of music, Tagore wrote over 2,000 songs now known as Rabindra Sangit. Many of these songs were inspired by his travels around the world. • Mahatma Gandhi and Tagore shared a special bond despite their differences and not many know it was ‘Gurudev’ who conferred the title ‘Mahatma’ on the Father of Nation. The Gandhi-Tagore dialogue is one of the most instructive and philosophically alive conversations of modern India. • Tagore wrote eight novels and four novellas – Chaturanga, Shesher Kobita, Char Odhay and Noukadubi. In 1913, he became the first non-European to be awarded the coveted Nobel Prize for Literature after the publication of his acclaimed collection of poems, Geetanjali. • In 2004, Tagore’s Nobel Prize medal was stolen in a theft at Shantiniketan. The Swedish Academy gave him the award again in the form of two replicas, a gold and a silver. • Rabindranath Tagore and Albert Einstein met four times between 1930 and 1931 and mutually revered each other for each other’s contributions.

Hiroshima Day


• Hiroshima Day commemorates 6 August 1945, the day when an atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, followed a few days later by another dropped on the city of Nagasaki. • The bombings effectively ended World War II by bringing about the surrender of Japan, but at a terrible price – the two cities were destroyed and casualties, mostly civilians, were estimated at around 200,000, with many more people dying later from injuries and illness. • Hiroshima Day is now a focus for anti-war and anti-nuclear discussions and demonstrations. • On August 6, 1945, the American bomber Enola Gay dropped a five-ton bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. A blast equivalent to the power of 15,000 tons of TNT reduced four square miles of the city to ruins and immediately killed 80,000 people. Tens of thousands more died in the following weeks from wounds and radiation poisoning. Three days later, another bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki, killing nearly 40,000 more people. A few days later, Japan announced its surrender. • Hiroshima City • Hiroshima was a small fishing village. It was founded in 1589 on the banks of Ota River. During the Meiji Restoration in the year 1868, Hiroshima’s growth was speedy, and it soon transformed into a significant urban centre and industrial hub. Hiroshima officially became a city in the year 1889. In the imperial era, Hiroshima was a centre of military activities playing significant roles during the Sino – Japanese war, Russo – Japanese war and the two World wars. • This city is the best example of human cruelty and human grit. The restoration work would not have been possible for the government alone. It was a combined effort of the civilian and the government to restore the essential services as early as possible. • Nagasaki City • Nagasaki also was a small fishing village initially on the island of Kyushu in Japan. During the Meiji revolution, Nagasaki gained the status of a city on 1st April in the year 1889.

Death Anniversary of Sushma Swaraj-former EAM


• Sushma Swaraj, (Sushma Sharma), (born February 14, 1952, Ambala, Haryana, India—died August 6, 2019, New Delhi), • Sushma Swaraj, was a Indian politician and government official who served in a variety of legislative and administrative posts at the state (Haryana) and national (union) levels in India. • Sushma Swaraj, served as the leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the Lok Sabha (lower chamber of the Indian parliament) for five years (2009–14) and as minister of External Affairs (2014–19) in the BJP-led cabinet of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. • Sushma Swaraj’s father, Hardev Sharma, was prominent in the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). • Sushma Swaraj completed a law degree at Panjab University in Chandigarh, and in 1973 registered as an advocate in the Supreme Court of India. • In 1977, as a member of the Janata Party,Sushma Swaraj ran for office for the first time and was elected to a seat in the legislative assembly of Haryana state. • Sushma Swaraj was the youngest Cabinet Minister in 1977, at the age of 25. • Sushma Swaraj was the minister of Information and Broadcasting (September 2000–January 2003) and both Health and Family Welfare and Parliamentary Affairs (January 2003–May 2004) in the NDA government. • Sushma Swaraj won the 2014 Lok Sabha polls as part of the BJP’s landslide victory and was given the important portfolios for External Affairs and for Overseas Indian Affairs in Prime Minister Modi’s cabinet. • In late 2016, Sushma Swaraj suffered kidney failure. • Sushma Swaraj decided not to go for the election 2019 and left Modi’s cabinet at the end of his first term. In August of that year she died of cardiac arrest. • In 2020 Sushma Swaraj was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, one of India’s highest civilian honours.

Birth Anniversary of Venkatesh Prasad


• Venkatesh Prasad is a former Indian cricketer, born on 5 August, 1969 at Bangalore, India. He was a right-arm medium-fast bowler and a right-handed batsman. • Venkatesh Prasad was known for his bowling combination with Javagal Srinath. • Venkatesh Prasad made his ODI debut in 1994 against New Zealand and Test debut against England in 1996. He took a five wicket haul in his second test match and had his name on Lord’s honours board. • Venkatesh Prasad had the ability to bowl slow cutters which troubled the batsmen. • In 1996, Venkatesh Prasad recorded his first and only 10-wicket haul in Test cricket against South Africa at Durban. • Venkatesh Prasad’s best performance came in a difficult pitch at Chennai in 1999, where he picked 6 for 33 in the 2nd innings against Pakistan. • Venkatesh Prasad’s most notorious moment in his career came during the 1996 ICC Cricket World Cup quarter finals, when Pakistani batsman Aamir Sohail sledged Prasad after hitting him for a boundary. The very next ball, Prasad rattled the stumps and sent Sohail back to the pavilion. • Venkatesh Prasad was then appointed as senior team’s bowling coach after the disappointing performance in the 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup.

Birth Anniversary of Kishore Kumar


• Kishore Kumar was born into a Bengali Brahmin family. • Kishore Kumar’s father, Kunjalal Ganguly was an estimable lawyer. • Kishore Kumar was a trouper, script writer, lyricist, producer and director • 16 of his first 22 movies bombed at the box office • Kishore Kumar was not a trained classical singer • Multifaceted artiste got his maiden opportunity to sing in the movie Ziddi, aeons ago in the year 1948. This opportunity to sing the song, ‘Marne Ki Duayen Kyon Mangoon’ was provided by music director Khemchand Prakash. • Kishore Kumar wrote and directed “Chalti Ka Naam Gadi” in the year 1958 where the three brothers Ashok, Anup and Kishore along with the ethereal beauty Madhubala had audiences in splits. • Kishore Kumar was particularly fond of yodeling • Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards for Best Playback Singer Male Awards • 1971 –for Aradhana • 1972 –for Andaz • 1973 –for Hare Rama Hare Krishna • 1975 –for Kora Kagaz • Filmfare Awards • 1970 "Roop Tera Mastana" – Aradhana • 1976 "Dil Aisa Kisi Ne Mera" - Amanush • 1979 "Khaike Paan Banaras Wala" - Don • 1981 "Hazaar Raahen Mudke Dekheen" - Thodisi Bewafaii • 1983 "Pag Ghungroo Baandh" - Namak Halaal • 1984 "Agar Tum Na Hote" - Agar Tum Na Hote • 1985 "Manzilein Apni Jagah Hain" - Sharaabi • 1986 "Saagar Kinaare" - Sagar

Birth Anniversary of Shri Munshi Premchand (Novelist)


• Munshi Premchand was born as Dhanpat Rai Srivastav on 31 July 1880 in Lamhi, a village near Varanasi, in British India. • Munshi Premchand was an Indian writer counted amongst the greatest Hindustani writers of the early 20th century. • Munshi Premchand was a novelist, short story writer, and dramatist who penned over a dozen novels, hundreds of short stories, and numerous essays. • Munshi Premchand also translated a number of literary works of other languages into Hindi. • A teacher by profession, he began his literary career as a freelancer in Urdu. • Munshi Premchand was an independent minded patriotic soul and his initial literary works in Urdu were replete with descriptions of the Indian nationalist movement that was building up in various parts of India. • Munshi Premchand was much moved by the inhumane manner in which Indian women of his time were treated, and often depicted the miserable plight of girls and women in his stories hoping to create awareness in the minds of his readers. • A true patriot, he quit his government job as a part of the non-cooperation movement called by Mahatma Gandhi even though he had a growing family to feed. • Munshi Premchand was eventually elected as the first President of the Progressive Writers' Association in Lucknow. • A patriot, he wrote many stories in Urdu encouraging the general public to participate in India’s struggle for freedom from British colonial rule. These stories were published in his first short story collection, titled ‘Soz-e-Watan’ in 1907. The collection came to the notice of the British officials who banned it. This also forced Dhanpat Rai to change his pen name from “Nawab Rai” to “Premchand” in order to escape persecution at the hands of the British. • Munshi Premchand ‘s novel, ‘Godaan’, is considered one of the greatest Hindustani novels of modern Indian literature. The novel explores several themes such as caste segregation in India, exploitation of the lower classes, exploitation of women, and the problems posed by industrialization. The book was later translated into English and also made into a Hindi film in 1963. • Munshi Premchand suffered from ill health during his last days and died on 8 October 1936. • The Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, established the Premchand Fellowships in his honor in 2005. It is given to persons of eminence in the field of culture from SAARC countries.

Birth Anniversary of Arata Izumi (Footballer)


• Arata Izumi Born to an Indian father and a Japanese mother at Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi in Japan. • Arata Izumi came over to India and chose to play for East Bengal in 2006. • Arata Izumi then moved to Mahindra United in 2007 and later joined Pune FC where he rose to captain the side in the I-League. • Arata Izumi 's professional career took root in Singapore in 2005 with Albirex Nigata and soon earned a reputation for his speedy movements. • After the Singapore experience, Arata returned to Japan to join Mitsubishi Motors Muzushima FC in the 2006 J-League. • In the August of 2012, he achieved his cherished dream of gaining Indian citizenship. • Arata Izumi made his debut for India in 2013. • Arata Izumi was also a member of the national team for the 2014 AFC Challenge Cup and the 2013 SAFF Championship. • Arata Izumi was taken on board by Atletico de Kolkata for a sum of Rs 68 lakh in the Hero ISL 2015 auction. • Arata Izumi scored five times and provided one assist for ATK in Hero ISL 2015.

World Day Against Trafficking in Persons


Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. UNODC, as guardian of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and the Protocols thereto, assists States in their efforts to implement the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (Trafficking in Persons Protocol). The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. The World Day against Trafficking in Persons was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/68/192.

International Tiger Day


• As per Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar : India has 70 per cent of global tiger population • The beautiful, awe-inspiring tiger is one of our planet’s most iconic animals. But here’s the shocking truth. Wild tiger numbers dropped by more than 95% since the beginning of the 20th century. Now, for the first time in conservation history, their numbers are on the increase. • WHY TIGERS ARE SO IMPORTANT • As top predators, tigers help to keep their environment healthy. • It’s the way things naturally work in the wild – the predators prey on other animals, in this case herbivores (plant-eaters) such as deer. But without enough tigers to eat them, herbivores can overgraze and damage the land, disrupting the balance of the local environment. • Local people also depend on a healthy environment for food, water and lots of other resources. By helping protect tigers we’re also helping look after the places where they live, which is good for all the people and wildlife sharing that environment. • Affected by: Illegal wildlife trade , Human wildlife conflict , Habitat loss and fragmentation • Can you imagine a world without tigers? It was almost a reality. By 2010 their numbers had dropped to an all time low of 3,200 and reduced to just 5% of their historical range. • But in that same year the world took action to bring tigers back from the brink of extinction. In an historic moment, all 13 countries with tiger populations at the time made a commitment to double wild tigers by 2022 - the Chinese Year of the Tiger. It remains one of the most ambitious conservation goals ever for a single species. • The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal. It has a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. The combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger its pride of place as the national animal of India. Out of eight races of the species known, the Indian race, the Royal Bengal Tiger, is found throughout the country except in the north-western region and also in the neighbouring countries, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. To check the dwindling population of tigers in India, 'Project Tiger' was launched in April 1973. So far, 27 tiger reserves have been established in the country under this project, covering an area of 37,761 sq km.

World Nature Conservation Day


• World Nature Conservation Day is celebrated every year on 28 July. There is no clear information about why the date of July 28 was chosen to celebrate this day. Every year a different theme is decided by organizations and environmentalists, but due to Corona crisis, the theme of this day has not been set this year. However, despite the Corona crisis, the importance of practicing to protect natural resources remains. • The origin of World Nature Conservation Day is unknown. On this day, people promise to support nature and preserve it. In the year 2020, the whole world has faced many natural disasters like Australia bushfires, Amazon forest fires, cyclone Amfan and Nisarg havoc in India, Uttarakhand forest fires and locust attacks in the midst of Corona epidemic. In such a situation, it is very important to create a healthy environment to save the present and future generations. • Importance of World Nature Conservation Day • Every activity in the world depends on nature and it affects our nature. In such a situation, it is our duty to keep our surroundings and environment safe and clean. In our current situation, there are many things which can prove to be a threat to nature and from previous examples it proves that we have ignored nature rather than preserving it. The main purpose of World Nature Conservation Day is to protect, maintain and conserve natural resources, habitats. • To avoid natural disasters, global warming, various diseases, etc., by creating awareness among people, they have to attract attention towards conservation of natural resources. We are facing an epidemic in such a situation, why not start protecting our nature from our home. For this, make your family members aware about the conservation of nature and natural resources, so that they can contribute to it and other people can be inspired to do so.

World Hepatitis Day


• 325 million people are living with viral hepatitis B and C. • 9,00,000 deaths per year caused by hepatitis B virus infection. • 10% of people living with hepatitis B and 19% living with hepatitis C know their hepatitis status. • 42% of children, globally, have access to the birth dose of the hepatitis B vaccine. • This year’s theme is “Hepatitis-free future,” with a strong focus on preventing hepatitis B among mothers and newborns. • World Hepatitis Day is commemorated each year on 28 July to enhance awareness of viral hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver that causes a range of health problems, including liver cancer. • There are five main strains of the hepatitis virus – A, B, C, D and E. Together, hepatitis B and C are the most common cause of deaths, with 1.3 million lives lost each year. Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, viral hepatitis continues to claim thousands of lives every day. • A hepatitis-free future is achievable with a united effort • PREVENT infection among newborns. All newborns should be vaccinated against hepatitis B at birth, followed by at least 2 additional doses. • STOP TRANSMISSION from MOTHER to CHILD. All pregnant women should be routinely tested for hepatitis B, HIV and syphilis and receive treatment if needed. • LEAVE NO ONE BEHIND. Everyone should have access to hepatitis prevention, testing and treatment services, including people who inject drugs, people in prisons, migrants, and other highly-affected populations. • EXPAND access to testing and treatment. Timely testing and treatment of viral hepatitis can prevent liver cancer and other severe liver diseases. • MAINTAIN essential hepatitis services during COVID-19. Prevention and care services for hepatitis - such as infant immunization, harm reduction services and continuous treatment of chronic hepatitis B - are essential even during the pandemic.

Death Anniversary of Shri APJ Abdul Kalam (President of India)


• Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam better known as A. P. J. Abdul Kalam. • Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, to Jainulabudeen, a boat owner, and Ashiamma, a housewife, at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. • In order to support his family, he used to distribute newspapers after his school hours. • He was elected as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007, succeeding KR Narayanan. For his simple and humble nature, he is widely referred to as the ‘People’s President’. • Kalam missed an opportunity to become a fighter pilot for the Indian Air force. His dreams were shattered when he was ranked 9th when there were only 8 openings. • For his contribution on the launch of vehicle technology and ballistic missile he came to be known as the ‘Missile Man of India’. • In 2017, a newly discovered organism found on the International Space Station was named after APJ Abdul Kalam by NASA. Name of the bacteria was Solibacillus kalamii. • Kalam also made significant contributions to the nuclear capabilities of India. The Pokhran -2 nuclear tests (in 1998) were successful thanks to his organizational and technical support. • He supported the abolition of the death penalty saying that as President of India he felt pain in deciding mercy petitions of death row convicts. • He received honorary doctorates from more than 40 national and international universities during his lifetime. • Kalam was the recipient of Padma Bhushan (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1990) and Bharat Ratna (1997) for his contribution to the scientific research and modernisation of defence technology in India. • His autobiography ‘Wings of Fire: An Autobiography’ was first published in English and now has been translated into 13 languages. • Kalam used to love the Veena and often played the instrument at his residence. • He would write poetry in Tamil and also published several books such as Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, Inspiring Thoughts, and Turning Points among others.

Kargil Vijay Diwas 2020


• Kargil Vijay Diwas, named after the success of Operation Vijay. • On this day, 26 July 1999, India successfully took command of the high outposts which had been lost to Pakistani intruders. • The Kargil war was fought for more than 60 days, ended on 26 July and resulted in loss of life on both the sides. • The war ended with India regaining control of all the previously held territory, hence re-establishing the status quo ante bellum. • Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July every year in honour of the Kargil War’s Heroes. • This day is celebrated in the Kargil–Dras sector and the national capital New Delhi, where the Prime Minister of India pays homage to the soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate every year. • Functions are also organized all over the country to commemorate the contributions of the armed forces.

Birth Anniversary of Shri Azim Premji (Business Entrepreneur)


• Azim Premji, in full Azim Hasham Premji, (born July 24, 1945, Bombay India), Indian business entrepreneur who served as chairman of Wipro Limited, guiding the company through four decades of diversification and growth to emerge as a world leader in the software industry. • In the year 1945, Azim Premji’s father founded Western Indian Vegetable Products Ltd., which produced vanaspati, a widely used hydrogenated shortening. • Three years later colonial India was partitioned into mainly Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan, but the Premjis, a Muslim family, chose to remain in India. • In 1966, just before Azim Premji was to complete his degree in engineering at Stanford University, his father died unexpectedly. Azim Premji Postponed his graduation. In 1999, Azim Premji officially completed his degree from Stanford through a distance-learning arrangement. • Azim Premji renamed the company Wipro in 1977, and in 1979, when the Indian government asked IBM to leave the country, he began to steer the company toward the computer business. • By the early 21st century, Azim Premji had become one of the world’s wealthiest people. Wipro’s value skyrocketed in the late 1990s, and Premji became one of the richest entrepreneurs in the world—a position he retained well into the 21st century. • Despite Azim Premji’s vast personal wealth, He continued to be recognized for his modesty, lack of extravagance, and charity. • In 2001 Azim Premji established the nonprofit Azim Premji Foundation. • Premji Foundation had extended computer-aided education to more than 16,000 schools, with child-friendly content increasingly available in local languages.

Birth Anniversary of Pankaj Advani (Snooker Player)


• Pankaj Advani is a world-renowned snooker player from India. • Pankaj Advani holds the record of being the youngest national snooker champion at the age of 17. • Pankaj Advani is the second cueist to win both the billiards and snooker amateur world titles. • In the year 2005 Pankaj Advani achieved a historical feat by becoming the first player to win both the Time and Points format titles in the IBSF World Billiards Championship in Malta. • Pankaj Advani is the recipient of the 2005-2006 Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, the highest sports award in India. • By defeating Devendra Joshi in the Points format and seven-time world champion Geet Sethi in the longer format of the 2005 IBSF World Billiards championship Pankaj Advani became the first player to win in both the formats.

Birth Anniversary of Manoj Kumar (Film Actor)


• Manoj Kumar was born on July 24, 1937 in Abbottabad, North-West Frontier Province, British India as Harikishen Giri Goswami. • Manoj Kumar is an actor and writer, known for Roti, Kapda aur Makan (1974), Upkar (1967) and Shor (1972). • Manoj Kumar Was known as "Mr Bharat" as he made movies on patriotism and was a thorough patriot. • During his childhood, his mother and his 2 month year old brother were admitted to a hospital. When riots broke out, the doctor's and nurses all fled the hospital. As his mother lay in pain, his baby brother passed away. • He is remembered for his films such as Hariyali Aur Raasta, Woh Kaun Thi, Himalaya Ki God Mein, Do Badan, Upkar, Patthar Ke Sanam, Neel Kamal, Purab Aur Paschim, Roti Kapda Aur Makaan, and Kranti. • He is known for acting in and directing films with patriotic themes, and has been given the nickname "Bharat Kumar". • In 1992, he was honoured with the Padma Shri by the Government of India. • India's highest award in cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, was bestowed him in 2016.

Birth Anniversary of Shri Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Freedom Fighter)


• Bal Gangadhar Tilak, byname Lokamanya, (born July 23, 1856, Ratnagiri [now in Maharashtra state], India—died August 1, 1920, Bombay [now Mumbai]), scholar, mathematician, philosopher, and ardent nationalist. • Bal Gangadhar Tilak was educated at Deccan College in Poona, where in 1876,he earned bachelor’s degrees in mathematics and Sanskrit. • Bal Gangadhar Tilak studied law, receiving his degree in 1879 from the University of Bombay (now Mumbai). • He organized two important festivals, Ganesh in 1893 and Shivaji in 1895. • On his release in 1914, on the eve of World War I, Tilak once more plunged into politics. He launched the Home Rule League with the rousing slogan “Swarajya is my birthright and I will have it.” • Tilak visited England in 1918 as president of the Indian Home Rule League. He realized that the Labour Party was a growing force in British politics, and he established firm relationships with its leaders. His foresight was justified: it was a Labour government that granted independence to India in 1947. • In tributes, Gandhi called him “the Maker of Modern India,” and Jawaharlal Nehru, independent India’s first prime minister, described him as “the Father of the Indian Revolution.”

Birth Anniversary of Shri Chandrasekhar Azad (Freedom Fighter)


• Chandrasekhar Azad, original name Chandrasekhar Tiwari. • born July 23, 1906, Bhabra, India—died February 27, 1931, Allahabad • Indian revolutionary who organized and led a band of militant youth during India’s independence movement. • Azad was drawn into the Indian national movement at a young age. When apprehended by the police at age 15 while participating in Mohandas K. Gandhi’s noncooperation movement (1920–22) at Banares (now Varanasi), he gave his name as Azad (Urdu: “Free” or “Liberated”) and his address as “prison.” • Azad participated in several violent crimes, notably the Kakori train robbery (1925) and the revenge killing of a British police officer (1928). • Known for his organizational skills, Azad played a key role in reorganizing the HRA as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association after most of the HRA’s members had been killed or imprisoned. • Azad arranged to meet a revolutionary at Allahabad’s Alfred Park (now Azad Park). He was betrayed to the police, who surrounded him as soon as he entered the park. A gun battle ensued, in which two police officers were wounded, and Azad was fatally shot.

Birth Anniversary of Yuzvendra Singh Chahal (Cricketer)


• Yuzvendra Singh Chahal (born 23 July 1990) is an Indian cricketer and former chess player who represents India in the international stage. • He is a leg break bowler and one of the best in the business. • Chahal made his One Day International debut against Zimbabwe in Harare Sports Club on 11 June, 2016. • Chahal has so far played only limited overs International cricket, i.e., One Day Internationals (ODIs) and Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is). • Along with cricket, Chahal has also represented India internationally in Chess at youth levels. • On the domestic level, Chahal plays for Haryana. Chahal is an integral part of the Royal Challengers Bangalore contingent in the Indian Premier League. • In the second match, Chahal took three wickets for just 25 runs and led his side to victory by 8 wickets. This earned him first international man of the match award. • On 18 January 2019, Chahal took his 2nd One Day International 5 wicket haul by taking 6/42 against Australia National Cricket team. These were one of the joint best figures by an Indian bowler. • Cricket is not Chahal's only talent. Chahal has also represented India in chess at the World Youth Chess Championship.

Nelson Mandela International Day (Birth Anniversary)


• Nelson Mandela was a great statesman, a fierce advocate for equality, the founding father of peace in South Africa. • Nelson Mandela was jailed for 27 years. • Nelson Mandela has emerged as the world's most significant moral leader since Mahatma Gandhi. • Nelson Mandela International Day is celebrated every year to shine light on the legacy of a man who changed the 20th century and helped shape the 21st. • Mandela Day focus areas and goals 2019-2029 • EDUCATION & LITERACY GOAL 1 Provision of quality education for all children. GOAL 2 All children in Early Childhood Development (ECD) to have access to learning resources for development. • FOOD AND NUTRITION GOAL 3 Reduce hunger in families through the provision of nutritious meals. GOAL 4 Eliminate malnutrition and stunting in young children. • SHELTER GOAL 5 Provide safe shelter for families to live and thrive in. GOAL 6 Eliminate homelessness. • SANITATION GOAL 7 Sanitation that is safe in every school. GOAL 8 Enable access of safe sanitation to all communities to. • ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP GOAL 9 Dedicate more resources to supporting poverty eradication projects. GOAL 10 #MANDELADAY2020 • In 2020, the essence of Mandela Day – take action, inspire change, and make every day a Mandela Day – is more important than ever before.

Birth Anniversary of Dhanraj Pillay (Hockey Player)


• Dhanraj Pillay is the former captain of the Indian hockey team, Dhanraj Pillay was born on July 16, 1968 at Kirkee in Maharashtra. • He made his international debut in 1989 when he represented the nation at the Allwyn Asia Cup in New Delhi in 1989. • He was awarded the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award for 1999-2000, besides the Padma Shri in 2000. • The only Indian to play in four Summer Olympics, four World Hockey Cups and four Champions Trophies, he led the team to the Asian Games gold title in 2002. • He invested 15 years of his life to represent India in 339 international matches and scored over 170 goals to become India’s hockey tornado. • Dhanraj’s dribbling skills were so fast that he went past players even 10 years younger to him with ease. • Apart from leading the national side Dhanraj played in various International league and tournaments. Dhanraj Pillay represented a number of overseas Hockey clubs. The list includes Indian Gymkhana of London, HC Lyon of France, BSN HC & Telekom Malyasia HC of Malaysia, Abhahani Limited of Dhaka and HTC Stuttgart Kickers of Germany.

Birth Anniversary of Emile Czaja (Wrestler)


• Emile Czaja started his professional career in India in 1937. • Emile Czaja was given the name "King Kong" after playing the part of King Kong in an Indian movie. • In 1945, Emile Czaja wrestled Hamida Pehelwan in front of approximately 200,000 spectators in Lahore, India. • Emile Czaja frequently wrestled for over 100,000 fans. • Emile Czaja wrestled mostly in Japan, Singapore, Europe, New Zealand, and Australia. • In professional wrestling Emile Czaja’s arch rivals were Sheik Ali and Dara Singh

Birth Anniversary of Sardara Singh (Hockey Player)


• Sardara Singh is an Indian professional field hockey player. • Sardara Singh became the youngest player to captain the Indian team when he led the side at the 2008 Sultan Azlan Shah Cup. • Sardara Singh was awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India, in 2015. • Sardara Singh became the highest-paid marquee player at the inaugural Hockey India League auctions as the Delhi franchise bought him for USD 78,000 (?42.49 lakh). • Sardara Singh Awarded 'Player of Tournament' in the 2012 Sultan Azlan Shah Cup, where India won the Bronze. • Sardara Singh was adjudged the Player of the Tournament in the 2012 Summer Olympics Qualifiers, where India won the Gold. • Sardara Singh was adjudged the Player of the Tournament in the 2010 Sultan Azlan Shah Cup, where India won the Gold. • Sardara Singh participated in Sultan Azlan Shah Hockey Tournament in Malaysia in the year 2006 and the team won Bronze Medal. • Sardara Singh participated in SAF Games at Colombo in the year 2006 and the team scored 2nd position. • Sardara Singh participated in 7th Junior Challenge Open Men's at Poland 2006 and scored 2nd position. • Sardara Singh participated in BDO Hockey Champions Challenge at Belgium 2007 and got Bronze Medal. • Sardara Singh participated in Commonwealth Games 2006 at Melbourne. • Sardara Singh participated in INDO-PAK series 2006. • Sardara Singh participated in Four Nations International Tournament at Germany and the team scored Bronze Medal. • Sardara Singh also participated in Four Nations Hockey Tournament at Lahore and the team win Silver Medal. • Sardara Singh participated in Hockey Asia Cup at Chennai 2007 and the team grabbed Gold Medal. • Sardara Singh participated for India in Canada for the 7 game Test Series against the Canadian National Field Hockey Team

Birth Anniversary of Shiv Nadar (IT Man)


• Shiv Nadar is the Indian business tycoon and Indian IT pioneer. • Shiv Nadar is the chairperson and chief strategy officer at HCL technologies. • Shiv Nadar is the only Indian to establish computer systems industry in India. • Shiv Nadar is one of India's richest person and a Forbes billionaire with a net worth of US $14.8 billion dollars. • Shiv Nadar founded HCL technologies in mid 1970's • In 2008 Shiv Nadar was honored with Padambhushana for his efforts in the IT industry. • Awards won by Shiv Nadar • In 1995 Shiv Nadar became the Dataquest IT Man of the year. • In 2005 Shiv Nadar was bestowed with CNBC Business Excellence Award. • In 2006 Shiv Nadar received an Honorary Fellowship of All India Management Association-AIMA. • In 2009 Shiv Nadar was counted amongst Forbes 48 Heroes of Philanthropy in Asia Pacific. • In 2010 Shiv Nadar received Dataquest Lifetime Achievement Award.

Birth Anniversary of Munaf Patel (Cricketer)


• Munaf Patel made his debut against England in Mohali, taking 7 for 97. • Munaf Patel has the ability to get natural reverse swing when the ball becomes old - a trait that has helped him bowl at the death. • Munaf Patel ‘s stock ball is the leg cutter which moves away and squares up the batsmen. • Munaf Patel 's greatest strength is that he sticks to his basics and doesn't try to experiment. • Due to his skill in attacking the stumps, Munaf Patel gets a lot of bowled and LBW dismissals. • Munaf Patel ‘s Career Information • Test debut vs England at Punjab Cricket Association IS Bindra Stadium, Mar 09, 2006 • Last Test vs West Indies at Windsor Park, Jul 06, 2011 • ODI debut vs England at Nehru Stadium, Apr 03, 2006 • Last ODI vs England at Sophia Gardens, Sep 16, 2011 • T20 debut vs South Africa at Moses Mabhida Stadium, Jan 09, 2011 • Last T20 vs England at Emirates Old Trafford, Aug 31, 2011 • IPL debut vs Delhi Capitals at Arun Jaitley Stadium, Apr 19, 2008 • Last IPL vs Sunrisers Hyderabad at Green Park, May 13, 2017

Birth Anniversary of Sanjay Manjrekar (Cricketer)


• The son of a former Indian Test cricketer, Vijay Manjrekar. • A solid right-handed middle-order batsman. • Sanjay Manjrekar mad his debut against West Indies in 1987. • Sanjay Manjrekar’s final innings came as an opener in 1996 against South Africa. • Sanjay Manjrekar ‘s Career Information • Test debut vs West Indies at Arun Jaitley Stadium, Nov 25, 1987 • Last Test vs South Africa at Sardar Patel Stadium, Nov 20, 1996 • ODI debut vs West Indies at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Jan 05, 1988 • Last ODI vs South Africa at Wankhede Stadium, Nov 06, 1996

Malala Day


• Malala Yousafzai became an international symbol of the fight for girls’ education. • In 2009, Malala had begun writing a blog under a pseudonym about fears that her school would be attacked. • After her identity was revealed, Malala and her father Ziauddin continued to speak out for the right to education. • The Taliban’s attack on Malala on 9 October 2012 as she was returning home from school. • In 2013, Malala and her father co-founded the Malala Fund to bring awareness to the social and economic impact of girls' education and to empower girls to demand change. • In December 2014, she became the youngest-ever Nobel Peace Prize laureate. • Secretary-General António Guterres designated Malala as a United Nations Messenger of Peace in 2017 to help raise awareness of the importance of girl’s education. • In Pakistan, over 2 million people signed a right to education petition, and the National Assembly ratified Pakistan's first Right to Free and Compulsory Education Bill.

World Population Day


• Just a hundred years ago the world’s population had yet to reach two billion, There are 7.8 billion people in the world today. • World Population Day was established in 1989 by the UN in the wake of the world’s population reaching 5 billion people. • The focus of this year’s World Population Day is “the sexual and reproductive health needs and vulnerabilities of women and girls during the pandemic.” • The purpose of this day is to bring attention to the health, development, and environmental impacts of rapid population growth.

Birth Anniversary of Sunil Gavaskar (Cricketer)


• Sunil Gavaskar, in full Sunil Manohar Gavaskar, bynames Sunny and the Little Master. • Just 5 feet 5 inches (1.65 metres) tall • Sunil Gavaskar’s world record of 34 Test centuries (100 runs in a single innings) stood for 19 years. He scored only one Century in ODI. • Sunil Gavaskar was the first player to score 10,000 runs in Test matches. • Sunil Gavaskar went on to break many records, setting his own long-standing Indian Test record of 236 not out (subsequently broken by Tendulkar). • Sunil Gavaskar is also the only Indian to have scored two centuries in a Test match on three occasions. • Sunil Gavaskar was the first Indian apart from wicket keepers to reach the landmark of 100 catches. (Total 108 Catches) • Sunil Gavaskar is considered one of the sport’s greatest opening batsmen of all time. • Sunil Gavaskar ‘s career that spanned 16 years and 125 total Test contests. • Sunil Gavaskar was selected for the extremely tough tour of the West Indies in 1971. he scored 774 runs on that tour. • very few fast bowlers could claim to have completely dominated him. • Sunil Gavaskar was a part of four World Cup campaigns including India’s maiden World Cup title triumph in 1983. • Sunil Gavaskar till date remains a reliable and renowned voice in the game.

Birth Anniversary of Sourav Ganguly (Cricketer)


• Sourav Ganguly was born on 8 July 1972 in Behala, Kolkata. • At the age of 18, Sourav Ganguly made his Ranji Trophy debut in the finals between Bengal and Delhi at the Eden Gardens. • Based on Sourav Ganguly’s performances in the domestic competition, he was handed an ODI debut in January 1992 against West Indies. • Sourav Ganguly made his test debut at the Lord’s and made the highest score (131) by any batsman on debut at Lord’s. He again scored a century in the first innings of his second test and became only the third batsman to score centuries in first two innings of their career. • Sourav Ganguly then went onto score 1533 test runs including, four hundred and eight fifties and 3237 ODI runs including six hundred and 23 fifties from 1997 to the 1999 World Cup. He hit his career best score of 183 runs in ODIs during the 1999 World Cup. • In 2000, Sourav Ganguly was named the captain of the ODI team. He led the team to its first series victory against South Africa. He also successfully took the teams to the finals of the 2000 ICC Knockout Trophy. • Under Sourav Ganguly’s captaincy, India broke Australia’s streak of winning 16 consecutive test matches in 2001. • Another highlight of Sourav Ganguly’s career came during the Natwest Series where India beat England in an ODI at Lord's and he swayed his T-shirt from the Lord’s balcony. It was a response to Andrew Flintoff who swayed his T-shirt at the Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai. He also took the team to the finals of 2003 ICC World Cup, but lost to the Australians. • Sourav Ganguly retired from international cricket in October 2008 with the test series against Australia being his last. • Famously known as ‘Dada’ all over the world, Sourav Ganguly has played 113 Test matches and amassed 7212 runs including 16 hundred and 35 fifties. He also has 32 Test wickets to his name as a right arm medium pace bowler. • In ODIs, Sourav Ganguly played 311 matches and scored 11221 runs which makes him the 2nd highest run-getter in ODIs for India. It includes 22 centuries and 72 fifties. He took exactly 100 ODI wickets. • Sourav Ganguly entered the commentary box after his retirement and is an active administrator for the BCCI and ICC. He is appointed as the president of the Cricket Association of Bengal (CAB) and President of the editorial board with Wisden India.

Birth Anniversary of Shri Jyoti Basu (Politician)


• Jyoti Basu was born at 43/1 Harrison Road in Calcutta (now Mahatma Gandhi Road) on 8 July 1914. • In 1935, the freshly-graduated Jyoti Basu went to the United Kingdom, returning in 1940 after having studied at University College, London, and become a barrister at the Middle Temple. • In 1937, Jyoti Basu joined various Indian student unions in Britain, such as the India League led by V.K. Krishna Menon, and the Federation of Indian Students. Having developed a firm belief in the Communist ideals, Jyoti Basu returned to India in 1940 and joined the Communist Party of India, also becoming secretary of the Friends of the Soviet Union and Anti-Fascist Writers’ and Artists’ Association in Calcutta. • In 1944, Jyoti Basu started working with trade and railways unions of Bengal. • After the India-China War of 1962, differences arose in the CPI. Two years later, the party split, leading to the formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), and Jyoti Basu became one of the founding members of its politburo. • In 1977, after the Emergency, the Left Front came to power in West Bengal, with Jyoti Basu, who had switched to the Satgachia constituency, becoming CM. • Jyoti Basu retired from active politics in 2000, leaving the Left Front government in the hands of Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, who ruled for 11 more years. • Jyoti Basu remained a member of the CPI(M) politburo till 2008, and a special invitee of the party’s central committee till his death. • In 1996, Jyoti Basu was the consensus leader of the United Front after Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s short-lived 13-day government, but the CPI(M) decided not to participate in the government — a decision Basu later dubbed a “historic blunder”. • Jyoti Basu suffered multiple organ failure on 1 January 2010, and was admitted to AMRI Hospital, Salt Lake. • Jyoti Basu died on 17 January 2010. • As per Jyoti Basu’s wishes, his body and eyes were handed over to SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, for research.

World Chocolate Day


World Chocolate Day is celebrated on 7th July. Celebration of the day includes the consumption of chocolate. Some references indicate that this day celebrates the introduction of chocolate to Europe in 1550. • Chocolate is truly the universal language of love and happiness. • World Chocolate Day, sometimes referred to as International Chocolate Day, is an observance that occurs globally every year on July 7. The celebration of the day includes the consumption of chocolate. Chocolate was introduced to Europe on July 7, 1550. • The United States celebrates International Chocolate Day on September 13. • Eating dark chocolate every day reduces the risk of heart disease by one-third. • A lethal dosage of chocolate for a human being is about 22 pounds. • Chocolate has an anti-bacterial effect on the mouth and protects against tooth decay. • The Swiss are the biggest consumers of chocolate in the world • White chocolate is not technically chocolate as it contains no cocoa solids or cocoa liquor.

Birth Anniversary of M S Dhoni (Cricketer)


Mahendra Singh Dhoni or MS Dhoni is one of the best finishers in the game of cricket and one of the best captains for the Indian national team. Dhoni took over the ODI captaincy from Rahul Dravid in 2007 after debuting in 2004. He holds multiple captaincy records such as most wins for an Indian captain in Tests and ODIs, and most back-to-back wins by an Indian captain in ODIs. His biggest triumphs as captain have been the 2007 World T20, 2010 Asia Cup, 2011 World Cup and 2013 Champions Trophy. His heroic inning of 91 from 79 balls in the 2011 World Cup is one of his biggest highlights as a batsman and one which rose him to fame for his ability to stay cool under pressure thus earning him the moniker of 'Captain Cool'. In the IPL, he's led Chennai Super Kings (CSK) to titles in 2010 and 2011. Dhoni retired from Test cricket in late 2014 to hand Virat Kohli the baton. He is known for his love for motorcycles and away from cricket, co-owns the Indian Super League (ISL) side Chennaiyin FC. In 2016, a movie was made on his life called "MS Dhoni: The Untold Story" in a perfect adaption of someone who has lived a rags-to-riches tale from being a TTE in 2001. International records Test cricket • Under Dhoni's captaincy, India topped the Test cricket rankings for the first time, in 2009. • Dhoni is the most successful Indian Test captain with 27 Test wins, eclipsing Sourav Ganguly's record of 21. • Dhoni has the most overseas Test defeats by an Indian captain, with 15. • Dhoni is the first Indian wicket-keeper to complete 4,000 Test runs. • Dhoni's 224 against Australia in Chennai is the third highest score by an Indian captain. En route to 224, Dhoni registered the highest Test score by an Indian wicket-keeper when he was on 193, beating Budhi Kunderan's 192. It was also the highest score by a wicket-keeper–captain beating Englishman Alec Stewart's 164. • Dhoni's maiden century against Pakistan in Faisalabad (148) is the fastest century scored by an Indian wicket-keeper, and fourth overall. • After hitting a six in third Test against England in Southampton, Dhoni completed 50 sixes as a captain, an Indian record. • Dhoni, with 294 dismissals in his career, ranks first in the all-time dismissals list by Indian wicket-keepers. • Dhoni shares the record for most dismissals in an innings (6, with Syed Kirmani) and in a match (9) by an Indian wicket-keeper. ODI cricket • Dhoni is third captain (and the first non-Australian) overall to win 100 games. • Fourth Indian to reach 10,000 ODI runs after Sachin Tendulkar, Sourav Ganguly & Rahul Dravid and also the second wicket-keeper to reach the milestone. • First player to pass 10,000 runs in ODI cricket with having a career average of over 50. • Dhoni has the fifth highest batting average (51.09), among cricketers with more than 5,000 runs and the second highest batting average among players with an aggregate of over 10,000 runs. • Most career runs in ODI history when batting at number 6 position (4031) • Only player to score more than one hundred in ODI cricket when batting at number 7 position or lower (Dhoni has 2 centuries at number 7). • Most not outs (82) in ODIs. • First Indian and fifth overall to hit 200 sixes in ODIs. • Dhoni's 183* against Sri Lanka in 2005 is the highest score by a wicket-keeper. • Dhoni's 113 against Pakistan in Chennai in 2012 is the highest by a captain batting at number 7. • Dhoni and Bhuvneshwar Kumar were involved in a partnership of 100 not out against Sri Lanka, which is India's highest eighth wicket partnership in ODIs. • Most unbeaten innings and highest average (among batsmen with more that 20 such innings) in successful ODI run-chases. • Holds the record for playing the most matches in ODI history as captain who has also served as a wicket-keeper(200) • Dhoni holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings (6) and career (432) by an Indian wicket-keeper. • Dhoni has the most stumpings (120) by any wicket-keeper in an ODI career and is so far the only keeper to pass 100 stumpings • First Indian wicket-keeper to take 300 ODI catches and fourth wicket-keeper in the world to achieve the feat. T20I Cricket • Most wins in T20Is as captain (41) • Most matches as captain in T20Is(72) • Most matches in T20I history as both captain and wicket-keeper (72) • Most consecutive T20I innings without a duck (84). • Dhoni holds the record for playing the most T20I innings (76) and scored the most runs(1,153) before scoring a fifty. • Most dismissals as wicket-keeper in T20Is (87) • Most catches as wicket-keeper in T20Is (54) • Most stumpings as wicket-keeper in T20Is (33) • Most catches as wicketkeeper in a T20I innings (5) • International records (combined ODI, Test and T20I) • He has played the most international matches as captain (332) • Dhoni is the first, and so far only, wicket-keeper to effect 150 stumping dismissals across the three forms of the game. His current total of stumpings in internationals stands at 161.

Birth Anniversary of Romeo Fernandes (Footballer)


Romeo Fernandes is an Indian professional footballer who was born on 6 July 1992 in Assolna, Goa. Currently, Fernandes plays for Delhi Dynamos FC in Indian Super League and serves the club as a Right Winger. This talented Indian winger had made headlines when he was loaned by Brazilian club Atletico Paranaense to play in Série A. This transfer also made him the first Indian player ever to played for any senior Brazilian club. Fernandes is the product of Dempo Sports Club’s youth development program. He joined the club in 2010 and trained with it with all his determination and passion before making the youth team debut the same year. Playing with club's U-18, U-19 and U-20 teams, he didn't let disappoint team management and performed like a pro. He also played Goa Professional League for Margao SC in 2010-11 season on loan from his parent club.

World Zoonoses Day


Monday 6th July 2020 marks World Zoonoses Day 2020. The 6th July was chosen for World Zoonoses Day as it was on this day in 1885 that Louis Pasteur successfully administered the first vaccine against the rabies virus, a deadly zoonotic disease. Pasteur, a biologist, and chemist from France who made ground-breaking discoveries on the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurisation – milestones in our understanding of disease management in people and animals. World Zoonoses Day marks Pasteur’s many achievements, while also drawing attention to the continuous devastation caused by many modern zoonotic diseases – those that, like Covid-19.

Birth Anniversary of Shri Gulzarilal Nanda (PM)


Shri Gulzarilal Nanda Born on July 4, 1898, in Sialkot (Punjab), was educated at Lahore, Agra and Allahabad. He worked as a research scholar on labour problems at the University of Allahabad (1920-1921) and became Professor of Economics at the National College (Bombay) in 1921. He joined the Non-Cooperation Movement the same year. In 1922, he become Secretary of the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association in which he worked until 1946. He was imprisoned for Satyagraha in 1932, and again from 1942 to 44. Shri Nanda was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1937 and was Parliamentary Secretary (Labour and Excise) to the Government of Bombay from 1937 to 1939. Later, as Labour Minister of the Bombay Government (1946-50), he successfully piloted the Labour Disputes Bill in the State Assembly. He served as Trustee, Kasturba Memorial Trust; Secretary, Hindustan Mazdoor Sevak Sangh; and Chairman, Bombay Housing Board. He was also a Member of the National Planning Committee. He was largely instrumental in organising the Indian National Trade Union Congress and later became its President. Following the death of Pt. Nehru, he was a sworn in as Prime Minister of India on May 27, 1964. Again on January 11, 1966, he was sworn in as Prime Minister following the death of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri at Tashkent.

Birth Anniversary of Yuki Bhambri


• Started playing tennis at age 5, watching his sisters. • Father, Chander, is a doctor; mother, Indu; sisters, Ankita and Sanaa, are also tennis players. • Favourite tournament is Wimbledon. • Hobbies include football, cricket, golf, watching movies. • If he wasn’t a tennis player, he would be a cricketer. • Idols growing up were Pete Sampras, Andre Agassi and cricket player Sachin Tendulkar. • Supports Manchester United. • Missed 5+ months in 2014 with foot injury and 6+ months in 2016 with right elbow injury. • Fell to No. 414 on 16 February 2015 before breaking into Top 100 on 19 October 2015. Dropped to No. 552 on 31 October 2016 before achieving career-high No. 83 on 16 April 2018. • Advanced to 1st ATP World Tour QF on home soil at 2014 Chennai as WC. Defeated defending champion Monfils en route to 2nd QF at 2017 Washington as Q. • Winner of 7 ATP Challenger Tour and 12 ITF Futures Circuit singles titles. Went 40-15 at Challengers in 2015 (14-1 in TBs). Captured hometown doubles title at 2016 New Delhi, IND Challenger in team debut with former World No. 1 Bhupathi. • Qualified at Australian Open in 2015 and 2018. Owns 0-6 record in Grand Slam main draw matches. Earned biggest win of career over No. 12 Pouille to reach 2018 ATP Masters 1000 Indian Wells 3R as Q. • Became World No. 1 junior on 2 February 2009 after winning Australian Open title. Also captured 2008 Orange Bowl title and earned silver medal at 2010 Youth Olympic Games. Went 95-34 on ITF Junior Circuit with wins over Dzumhur, Evans, Kudla, Sock and Stebe.

US Independence Day


The Fourth of July—also known as Independence Day or July 4th—has been a federal holiday in the United States since 1941, but the tradition of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century and the American Revolution. On July 2nd, 1776, the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence, and two days later delegates from the 13 colonies adopted the Declaration of Independence, a historic document drafted by Thomas Jefferson. From 1776 to the present day, July 4th has been celebrated as the birth of American independence, with festivities ranging from fireworks, parades and concerts to more casual family gatherings and barbecues. List of Presidents of USA from 1776 to 2020 • George Washington • John Adams • Thomas Jefferson • James Madison • James Monroe • John Quincy Adams • Andrew Jackson • Martin Van Buren • William Henry Harrison • John Tyler • James K. Polk • Zachary Taylor • Millard Fillmore • Franklin Pierce • James Buchanan • Abraham Lincoln • Andrew Johnson • Ulysses S. Grant • Rutherford B. Hayes • James Garfield • Chester A. Arthur • Grover Cleveland • Benjamin Harrison • Grover Cleveland • William McKinley • Theodore Roosevelt • William Howard Taft • Woodrow Wilson • Warren G. Harding • Calvin Coolidge • Herbert Hoover • Franklin D. Roosevelt • Harry S. Truman • Dwight D. Eisenhower • John F. Kennedy • Lyndon B. Johnson • Richard M. Nixon • Gerald R. Ford • James Carter • Ronald Reagan • George H. W. Bush • William J. Clinton • George W. Bush • Barack Obama • Donald J. Trump

International Day of Cooperatives


No country is immune from it. Greenhouse gas emissions are more than 50 percent higher than it was in 1990, and global warming is causing long-lasting changes to our climate system which threatens irreversible consequences if we do not act. Cooperatives for Climate Action was chosen as this year's theme to address this, and to support Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 on Climate Action. Climate change severely impacts people’s livelihoods around the world, especially the most disadvantaged groups such as small-scale farmers, women, youth, indigenous peoples and ethnic minorities, who have to cope with extreme natural disasters and degradation of natural resources. This year we will focus on the contribution of cooperatives to combating climate change. The International Day of Cooperatives is an annual celebration of the cooperative movement that takes place on the first Saturday of July since 1923. Since 1995, the United Nations and the International Cooperative Alliance have been setting the theme for the celebration of the Day. The aim of this celebration is to increase awareness of cooperatives. The event underscores the contributions of the cooperative movement to resolving the major problems addressed by the United Nations and to strengthening and extending the partnerships between the international cooperative movement and other actors. Brief History The earliest record of a co-operative comes from Scotland in March 14 1761. In 1844 a group of 28 artisans working in the cotton mills in north of England established the first modern co-operative business. Background The Co-operatives Movement Co-operatives have been acknowledged as associations and enterprises through which citizens can effectively improve their lives while contributing to the economic, social, cultural and political advancement of their community and nation. The co-operative movement has been also recognized as a distinct and major stakeholder in both national and international affairs. Co-operatives' open membership model affords access to wealth creation and poverty elimination. This results from the co-operative principle of members' economic participation: 'Members contribute equitably to, and democratically control, the capital of their co-operative.' Because co-operatives are people-centred, not capital-centred , they do not perpetuate, nor accelerate capital concentration and they distribute wealth in a more fair way. Co-operatives also foster external equality. As they are community-based, they are committed to the sustainable development of their communities - environmentally, socially and economically. This commitment can be seen in their support for community activities, local sourcing of supplies to benefit the local economy, and in decision-making that considers the impact on their communities. Despite their local community focus, co-operatives also aspire to bring the benefits of their economic and social model to all people in the world. Globalization should be governed by a set of values such as those of the co-operative movement; otherwise, it creates more inequality and excesses that render it unsustainable. The cooperative movement is highly democratic, locally autonomous, but internationally integrated, and a form of organization of associations and enterprises whereby citizens themselves rely on self-help and their own responsibility to meet goals that include not only economic, but also social and environmental objectives, such as overcoming poverty, securing productive employment and encouraging social integration.

Birth Anniversary of Harbhajan Singh


Harbhajan Singh is a cricketer who represented India in all forms of cricket (Test, ODIs, T20Is) as a right arm off-spin bowler and right-handed lower-order batsman. He was the first Indian bowler to take a hat-trick in Test cricket. Before his international career took off, Harbhajan Singh had also represented India in the 1998 U-19 World Cup, where he had taken 8 wickets at an average of 24.75. From suspect bowling action to the infamous ‘Monkeygate’ row, Harbhajan’s international career was dotted by a lot of controversies. He was also part of India’s World Cup winning team of 2011. In the 103 matches that he played, he scalped 417 wickets at an average of 32.46, including 25 five-wicket hauls and five 10-wicket hauls. In the batting department, he scored a total of 2,225 runs at an average of 18.24, including two centuries and nine fifties. Teams: Mumbai Indians, Asia XI, India, India Green, North Zone, Punjab, Rest of India, Chennai Super Kings, India Blue, India A

World Sports Journalists Day


Every year July 02 is celebrated as World Sports Journalists Day or International Sports Journalists Day to acknowledge the sports journalists professionals and also mark the anniversary of International Sports Press Association (AIPS) which was established in 1924 during the Summer Olympics in Paris. Just like every year, World Sports Journalists Day 2020 will be held on July 02, Thursday around the globe. Throughout the year, sports journalists bring sports fans the news about their favourite team and event. From breaking news to exclusive scoops sports journalists make sure you stay connected with your favourite player or club. History of World Sports Journalists Day On July 02, 1924, the International Sports Press Association was established in Paris as L’Association Internationale de la Presse Sportive, abbreviated as AIPS. The association’s headquarters are based in Lausanne, Switzerland. However, it was only 1994 AIPS introduced the World Sports Journalists Day in order to make the anniversary of the establishment of the association. Significance of World Sports Journalists Day International Sports Journalists Day or World Sports Journalists Day is observed to celebrate the foundation of AIPS. On World Sports Journalists Day professionals are urged to strive for excellence and use sport as a medium for world peace.

World UFO Day


On July 2nd, the world celebrates World UFO Day to create awareness about Unidentified Flying Objects and alien life forms. What are UFOs? An unidentified flying object (UFO) is any aerial phenomenon that cannot immediately be identified or explained. Most UFOs are identified on an investigation as conventional objects or phenomena. The term is widely used for claimed observations of extra-terrestrial spacecraft. Why celebrated World UFO Day The day is celebrated to give people the tools, stories, information, and visuals to help them explain the existence of alien life in a non-threatening, attractive way. 5 Most Incredible UFO Sightings New Jersey, USA — 2001 For around 15 minutes just after midnight, motorist in New Jersey marveled at the sight of strange orange-and-yellow lights in a V formation over the Arthur Kill Waterway between Staten Island, New York, and Carteret, New Jersey. Carteret Police Department’s Lt. Daniel Tarrant was one of the witnesses. Air traffic controllers initially denied that any airplanes, military jets or space flights could have caused the mysterious lights, but a group known as the New York Strange Phenomena Investigators (NY-SPI) claimed to receive FAA radar data that corroborated the UFO sightings from that night. USS Nimitz — 2004 On November 14, 2004, the USS Princeton, part of the USS Nimitz carrier strike group, noted an unknown craft on radar 100 miles off the coast of San Diego. For two weeks, the crew had been tracking objects that appeared at 80,000 feet and then plummeted to hover right above the Pacific Ocean. When two FA-18F fighter jets from the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz arrived in the area, they first saw what appeared to be churning water, with a shadow of an oval shape underneath the surface. Then, in a few moments, a white Tic Tac-shaped object appeared above the water. It had no visible markings to indicate an engine, wings or windows, and infrared monitors didn’t reveal any exhaust. Black Aces Commander David Fravor and Lt. Commander Jim Slaight of Strike Fighter Squadron 41 attempted to intercept the craft, but it accelerated away, reappearing on radar 60 miles away. It moved three times the speed of sound and more than twice the speed of the fighter jets. O’Hare International Airport — 2006 Flight 446 was getting ready to fly to North Carolina from Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport, when a United Airlines employee on the tarmac noticed a dark grey metallic craft hovering over gate C17. That day, November 7, 2006, a total of 12 United employees—and a few witnesses outside the airport—spotted the saucer-shaped craft around 4:15 p.m. The witnesses say it hovered for about five minutes before shooting upward, where it broke a hole in the clouds—enough that pilots and mechanics could see the blue sky. The news report became the most-read story on The Chicago Tribune’s website to that date and made international news. However, because the UFO was not seen on radar, the FAA called it a “weather phenomenon” and declined to investigate. Stephenville — 2008 The small town of Stephenville, Texas, 100 miles southwest of Dallas, is mostly known for its dairy farms, but in the evening of January 8, 2008, dozens of its residents viewed something unique in the sky. Citizens reported seeing white lights above Highway 67, first in a single horizontal arc and then in vertical parallel lines. Local pilot Steve Allen estimated that the strobe lights “spanned about a mile long and a half mile wide,” traveling about 3,000 miles per hour. No sound was reported. Witnesses believed the event was reminiscent of the Phoenix Lights sightings of 1997. While the U.S. Air Force revealed weeks later that F-16s were flying in the Brownwood Military Operating Areas (just southwest of Stephenville), many townspeople didn’t buy that explanation, believing that what they saw was too technologically advanced for current human abilities. East Coast GO FAST Video — 2015 When news leaked in 2017 about the Advanced Aviation Threat Identification Program, a video emerged that revealed an encounter between an F/A-18 Super Hornet and an unidentified aerial phenomena. Seen along the East Coast on a Raytheon Advanced Targeting Forward-Looking Infrared (ATFLIR) Pod, the craft was similar to that spotted off San Diego in 2004: a fast-moving white oval about 45-feet-long without wings or exhaust plume. The pilots tracked the object at 25,000 feet above the Atlantic Ocean as it flew away and simultaneously rotated on its axis. No explanation ever emerged.

Birth Anniversary of Shri P V Narsimha Rao (PM)


Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao was born on the 28th of June, 1921 in the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh (now Telangana) and was an Indian lawyer and a politician. P. V. Narasimha Rao’s political journey began at a relatively nascent stage before he had the membership of a major national party. From as early as the 1930s, P. V. Narasimha Rao along with other freedom fighters regularly protested against the colonial government and their administration. He was one of the prominent members of the Vande Mataram Movement that the state of Hyderabad Movement saw in the 1930s. His frequency in the miscellaneous political mobilizations related to the freedom movement frequently got him arrested. However, this did not deter him to continue his quest as a freedom fighter for India’s independence. His abilities as a polyglot helped him tremendously to stir the local masses as well. After India gained independence, P. V. Narasimha Rao officially became affiliated to the Indian National Congress. Soon after, he took the responsibilities of the Chief Minister of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh from 1971 to 1973. Andhra Pradesh under P. V. Narasimha Rao saw land reforms with the effective implementation of land ceiling acts especially in the region recognized as Telangana today. As a Minister of the Union Cabinet, he also held a multitude of port folios related to the Home Ministry, the Foreign Ministry and the Defence Ministry among the others. P. V. Narasimha Rao was a Minister of the Union Cabinet for both Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi when they were Prime Ministers respectively. After the ghastly assassination of the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in the year 1991, it was P. V. Narasimha Rao who succeeded as the Prime Minister after the Congress having won the largest number of seats in the elections of 1991. He was the first non-Hindi speaking Prime Minister to hail from the southern region of the country in the history of India politics and served a full tenure from 1991 to 1996. P. V. Narasimha Rao then took part in the by-election in Nandyal in order to join the Parliament as he had previously not contested in the General Elections. With a record victory backed by a margin of well above five lakh votes, P. V. Narasimha Rao emerged victorious from Nandyal. One of the most important decisions of P. V. Narasimha Rao as the Prime Minister was the appointment of a non-political candidate as the Minister of Finance. Thus the renowned economist Dr. Manmohan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao profoundly shaped India’s New Economic Policy where they saved the country from slipping into the looming abyss of debt and economic crisis. It was P. V. Narasimha Rao who chaired the session of the Indian National Congress at Tirupati in the year 1992.P. V. Narasimha Rao’s political journey began at a relatively nascent stage before he had the membership of a major national party. From as early as the 1930s, P. V. Narasimha Rao along with other freedom fighters regularly protested against the colonial government and their administration. He was one of the prominent members of the Vande Mataram Movement that the state of Hyderabad Movement saw in the 1930s. His frequency in the miscellaneous political mobilizations related to the freedom movement frequently got him arrested. However, this did not deter him to continue his quest as a freedom fighter for India’s independence. His abilities as a polyglot helped him tremendously to stir the local masses as well. After India gained independence, P. V. Narasimha Rao officially became affiliated to the Indian National Congress. Soon after, he took the responsibilities of the Chief Minister of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh from 1971 to 1973. Andhra Pradesh under P. V. Narasimha Rao saw land reforms with the effective implementation of land ceiling acts especially in the region recognized as Telangana today. As a Minister of the Union Cabinet, he also held a multitude of port folios related to the Home Ministry, the Foreign Ministry and the Defence Ministry among the others. P. V. Narasimha Rao was a Minister of the Union Cabinet for both Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi when they were Prime Ministers respectively. After the ghastly assassination of the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in the year 1991, it was P. V. Narasimha Rao who succeeded as the Prime Minister after the Congress having won the largest number of seats in the elections of 1991. He was the first non-Hindi speaking Prime Minister to hail from the southern region of the country in the history of India politics and served a full tenure from 1991 to 1996. P. V. Narasimha Rao then took part in the by-election in Nandyal in order to join the Parliament as he had previously not contested in the General Elections. With a record victory backed by a margin of well above five lakh votes, P. V. Narasimha Rao emerged victorious from Nandyal. One of the most important decisions of P. V. Narasimha Rao as the Prime Minister was the appointment of a non-political candidate as the Minister of Finance. Thus the renowned economist Dr. Manmohan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao profoundly shaped India’s New Economic Policy where they saved the country from slipping into the looming abyss of debt and economic crisis. It was P. V. Narasimha Rao who chaired the session of the Indian National Congress at Tirupati in the year 1992.

Birth Anniversary of P T Usha


One of the most iconic women athletes of track and field, PT Usha was born on June 27, 1964, to a poor family living in a village named Payyoli near Calicut, Kerala. Her full name is Pilavullakandi Thekkeparambil Usha, PT Usha did not have a privileged childhood and faced many health issues and much poverty. Her incredible drive for athletics and sports soon earned the "queen of Indian track and field" the nickname of 'Payyoli Express'. Usha was associated with sports since the year 1976 when her aptitude and passion for sports led her to secure a Rs 250 scholarship from the Kerala state government and represent her district when it started a sports school for women in Cannore. In the same year, things took a major turn when athletics coach OM Nambiar noticed the girl at an award ceremony for the National School Games where Usha had participated. The coach was impressed with "her lean shape and fast walking style" as he told later in an Rediff.com interview and as he began coaching her, the rest is history. Usha never looked back in her career and even when she took a break of four years, she returned to clinch the silver medal at the Hisroshima Asiad. Her greatest regret and disappointment has to be the Los Angeles Olympics where the Golden Girl missed the Bronze by just 1/100th of a second. She has won as many as 101 international medals till now and is employed in the Southern Railways as an officer. Usha currently also runs a school for athletics at Koyilandi near Kozhikode, Kerala, where girls in the age group of 10-12 are recruited and trained. Among them was Tintu Lukka, who had qualified at the London 2012 Olympics for the women's semi-final 800m event.

International Day against drug abuse and illicit trafficking


International Day against drug abuse and illicit trafficking The world drug problem is one of the most challenging issues we face. It has wide-ranging impacts on the health and well-being of individuals, families and communities, as well as on the security and sustainable development of nations. Therefore, preventing and addressing drug challenges in all their complexity is essential to delivering on a fundamental global pledge, enshrined in the Sustainable Development Goals: to leave no one behind. National priorities may differ, but the international community shares a common goal to protect people’s security and well-being, while striving for the progress and dignity of all. I welcome the theme of this International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking – “health for justice, justice for health” – underlining the importance of a holistic approach involving health, human rights, criminal justice and social service institutions. This comprehensive response guided the drug policy launched by my government when I was Prime Minister of Portugal two decades ago. Earlier this year, at the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, Member States committed to “working together for rights- and health-based responses to drugs so that people can live in health, dignity and peace, with security and prosperity”. I call on all governments to live up to this pledge. This means cracking down on drug trafficking and those who profit from human misery, including by enhanced international cooperation and intelligence-sharing across the entire drug supply chain. It also means human rights-based, gender- and age-sensitive prevention, treatment and rehabilitation services for drug use and HIV, offered without stigma or discrimination. It also means law enforcement approaches that protect people from violence and criminal exploitation. Families, schools and communities play a crucial role, especially in supporting youth who may be affected by drug abuse with terrible and long-lasting consequences. Let us work with and for young people to prevent drug use and help young people lead healthier lives and navigate life choices with strength and resilience. On this International Day, let us show our commitment to fulfilling our promise to ensure health and justice for all.

International Day in Support of Victims of Torture


International Day in Support of Victims of Torture Torture: a crime against humanity Torture seeks to annihilate the victim’s personality and denies the inherent dignity of the human being. Despite the absolute prohibition of torture under international law, torture persist in all regions of the world. Concerns about protecting national security and borders are increasingly used to allow torture and other forms of cruel, degrading and inhuman treatment. Its pervasive consequences often go beyond the isolated act on an individual; and can be transmitted through generations and lead to cycles of violence. The United Nations has condemned torture from the outset as one of the vilest acts perpetrated by human beings on their fellow human beings. Torture is a crime under international law. According to all relevant instruments, it is absolutely prohibited and cannot be justified under any circumstances. This prohibition forms part of customary international law, which means that it is binding on every member of the international community, regardless of whether a State has ratified international treaties in which torture is expressly prohibited. The systematic or widespread practice of torture constitutes a crime against humanity. On 12 December 1997, by resolution 52/149, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 26 June the United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, with a view to the total eradication of torture and the effective functioning of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. 26 June is an opportunity to call on all stakeholders including UN Member States, civil society and individuals everywhere to unite in support of the hundreds of thousands of people around the world who have been victims of torture and those who are still tortured today. Recovering from torture requires prompt and specialized programmes. The work of rehabilitation centres and organisations around the world has demonstrated that victims can make the transition from horror to healing. The UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture, administered by the UN Human Rights Office in Geneva is a unique victim-focused mechanism that channels funding for the assistance to victims of torture and their families. The UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture accepts donations. Healing through rehabilitation To witness how rehabilitation services help torture survivors to heal, watch the UN Torture Fund trailer, featuring interviews with beneficiary organizations, survivors and trustees. Why do we mark 26 June? The UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture on 26 June marks the moment in 1987 when the UN Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, one of the key instruments in fighting torture, came into effect. Today, the Convention has been ratified by 162 countries. What constitutes torture? "[T]he term 'torture' means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions." — Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984, art. 1, para.1) Legal standards and instruments In 1948, the international community condemned torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. In 1975, responding to vigorous activity by non-governmental organizations(NGOs), the General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. During the 1980s and 1990s, progress was made both in the development of legal standards and instruments and in enforcement of the prohibition of torture. The United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture was established by the General Assembly in 1981 to fund organizations providing assistance to victims of torture and their families. The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment was adopted by the General Assembly in 1984 and came into force in 1987. Its implementation by States parties is monitored by a body of independent experts, the Committee against Torture. The first Special Rapporteur on torture, an independent expert mandated to report on the situation of torture in the world, was appointed by the Commission on Human Rights in 1985. During the same period, the General Assembly adopted resolutions in which it highlighted the role of health personnel in protecting prisoners and detainees against torture and established general principles for the treatment of detained persons. In December 1997, the General Assembly proclaimed 26 June United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture. The United Nations has repeatedly acknowledged the important role played by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the fight against torture. In addition to lobbying for the establishment of United Nations instruments and monitoring mechanisms, they have made a valuable contribution to their enforcement. Individual experts, including the Special Rapporteur on torture and the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, and treaty monitoring bodies such as the Committee against Torture rely heavily on information brought to their attention by NGOs and individuals.

Birth Anniversary of Shri V P Singh (PM)


Vishwanath Pratap Singh (25 June 1931 – 27 November 2008) was an Indian politician who was the 7th Prime Minister of India from 1989 to 1990. Born in a zamindari family, he was educated at the Allahabad University and Pune University. In 1969, he joined the Indian National Congress party and was elected as a member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. In 1971, he became a Member of Parliament in the Lok Sabha. He served as the Minister of Commerce from 1976 to 1977. In 1980, he became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. In the Rajiv Gandhi ministry, Singh was given various cabinet posts, including Minister of Finance and Minister of Defence. During his tenure as Minister of Defence, the Bofors scandal came to light, and Singh resigned from the ministry. In 1988, he formed the Janata Dal party by merging various factions of the Janata Party. In the 1989 elections, the National Front, with the support of the BJP, formed the government and Singh became the 7th Prime Minister of India.

Annular Solar Eclipse


A rare 'ring of fire' eclipse is taking place on 21st June, 2020 across Africa, the Middle East and Asia. On Sunday 21 June 2020, those standing under a narrow path of annularity across Africa, the Middle East and Asia will get the chance to see a so-called ‘ring of fire’ eclipse as the Moon temporarily blocks out most (but not all) of the Sun’s disc. Annular eclipses are normally not particularly rare – the last one occurred on Boxing Day in 2019 – but June’s annular solar eclipse is extra special. The solar corona is the Sun’s hotter outer atmosphere, and generally speaking it’s hidden from view by the brightness of the Sun’s disc. It occasionally becomes visible to the naked eye during a total solar eclipse, when the Moon fits perfectly across the disc of the Sun, therefore allowing the corona to shine. It’s one of the greatest sights in nature, let alone in astronomy. During totality it’s also possible to see the Sun’s chromosphere, its inner red atmosphere, and ‘Baily’s beads’ – bright spots of sunlight that shine through the valleys of the Moon. All of that usually applies only to a total solar eclipse. However, June’s annular solar eclipse – an event not normally known for anything other than offering a uniform view of a ring around the Moon – will be unusual because of a rare quirk of celestial geometry. “That ring of Sun that’s not obscured by the Moon, and still visible during that perfect alignment can be any thickness, and in the case of this eclipse, that alignment happens when the Moon will be just barely too small to cover the Sun, so we’ll see an incredibly thin ring.” Although Tibet is favoured for its dramatic view of a very thin annulus, there are other prime locations. The ring of fire is visible at sunrise in the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, then as a higher-in-the-sky spectacle in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Yemen, Oman, Pakistan, India, Tibet, China and Taiwan, with a ring of fire sunset in the Pacific Ocean south of Guam. Meanwhile, a big partial solar eclipse will be visible across much of Africa and Asia. Day of week: Sunday Maximum duration of eclipse: 00m38s Maximum width of eclipse path: 21 km Saros cycle: 137 Coverage: 99.4% Magnitude: 0.994 Gamma: 0.1209

World Down Syndrome Day


On 19 December 2011, the United Nations General Assembly declared 21 March as World Down Syndrome Day (A/RES/66/149). The General Assembly decided, with effect from 2012, to observe World Down Syndrome Day on 21 March each year, and invites all Member States, relevant organizations of the United Nations system and other international organizations, as well as civil society, including non-governmental organizations and the private sector, to observe World Down Syndrome Day in an appropriate manner, in order to raise public awareness of Down syndrome. History and Background WDSD was first observed in 2006 in many countries around the world. Down Syndrome Association Singapore launched and hosted the WDSD website from 2006-2010, on behalf of DSi, for global activities to be recorded. Following the joint work of Brazil and Poland, the resolution was adopted by consensus during the plenary meeting of the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly on Thursday 10 November 2011. The resolution stemmed from an original request by the Brazilian Federation of Associations of Down Syndrome, who worked with Down Syndrome International and its members to launch an extensive campaign to generate international support. The resolution was eventually co-sponsored by 78 UN Member States. Down syndrome groups and associations around the world campaigned for their governments to co-sponsor the resolution. In addition, DSi launched an international petition for the adoption of World Down Syndrome Day by the UN. This received more than 12,000 signatures in a 2 week period and was presented to the Chair of the Third Committee.

World Poetry Day


Celebrating the linguistic expression of our common humanity Poetry reaffirms our common humanity by revealing to us that individuals, everywhere in the world, share the same questions and feelings. Poetry is the mainstay of oral tradition and, over centuries, can communicate the innermost values of diverse cultures. In celebrating World Poetry Day, March 21, UNESCO recognizes the unique ability of poetry to capture the creative spirit of the human mind. A decision to proclaim 21 March as World Poetry Day was adopted during UNESCO’s 30th session held in Paris in 1999. One of the main objectives of the Day is to support linguistic diversity through poetic expression and to offer endangered languages the opportunity to be heard within their communities. The observance of World Poetry Day is also meant to encourage a return to the oral tradition of poetry recitals, to promote the teaching of poetry, to restore a dialogue between poetry and the other arts such as theatre, dance, music and painting, and to support small publishers and create an attractive image of poetry in the media, so that the art of poetry will no longer be considered an outdated form of art, but one which enables society as a whole to regain and assert its identity. Background Held every year on 21 March, World Poetry Day celebrates one of humanity’s most treasured forms of cultural and linguistic expression and identity. Practiced throughout history – in every culture and on every continent – poetry speaks to our common humanity and our shared values, transforming the simplest of poems into a powerful catalyst for dialogue and peace. UNESCO first adopted 21 March as World Poetry Day during its 30th General Conference in Paris in 1999, with the aim of supporting linguistic diversity through poetic expression and increasing the opportunity for endangered languages to be heard. World Poetry Day is anoccasion to honour poets, revive oral traditions of poetry recitals, promote the reading, writing and teaching of poetry, foster the convergence between poetry and other arts such as theatre, dance, music and painting, and raise the visibility of poetry in the media. As poetry continues to bring people together across continents, all are invited to join in.

World Puppetry Day


The idea of creating a World Puppetry Day was first discussed by the UNIMA members during the 18th Congress, in Magdeburg, in year 2000. The official date ”March 21st”, on proposition from Dadi Pudumjee, was approuved in 2002 at the UNIMA Council Meeting in Atlanta. The first International Message was delivered in New Delhi in 2003 and gained popularity. It’s now celebrated all over the world. In 2020, under the sponsorship of UNESCO, UNIMA joins the many organizations which defend PEACE to celebrate World Day of Peace on September 21 in two stages. The World needs PEACE more than ever, and PEACE needs all of us… together we can bring PEACE to life! The XXth UNESCO World Day of Peace will take place on September 19th, 2020 in Tolosa, Spain, with the participation of international choirs who will perform an original composition written by Josu Elberdin for the occasion. The puppet will be present to give, with freedom, a visual dimension to these moments sung together.

International Day of Forests


Too precious to lose When we drink a glass of water, write in a notebook, take medicine for a fever or build a house, we do not always make the connection with forests. And yet, these and many other aspects of our lives are linked to forests in one way or another. Forests, their sustainable management and use of resources, including in fragile ecosystems, are key to combating climate change, and to contributing to the prosperity and well-being of current and future generations. Forests also play a crucial role in poverty alleviation and in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Forests cover one third of the Earth's land mass, performing vital functions around the world. Around 1.6 billion people - including more than 2,000 indigenous cultures - depend on forests for their livelihoods, medicines, fuel, food and shelter. Forests are the most biologically-diverse ecosystems on land, home to more than 80% of the terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects. Yet despite all of these priceless ecological, economic, social and health benefits, global deforestation continues at an alarming rate. Forests and Biodiversity The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 21 March the International Day of Forests in 2012. The organizers are the United Nations Forum on Forests and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in collaboration with Governments, the Collaborative Partnership on Forests and other relevant organizations in the field. The Day celebrates and raises awareness of the importance of all types of forests. On each International Day of Forests, countries are encouraged to undertake local, national and international efforts to organize activities involving forests and trees, such as tree planting campaigns. The theme for each International Day of Forests is chosen by the Collaborative Partnership on Forests. The theme for 2020 is Forests and Biodiversity.

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination


Recognition, justice and development: The midterm review of the International Decade for People of African Descent This year, the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is focused on the midterm review of the International Decade for People of African Descent undertaken by the Human Rights Council in Geneva as part of its 43rd session. As the Decade approaches its half-way mark in 2020, a review will take stock of the progress made and decide on further necessary actions. There are around 200 million people identifying themselves as being of African descent living in the Americas. Many millions more live in other parts of the world, outside of the African continent. Whether as descendants of the victims of the transatlantic slave trade or as more recent migrants, people of African descent constitute some of the poorest and most marginalized groups. They still have limited access to quality education, health services, housing and social security and their degree of political participation is often low. In addition, people of African descent can suffer from multiple forms of discrimination based on age, sex, language, religion, political opinion, social origin, property, disability, birth, or other status. The International Decade for People of African Descent, proclaimed by General Assembly resolution and observed from 2015 to 2024, provides a solid framework to take effective measures to address these issues in the spirit of recognition, justice and development. The midterm review is vital for assessing the effectiveness of the programme of activities of the Decade, its implementation and challenges during the first five years and, based on the assessment, generating improvements in the activities and programmes planned for the next five years. The final assessment will provide guidance to the various existing mechanisms and all stakeholders, including concrete recommendations for future courses of action to ensure the continued protection and promotion of the rights of people of African descent after the conclusion of the Decade. Background The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on the day the police in Sharpeville, South Africa, opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration against apartheid "pass laws" in 1960. In 1979, the General Assembly adopted a programme of activities to be undertaken during the second half of the Decade for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination. On that occasion, the General Assembly decided that a week of solidarity with the peoples struggling against racism and racial discrimination, beginning on 21 March, would be organized annually in all States. Since then, the apartheid system in South Africa has been dismantled. Racist laws and practices have been abolished in many countries, and we have built an international framework for fighting racism, guided by the International Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. The Convention is now nearing universal ratification, yet still, in all regions, too many individuals, communities and societies suffer from the injustice and stigma that racism brings. Principle of equality The United Nations General Assembly reiterates that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and have the potential to contribute constructively to the development and well-being of their societies. In its most recent resolution, the General Assembly also emphasized that any doctrine of racial superiority is scientifically false, morally condemnable, socially unjust and dangerous and must be rejected, together with theories that attempt to determine the existence of separate human races. The United Nations has been concerned with this issue since its foundation and the prohibition of racial discrimination is enshrined in all core international human rights instruments. It places obligations on States and tasks them with eradicating discrimination in the public and private spheres. The principle of equality also requires States to adopt special measures to eliminate conditions that cause or help to perpetuate racial discrimination. Major UN Meetings and events In 2001, the World Conference against Racism produced the most authoritative and comprehensive programme for combating racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance: the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action. In April 2009, the Durban Review Conference examined global progress made in overcoming racism and concluded that much remained to be achieved. Undoubtedly, the greatest accomplishment of the conference was the renewed international commitment to the anti-racism agenda. In September 2011, the United Nations General Assembly held a one day high-level meeting in New York to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action. There, world leaders adopted by consensus a political declaration proclaiming their "strong determination to make the fight against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, and the protection of the victims thereof, a high priority for [their] countries." Coming as it did during the 2011 International Year for People of African Descent, the 10th anniversary was a chance to strengthen political commitment in fighting racism and racial discrimination. On 23 December 2013, the General Assembly proclaimed the International Decade for People of African Descent commencing 1 January 2015 and ending on 31 December 2024, with the theme “People of African descent: recognition, justice and development.”



Nowruz is the Iranian New Year, also known as the Persian New Year, which is celebrated worldwide by various ethno-linguistic groups. Nowruz is a rite dating back to at least the 6th century BCE, marking the new year and ushering in spring. Variously known as Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz or Nevruz, this historic rite is observed on 21 March in many countries along the Silk Roads, including Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, Iran, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Nowruz is celebrated by peoples of many different religions and cultures across this vast region. Some of the festival’s earliest origins lie in Zoroastrianism, marking one of the holiest days in the ancient Zoroastrian calendar. The return of the spring was seen to have great spiritual significance, symbolising the triumph of good over evil and joy over sorrow. In particular, the Spirit of Noon, known as Rapithwina, who was considered to be driven underground by the Spirit of Winter during the cold months, was welcomed back with celebrations at noon on the day of Nowruz according to Zoroastrian tradition. LOCAL TRADITIONS Nowruz is also associated with a great variety of local traditions, including the legend of Jamshid, a king in Persian mythology. To this day in Iran, Nowruz celebrations are sometimes known as Nowruze Jamshidi. According to the myth, Jamshid was carried through the air in a chariot, a feat that so amazed his subjects that they established a festival on that day. Similar mythological narratives exist in Indian and Turkish traditions, while the legend of Amoo Nowrouz is popular in the countries of Central Asia. In recognition of the importance of this ancient rite, Nowruz was inscribed on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2009. Moreover, in 2010, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 21 March International Nowruz Day.

International Day of Happiness


What is the International Day of Happiness? It’s a day to be happy, of course! Since 2013, the United Nations has celebrated the International Day of Happiness as a way to recognise the importance of happiness in the lives of people around the world. In 2015, the UN launched the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, which seek to end poverty, reduce inequality, and protect our planet – three key aspects that lead to well-being and happiness. The United Nations invites each person of any age, plus every classroom, business and government to join in celebration of the International Day of Happiness. Background The General Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution 66/281 of 12 July 2012 proclaimed 20 March the International Day of Happiness, recognizing the relevance of happiness and well-being as universal goals and aspirations in the lives of human beings around the world and the importance of their recognition in public policy objectives. It also recognized the need for a more inclusive, equitable and balanced approach to economic growth that promotes sustainable development, poverty eradication, happiness and the well-being of all peoples. The resolution was initiated by Bhutan, a country which recognized the value of national happiness over national income since the early 1970s and famously adopted the goal of Gross National Happiness over Gross National Product. It also hosted a High Level Meeting on "Happiness and Well-Being: Defining a New Economic Paradigm" during the sixty-sixth session of the General Assembly.



The theme for WORLD SPARROW DAY is I LOVE Sparrows. The diminutive house sparrow (Passer domesticus) is perhaps one of the earliest birds you can remember from your childhood. Their nests dotted almost every house in the neighbourhood as well as public places like bus bays and railway stations, where they lived in colonies and survived on food grains and tiny worms. Many bird watchers and ornithologists recall with fondness how the house sparrow gave flight to their passion for observing birds. The association between humans and the house sparrow dates back to several centuries and no other bird has been associated with humans on a daily basis like the house sparrow. It is a bird that evokes fond memories and has thus found mention in folklore and songs from time immemorial. Unfortunately, the house sparrow is now a disappearing species. But like all other plants and animals which were once abundant and are now facing an uncertain future, their numbers are also declining across their natural range. The reasons? Certainly, there is no one single reason for the decline of house sparrow. Its slow but noticeable disappearance has been labeled as one of the biggest mysteries of recent times. A leading newspaper in the United Kingdom - a country that has witnessed one of the biggest declines of the house sparrow population in recent times - declared a cash prize to anyone who could solve the mystery. Needless to add, the reward lies unclaimed. The house sparrow is believed to be declining for various reasons ranging from the destruction of its habitat to lack of insect food for the young and even the increasing microwave pollution from mobile phone towers. (Please read “reasons of house sparrow decline” for more information). The theme for WORLD SPARROW DAY is I LOVE Sparrows. The theme has been inspired by the hope that more and more of us will celebrate the relationship between PEOPLE AND SPARROWS. After all, we’ve lived in close harmony with these adorable little birds for 10,000 years. So, the main aim of the theme is to highlight the love that people have for sparrows and the seemingly small things that they do to make a big difference to sparrows. Through this year’s theme, we aim to highlight how citizens from different walks of life are making amazing differences and expressing their love for sparrows by telling the world the ways in which they are helping conserve sparrows. The theme is centered around People and Sparrows because both are an integral part of a relationship that celebrates thousands of years of togetherness. In our busy lives, we have lost that bond with sparrows in particular and with nature, in general. Through this theme, we want to bring some amazing people into the limelight, people who are not only helping in conserving sparrows but are also spreading love for sparrows, awareness about their importance in our lives and tips on their conservation. Looking at them, we hope others will be inspired and join the conservation movement to save sparrows by doing small things that have major functional conservation values. Loving is doing. Warming up to sparrows is not just about looking at them and admiring them. It’s about doing something for them that will help them fight contemporary challenges to their existence. Sparrows need us for their survival in this ever-growing concrete jungle and we need them for our ecological system to be balanced and indeed, for our very own existence.

National Ordinance Factories' Day


The Ordnance Factories’ Day is observed on the 18th of March every year. The production of India’s oldest Ordnance Factory, which is at Cossipore of Kolkata, was started in 18th of March, 1802. OFB is the 37th largest defence equipment manufacturer in the world, 2nd largest in Asia, and the largest in India. The day is celebrated by displaying the rifles, guns, artillery, ammunition etc in exhibitions all over India. The celebrations start with a parade and the exhibition will also display the photographs of various mountaineering expeditions. Important facts of Ordnance Factory Board OFB is referred to as the “Fourth Arm of Defence” and the “Force Behind the Armed Forces” of India. OFB is functioning under the Department of Defence Production of Ministry of Defence. The Indian Ordnance Factories supplies products to all three Indian Armed Forces. ie the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air force. The Arms and Ammunition, Weapon Spares, Chemicals & Explosives, Parachutes, Leather and Clothing items are being exported to more than 30 countries worldwide. History of Ordnance Factory Board OFB was founded in 1775 and its Headquarters is in Ayudh Bhawan, Kolkata. OFB consists of 41 Ordnance Factories, 9 Training Institutes, 3 Regional Marketing Centres and 5 Regional Controllerates of Safety, which is spread all over India.

National Vaccination Day


India observes National Vaccination Day also known as National Immunization Day (NID) on 16th March every year. National Immunization Day was first observed on 16th March when the first dose of Oral Polio Vaccine was given in the year 1995. Why National Vaccination Day? The observance of National Vaccination Day is done in order to enhance the awareness of the eradication of polio from planet earth. Every year on this day, millions of children of India are immunized with the polio vaccine. What do you mean by Vaccination? Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing highly infectious diseases. Extensive immunity due to vaccination is mostly responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restraint of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from a large amount of the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) informs that licensed vaccines are currently available to prevent or add to the prevention and control of twenty-five preventable infections. Highlights Every year, India observes National Vaccination Day in January to mark the launch of the pulse polio program. India has been observing the Pulse Polio Programme since 1995. In India, the last case of polio patients was reported on 13 January 2011. On 27 March 2014, India was certified as a polio-free country along with 11 other countries of the South-East Asia Region of the World Health Organisation (WHO). These countries were Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste, and Thailand. Universal Immunization Programs or UIP India has one of the chief Universal Immunization Programs (UIP) in the world in terms of the number of beneficiaries covered, quantities of vaccines used, geographical spread and human resources involved. Despite being operational for over 30 years, UIP has been able to fully immunize only two-third of the children’s population in the first year of their life and the increase in coverage has stagnated. To achieve 100% immunization coverage for all children, the Government of India launched Mission Indradhanush in December 2014. The ultimate goal of this program is to ensure complete immunization with all available vaccines for children up to two years and pregnant women. All vaccines are available free of cost in this program. National Immunization Day 2020: Vaccination Schedule and its Importance National Immunization Day 2020: Vaccination Schedule and its Importance is given here.On January 19, 2020, the National Immunization Day (NID) was observed all over India as a part of the 2020 Pulse Polio Programme. Around 17.4 crore children were given polio vaccination. India has managed to eradicated polio completely in 2012. In order to prolong the eradication, GoI organizes Pulse Polio immunization campaigns on the standards set by the World Health Organization (WHO). The next round of National Immunization Day is to be held in the month of March. The National Immunization Day is one of the four strategies that are recommended by the WHO to eradicate polio completely. According to WHO, the National Immunization Day has to be conducted twice a year at a gap of 2 to 4 weeks. Types of Polio Vaccines There are two types of vaccines that are being administered in the country which are IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine) and OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine). IPV is a wild-type poliovirus strain that is administered in a mixture of other vaccines. It includes Hepatitis B, Diptheria, pertussis, tetanus, Haemophilus, and influenza. IPV is more efficient than OPV. It increases intestinal immunity in kids who have been already immunized with OPV

World Consumer Rights Day


Consumers International has announced that the theme for World Consumer Rights Day 2020, 15 March 2020, will be ‘The Sustainable Consumer’. About the theme If everyone lived the lifestyle of the average person in Western Europe, we would need three planets to support us. Meanwhile, about one billion people live in extreme poverty, unable to access the minimum needed for a decent quality of life. In order to protect the planet and provide fair social conditions for current and future generations, we need to think about the way we produce and consume goods and services. The aim of sustainable consumption is to increase resource efficiency and fair trade while helping to alleviate poverty and enable everyone to enjoy a good quality of life with access to food, water, energy, medicine and more. Demand for sustainable products is increasing – particularly amongst younger consumers. A global study found that 81% of respondents felt strongly that companies should help improve the environment. But some studies find the actual purchases of sustainable products to be in the 20-30% range (here and here). Generally, sustainability is not the easy choice for consumers and requires effort on their part to research or identify the right purchase, changing behaviour or requires paying more. However, there are early signals of a narrowing of this intention-action gap and it is vital that we push forward towards a tipping point. We need to make sustainable consumption the easy option for consumers.

World Pi Day


Pi Day is celebrated on March 14th 2020 all over the world. Why March 14th? Pi Day is celebrated on March 14th (3/14) around the world. Pi (Greek letter “p”) is the symbol used in mathematics to represent a constant — the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter — which is approximately 3.14159. Pi Day is an annual opportunity for math enthusiasts to recite the infinite digits of Pi, talk to their friends about math, and to eat pie. Pi has been calculated to over one trillion digits beyond its decimal point. As an irrational and transcendental number, it will continue infinitely without repetition or pattern. While only a handful of digits are needed for typical calculations, Pi’s infinite nature makes it a fun challenge to memorize, and to computationally calculate more and more digits.

World Rotaract Day


World Rotaract Day is observed on March 13 every year to recognize the services offered by the Rotaractors through out the World. Rotaract was began as Rotary International youth program in 1968 at North Carolina, USA. Now it has transformed into a major Rotary-sponsored organization with more than 9,539 clubs spread around the world. Rotary Club is community service organization for young men and women. They take part in international service projects, in a global effort to bring peace and international understanding to the world. “Rotaract” stands for “Rotary in Action“. This 2020 World Rotaract Week is being observed (March 9 to March 15). The Motto of Rotary Club is Self Development – Fellowship Through Service. Most Rotaract activities take place at the club level. Rotaract clubs hold formal meetings, usually every two weeks, which feature speakers, special outings, social activities, discussions or visits to other clubs. Club members get together on designated days for service project work, social events, or professional/leadership development workshops. The purpose of Rotaract is to provide an opportunity for young men and women to enhance the knowledge and skills that will assist them in personal development, to address the physical and social needs of their communities, and to promote better relations between all people worldwide through a framework of friendship and service. To be eligible for membership, prospective members must be 18–30 years of age, show that they are committed to Rotaract, and show that they are of good standing in the community. After being approved by the club, prospective members are 'inducted' to become members, also known as 'Rotaractors'. Clubs generally charge a small annual membership fee to cover costs. Rotaract conducts many programs, which are activities with a charitable purpose. The dual roles of Rotaract is for young adults (18 to 30 years of age) and college and university students to "give something back."

World Kidney Day


World Kidney Day 2020 Theme : Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere – from Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care In 2020, World Kidney Day calls on everyone to advocate for concrete measures in every country to promote and advance kidney disease prevention, including: • Renewed focus on primary care, awareness raising and education including patient empowerment and cross-specialty training • Integration of CKD prevention into national NCD programs for comprehensive and integrated services, which are essential in improving the early detection and tracking of CKD at country level • Whole-of-government, whole-of-society, health in all policies, multisectoral collaboration to promote prevention of kidney disease Burden of kidney disease Kidney disease is a non-communicable disease (NCD) and currently affects around 850 million people worldwide. One in ten adults has chronic kidney disease (CKD). The global burden of CKD is increasing, and is projected to become the 5th most common cause of years of life lost globally by 2040. Chronic kidney disease is a major cause of catastrophic health expenditure. The costs of dialysis and transplantation consume 2–3% of the annual healthcare budget in high-income countries; spent on less than 0.03% of the total population of these countries. In low-income and middle-income countries, most people with kidney failure have insufficient access to lifesaving dialysis and kidney transplantation. Crucially, kidney disease can be prevented and progression to end-stage kidney disease can be delayed with appropriate access to basic diagnostics and early treatment. However, while national policies and strategies for NCDs in general are present in many countries, specific policies directed toward education and awareness about kidney disease as well as CKD screening, management and treatment are often lacking. There is a need to increase the awareness of the importance of preventive measures throughout populations, professionals and policy makers. What we call for This year World Kidney Day continues to raise awareness of the increasing burden of kidney diseases worldwide and to strive for kidney health for everyone, everywhere. Specifically, the 2020 campaign highlights the importance of preventive interventions to avert the onset and progression of kidney disease. What is a preventive intervention? The term “prevention” refers to activities that are typically categorized by the following three definitions: (1) Primary Prevention, implies intervening before health effects occur in an effort to prevent the onset of kidney disease before the disease process begins (2) Secondary Prevention suggests preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis and prompt treatment of kidney disease to prevent more severe problems developing and (3) Tertiary Prevention indicates managing kidney disease after it is well established in order to control disease progression and the emergence of more severe complications. Specifically, primary prevention of kidney disease requires the modification of risk factors, including diabetes mellitus and hypertension, unhealthy diets, structural abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tracts, and/ or nephrotoxicity levels. Preventative primary interventions include promoting of healthy life styles including physical activity and healthy diets, screening for patients at higher CKD risk with the aid of urine and blood tests and keeping screening data in a CKD registry. In persons with pre-existing kidney disease, secondary prevention, including blood pressure optimization and glycemic control, is the main goal of education and clinical interventions which can be achieved by low salt and protein, as well as plant-based diets and pharmacotherapy. In patients with advanced CKD, management of co-morbidities such as uremia[1]and cardiovascular disease is of high priority. Such preventive measures of CKD are becoming ever more important, with rising levels of cases worldwide. As CKD is associated with high costs, preventive measures addressing root causes, especially in the form of primary prevention, have significant value. Raising awareness and educating individuals on the most important risk factors and preventative measures for kidney disease is hence important so as to reduce the burden of kidney disease. In order for the importance of the “Prevention approach” of kidney disease and kidney failure to be recognized, promotion programs for health care professionals including nephrology fellowship programs and non-specialist training; effective and efficient education and awareness programs for the general population and partnerships for patient empowerment are key.

International Women’s Day


International Women’s Day Women’s rights and gender equality are taking centre stage in 2020. This year’s theme for International Women’s Day (8 March) is, “I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women’s Rights” Twenty-five years since the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action—a progressive roadmap for gender equality—it’s time to take stock of progress and bridge the gaps that remain through bold, decisive actions.. The Generation Equality campaign is bringing together people of every gender, age, ethnicity, race, religion and country, to drive actions that will create the gender-equal world we all deserve. Together, we want to mobilize to end gender-based violence; we are calling for economic justice and rights for all; bodily autonomy, sexual and reproductive health and rights; and feminist action for climate justice. We want technology and innovation for gender equality; and feminist leadership. Statement for International Women’s Day by Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka In her statement for International Women's Day (8 March), UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka highlights 2020 as the year for gender equality and calls on everyone to tackle the persistent barriers against gender equality.

National Safety Day


National Safety Day Background The National Safety Day/Safety Week Campaign being spearheaded by the Council for nearly three decades to mark its Foundation Day (4th March) has significantly contributed to reduction in the rate of industrial accidents and created wide spread safety awareness even in such sectors which have not been covered by any safety legislation. The campaign is comprehensive, general and flexible with an appeal to the participating organisations to develop specific activities as per their safety requirements. Objectives • to take Safety, Health and Environment (SHE) movement to different parts of the country. • to achieve participation of major players in different industrial sectors at different levels. • to promote use of participative approach by employers by involving their employees in SHE activities. • to promote development of need-based activities, self-compliance with statutory requirements and professional SHE management systems at work places. • to bring into the fold of voluntary SHE movement sectors, which have not so far been statutorily covered. • to remind employers, employees and others concerned of their responsibility in making the workplace safer. In summary, the above objectives are part of an overall goal of creating and strengthening SHE culture in workplace and integrating the same with the work culture. ACTIVITIES At the national level • Public Functions, Seminars, discussions and debates, issuing appeals/messages. • Release of sport films on SHE issues. • Participation of the Union Labour Minister and top officials of the Ministry of Labour; Chairman and Senior Officials of NSC; Senior Executives from Industry; national level trade union leaders and eminent personalities from institutions/NGOs and public. • Doordarshan's National Network and regional kendras, All India Radio stations and the national/regional press provided coverage to the important functions/activities held during the week. At the State Level • Same as that at the national level with emphasis on activities projecting state level measures taken and issues faced. These are in the regional languages. They depict activities undertaken by the State Govt. e.g. distribution of Safety Awards etc. • Pinning of NSD badge on VVIPs such as Governors, Chief Ministers, etc. • Banners displayed by the NSC and State Chapters in strategic locations in capitals and major cities. • Council's Chapters, State Factory Inspectorates and Industry Associations bring out supplements in English and regional language newspapers. At the Enterprise Level • Administration of Safety Pledge by the employees. The model text of the Safety Pledge designed, developed and distributed by the NSC. • Unfurling of the NSD Flag. • Pinning of the NSD badge on employees. • Banners displayed at strategic locations in the units. • Safety competitions - Essay, Slogans, Posters, Housekeeping, Safety Performance, etc. • Safety suggestions. • Exhibitions. • One-act play/drama, songs, quawalis. • Training Programmes/Workshops/Seminars, etc. • Screening of safety films in units/employee colonies. • Practical demonstrations on PPE/Fire Fighting, etc. • Organising emergency drills. • Display of Mobile Exhibition. • Holding award functions. • Invite eminent guest speakers. • Community Awareness Programmes.

National Security Day


National Security Day March 4 is celebrated as National Security Day or Rashtriya Suraksha Diwas to appreciate the work of security forces, who play a major role in maintaining the peace and security of the people in India. This day is to show gratitude to all the security forces including policemen, para-military forces, commandos, guards, army officers, and other persons involved in security, who sacrifice their life and sleep so that the people of India could sleep peacefully without fear. What is National Security? National Defense or National Security is a Nation’s security and defense of a nation or country. It includes the security of its citizens, institutions and economic security of a Nation. Chiefly, National Security falls under the duties of the Government. Traditionally national security conceived as protection against military attack, now includes other non-military dimensions, like the security from terrorism, economic security, the security of energy, environmental security, minimization of crime, food security, cyber-security, etc. Similarly, national security risks not only include other nation-states but also action by violent non-state actors, by narcotic cartels, and by multinational corporations. The effects of natural disasters also come under national security. Why 4th March? National security day is widely observed on the 4th of March because on this day National Security Council (NSC) of India was established. NSC or National Security Council is a non-profit making, ternate body which has been founded to teach and influence society to adopt appropriate policies, practices, and procedures for preventing and minimizing human suffering and economic loss arising from every form of accidents and disasters. Security has become one of the vital parts of India, as India is a large country and second-most populous country after China. India is rich in various heritages, languages and religions i.e. it is a nation where you’ll find followers of various religions. It belongs to the people of various religions like Hindu, Muslim, Parsis, Jains, Sikh, Christians, etc. Along with different religions, it also consists of assorted numbers of celebrations and festivals. To safeguard the nation especially in festivals or events time all the protection forces are always there on their duty to protect people against various unwanted events. National Security Day is celebrated to appreciate the work of security forces like police, commandos and other security forces. Aims of National Security Day • Promote security forces who are working continuously for the nation. • Remind the people about their personal duties towards the country. • Most importantly, to pay homage to the jawans who died while saving the country. Types of National Security • Political Security • Economic Security • Ecological Security • Security of energy and natural resources • Computer security • Infrastructure security Importance of National Security Day • National Security Day is dedicated to all the forces that work for the security of the country. • India stands the third-largest military force in the world. Indian force has a strength of over 1.3 million active personnel. • For the year 2017- 2018, India’s defense budget is Rs.2.74 lakh crore. • The National Security Council (NSC), is the chief agency that is concerned with the country’s political, economic, energy and strategic security. • Ajit Kumar Dovel, the National Security Advisor of India, is the Chief Executive of NSC and Primary Advisor, to the Prime Minister on issues related to National Security. • Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and Intelligence Bureau (IB) reports to the National Security Advisor. • India is a Nation where you find followers of various religions. In particular, India belongs to the people of following any religion, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christians, and others. • National Security Day is celebrated to remind each and every person about their personal responsibilities towards the Nation. • Also, this day is the day of those jawans who died while saving the country for Nation security and peace. • National Security Day – March 4, key facts and all that the security forces have done and are doing to keep us safe: • India’s defense budget for 2019-20 is Rs.3, 38, 569 crores which is almost 31% of the government’s total capital expenditure. • ‘Operation Rahat’, during Uttarakhand floods, was one of the world’s biggest civilian rescue operations in 2013. • National Security Council (NSC), the agency that looks into the country’s political, economic, energy and strategic security concerns, was established by the then Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, on November 19, 1998.

World Day of the Fight Against Sexual Exploitation


World Day of the Fight Against Sexual Exploitation Every year since 2009, 4th March has been designated as World Day of the Fight Against Sexual Exploitation. Although there are exceptions, sexual exploitation overwhelmingly involves women and children, and it is a problem of worldwide proportions. It has been estimated that every second of the day an average of eight women, girls and often young boys, are trapped by international criminal networks where the sole aim is to sexually exploit them, traffic them and enslave them. This process obviously robs them of their basic human rights, including their right to freedom, their dignity, their right to live where they choose and the right to control their own bodies. Although the problem is a worldwide one, some places are more vulnerable than others. These include areas in Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and some Latin American and Caribbean countries. Trafficked women from these areas are generally taken to destination countries in the so-called developed world for the purposes of prostitution. Although older teenage girls can be involved in this traffic, younger girls and boys who are involved in sexual exploitation will generally stay close to their region of origin. UNICEF estimates that more than 3 million children worldwide are affected by prostitution and that children make up more than a third of all sex workers in Asia. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) estimates that nearly a million people are trafficked every year for purposes of sexual exploitation. Although 98% are women and girls, this number also includes a significant number of boys and young men. The major international crimes are trafficking in drugs and weapons, but sexual trafficking follows closely behind and is now a highly lucrative international criminal industry. According to the ILO, human trafficking for sexual exploitation makes between US$ 7 billion and $12 billion a year on the initial sale . However, once the victims of trafficking arrive in the destination country and are exploited, a further US$32 billion will be generated by the industry .

World Wildlife Day


World Wildlife Day On 20 December 2013, at its 68th session, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed 3 March – the day of signature of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1973 – as UN World Wildlife Day to celebrate and raise awareness of the world’s wild animals and plants. The UNGA resolution also designated the CITES Secretariat as the facilitator for the global observance of this special day for wildlife on the UN calendar. World Wildlife Day has now become the most important global annual event dedicated to wildlife. World Wildlife Day will be celebrated in 2020 under the theme "Sustaining all life on Earth", encompassing all wild animal and plant species as key components of the world's biodiversity. This aligns with UN Sustainable Development Goals 1, 12, 14 and 15, and their wide-ranging commitments on alleviating poverty, ensuring sustainable use of resources, and on conserving life both on land and below water to halt biodiversity loss. Earth is home to countless species of fauna and flora – too many to even attempt counting. This rich diversity, and the billions of years during which its myriad elements have interacted, are precisely what has made our planet inhabitable for all living creatures, including humans. Historically, we have depended on the constant interplay and interlinkages between all elements of the biosphere for all our needs: the air we breathe, the food we eat, the energy we use, and the materials we need for all purposes. However, unsustainable human activities and overexploitation of the species and natural resources that make up the habitats and ecosystems of all wildlife are imperiling the world’s biodiversity. Nearly a quarter of all species are presently at risk of going extinct in the coming decades, and their demise would only speed up the disappearance of countless others, putting us in danger as well. On World Wildlife Day 2020, we will celebrate the special place of wild plants and animals in their many varied and beautiful forms as a component of the world’s biological diversity. We will work to raise awareness of the multitude of benefits of wildlife to people, particularly to those communities who live in closest proximity to it, and we will discuss the threats they are facing and the urgent need for governments, civil society, private sector actors and individuals to add their voices and take actions to help conserve wildlife and ensure its continued use is sustainable.

National Defence Day


National Defence Day National Defence Day annually observing on 3rd March. National Defence Day celebrates to raise awareness among the public about the importance of Civil protection. Specifically, this year National Defence Day 2020 falls on 3rd March 2020, Tuesday. National Defence is the combination of cadets of the three services Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. Also, it is the joint venture of the Indian Armed Forces. The National Defence Academy head office is located near Khadakwasla near Pune in Maharashtra. It’s the first tri-service academy in the world. What is the National Defence? National Defense or National Security is a Nation’s security and defense. Particularly, including its citizens, institutions and economic security of a Nation. Chiefly, National Security is considered as the duty of the Government. History of National Defence Day • In order to build a war memorial in recognition of the sacrifices of Indian troops in the liberation of Sudan in the East African Campaign, Sudanese Government in 1941 gave a hundred thousand pounds to Lordlinlithgow and then to the Governor-General of India during World War II. • During the year 1946, in December, Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck and Commander in Chief of Indian Army submitted a report to the Government. Joint Service Military Academy established on the recommendation of a committee. • After the Independence of India in August 1947, the Auchinleck report was taken into account. Chiefly, the Chief of the Staff Committee and its implementation immediately performed. Eventually, in 1947 an action plan initiated by the committee. Further, the search for a site to build the defense academy began. • Joint Services Wing (JSW) an interim training academy commissioned on 1st January 1949. At the Armed Force Academy(Now Indian Military Academy) in Dehradun. Jawaharlal Nehru on 6th October 1949 laid the foundation for the National Defence Academy. In independent India, the first Defence Minister was Mr.Baldev Singh. • Currently, the Defence Minister of India is Mr.Rajnath Singh. • National Defence Academy formally commissioned on 7th December 1954 with an inauguration ceremony held on 16th January 1955. National Defence Day Theme Generally, National Defence Day is celebrated under the theme “It’s My Turn”. The theme signifies the importance of every citizen of India to stand for Civil protection. National Defence Academy Objectives • To achieve required educational standards and acquire mental and physical qualities essential to their progressive and continued development as officers of the fighting services. • To provide basic service training as will develop in their character, initiative, self-confidence and above all, qualities of leadership. • Development ability to appreciate the inter-service aspect of the Armed Forces. • To establish an interest in extracurricular activities of the outdoor type • Instill the spirit of the Honour Code as well as moral and ethical values. National Defence Day Activities Various activities are organized on Indian Defence Day to raise public awareness of the protection of every citizen of India. The Defence organizations of the country especially celebrate the day with formal activities.

National Science Day


In India every year February 28 is celebrated as National Science Day. This day marks the discovery of the Raman effect phenomenon of the Scattering of light by the Indian physicist Sir C.V Raman on 28 February 1928. For the discovery of the Raman effect, he was awarded the noble prize in 1928. Due to the contribution of C.V Raman in the field of Physics and in discovery, the Nation Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) has proposed that every 28 February will be celebrated as National Science Day. The request was approved by the Government of India and from 1936, this is celebrated by the whole country. Science is not just about innovation and new technologies, it is Curiosity based. Science occurred in the age of stone, when the cavemen learned what would happen when two stones were rubbed against one another. There was no internet that time but the curiosity helped their brain grow in finding new knowledge. Theme of National Science Day 2020 Every year National Science Day is celebrated with a theme that spreads the message about the importance of science. This year Department of Science and Technology decided the theme of National Science Day 2020 is “Women in Science”. Last year the theme of National Science Day 2019 is “Science for the People, and the People for Science”. This year’s theme is dedicated to women involved in science and also to motivate them to participate more in a science activity. From past year women are now taking active participation in the space program like we can take the example from mission mars (mangalyan) and Chandrayan 2. What is the Raman effect? It is an inelastic scrambling of a photon by molecules, which means that there is an exchange of energy and a change in light direction this effect is named by Raman Scattering. This phenomenon is also knowns as Raman Spectroscopy which now utilizes the chemist and physicists to know about materials. What is the purpose of celebrating National Science Day? This day is celebrated to show light on the importance of science in our daily life also to show the achievements and the efforts made in the field of science for human welfare. National Science day is celebrated to discuss the important issues facing the field of science. On 28 February 2009, the Indian Department of Science and Technology presented the National Award for Science and Communication to the five institutions in the country. These awards are presented to recognize the efforts of government and non-government bodies and the individuals who helped to make science popular in the country. In 2009 award ceremony Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Center was awarded the highest award for their contribution to the science-related learning material and conducting different training programs on science education. How many awards won by C.V. Raman? 1924 -Fellow of Royal Society 1929- Knight Bachelor 1930- Nobel Prize in Physics 1954- Bharat Ratna 1957- Lenin Peace Prize How National Science Day is celebrated? The National Science Day is celebrated by organizing different science exhibitions, seminars, workshops, public speeches, science movies, exhibitions on the concept of themes, live projects, quiz competitions, and many more science activities. Where the major Celebrations of National Science Day take place? The Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) The Defence Reseach and Development Organization (DRDO) The Indian Department of Science and Technology The Council of Science and Technology The CSIR- National Environment Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI) The Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium.

Central Excise Day


Central Excise Day in India is celebrated on February 24. Day was established to recognize the contribution of the Central Board of Excise and Custom. The Board is a government agency responsible for administering matters relating to customs, central excise, service tax, and narcotics. The Central Board of Excise and Custom is one of the oldest government agencies in India, it was established in 1855 as the Customs and General Excise department. Currently it operates under the Department of Revenue in the Ministry of Finance. It is responsible for collecting excise duty, service tax, customs duty and narcotics duty, preventing smuggling and drug trafficking. Central Excise Day is celebrated on February 24 to mark the enactment of the Central Excise and Salt Act in 1944. The holiday aims to honor the contribution of the Central Board of Excise and Custom to the country's economy and to recognize the hard work and accomplishments of its employees. This professional day is celebrated across the country with seminars, workshops, educational and cultural events, awareness programs, competitions, and award ceremonies. The most outstanding employees of the excise and custom department are rewarded with special prizes for their service to the Indian government.



On 22 February put equity and inclusion into practice and celebrate the diversity in our Movement! As a global Movement with 10 million Girl Guides and Girl Scouts in 150 countries - all with diverse backgrounds and experiences, World Thinking Day 2020 celebrates this diversity in our Movement. Using threads to represent the concepts of diversity, equity and inclusion the pack this year, Living Threads is designed to inspire you to reflect on how you can put equity and inclusion into practice, and celebrate the diversity in your communities and beyond. So let’s play Living Threads! History In 1926, delegates at the 4th World Conference agreed that 22 February would be known as a special day for Girl Guides and Girl Scouts all over the world. A special day In 1926, Girl Guide and Girl Scout delegates from around the globe met in the USA for the 4th World Conference. Among other decisions, they agreed that there should be a special annual day when Girl Guides and Girl Scouts around the world think of each other and express their thanks and appreciation for our international Movement. This was called Thinking Day. The delegates chose 22 February as the date for Thinking Day because it was the birthday of both Lord Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scout Movement, and Olave Baden-Powell, who was World Chief Guide. A birthday gift Six years later in 1932, the 7th World Conference was taking place in Bucze, Poland, when a Belgian delegate pointed out that a birthday usually involves gifts, and so girls could show their appreciation on Thinking Day by offering gifts to our international Movement by fundraising or making a donation. Olave Baden-Powell wrote a letter to all Girl Guides and Girl Scouts later that year to tell them about this idea and to ask them to spare a penny to help support Girl Guiding and Girl Scouting around the world. Much later in 1999, at the 30th World Conference in Dublin, Ireland, delegates from around the world decided to change the name of the day from Thinking Day to World Thinking Day, to better emphases the international aspects of the day. The fundraising aspect of World Thinking Day that began in 1932 is still an important funding mechanism for WAGGGS today, and it helps to keep the Movement going.

International Mother Language Day


International Mother Language Day The idea to celebrate International Mother Language Day was the initiative of Bangladesh. It was approved at the 1999 UNESCO General Conference and has been observed throughout the world since 2000. UNESCO believes in the importance of cultural and linguistic diversity for sustainable societies. It is within its mandate for peace that it works to preserve the differences in cultures and languages that foster tolerance and respect for others. Linguistic diversity(link is external) is increasingly threatened as more and more languages disappear. Globally 40 per cent of the population does not have access to an education in a language they speak or understand. Nevertheless, progress is being made in mother tongue-based multilingual education with growing understanding of its importance, particularly in early schooling, and more commitment to its development in public life. Multilingual and multicultural societies exist through their languages which transmit and preserve traditional knowledge and cultures in a sustainable way. 2020 CELEBRATIONS UNESCO celebrates ‘Languages without borders’ on the occasion of International Mother Language Day 2020. Local, cross-border languages can promote peaceful dialogue and help to preserve indigenous heritage. Speakers of Kiswahili across sub-Saharan Africa and Quechua in South America, for example, share a common culture with communities in neighboring countries.

Maha Shivratri


Maha Shivratri is a Hindu festival which is celebrated by people following Hinduism in India. People often fast on the night of Shivratri and sing hymns and praises in the name of Lord Shiva. Hindu temples across the country are decorated with lights and colorful decorations and people can be seen offering night long prayers to Shiva Lingam. Woodapple leaves, cold water and milk are offered to the Shiva Lingam on this day as they are believed to be Lord Shiva's favorite. It is believed that the people who fast on this night and offer prayers to Lord Shiva bring good luck into their life. The most popular Maha Shivratri celebrations take place in Ujjain, believed to be the place of residence of Lord Shiva. Large processions are carried out throughout the city, with people thronging the streets to catch a glimpse of the revered idol of Lord Shiva.

World Day of Social Justice


On 26 November 2007, the General Assembly declared that, starting from the sixty-third session of the General Assembly, 20 February will be celebrated annually as the World Day of Social Justice. 2020 Theme: “Closing the Inequalities Gap to Achieve Social Justice” Social justice is an underlying principle for peaceful and prosperous coexistence within and among nations. We uphold the principles of social justice when we promote gender equality, or the rights of indigenous peoples and migrants. We advance social justice when we remove barriers that people face because of gender, age, race, ethnicity, religion, culture or disability. For the United Nations, the pursuit of social justice for all is at the core of our global mission to promote development and human dignity. The adoption by the International Labour Organization of the Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization is just one recent example of the UN System’s commitment to social justice. The Declaration focuses on guaranteeing fair outcomes for all, through employment, social protection, social dialogue, and fundamental principles and rights at work. Background The International Labour Organization unanimously adopted the ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization on 10 June 2008. This is the third major statement of principles and policies adopted by the International Labour Conference since the ILO’s Constitution of 1919. It builds on the Philadelphia Declaration of 1944 and the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work of 1998. The 2008 Declaration expresses the contemporary vision of the ILO’s mandate in the era of globalization. This landmark Declaration is a powerful reaffirmation of ILO values. It is the outcome of tripartite consultations that started in the wake of the Report of the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization. By adopting this text, the representatives of governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations from 182 member States emphasize the key role of our tripartite Organization in helping to achieve progress and social justice in the context of globalization. Together, they commit to enhance the ILO’s capacity to advance these goals, through the Decent Work Agenda. The Declaration institutionalizes the Decent Work concept developed by the ILO since 1999, placing it at the core of the Organization’s policies to reach its constitutional objectives. The Declaration comes at a crucial political moment, reflecting the wide consensus on the need for a strong social dimension to globalization in achieving improved and fair outcomes for all. It constitutes a compass for the promotion of a fair globalization based on decent work, as well as a practical tool to accelerate progress in the implementation of the Decent Work Agenda at the country level. It also reflects a productive outlook by highlighting the importance of sustainable enterprises in creating greater employment and income opportunities for all. The General Assembly recognizes that social development and social justice are indispensable for the achievement and maintenance of peace and security within and among nations and that, in turn, social development and social justice cannot be attained in the absence of peace and security, or in the absence of respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms. It further recognizes that globalization and interdependence are opening new opportunities through trade, investment and capital flows and advances in technology, including information technology, for the growth of the world economy and the development and improvement of living standards around the world, while at the same time there remain serious challenges, including serious financial crises, insecurity, poverty, exclusion and inequality within and among societies, and considerable obstacles to further integration and full participation in the global economy for developing countries, as well as some countries with economies in transition. On 26 November 2007, the General Assembly declared that, starting from the sixty-third session of the General Assembly, 20 February will be celebrated annually as the World Day of Social Justice.

World Radio Day


13 February is a date proclaimed by UNESCO to celebrate radio broadcast, improve international cooperation among radio broadcasters and encourage decision-makers to create and provide access to information through radio, including community radios. https://en.unesco.org/commemorations/worldradioday/ It’s an occasion to draw attention to the unique value of radio, which remains the medium to reach the widest audience and is currently taking up new technological forms and devices. UNESCO encourages all countries to celebrate this Day by undertaking activities with diverse partners, such as national, regional and international broadcasting associations and organizations, non-governmental organizations, media organizations, outlets as well as the public at large. Radio is a powerful medium for celebrating humanity in all its diversity and constitutes a platform for democratic discourse. At the global level, radio remains the most widely consumed medium. This unique ability to reach out the widest audience means radio can shape a society’s experience of diversity, stand as an arena for all voices to speak out, be represented and heard. Radio stations should serve diverse communities, offering a wide variety of programs, viewpoints and content, and reflect the diversity of audiences in their organizations and operations. Radio is a low-cost medium specifically suited to reaching remote communities and vulnerable people, offering a platform to intervene in the public debate, irrespective of people’s educational level. It also plays a crucial role in emergency communication and disaster relief. Radio is uniquely positioned to bring communities together and foster positive dialogue for change. By listening to its audiences and responding to their needs, radio services provide the diversity of views and voices needed to address the challenges we all face. For World Radio Day 2020, UNESCO calls on radio stations to uphold diversity, both in their newsroom and on the airwaves. Origin UNESCO’s Executive Board recommended to the General Conference the proclamation of World Radio Day, on the basis of a wide consultation process, carried out by UNESCO in 2011, further to a proposal from Spain. The leader of the project, the Academia Española de la Radio, received support for the proposal from diverse stakeholders, including major international broadcasters and broadcasting unions and associations. The date of 13 February, the day United Nations Radio was established in 1946, was proposed by the Director-General of UNESCO. UNESCO’s General Conference, at its 36th session, proclaimed 13 February as World Radio Day. On 14 January 2013, the United Nations General Assembly formally endorsed UNESCO’s proclamation of World Radio Day. During its 67th Session, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming 13 February as World Radio Day. Purpose The objectives of the Day are to raise greater awareness among the public and the media of the importance of radio; to encourage decision makers to establish and provide access to information through radio; as well as to enhance networking and international cooperation among broadcasters. The theme of the year 2020: Radio and Diversity. Celebration of the World Radio Day with stream and community media, as well as journalism universities and Media NGOs. Commercial and state-owned radio stations will celebrate the day on air, inviting experts and intercultural communications to discuss cultural traditions and heritage. Students of journalism universities will conduct multilingual broadcasts on student radio, discuss the contribution of students of other faculties in the development of their countries, and share multimedia content on social networks. Community Radios SuusamyrFM and Bakai-AtaFM organizes a number of live broadcasting on the theme.

International Darwin Day


International Darwin Day inspires people throughout the globe to reflect and act on the principles of intellectual bravery, perpetual curiosity, scientific thinking, and hunger for truth as embodied in Charles Darwin. It is a day of celebration, activism, and international cooperation for the advancement of science, education, and human well-being. ORIGIN OF THE CELEBRATION Ever since Charles Darwin published his radically insightful book, On the Origin of Species, Darwin has been the focus of commemorations and tributes by scientists, artists, scholars, and freethinkers throughout the world. From the early gatherings after his death at his own Downe House, to bicentennial events all over the globe, celebrating science and humanity within our various cultures internationally has been a resonant and transcendent pursuit. In 1909, on the 100th anniversary of his birth, large celebrations honoring Darwin’s contributions to science and humanity were held in Cambridge, New York and New Zealand. The University of Chicago commemorated the 100th anniversary of the publication of On the Origin of Species in 1959 with a series of notable events from November 24 through the 28th. The 200th anniversary of Darwin’s birth saw an entire season of BBC programming on Charles Darwin himself as well as evolution and natural selection. Salem State University has successfully held an annual Darwin Festival since 1980. HISTORY OF THE FOUNDATION The organized movement to establish an annual International Darwin Day Celebration began with three Darwin enthusiasts: Dr. Robert Stephens, who motivated the Humanist Community in Silicon Valley to initiate an annual Darwin Day Celebration in 1995; Prof. Massimo Pigliucci, who similarly organized annual Darwin Day events at the University of Tennessee beginning in 1997; and Amanda Chesworth, who joined Stephens to officially incorporate the Darwin Day Program in New Mexico in 2000. The Darwin Day Program was reincorporated two years later in California as the Darwin Day Celebration, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit educational corporation promoting public education about science—and encouraging the celebration of science and humanity throughout the global community. The Darwin Day Celebration also established an Advisory Board of prominent scientists to provide assistance on questions of scientific importance. In anticipation of Darwin’s bicentennial birthday on Feb.12th, 2009, the Darwin Day Celebration paired with the American Humanist Association to support the growth of Darwin Day activities. The American Humanist Association remains the lead agency charged with amplifying the International Darwin Day Foundation’s call for celebration, activism, and international cooperation for the advancement of science, education, and human well-being. Events Darwin Day of The Inverted Fable of Reality February 12 -Unnamed Venue, Stockholm, Stockholm Sweden The Inverted Fable of Reality is a blog mainly in Swedish devoted to ethical fitnessism, which is a Darwinian ethic. We’re based in Stockholm and we’ll be having a private celebration. On the occasion we’ll publish a homage to Darwinism. Darwin’s Annual Birthday Celebration February 12 @ 8:00 am - 3:00 pm GFHS, 3002 Centennial Rd., Santa Ana, CA 92704 United States Mrs. Maclean’s Introductory Freshman Biology classes at Godinez Fundamental High School will be incorporating lessons in evolution to coincide with a cake and ice cream party to celebrate the giant at the center of all biology. Darwin Day in the Institute of Cytology and Genetics February 12 @ 4:00 pm - 6:00 pm Institute of Cytology and Genetics, 2 Koptyuga Ave, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation+ Google Map 1. Invited lecture “Darwin and Evolution in Russian Poetry” by Ivan Poltoratsky 2. Poem “Charlesdarwinman” by Pavel Nikulin 3. Happening “Charles Darwin superstar” by students of National Research University of Novosibirsk Celebrate Darwin Day with “Darwin’s Apostles” Authors February 12 @ 6:00 pm - 8:30 pm American Humanist Association, 1821 Jefferson Place, NW, Washington, DC 20036 United States Discover how Darwin’s apostles, those who carried the torch of evolutionary biology, launched a campaign for truth that, despite powerful opposition, largely succeeded. Darwin Day Party | Humanists & Freethinkers of New Bern February 12 @ 6:00 pm - 9:00 pm Queen’s Point, 742 E. Front Street, New Bern, NC United States

International Day of Women and Girls in Science


International Day of Women and Girls in Science -11 February A significant gender gap has persisted throughout the years at all levels of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines all over the world. Even though women have made tremendous progress towards increasing their participation in higher education, they are still under-represented in these fields. Gender equality has always been a core issue for the United Nations. Gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls will make a crucial contribution not only to economic development of the world, but to progress across all the goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as well. On 14 March 2011, the Commission on the Status of Women adopted a report at its fifty-fifth session, with agreed conclusions on access and participation of women and girls in education, training and science and technology, and for the promotion of women’s equal access to full employment and decent work. On 20 December 2013, the General Assembly adopted a resolution on science, technology and innovation for development, in which it recognized that full and equal access to and participation in science, technology and innovation for women and girls of all ages is imperative for achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. On 22 December 2015, the General Assembly adopted a resolution to establish an annual International Day to recognize the critical role women and girls play in science and technology communities. In welcoming the efforts of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and other relevant organizations that support and promote the access of women and girls and their participation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics education, training and research activities at all levels decided to proclaim 11 February of each year the International Day of Women and Girls in Science. Science and gender equality are both vital for the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Over the past 15 years, the global community has made a lot of effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science. Yet women and girls continue to be excluded from participating fully in science. At present, less than 30 per cent of researchers worldwide are women. According to UNESCO data (2014 - 2016), only around 30 per cent of all female students select STEM-related fields in higher education. Globally, female students’ enrolment is particularly low in ICT (3 per cent), natural science, mathematics and statistics (5 per cent) and in engineering, manufacturing and construction (8 per cent). Long-standing biases and gender stereotypes are steering girls and women away from science related fields. As in the real world, the world on screen reflects similar biases—the 2015 Gender Bias Without Borders study by the Geena Davis Institute showed that of the onscreen characters with an identifiable STEM job, only 12 per cent were women. In order to achieve full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls, and further achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/212 declaring 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science. Events Event entitled “Investment in Equality in Science, Technology and Innovation in the Era of Digitalization for Sustainable Development” (co-organized by the Permanent Missions of Costa Rica, Cyprus, Hungary, Montenegro, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Uruguay and Zambia, as well as the Royal Academy of Science International Trust (RASIT), the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie). Contact: Martin Kovacik (Martin.Kovacik@mzv.sk); Mariam Assi (ExternalRelations.wisil@rasit.org); Afonso Lages(afonso.lages@mne.pt) For more details visit www.womeninscienceday.org.

International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation


International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation, 6 February In 2012, the UN General Assembly designated February 6th as the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation, with the aim to amplify and direct the efforts on the elimination of this practice. Ending Female Genital Mutilation by 2030 Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons and is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights, the health and the integrity of girls and women. Girls who undergo female genital mutilation face short-term complications such as severe pain, shock, excessive bleeding, infections, and difficulty in passing urine, as well as long-term consequences for their sexual and reproductive health and mental health. Although primarily concentrated in 30 countries in Africa and the Middle East, female genital mutilation is a universal problem and is also practiced in some countries in Asia and Latin America. Female genital mutilation continues to persist amongst immigrant populations living in Western Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand. To promote the elimination of female genital mutilation, coordinated and systematic efforts are needed, and they must engage whole communities and focus on human rights, gender equality, sexual education and attention to the needs of women and girls who suffer from its consequences. 2020 Theme: Unleashing Youth Power Ending female genital mutilation in one decade will require support from every quarter. With significant population growth, especially among youth, investing in young people becomes indispensable. That is why this International Day will focus on mobilizing youth around the eliminations of harmful practices, including female genital mutilation under the theme: "Unleashing Youth Power: One decade of accelerating actions for zero female genital mutilation." UN Action Although the practice has been around for more than a thousand years, there are reasons to think that female genital mutilation could end in a single generation. That is why the United Nations strives for its full eradication by 2030, following the spirit of Sustainable Development Goal 5. Since 2008, UNFPA, jointly with UNICEF, leads the largest global programme to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation. The programme currently focuses on 17 countries in Africa and the Middle East and also supports regional and global initiatives. Over the years, this partnership has seen significant achievements. For instance, more than 3.3 million girls and women supported by the Joint Programme have benefited from female genital mutilation-related protection and care services, and 13 countries have established legal frameworks for banning female genital mutilation and have established national budget lines funding programmes to address it. Did You Know? In 2020 alone, there are 4.1 million girls around the world are at risk of undergoing female genital mutilation. According to UNFPA, the cost of preventing female genital mutilation is $95 per girl today. 30 countries where female genital mutilation is prevalent are experiencing high population growth, with at least 30 per cent of girls undergoing female population under the age of 15. Young people aged 15 to 19 in countries where female genital mutilation is prevalent are less supportive of continuing the practice than are adults aged 45 to 49. In many countries where female genital mutilation is prevalent, young girls have a dramatically increased chance of growing up without the risk of undergoing this harmful practice compared to their mothers and grandmothers. UN event "A Piece of Me" (by the filmmaker Sara Elgamal) immersive exhibit & panel discussion. February 6, 11am-1pm at UN Headquarters, NY.

Union Budget 2020


Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman will present her second budget on 1 February, Saturday, at a time when the Indian economy is undergoing a deep downturn. Key demand drivers in the economy--consumption, exports and investments--have been sluggish.

Know about our ex-prime minister Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri


Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. His father was a school teacher who died when Lal Bahadur Shastri was only a year and half old. His mother, still in her twenties, took her three children to her father’s house and settled down there. Lal Bahadur’s small town schooling was not remarkable in any way but he had a happy enough childhood despite the poverty that dogged him. He was sent to live with an uncle in Varanasi so that he could go to high school. Nanhe, or ‘little one’ as he was called at home, walked many miles to school without shoes, even when the streets burned in the summer’s heat. As he grew up, Lal Bahadur Shastri became more and more interested in the country’s struggle for freedom from foreign yoke. He was greatly impressed by Mahatma Gandhi’s denunciation of Indian Princes for their support of British rule in India. Lal Bahadur Sashtri was only eleven at the time, but the process that was end day to catapult him to the national stage had already begun in his mind. Lal Bahadur Shastri was sixteen when Gandhiji called upon his countrymen to join the Non-Cooperation Movement. He decided at once to give up his studies in response to the Mahatma’s call. The decision shattered his mother’s hopes. The family could not dissuade him from what they thought was a disastrous course of action. But Lal Bahadur had made up his mind. All those who were close to him knew that he would never change his mind once it was made up, for behind his soft exterior was the firmness of a rock. Lal Bahadur Shastri joined the Kashi Vidya Peeth in Varanasi, one of the many national institutions set up in defiance of the British rule. There, he came under the influence of the greatest intellectuals, and nationalists of the country. ‘Shastri’ was the bachelor’s degree awarded to him by the Vidya Peeth but has stuck in the minds of the people as part of his name. In 1927, he got married. His wife, Lalita Devi, came from Mirzapur, near his home town. The wedding was traditional in all senses but one. A spinning wheel and a few yards of handspun cloth was all the dowry. The bridegroom would accept nothing more. In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi marched to the sea beach at Dandi and broke the imperial salt law. The symbolic gesture set the whole country ablaze. Lal Bahadur Shastri threw himself into the struggle for freedom with feverish energy. He led many defiant campaigns and spent a total of seven years in British jails. It was in the fire of this struggle that his steel was tempered and he grew into maturity. When the Congress came to power after Independence, the sterling worth of the apparently meek and unassuming Lal Bahadur Shastri had already been recognised by the leader of the national struggle. When the Congress Government was formed in 1946, this ‘little dynamo of a man’ was called upon to play a constructive role in the governance of the country. He was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in his home State of Uttar Pradesh and soon rose to the position of Home Minister. His capacity for hard work and his efficiency became a byeword in Uttar Pradesh. He moved to New Delhi in 1951 and held several portfolios in the Union Cabinet – Minister for Railways; Minister for Transport and Communications; Minister for Commerce and Industry; Home Minister; and during Nehru’s illness Minister without portfolio. He was growing in stature constantly. He resigned his post as Minister for Railways because he felt responsible for a railway accident in which many lives were lost. The unprecedented gesture was greatly appreciated by Parliament and the country. The then Prime Minister, Pt. Nehru, speaking in Parliament on the incident, extolled Lal Bahadur Shastri’s integrity and high ideals. He said he was accepting the resignation because it would set an example in constitutional propriety and not because Lal Bahadur Shastri was in any way responsible for what had happened. Replying to the long debate on the Railway accident, Lal Bahadur Shastri said; “Perhaps due to my being small in size and soft of tongue, people are apt to believe that I am not able to be very firm. Though not physically strong, I think I am internally not so weak.” In between his Ministerial assignments, he continued to lavish his organising abilities on the affairs of the Congress Party. The landslide successes of the Party in the General Elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962 were in a very large measure the result of his complete identification with the cause and his organisational genius. More than thirty years of dedicated service were behind Lal Bahadur Shastri. In the course of this period, he came to be known as a man of great integrity and competence. Humble, tolerant, with great inner strength and resoluteness, he was a man of the people who understood their language. He was also a man of vision who led the country towards progress. Lal Bahadur Shastri was deeply influenced by the political teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. “Hard work is equal to prayer,” he once said, in accents profoundly reminiscent of his Master. In the direct tradition of Mahatma Gandhi, Lal Bahadur Shastri represented the best in Indian culture.

New Film Releases


Darbar is released today and is a cop drama in which Rajinikanth portrays two roles -- of a cop named Aaditya Arunasalam and another of a social activist. Darbar is likely to open well because it is a solo Pongal release. Darbar has been released in over 7,000 screens worldwide, including 4,000 plus screen in India. The film has been released in four versions - Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi. The film also stars Nayanthara, Suniel Shetty, Nivetha Thomas, Prateik Babbar and Nawab Shah among others. (01) Tanhaji: The Unsung Warrior > Drama Epic War > Cast : Ajay Devgn, Saif Ali Khan > Director : Om Raut > Release Date : 10 Jan 2020 (02)Chhapaak > Drama > Cast : Deepika Padukone, Vikrant Massey > Director : Meghna Gulzar > Release Date : 10 Jan 2020

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse


A penumbral eclipse of the Moon occurs on Friday 10 January, 2020 UT, lasting from 17:07–21:12 UT. At maximum eclipse, 90% of the Moon's disc will be partially shaded by the Earth, which will cause a slight shadow gradient across its disc; this subtle effect may be visible to careful observers. No part of the Moon will be in complete shadow. The eclipse will last 4 hours and 5 minutes overall, and will be visible from Africa, Europe, Asia, Alaska, and Australia. The timings of the eclipse are as follows. You will be able to see the eclipse if the Moon is up as seen from your location; but note that this penumbral eclipse will be very difficult to see in practice: Penumbral eclipse begins: 17:07:45 UT Maximum eclipse: 19:09:59 UT Penumbral eclipse ends: 21:12:19 UT During this eclipse the Moon will be just 3 days before perigee, making it relatively large. At maximum eclipse it will be 0.545° in apparent diameter, which is 2.6% larger than average. Timing of the lunar eclipse in India: The eclipse will begin at 10:37 pm on January 10 and will end around 2.42 am on January 11, director of M P Birla Planetarium, Debiprosad Duari, said in a statement.

General Strike on 8 January 2020 Stands: Central Trade Unions


25 crore people likely to participate in nationwide strike on January 8: Trade unions Trade unions INTUC, AITUC, HMS, CITU, AIUTUC, TUCC, SEWA, AICCTU, LPF, UTUC along with various sectoral independent federations and associations had adopted a declaration in September last to go on a nationwide strike on January 8, 2020. The Central Trade Unions conveyed their firm resolve after the meeting called by Union Labour Minister. The Central Trade Unions were invited by the Labour Minister for a discussion today, 2nd January 2020 at New Delhi. In the meeting, Labour Minister in his initial comments stated that the Govt of India has been taking all steps for the welfare of the workers and legislations on Labour Codes are a part of that. The constituents of united platform of trade unions viz., AITUC, HMS, CITU, AIUTUC, SEWA, AICCTU, LPF and UTUC who were present in the meeting strongly contradicted and protested the statement of the Minister and stated that the entire Labour Codes are a design of imposing slavery on the workers and it is not acceptable to the trade union movement of the country and they will not surrender. None of the issues which have been continuously raised by the Central Trade Unions, including the basic issues of unemployment, minimum wages and social security were addressed by the Minister. Doing away with all democratic practices, the government has not called the tripartite Indian Labour Conference after 2015. The unions further stated that against such anti labour policies of the Govt, along with other issues, the central trade unions have decided to go in for a countrywide General Strike on 8th January 2020 and the strike stands. The strike is going to take place in a massive way throughout the country with the active support of various sections including the peasantry. The central trade unions further warned that the govt must take the message and mend their ways and change the anti labour anti people anti national moves and policies. Issued by Tapan Sen on behalf of INTUC | AITUC | HMS | CITU | AIUTUC | TUCC | SEWA | AICCTU | LPF | UTUC

The World Day of War Orphans


The World Day of War Orphans was initiated by the French organisation, SOS Enfants en Detresses. Held on 6th January each year, this special day enables the International Community to recognise the plight of a particularly vulnerable group. The usual definition of an orphan is a child who has no surviving parent to care for him or her, having lost both parents, either as a result of bereavement or by being abandoned. In the developed world orphans are relatively rare, since most children can reasonably expect both parents to survive their childhood, but in countries that have been and are subjected to wars and great epidemics such as AIDS, there are significant numbers of orphans. It is estimated, for instance, that World War II created millions of orphans I Europe, with 300,000 orphans in Poland and 200,000 in Yugoslavia alone. World Day for War Orphans is a day to remember these children. Every one of them is precious and they all deserve a future that will enable them to fulfill their dreams.

Vadodara International Marathon 2020


Vadodara International Marathon 2020 9th edition Vadodara, Gujarat, India 04:00 am - 10:00 am The Vadodara International marathon is the most celebrated annual sporting event of Vadodara City in Gujarat, India. It has been held successfully over 8 editions, and has had increased participation from 20000 in 2009 to 75000+ in 2019.The Vadodara International Marathon is accredited by the Association of International Marathons and Distance Running (AIMS) and its recognized by the Athletic Federation of India and Baroda District Amateur Athletics Association.

Atmiya Yuva Mahotsav - 2020


Atmiya Yuva Mahotsav is an opportunity to realize the hidden potential within ourselves and be a part of Swami Shree’s endless pursuit to guide youths on the path of ever-lasting happiness. Each youth who attends AYM will be fortunate to receive unique pearls of wisdom from Swami Shree and experience an atmosphere of true divinity. This will be a once-in-a-lifetime event to witness a generation of inspirational youths, acquire transformative blessings, and partake in Swami Shree’s extraordinary mission! Please be sure to join us! Mahotsav Details Dates : 2nd, 3rd, 4th & 5th January, 2020 Location : Atmiya Parva Ground, Darjipura, Vadodara, Gujarat 391760, India

Annular Solar Eclipse in India


December 26, 2019 Annular Solar Eclipse visible in India? (Surya Grahan in India) December's Solar Eclipse 2019 (Surya Grahan 2019) will be visible in India as a annular and partial eclipse depending on the location you are on.. Annularity will be visible in south India, in the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Cities in the annularity path include: Tiruppur, Coimbatore, Dindigul, Mangalore, Trichy (Tiruchirappalli), Kozhikode The rest of the country will see partial eclipse of the sun but even on the northernmost parts of India about 40% of the Sun will be covered by the Moon. Largest cities in India will experience Sun obsuration: Mumbai 78.8%, Delhi 44.7%, Bangalore 89.4%, Hyderabad 74.3%, Ahmedabad 66.0%, Chennai 84.6%, Kolkata 45.1% Where are the best spots to see Annular Solar Eclipse in India? The best places to see annular eclipse in India lay in the center area marked on the map by the darkest red color (see the map below) - this is the place where the annularity duration is the longest. So, if you want to experience the longest annularity duration (more than 3 minutes), you should observe the eclipse from those locations e.g. Tiruppur, Tamil Nadu - annularity 3:11. The best place on the west coast of India is in the vicinity of Kanhangad (Kanjangad), Kerala and Neeleeswaram, Kerala where the annular eclipse duration is the longest (3 minutes and 12 seconds). The best spot on east coast of India is near the village Ammapattnam, Tamil Nadu (duration 3m15s). Probably one of the best places in this list is Ooty (Udagamandalam) hill station. The altitude of 2200 meters will lead to better, unobstructed by the clouds, view of the eclipse. Annularity will last in Ooty more than 3 minutes. Tip: To find places with the longest annularity time, go to the city list below and sort it by the 'Annular Eclipse Duration'. What time is the Eclipse in India? (Surya Grahan time in India) The partial eclipse will begin few minutes past 8 (8am) of local time (IST - Indian Standart Time = UTC+5:30) and will end at about 11:30 IST (11:30am). Annular eclipse on the west coast begins 9:24 IST, on the east coast few minutes later - 9:31 IST . Annularity ends at 9:27 on the west coast and 9:35 on the east coast.

Merry Christmas


Merry Christmas

Kisan Diwas or National Farmer’s Day


Kisan Diwas or National Farmer’s Day is celebrated every year on 23rd December all across India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh, a great farmer leader & former Prime Minister of the country. Kisan diwas is celebrated is with great zeal and fervor by various organizations and institutions to praise the farmers, the backbone of our economy. Who was Chaudhary Charan Singh Chaudhary Charan Singh, the great farmer leader, was the 5th Prime Minister of India who served the nation for a very short period i.e. from 28th July 1979, to 14th January 1980. He fought & stood for farmer issues as well as their rights. Carrying Chotu Ram’s (farmer leader) legacy forward, he established the Kisan Trust on his 76th birthday - 23rd December 1978, to create awareness of farmers issues among the rural population. Born in a farmer family, Chaudhary Charan Singh rose to the position of state Chief Minister later went on to become the Union Home Minister, Finance Minister, Deputy PM and finally country's Prime Minister. Contributions of Chaudhary Charan Singh Kisan Divas is the perfect day to remember two of his most significant contributions for the nation - first, in opposition to Jawaharlal Nehru & P.C. Mahalanobis – 1st head of the Planning Commission, Chaudhary Charan Singh attempted to articulate an alternative model of development for the country which was inspired by Gandhi & was a reflection of his own peasant origin and second, he brought farmers issues into India’s electoral politics during 1960s & 1970s. Chaudhary Charan Singh made his identity as a farmer, the principle axis of his politics rather than his caste. He always tried to empower the peasantry in different ways & at different levels throughout his life. Chaudhary Singh wrote many books on farmers and their problems portraying various solutions to improve their livelihood. He also introduced several many & initiatives in favor of farmers in the 1979 budget that was presented by him. He also introduced and enacted the Zamindari Abolition Act for them.

International Human Solidarity Day


The Sustainable Development Agenda is centred on people & planet, underpinned by human rights and supported by a global partnership determined to lift people out of poverty, hunger and disease. It will, thus, be built on a foundation of global cooperation and solidarity. International Human Solidarity Day is: • a day to celebrate our unity in diversity; • a day to remind governments to respect their commitments to international agreements; • a day to raise public awareness of the importance of solidarity; • a day to encourage debate on the ways to promote solidarity for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals including poverty eradication; • a day of action to encourage new initiatives for poverty eradication. Background Solidarity is identified in the Millennium Declaration as one of the fundamental values of international relations in the 21st Century, wherein those, who either suffer or benefit least deserve help from those who benefit most. Consequently, in the context of globalization and the challenge of growing inequality, strengthening of international solidarity is indispensable. Therefore, the UN General Assembly, convinced that the promotion of the culture of solidarity and the spirit of sharing is important for combating poverty, proclaimed 20 of December as International Human Solidarity Day. Through initiatives such as the establishment of the World Solidarity Fund to eradicate poverty and the proclamation of International Human Solidarity Day, the concept of solidarity was promoted as crucial in the fight against poverty and in the involvement of all relevant stakeholders. The UN and the Concept of Solidarity The concept of solidarity has defined the work of the United Nations since the birth of the Organization. The creation of the United Nations drew the peoples and nations of the world together to promote peace, human rights and social and economic development. The Organization was founded on the basic premise of unity and harmony among its members, expressed in the concept of collective security that relies on the solidarity of its members to unite “to maintain international peace and security.” It is in the spirit of solidarity that the Organization relies on “cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character” as well. The General Assembly, on 22 December 2005, by resolution 60/209 identified solidarity as one of the fundamental and universal values that should underlie relations between peoples in the twenty-first century, and in that regard decided to proclaim 20 December of each year International Human Solidarity Day. By resolution 57/265 the General Assembly, on 20 December 2002, established the World Solidarity Fund, which was set up in February 2003 as a trust fund of the United Nations Development Programme. Its objective is to eradicate poverty and promote human and social development in developing countries, in particular among the poorest segments of their populations.

Goa Liberation Day


It was on 19 Dec 1961 that the Indian Armed Forces under a daring, audacious and swift operation liberated goa from the portuguese and the deposed governor general of portugal in India manuel antonio vassalo e-silva surrendered to the then Chief of Army Staff general Pran Nath Thapar. The War Memorial at Indian Naval Ship Gomantak was constructed in memory of seven young gallant sailors and other personnel who laid down their lives on 19 Dec 1961 in the “Operation Vijay” undertaken by the Indian Navy for liberation of Anjadiv Island and Territories of Goa, Daman and Diu from the portuguese rule. Every Year on 19th Dec the Officers and Men of Indian Navy pay their homage to the was on 19 Dec 1961 that the Indian Armed Forces under a daring, audacious and swift operation liberated goa from the portuguese and the deposed governor general of portugal in India manuel antonio vassalo e-silva surrendered to the then Chief of Army Staff General Pran Nath Thapar. The War Memorial at Indian Naval Ship Gomantak was constructed in memory of seven young gallant sailors and other personnel who laid down their lives on 19 Dec 1961 in the “Operation Vijay” undertaken by the Indian Navy for liberation of Anjadiv Island and Territories of Goa, Daman and Diu from the portuguese rule. Every Year on 19th Dec the Officers and Men of Indian Navy pay their homage to the martyrs on behalf of a grateful nation. A Guard is paraded and wreaths laid on the occassion at the war memorial. This year the wreaths were laid by rear Admiral Puneet K Bahl, vishist Seva Medal, Flag Officer Commanding Goa Area, Commodore Pankaj Singh, Naval Officer in Charge (Goa) and Commanding Officers of the Ships and Establishments at Goa.

International Migrants Day


International Migrants Day is observed on 18 December in accordance with Resolution 55/93 of the United Nations General Assembly, adopted on 4 December 2000 ” All migrants are entitled to equal protection of all their human rights. On this International Day, I urge leaders and people everywhere to bring the Global Compact to life, so that migration works for all.” UN Secretary-General António Guterres Throughout human history, migration has been a courageous expression of the individual’s will to overcome adversity and to live a better life. Today, globalization, together with advances in communications and transportation, has greatly increased the number of people who have the desire and the capacity to move to other places. Migration draws increasing attention in the world nowadays. Mixed with elements of unforeseeability, emergency, and complexity, the challenges and difficulties of international migration require enhanced cooperation and collective action among countries and regions. The United Nations is actively playing a catalyst role in this area, with the aim of creating more dialogues and interactions within countries and regions, as well as propelling experience exchange and collaboration opportunities. To mark this year’s International Migrants Day, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is calling on the international community to come together and remember the refugees and migrants who have lost their lives or have disappeared while trying to reach safe harbour after arduous journeys across seas and deserts. IOM invites people all over the world to hold the first global Candlelight Vigil on December 18 to commemorate the migrants whose lives have been lost this year. Each of them has a name, a story and left their homelands seeking better opportunities and safety for themselves and in many cases for their families - aspirations that all of us strive for. News World Migration Report 2020 Launched - 27 November 2019 The first World Migration Report, which has since become the organization’s flagship publication, was published by IOM in 2000. The Word Migration Report 2018 is IOM’s most downloaded publication of all times. In a global media environment highly interested in the issue of migration, the need for verified, evidence-based analysis on this defining issue of our time has never been more urgent. WMR 2020, the 10th edition of the World Migration Report, is divided into two parts which explore the developments in migration over the last two-year period. The first part of the report focuses on key information on migration and migrants. It covers migration-related statistics with specific reference to international stocks and flows, but also regional aspects to provide a more detailed picture of migration. The second part of the report puts emphasis on a balanced, evidence-based analysis of complex and emerging migration issues. The topics covered include human mobility and environmental change, migrants’ contributions in an era of disinformation, children and unsafe migration as well as migration and health. In addition to the WMR 2020, IOM has also published Infosheets that provide a succinct overview of each of the 11 chapters of the report. These Infosheets provide an easy and quick way to get a sense of the topics and issues examined.

National Minorities Rights Day


India observes Minorities Rights Day on 18th December. Every year on 18 December, this day is observed to promote the rights of Minority communities in India. Also, the awareness creation about the Minority Rights is the objective of celebrating this day as Minorities Rights Day. Every state in India on this day focuses on the issues concerning minorities as well as their safety in the state. Various seminars, campaigns and events are conducted on Minorities Rights Day. Minorities in India: • The minorities in India include Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains. • Minorities in India constitute about 19% of the total population. • J & K, Punjab, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Lakshadweep are the only states where any notified minority is in majority. • The Ministry of Minority Affairs, which was established in 2006, is the apex body in the Union government to carry out various welfare, regulatory and developmental programmes for the minority communities. • A National Commission for Minorities (NCM) has also been set up under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. • The United Nations, on 18th December 1992, promulgated the “Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities” to discourage the countries to discriminate amongst people worldwide on the basis of religion, language, nationality or ethnicity.

Vijay Diwas


The nation celebrates Vijay Diwas today to commemorate India’s victory over Pakistan in 1971 war. Rich tributes are being paid to the martyrs who laid down their lives during the war. It was on this day in 1971, the chief of the Pakistani forces, General AA Khan Niazi, along with 93 thousand troops, had surrendered unconditionally to the allied forces consisting of Indian Army and Mukti Bahini. The end of the war also resulted in subsequent secession of East Pakistan into Bangladesh. On the occasion Vijay Diwas, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that he salutes the courage and valour of Indian soldiers. In a tweet, Mr Modi said, the history created by our army on this day in 1971 will always be engraved in the golden words. Minister of State for Defence Shripad Yesso Naik, Army Chief General Bipin Rawat, Air Force Chief Air Chief Marshal RKS Bhadauria and Navy Chief Admiral Karambir Singh pay tribute at National War Memorial on the occasion of Vijay Diwas. In Kolkata, a wreath laying ceremony will be held at ‘Vijay Smarak’ at Fort William the Head Quarters of Eastern Command to mark the day. AIR correspondent reports that it is a landmark event in the history of India as it was an outstanding example of peoples aspirations supported by a military action which resulted in birth of a new nation, Bangladesh. Eastern Command was at forefront of the war. It organized a 3 day events in Kolkata beginning for 14th of this month. During this period a number of events were held to commemorate the epic victory. A delegation of dignitaries comprising of ‘Mukti Joddhas’ from Bangladesh as well as Indian war veterans are taking part in the celebrations. ‘Vijay Divas’ is indeed a Day for Remembrance of our brave soldiers and ‘Mukti Joddhas’ who sacrificed their lives for a noble cause and also a day for taking pledged to save our homeland from any possible attack of external enemies.

National Energy Conservation Day


National Energy Conservation Week is celebrated all over India from December 14 to December 20. Various Government enterprises and Public Sector Undertakings celebrate the week by organizing energy conservation message-oriented activities. The Energy Conservation Day is celebrated every year on December 14 since 1991. Energy Conservation Day is an initiative of Bureau o Energy Efficiency. The objective of the day is to demonstrate achievements of government in saving energy and conservation. On the day, National Energy Conservation awards is distributed to industries that play major role in conserving energy. Energy Conservation Organization in India The Petroleum Conservation Research Association is an inter-governmental body that was created in 1978 to promote energy conservation. It creates public awareness in saving fossil fuels. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) created in 2001 is also responsible for promoting energy efficiency and conservation. The BEE was established under Energy Conservation Act, 2001. The aim of the organization is to reduce energy demands.

International Mountain Day


‘Mountains matter for Youth’ is the theme of this year’s International Mountain Day, which is celebrated on 11 December. Young people are active agents of change and the future leaders of tomorrow. They are custodians of mountains and of their natural resources, which are being threatened by climate change. The 2019 International Mountain Day’s theme is a great opportunity for young generations to take the lead and request that mountains and mountain peoples become central in the national and international development agendas, receive more attention, investments and tailored research. The day will also be an occasion to educate children about the role that mountains play in supporting billions up and downstream – by providing freshwater, clean energy, food and recreation. International Mountain Day is a chance to highlight that for rural youth, living in the mountains can be hard. Many young people leave in search of a better life and employment. Migration from mountains leads to abandoned agriculture, land degradation and a loss of cultural values and ancient traditions. Education and training, market access, diverse employment opportunities and good public services can ensure a brighter future for young people in the mountains. In the coming months, a communication tool box for International Mountain Day will be made available on the IMD website in six languages. While ‘Mountains matter for Youth’ is the suggested theme for 2019, countries, communities and organizations are welcome to celebrate International Mountain Day through themes of their choosing. What can you do? What can you do? Raise awareness of mountains on 11 December by organizing youth forums, hands-on activities, presentations, student debates, photo and art competitions, hikes and events targeted to specific age groups. Write to us about the International Mountain Day event you are planning at info-IMD @fao.org so we can publish it on the International Mountain Day website. Join the conversation on social media using the #MountainsMatter hashtag. Share your stories about the reality of living in the mountains as a young person, or post a photo of your favourite mountain moment and share it with us and your friends.

International Human Rights Day


"Where, after all, do universal human rights begin? In small places, close to home -- so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. [...] Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere. Without concerted citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world." - Eleanor Roosevelt Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December. It commemorates the day on which, in 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaiming its principles as the “common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations.” Every year, Human Rights Day provides an opportunity for all to renew with the spirit of humanity’s long struggle for rights and dignity and to mobilise against old and new challenges, in the shape of poverty and inequality, violence, exclusion and discrimination. Young Activists Summit - “Women and Girls Driving Progress” 2019 Theme: Youth Standing Up for Human Rights After a year marked by the 30th anniversary celebrations of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which culminated on 20 November, 2019, our plan is to capitalise on the current momentum and spotlight the leadership role of youth in collective movements as a source of inspiration for a better future. Under our universal call to action "Stand Up for Human rights," we aim to celebrate the potential of youth as constructive agents of change, amplify their voices, and engage a broad range of global audiences in the promotion and protection of rights. The campaign, led by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), is designed to encourage, galvanise, and showcase how youth all over the world stand up for rights and against racism, hate speech, bullying, discrimination, and climate change, to name a few. Why Youth? Youth participation is essential to achieve sustainable development for all. Participation in public life is a fundamental principle of human rights. Young people are seeking to participate in all decisions that have a direct and indirect impact upon their wellbeing. They need to be heard to inform more effective decision-making and achieve sustainable development for all. Youth can play a crucial role in positive change. Young people have always been major drivers of political, economic and social transformation. They are at the forefront of grassroots mobilizations for positive change and bring fresh ideas and solutions for a better world. Empowering youth to better know and claim their rights will generate benefits globally. Young people are often marginalized and encounter difficulties in accessing and enjoying their rights because of their age. Upholding their rights and empowering them to better know and claim them will generate benefits globally. Human Rights and the Sustainable Development Goals Human rights are at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as in the absence of human dignity we cannot drive sustainable development. Human Rights are driven by progress on all SDGs, and the SDGs are driven by advancements on human rights. Find out how UN agencies strive to put human rights at the centre of their work. Never too young to change the world • Youth participation is essential to achieve sustainable development for all • Youth can play a crucial role in positive change • Empowering youth to better know and claim their rights will generate benefits globally #StandUp4HumanRights • Human rights are relevant to all of us, every day • Our shared humanity is rooted in these universal values • Equality, justice and freedom prevent violence and sustain peace • Whenever and wherever humanity's values are abandoned, we all are at greater risk • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights empowers us all • We need to stand up for our rights and those of others On Tuesday 10 December 2019, Human Rights Day, the UN Office at Geneva, Swiss Radio Television (RTS) and Dev.TV, in partnership with UN Human Rights and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), will host an award ceremony that will give a platform to six young activists, including Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Nadia Murad. The six activists will present their causes to the public and debate among themselves. Each of them will be awarded for their outstanding dedication. The event will be webcast live. The Photography 4 Humanity Global prize The winner of the Photography 4 Humanity Global Prize will be announced on December 10th in conjunction with the opening of the Photography 4 Humanity Exhibition at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Photography 4 Humanity is an international initiative that calls on photographers around the world to bring to life the power of human rights through their images.

International Anti-Corruption Day


Corruption is a complex social, political and economic phenomenon that affects all countries. Corruption undermines democratic institutions, slows economic development and contributes to governmental instability. Corruption attacks the foundation of democratic institutions by distorting electoral processes, perverting the rule of law and creating bureaucratic quagmires whose only reason for existing is the soliciting of bribes. Economic development is stunted because foreign direct investment is discouraged and small businesses within the country often find it impossible to overcome the "start-up costs" required because of corruption. On 31 October 2003, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption and requested that the Secretary-General designate the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) as secretariat for the Convention’s Conference of States Parties (resolution 58/4). The Assembly also designated 9 December as International Anti-Corruption Day, to raise awareness of corruption and of the role of the Convention in combating and preventing it. The Convention entered into force in December 2005. Governments, the private sector, non-governmental organizations, the media and citizens around the world are joining forces to fight this crime. The United Nations Development Programme(UNDP) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) are at the forefront of these efforts. United against corruption for development, peace and security The global campaign #UnitedAgainstCorruption focuses on corruption as one of the biggest obstacles to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The abuse of entrusted power for private gain can cost people their freedom, health, life and future. Corruption affects every country, region and community. No one is immune to this crime. But everyone can take part in the fight against corruption. A new generation of change-makers needs to place accountability and integrity at the centre of global leadership across business, politics, media and civil society. Mobilizing and empowering #YouthForJustice is key for ensuring sustainable solutions to combatting corruption. Every year $1 trillion is paid in bribes while an estimated $2.6 trillion are stolen annually through corruption – a sum equivalent to more than 5 per cent of the global GDP. In developing countries, according to the United Nations Development Programme, funds lost to corruption are estimated at 10 times the amount of official development assistance. Corruption is a serious crime that can undermine social and economic development in all societies. No country, region or community is immune. To mark International Anti-Corruption Day, we will leverage the recognition of the multi-year "United Against Corruption" theme and will continue to support the 2030 Agenda, which forms the backbone of the campaign. In addition, the campaign will also have a youth component. " On this International Day, I urge people everywhere to continue to work on innovative solutions to win the battle against corruption and to ensure that precious resources serve the peoples of the world." UN Secretary-General, António Guterres

Armed Forces Flag Day


Since 1949, 7th December is observed as the Armed Forces Flag Day throughout the country to honour the martyrs and the men in uniform who valiantly fought on our borders to safeguard the country's honour. There cannot be a nobler cause than laying down one’s life for the country. At the same time, our admiration for the martyrs should not mean that we have little time for the living heroes who were wounded while doing their duty towards their motherland or their widows and children whom they left behind to fend for themselves. Many brave and gallant heroes from the Armed forces have laid down their lives in the service of the country. Flag Day brings to the forefront our obligation of looking after our disabled comrades-in-arms, widows and dependents of those who have sacrificed their lives for the country.

World AIDS Day


The theme of this year's World AIDS Day is "Communities make the difference". The commemoration of World AIDS Day, which will take place on 1 December 2019, is an important opportunity to recognize the essential role that communities have played and continue to play in the AIDS response at the international, national and local levels. Communities contribute to the AIDS response in many different ways. Their leadership and advocacy ensure that the response remains relevant and grounded, keeping people at the centre and leaving no one behind. Communities include peer educators, networks of people living with or affected by HIV, such as gay men and other men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs and sex workers, women and young people, counsellors, community health workers, door-to-door service providers, civil society organizations and grass-roots activists. World AIDS Day offers an important platform to highlight the role of communities at a time when reduced funding and a shrinking space for civil society are putting the sustainability of services and advocacy efforts in jeopardy. Greater mobilization of communities is urgently required to address the barriers that stop communities delivering services, including restrictions on registration and an absence of social contracting modalities. The strong advocacy role played by communities is needed more than ever to ensure that AIDS remains on the political agenda, that human rights are respected and that decision-makers and implementers are held accountable.

National Constitution Day


Law Day first transpired to the Supreme Court Bar Association in 1979, under the vibrant leadership of Dr. L. M. Singhvi, to select 26th November to commemorate the similar as " Law Day". November 26, 1949 was the day on which the people of India gave to themselves the exclusive manuscript to govern their national life i.e. the Constitution of India. This document was delightfully designed to make this country a Democratic Republic to be governed by Rule of Law and to continue it as one huge nation with its astonishing and matchless unity in diversity. Why should we venerate this day and celebrate it as Law Day? Dr. Singhvi spelt out the main purpose of celebrating " Law Day" in the following terms: (01) To assess the state of law and administration of justice. (02) To suggest ways and means to recover our legal and judicial systems. (03) To reinforce the Bar and the Bench relationship. (04) To toughen the independence of the judiciary. (05) To brace the freedom of the legal profession. (06) To make the legal and judicial system a valuable instrument to serve the people. (07) To sustain and enlarge public confidence in our legal and judicial scheme. The aforementioned sevenfold objects of celebrating " Law Day" converge on one single objective in final analysis viz : to be a cohesive democracy governed by the Rule of Law. In fact, true democracy and the Rule of Law always go together. It is the rule of law which sentry's democratic polity. This phase of the rationale of celebrating Law Day was designated by Hob'ble Mr. Justice P. N. Bhagwati whilst delivering his " Law Day Address on 26th November, 1985 by saying. " It is therefore in the fitness of things that on the day on which the Constitution was implemented and endorsed should wish to emphasize and highlight the fundamental role of law in society and remind ourselves of he sublime purpose which law is intended to serve in a Republic governed by Rule of Law" The BJP led Government in 2015 declared 26 November as Constitution Day by a gazette notification on 19 November. This day raises awareness about the Indian Constitution. In 2019, it marks the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution. About National Constitution Day 26 November has its own importance in the history of independent India because on this day in 1949, the Constitution of India was adopted and it came in to effect on 26 January, 1950. Therefore, marking the dawn of a new era. To acknowledge the contribution of the framers of the Constitution and to aggravate the people regarding the prominent values, 26 November is celebrated as the 'Constitution Day'. National Constitution Day 2019: Celebrations In all the Government Offices or Institutions the celebrations will start by reading the 'Preamble' of the Constitution. National Campaign will also launch that focus on the fundamental duties an important feature of the Constitution. It will start on 26 November, 2019 and culminate on 26 November, 2020. On 26 November, 2019, the 'Preamble' shall be read out in the Civil Secretariat at 11:00 AM which will be followed by people in Jammu and Kashmir after the abrogation of article 370 and for the first time will celebrate “Constitution Day”. Even the Divisional Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners, Heads of the Departments and the Heads of all the Policy Formations shall undertake similar activity in their offices and ensure that in all the Subordinate offices 'Preamble' shall be read out on Constitution Day at 11:00 AM and pledge to the fundamental duties. Events will be organised in New Delhi by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs. At 11:00 AM mass reading of the Preamble will take place at Offices/ Establishments, PSUs, Private Organisations, Corporate bodies, etc. Several talks/Seminars are also organised on the Indian Constitution/ Duties. Extensive publicity of Mass Preamble Reading by the Ministry of I&B and State Public Relations Department will also be done. • Several campaigns are organised and pamphlets are distributed to make people aware about the meaning of the constitution. • Various dramas and plays are organised. • Seminars and lectures are also organised in the school. • Social media campaign etc. Features of the Indian Constitution How the Constitution of India came into being? As we know that on 15 August 1947, India became independent and on 26 January 1950, we celebrate Republic Day because on this day the Constitution of India came into effect. In 1934, the demand of the Constituent Assembly was made. Let us tell you that M.N. Roy, a communist party leader, was the first who mooted the idea. It was taken up by the Congress party and finally, in 1940, the demand was accepted by the British government. Indians are allowed to draft the Indian Constitution in the August offer. On 9 December 1946, the Constituent Assembly for the first time met before independence. The first president of the Constituent Assembly was Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha. Further, on 29 August 1947, a Drafting Committee was constituted to prepare a Draft Constitution with Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as a Chairman. On 26 November, 1949, the Committee had finished their work. On 24 January 1950, the process was completed when the members signed two handwritten copies of the document one each in Hindi and English. The first meeting of the Assembly was in New Delhi on 9 December 1946 and last till 24 January, 1950. During this time total of 11 sessions were held and met for around 166 days. This is the period between the adoption and enforcement when thorough reading and translation from English to Hindi was done. On 26 January, 1950, the Constitution of India came into force and became the law of the land. 8th International Conference Celebrating 70th Constitution Day 2019 Dates: 26th and 27th November 2019 Venue: Shangri-La’s Eros Hotel, New Delhi. This conference proposes to bring participation from 14 Countries and Legal Luminaries, Senior Government Officials, Legal Departments of Fortune 500 companies, International Law Firms, Senior Lawyers and Judges from across the globe. The main goal of the conference is to provide a platform for the Legal Community to discuss and deliberate on several important issues. The participant’s profile at ”70th Constitution Day” ranges from Federal & State Govt. officials from India and Abroad, Senior Lawyers, Consultants, Entrepreneurs, CISOs, Officials of Fortune 500 Companies & CEO’s of Businesses from large corporations to Small and Medium Enterprises.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women


Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is one of the most widespread, persistent and devastating human rights violations in our world today remains largely unreported due to the impunity, silence, stigma and shame surrounding it. • In general terms, it manifests itself in physical, sexual and psychological forms, encompassing: • intimate partner violence (battering, psychological abuse, marital rape, femicide); • sexual violence and harassment (rape, forced sexual acts, unwanted sexual advances, child sexual abuse, forced marriage, street harassment, stalking, cyber- harassment); • human trafficking (slavery, sexual exploitation); • female genital mutilation; and • child marriage. To further clarify, the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women issued by the UN General Assembly in 1993, defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.” The adverse psychological, sexual and reproductive health consequences of VAWG affect women at all stages of their life. For example, early-set educational disadvantages not only represent the primary obstacle to universal schooling and the right to education for girls; down the line they are also to blame for restricting access to higher education and even translate into limited opportunities for women in the labour market. While gender-based violence can happen to anyone, anywhere, some women and girls are particularly vulnerable - for instance, young girls and older women, women who identify as lesbian, bisexual, transgender or intersex, migrants and refugees, indigenous women and ethnic minorities, or women and girls living with HIV and disabilities, and those living through humanitarian crises. Violence against women continues to be an obstacle to achieving equality, development, peace as well as to the fulfillment of women and girls’ human rights. All in all, the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - to leave no one behind - cannot be fulfilled without putting an end to violence against women and girls. Orange the World: Generation Equality Stands Against Rape logo which reads Orange the World Generation Equality Stands Against Rape Efforts to prevent and end violence against women at the global, regional and national levels shows that there is widespread impunity on sexual violence and rape. Starting on this year's International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women (25 November), and for the next two years, the UN Secretary-General’s UNiTE to End Violence against Women campaign, a multi-year effort aimed at preventing and eliminating violence against women and girls, will focus on the issue of rape as a specific form of harm committed against women and girls in times of peace or war. Several public events are being coordinated for this year's International Day. Iconic buildings and landmarks will be ‘oranged’ to recall the need for a violence-free future. Alarming Figures • 1 in 3 women and girls experience physical or sexual violence in their lifetime, most frequently by an intimate partner • Only 52% of women married or in a union freely make their own decisions about sexual relations, contraceptive use and health care • Worldwide, almost 750 million women and girls alive today were married before their 18th birthday; while 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM) • 1 in 2 women killed worldwide were killed by their partners or family in 2017; while only 1 out of 20 men were killed under similar circumstances • 71% of all human trafficking victims worldwide are women and girls, and 3 out of 4 of these women and girls are sexually exploited • Violence against women is as serious a cause of death and incapacity among women of reproductive age as cancer, and a greater cause of ill health than traffic accidents and malaria combined. The 2019 theme for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women is ‘Orange the World: Generation Equality Stands Against Rape’. Like in previous years, this year's International Day will mark the launch of 16 days of activism that will conclude on 10 December 2019, which is International Human Rights Day.

International Meatless Day


The International Meatless Day is celebrated on November 25 every year across the globe. It is also known as the International Vegetarian Day. This day is special in the sense that it marks the birth of Sadhu T.L. Vaswani, who was a great Indian educationist and began the Mira movement for the upliftment of Indian education system. He had also established St. Mira’s School in the city of Hyderabad, Sindh. It is in the year 1986 that the campaign for International Meatless Day was started by the Sadhu Vaswani Mission. The Sadhu Vaswani Mission is an organization for social service having a spiritual aim to serve mankind, particularly the underprivileged and oppressed section of society. The day also holds importance for the Animal Rights Group. INTERNATIONAL MEATLESS DAY 2019 International Meatless Day, 2019 will be celebrated on Monday, November 25. People across the globe reiterated their pledge to be vegetarian and to ‘Stop All Killings’ of animals. Many programmes and events were organised in the country especially across all the Sadhu Vaswani Mission centers to mark the birth anniversary of Sri Sadhu TL Vaswani. All the meat and butcher shops remained closed in Uttar Pradesh on 25th November to observe the day. The general secretary of U.P. government had already sent notifications to all districts magistrate to ensure that no meat or butcher shops were opened on this day. HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL MEATLESS DAY It was proposed in the year 1986 that November 25 – the birthday of Sadhu Vaswani will be celebrated as the International Meatless Day. The day was chosen with a view to take ahead the life and preaching of Sadhu T.L. Vaswani, who had strongly urged the masses globally to adopt vegetarian living. When the campaign started, it garnered huge support and achieved significant success as hundreds and thousands of people had send their vows to this mission to support the cause and go meatless on this day. Four Indian state governments, viz. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka have issued the notice for shutting down the butchers’ shops as well as slaughter houses on November 25, every year in their given states. WHY INTERNATIONAL MEATLESS DAY IS CELEBRATED? International Meatless Day aka SAK Meatless Day is an integral part of the Sadhu Vaswani Mission. SAK means Stop All Killing Association. The association is headed by Dada J.P Vaswani – the spiritual guru as well as chief of the Sadhu Vaswani Mission. This association is dedicated to the endorsement of a world order founded on the non-violence principle. The people associated with this mission believe that “All Life” must be revered and considered as sacred. This is the first step one can take towards ensuring World Peace. Thus, this mission has a larger mission and not just restricted to preventing animal slaughter. How often do we find people associating meat eating with world peace? Rarely, right! But this SAK Group believes that the two are interconnected. As long as birds and animals are killed as a source of food for human beings, peace will not be restored on this earth because if a man can slay an animal for food, he can also slay a fellow man to whom he takes as his opponent. The group believes that the chief reason behind world wars is a sense of disrespect towards life. Also, they believe that when human beings have a set of rights, then why animals are deprived of it? It’s high time when all the lovers of animals should come together and formulate the Animal Rights Charter as well as a charter for laying down the duties of man towards the animal species. Animals have the right to live on this earth as much as we do and therefore even they are entitled to some fundamental rights. And the right that should come very first in the list is that every animal should be allowed to live on this planet without any fear. No man has a right to take away what he cannot give because when we cannot grant life to a lifeless being we are not even entitled to take the life of one. HOW INTERNATIONAL MEATLESS DAY IS CELEBRATED? The International Meatless Day is celebrated by spreading awareness amongst the people about the campaign called the meatless day. On this day, peace marches are organized in the city of Pune as well as other cities in the month of November each year. Hundreds and thousands of students from schools and colleges take to streets proliferating the Meatless Day campaign and urging people to show reverence towards anything that has life, thereby considering it as a first step towards establishing world peace. In fact, on this day meatless newsletters are also circulated between the months of August and November to encourage vegetarianism and of course the meatless day. Since SAK or Stop Killing Association has multiple branches as well as volunteers all over the world – they ask all humanity to join hands with them by refraining themselves from all sorts of food that symbolizes violence – if not for always, but at least for that particular day. Moreover, following are the various other ways through which this day is celebrated: • People are asked to submit a pledge of going without meat at least on this day. • Protecting animals from the butcher houses. • Placing a request in the hotels as well as asking caterers to abstain from serving meat on 25th November and rather march for peace on this day. • The SAK group works in the long term for protecting the animal rights by writing articles in the press and circulating newsletters. • Banners are also put up on the roads in order to push the government for formulating rules and laws to secure the rights of animals. • Schools are approached so that children can be educated about the need for developing compassion towards animals and the sin of eating meat. • Medical camps for animals are run by the Sadhu Vaswani Mission that owns movable Veterinarian Clinics. Then, mouth vaccinations to animals are provided in the village areas for free. • Rallies, peace marches and vegetarian food festivals are organized everywhere in order to raise awareness towards this cause. With every passing year the popularity of International Meatless Day is growing with the growing number of supporters as well as pledges. The pledges are received from every corner of the world, such as London, Spain, Germany, West Indies, Singapore, Casablanca, St. Maarten and New Jersey, to name a few. Important Animal Rights Supported by SAK Group 1. Right to Live The right to live for animals entails putting a complete ban on the killing of muted beings. This right upholds animals’ right to live without having any fear of getting slaughtered for food, for commercial purposes or for pleasure derived from ‘hunting’. 2. Right to Shelter and Food The right to shelter and food suggests that animals whether domesticated or not should be given shelter not only when they are sick or old, but also during regular days so that they can be protected from sun, rain and cold. In addition, animals should be provided with enough grassland, grazing grounds and forests for food. 3. Right to Freedom from harassment, cruelty and physical traumas This right is created to protect animals from every possible form of exploitation, such as twisting, beating, over loading, caging, starving, tying, etc. Then, delivery of animals by force for curly fowls, dissection for experiments in drugs, cosmetics, nuclear tests as well as chemicals should be completely banned. 4. Right to Freedom from Human Exploitation According to this right, animals should not be harassed for pleasure or commercial purposes. To cite an instance, mostly injections are given to animals so that they may gain more flesh. Instead young calves should be provided with sufficient milk which is their right. Putritin injections which are used to obtain more milk should also be prohibited. Most importantly, animals should not be used for races, fights or circus entertainment. 5. Right to freedom from malnutrition and diseases The right to freedom of animals from malnutrition and disease suggests that they are equally entitled, like that of man, to have preventive medicines through veterinary hospitals or veterinary clinics. Immediate medical attention should be given to animals residing within the boundaries of Human Habitat shelters. 6. Right to respect, love and security This right suggests that humans should consider animals as their young siblings and that every creation of God is one family and all lives are blessed by God. It implies man’s responsibilities towards animal species as everyone lives on this same planet and therefore everyone has an equal claim over affection and love.

World Fisheries Day


World Fisheries Day is commemorated on November 21 of every year. World Fisheries Day is celebrated to draw attention to the problems related to fisheries like overfishing, unsustainable fishing techniques, habitat destruction, inadequate methods of fishing, and other threats to our freshwater and marine resources. Other than this, this day also tries to label the pollution problems in the coastal areas and the ocean. On this day the participating members will talk about these issues and come up with various corrective measures which can be executed. Facts on fisheries • Small-scale fisheries (marine and inland) employ about 90 percent of those involved in fisheries. • 65 percent of the reported catch from inland fisheries is from low-income food-deficit countries. • Estimates vary, but from around 30 million to over 60 million people in the developing world are involved in inland fisheries; it is thought that about 50 percent are women. • More than 25% of the world’s dietary protein is provided by fish. • The human population consumes over 100 million tons of fish annually Fisheries in India • Fisheries is an important sector in India that provides employment to millions of people apart from contributing to the food security of the country. • India has over 8,000 km of coastline, and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km, and extensive freshwater resources. Thus, fisheries play a vital role in the economy of the country with the practice contributing about 1.07 per cent to the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). • Fisheries in India makes up to 5.3 per cent to agriculture and allied activities. Inland fisheries is also a vital part of fisheries in India. India’s freshwater resources consist of: • Rivers and canals (197,024 km). • Reservoirs (3.15 million hectares). • Ponds and tanks (235 million hectares). • Oxbow lakes and derelict waters (1.3 million hectares). • Brackishwaters (1.24 million hectares) and estuaries (0.29 million hectares). • The inland capture fish production has increased from 192,000 tonnes in 1950 to 781,846 tonnes in 2007.

World Television Day


The United Nations’ (UN) World Television Day is annually observed in many places around the world on November 21. The day recognizes that television plays a major role in presenting different issue that affect people. On December 17, 1996, UN General Assembly proclaimed November 21 as World Television Day to commemorate the date on which the first World Television Forum was held earlier that year. The UN invited all member states to observe the day by encouraging global exchanges of television programs focusing, among other things, on issues such as peace, security, economic and social development and cultural change enhancements. The UN acknowledges that television can be used to educate many people about the world, its issues and real stories that happen on the planet. Television is one of the most influential forms of media for communication and information dissemination. It is used to broadcast freedom of expressions and to increase cultural diversity. The UN realized that television played a major role in presenting global issues affecting people and this needed to be addressed. World Television Day is a day to renew governments’, organizations’ and individuals’ commitments to support the development of television media in providing unbiased information about important issues and events that affect society. News about World Television Day may be shared via print, online and broadcast media. Television and radio bloggers may write comments, editors may write in the editors’ columns, and writers, academics and journalists may write feature articles about the meaning behind this event. Educational institutions may mark World Television Day on their calendars and educators may use this day as an opportunity to invite guest speakers to discuss media and communication issues relating to television. Discussion topics may include: how television promotes cultural diversity and a common understanding; the links between democracy and television; and the role of television in social, political and economic developments.

World Hello Day


World Hello Day 2019 is observed on November 21 annually. 2019 is the 47th annual World Hello Day. Anyone can participate in World Hello Day simply by greeting ten people. World Hello Day is observed as a reminder to end disputes and initiate conversations without using force, or violence. World Hello Day, which is an annual affair, reminds us that if you are looking to resolve any conflict, then communication is the only way out, and coercion will lead you to nowhere. The first World Hello Day was observed in 1973 as a response to Yom Kippur (also known as Arab-Israeli War or Ramadan War). It is celebrated by people in over 180 countries around the world.

World Children’s Day


World Children’s Day is UNICEF’s annual day of action for children, by children. This year is extra special as it marks 30 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child – 30 years of child rights that have helped transform children’s lives around the world. A time to celebrate and a time to demand action. Children are telling us, loud and clear: it is time for every child, to have every right. On 20 November, kids will stand up for their rights. What will you do? Are you ready for World Children’s Day? Here’s how you can get involved: • CHILDREN : Know your rights and speak out #WorldChildrensDay • PARENTS: Help your children know their rights • TEACHERS : Get the World Children’s Day lesson plan • BUSINESS : Host a children’s take over • GOVERNMENTS : Support the global pledge Why it's important Over the past 30 years, children’s lives have been transformed… • More than 50% reduction in deaths of children under 5 since 1989 • Almost halved the proportion of undernourished children since 1990 • 2.6 billion more people have cleaner drinking water today than in 1990 ...but urgent action is needed to make sure every child, has every right. #WorldChildrensDay From children taking over to famous landmarks turning blue, here’s a taste of what to expect on the day. • Kids take over : Children will ‘take over’ high-visibility roles in media, politics, business, sport and entertainment normally held by adults to shine a spotlight on issues that matter to them. • Turn the world blue : Landmark buildings around the world will light up blue on the day to show support for child rights. From wearing something blue to decorating your classroom or office, you too can help turn the world blue. Something subtle to very visible, anything blue goes! • National summits for children : Children will participate in national summits in major capitals around the world, holding leaders to account for the promises they have made to fulfill children’s rights. THE CHANGING FACE OF MALNUTRITION : THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S CHILDREN 2019 When you picture child malnutrition, what do you see? Twenty years ago, the image was arresting: a dangerously underweight child who wasn’t getting enough to eat.

World Toilet Day


The history of World Toilet day is one that can be traced all the way back to November 19th, 2001. This is not only the date when the World Toilet Organization (WTO) was created but is also the day when the first official World Toilet Summit was held. This summit was held in cities all over the world. Some of the cities which participated include Solo, Singapore, Moscow, Philadelphia, Beijing, Macau, Seoul and New Delhi. The WTO has held 15 successful summits since that original summit and over 11,000 people have attended them. The World Toilet Organization provides a global platform for organizations all over the world to exchange information and to take advantage of corporate support to promote clean sanitation and public health policies. Some of the organizations involved include governments all over the world, academic institutions, United Nations and toilet associations. Recognizing the need to find ways to improve water sanitation and to increase access to improved sanitation facilities, the United Nations passed U.N. Resolution A/67/L.75 that established November 19th as World Toilet Day. The purpose of this observance day is to draw the world’s attention to sanitation issues all over the world and to educate the public on the effects this lack of sanitation has on not only the people in these areas but also the effects it has on the community at large and the world. In 2016, it was estimated that 2.5 billion people – or about 1 person out of 3 in the world – lack access to proper sanitation facilities and about half of that number, or almost 1 billion people, have to defecate in the open. Like the right to clean water and food, sanitation is a basic human right. Not having enough access to proper sanitation facilities has a major impact on not only the dignity of people but also on their health and safety. Theme 2019 – Leaving No One Behind The 4.2 billion people in the world living without safely managed sanitation services often face many forms of discrimination. They can be left behind as they try to access and manage sanitation services or improve their current facilities. Sustainable Development Goal 6 has a target to eliminate open defecation and ensure everyone has access to sustainable sanitation services by 2030, “paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations”. World Toilet Day 2019 is drawing attention to those people being left behind without sanitation and the social, economic and environmental consequences of inaction. A toilet is not just a toilet. It’s a life-saver, dignity-protector and opportunity-maker. We must expand access to safe toilets and leave no one behind. Because whoever you are, wherever you are, sanitation is your human right. Events in India 1.) Neela Jahan Toilet Choupal For ODF – Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India 2.) Who We are - Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India 3.) Toilets for all Campaign in Rural areas - Guna, Madhya Pradesh, India 4.) Change lives. Use toilets - Pune, Maharashtra, India

National Integration Day


National Integration Day is observed every year on the 19th of November all over India. It is celebrated as the birthday anniversary of prime minister of India Indira Gandhi. National integration day is also renowned as the Quami Ekta Divas to remember the birthday celebration of the first woman prime minister of India. National integration indicates the feeling of a common identity amongst the people of the country even after being from different races, cultures, religions or regions in order to build a strong and developed nation. It promotes the unity of diversity and feeling of oneness amongst people to a great level. It brings a type of racial and cultural similarity among people of a different community. It can be said that the unity which was displayed during the Indian Independence movement amongst the common Indian people against the British Rule. India is counted as one of the large countries in the world which is famous for its 2nd largest population all over the world and around 1652 spoken languages and dialects. It is the country including all major religions of the world such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Jainism, Islam, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism with the varieties in culture, food habits, tradition, costume, and social customs. AIMS OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION DAY National Integration Day is celebrated every year to encourage people about the unity, peace, love, and brotherhood among them. • To promote harmony among Indian people instead of being diversity in the Indian society in terms of culture, multiple languages, religions, geographical diversity and etc. • To bring together the youths and other people of the various religious background, social, cultural, economic and education to the camp to mix up with each other, understand and work in a group. • To develop a better understanding among youths of diverse perceptions, faiths, and lifestyles to strengthen the unity of people in society. National Integration Day is celebrated every year in India by conducting a variety of programs and activities like Inter-State Youth Exchange Programme (ISYEP), National Integration Camp (NIC), National Youth Festival, National Youth Award and etc. Symposium, seminars, cultural activities are organized to deal with issues related to national integration. Research activities and publications are held in the camp. A variety of community services are done by youths of different social backgrounds, regions, faiths, and religions. Such youths are also given leadership training at the camps. Various other programs are organized to the camps to promote public harmony and national unity.

International Men’s Day


On November 19 International Men’s Day celebrates worldwide the positive value men bring to the world, their families and communities. We highlight positive role models and raise awareness of men’s well-being. Our theme is “Making a difference for men and boys.” International Men’s Day is now celebrated in more than 80 countries worldwide. International Men’s Day is going from strength to strength. The theme for IMD 2019 is “Making a Difference for Men and Boys.” Blog by Warwick Marsh on https://internationalmensday.com The mission of International Men’s Day this year is to help individuals, families, churches, communities, small business and corporates, including NGOs and Government organisations make a difference for men and boys. We want to promote the need to value men and boys and help people make practical improvements in men and boy’s health and well-being. International Men’s Day encourages men to lead by example. Boys need positive male role models. Our broader community also needs positive male role models. This is the best way to create a fair and safe society which allows everyone the opportunity to flourish. On the IMD website we provide suggestions on how you can celebrate International Men’s Day, and how to get your local community involved, to create a community event and/or special award ceremony. I could say many things about the inequalities that men suffer but I believe our first priority is to encourage men to be the men they need to be. Everywhere today men are belittled, mocked and ostracised simple because of their masculinity. Worse still the phrase “Toxic masculinity” is parroted endlessly by people who have drunk the red Kool-Aid and have lost their ability to think for themselves. I detest this mindless talk for four reasons. Such accusations are barefaced lies. Yes, some men are bad but that does not mean ALL men are bad. Masculinity is not toxic any more than femininity is toxic. As Bettina Arndt said, “No gender has a monopoly on vice.” True manhood needs to be encouraged and championed at every opportunity just the same as true womanhood. The best way to bring positive change is by encouragement, not by denigration. That’s what International Men’s day is all about – so let’s make a difference for men and boys! For starters let’s celebrate Men and Boys! Sometimes other people have a way of saying things better. The article below, 10 Habits That Change Boys Into Men by Dr Benjamin Hardy, tells the story very well and puts the priority in the right place. We have to put our boys first. “The demise of our culture will result from the demise of its men if something isn’t changed quickly. Far too many men remain directionless, devastated and scared children. Male suicide rates have increased to three to four times higher than the female suicide rate. Men are twice as likely as women to become alcoholics. And males are far more likely to commit juvenile crime. Much has been said and written in recent years about the challenges of men and boys. A sampling of book titles includes: Why There Are No Good Men Left • The Demise of Guys • The End of Men • Why Boys Fail • The End of Men, and the Rise of Women • Boys Adrift Manning Up: How the Rise of Women Has Turned Men Into Boys A common theme is that men and boys have become increasingly confused about their identity and role in society. Kay Hymowitz, author of Manning Up, put it this way: ‘It’s been an almost universal rule of civilization that whereas girls became women simply by reaching physical maturity, boys had to pass a test. They needed to demonstrate courage, physical prowess, or mastery of the necessary skills. The goal was to prove their competence as protectors of women and children; this was always their primary social role. Today, however, with women moving ahead in an advanced economy, provider husbands and fathers are now optional, and the character qualities men had needed to play their role? – ?fortitude, stoicism, courage, fidelity –??are obsolete and even a little embarrassing’. It is the norm in Hollywood films, TV and cable shows, and even commercials to portray men as incompetent, immature, or self-absorbed. This underlying message has subtly and increasingly influenced the collective unconscious with devastating repercussions. Academically, it is reported in the United States that: Girls outperform boys now at every level – ?from elementary school through graduate school. By eighth grade, only 20 percent of boys are adept in writing and 24 percent adept in reading. Young men’s SAT scores in 2011 were the lowest they’ve been in 40 years. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), boys are 30 percent more likely than girls to drop out of both high school and college. In 2017, women will earn more than 60 percent of bachelor’s and more than 63 percent of master’s degrees. Boys make up two-thirds of students in special education remedial programs. Women deserve the increased success they are getting. They’ve been oppressed for far too long. They’re more motivated and effective than most men. And hopefully society will continue to allow them the increased equality they deserve. However, this article’s focus is on helping the struggling and confused young man. Indeed, many young men have taken the adverse cues of society as an excuse to evade responsibility and never really grow up. If you are a young man and you’re struggling, you are not alone. This article is intended to challenge you to rethink your entire approach to life. If applied, these habits will radically set you apart from the decaying norm. Think beyond yourself. Kids look to their parents for all the answers. When they become teenagers, they know all the answers. Many never mature out of this stage and remain incredibly narcissistic, which is displayed in the following ways: • believing you are better than others; • exaggerating your talents or gifts; • expecting constant praise and admiration; • failure to recognize other people’s emotions or feelings; • expressing disdain for those who seem inferior; • trouble keeping healthy relationships; • acting as if you have nothing to learn. • Moving beyond self-consciousness requires an increase in overall consciousness. By heightening your level of consciousness, you’ll see the brilliance of humanity in general, be able to relate deeper with others, experience greater joy, and have enhanced ability to manifest the destiny of your choosing. The following are ways to increase your level of consciousness: Allow yourself to experience your feelings, rather than block them out. Meditation is a helpful way to do this. You experience your thoughts and feelings, learn from them, and then let them go. Let go of what you think should be and genuinely accept what is. The journey is the end, not simply a means to an end. Identify the meaningless things to which you’ve assigned meaning. Happiness and security can never be experienced when dependent on the external?—?they can be achieved only internally. Begin trusting your inner voice. If you feel like bringing an umbrella with you even when the weather report suggests it is unnecessary, bring it. Explore the world, experience new cultures, and have your paradigm shaken and reframed. • Question your own intentions and motivations. • Be humble about your own humanity. • Act with love and become aware when you are not.” • Read the other nine reasons at this link: trust me, Dr Ben has got his finger on the pulse! Lovework Start planning NOW to celebrate International Men’s Day on Tuesday 19 November 2019. It might be a quiet coffee or a couple of drinks with a few friends to celebrate the day. Perhaps you could have a special family dinner to observe this notable occasion. Whatever you do just make sure you enjoy the day and wish everyone you meet “Happy International Men’s Day.” Yours for Making a Difference for Men & Boys

National Epilepsy Day


In India, November 17 is observed every year as National Epilepsy Day to create awareness about epilepsy. Epilepsy is a chronic disorder of brain characterized by recurrent ‘seizures’ or ‘fits’. The seizures are caused as a result of sudden, excessive electrical discharges in the neurons (brain cells). The condition can affect people at any age and each age group has unique concerns and problems. According to World Health Organization (WHO), about 50 million people have epilepsy across the world, out of which 80 percent people are living in developing countries. Although epilepsy is treatable, yet three-fourth of affected people in developing countries do not receive the required treatment. In India, about 10 million people suffer from seizures associated with epilepsy. NATIONAL EPILEPSY DAY 2019 National Epilepsy Day will be celebrated on 17th November 2019, Sunday across the country. The theme for this year meeting was ‘Inculcate the latent knowledge in Epilepsy and Neuronal Synchrony’. It aimed at the discussion of new findings and recent developments in the field of Epilepsy. Epilepsy is a global health problem. It is a varied set of persistent neurological disarray portrayed by the seizure. The disease is universal and needs utmost care if someone suffers from it. Reports say that approximately 50 million people across the world suffer from Epilepsy. Around 80% of the entire epilepsy counts occur in the developing nations. The seizures of Epilepsy are the result of unusual and extreme activity in the brain. It also results from the hyper synchronous neuronal brain activity. However, the cause of Epilepsy cannot be determined in most of the cases; aspects that can be identified are the strokes, brain trauma, strokes, brain cancer, and/or excessive consumption or misuse of alcohol or drug by the person. The study also says that the disease and its symptoms become more frequent when the age of individual progress. In some cases, Epileptic seizures may arise as a result of brain surgery in recovering patients. The inception of new Epileptic seizures occurs more in toddlers and the elder people. It is considered that the epileptic seizure cannot be cured but can only be controlled. Even though, nearly 30% of the reported people with epilepsy have failed seizure control despite undergoing the best treatments and consuming the best available medications. Surgery is only suggested in some of the most difficult cases. Epilepsy is often misunderstood as a single disorder; in fact, it is syndromic with greatly conflicting symptoms. All such symptoms involve periodic unusual electrical movement in the brain along with many seizures. It is also evident, not all epilepsy syndromes last lifelong; some types are restricted to specific stages of childhood itself.

International Students' Day


The 17th of November is the International Students' Day, an international observance of student activism. The date commemorates the anniversary of the 1939 Nazi storming of the University of Prague after demonstrations against the killing of Jan Opletal and the occupation of Czechoslovakia, and the execution of nine student leaders, over 1200 students sent to concentration camps, and the closing of all Czech universities and colleges. The day was first marked in 1941 in London by the International Students' Council (which had many refugee members) in accord with the Allies, and the tradition has been kept up by the successor International Union of Students, which has been pressing with National Unions of Students in Europe and other groups to make the day an official United Nations observance. During late 1939 the Nazi occupants of the Czechoslovakia (at that time it was called the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia), in Prague, suppressed a demonstration held by students of the Medical Faculty of the Charles University. The demonstration was held to commemorate the creation of an independent Czechoslovak Republic. This demonstration resulted in Jan Opletal's death. 15th November is the date when he was meant to be transported from Prague back to his home in Moravia. His funeral procession consisted of thousands of students, who turned this event to yet another anti – Nazi demonstration. This however resulted in drastic measures being taken by the Nazi's. All Czech higher education institutions were closed down; more then 1200 students were taken and sent to concentration camps; and the most hideous crime of all: nine students / professors were executed without trial on the 17th of November. Due to this the date of 17th November has been chosen to be the International Students' Day. The following is the full list of the nine students / professors executed on the 17/11/1939 in Prague – Ruzyne: • Josef Matoušek • Jaroslav Klíma • Jan Weinert • Josef Adamec • Jan Cerný • Marek Frauwirt • Bedrich Koukala • Václav Šafránek • František Skorkovský

The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims


The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims (#WDR) is commemorated on the third Sunday of November each year – to remember the many millions killed and injured on the world’s roads, together with their families, friends and many others who are also affected. It is also a Day on which we thank the emergency services and reflect on the tremendous burden and cost of this daily continuing disaster to families, communities and countries, and on ways to halt it. The World Day of Remembrance has a long history: From 1995, road victim organisations under the umbrella of the European Federation of Road Traffic Victims (FEVR) observed this Day together – first as European Day of Remembrance, but soon as World Day when NGOs from Africa, South America and Asia, who were associated members of FEVR, joined. Therefore FEVR is the creator and first owner of the World Day of Remembrance. Already from 2000, the Pope and other religious leaders remembered road victims worldwide on the 3rd Sunday of November, calling it ‘World Day’. 10 years later – on 26th October 2005 – the World Day was adopted by the UN General Assembly as “the appropriate acknowledgement for victims of road traffic crashes and their families”. In 2015 we celebrated the 20th anniversary of observing the World Day internationally and the 10th anniversary of the World Day being adopted by the United Nations. World Day of Remembrance website: WorldDayofRemembrance.org Every year, FEVR's WDR Team creates the official WDR poster, video and creative materials according to WDR Theme of the year. Translated in many languages, the poster, video and other creative materials can be downloaded, printed/shared from our website to promote the day around the world. This is a free-of-charge service. Events @ • South Africa - WDoR Blood Drives • Rovigo, Italy, GAMBE – a movie projection dedicated to Road victims • Ghana - World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Accident Victims • India - Holy Qurbana and Candle Light Prayers • YEMEN - STOP – World Day of Remembrance of Road Traffic Victims • Australia - Time for Remembering • The Keri Anne DeMott Foundation WDoR2019 • Uganda Joins WDR commemoration • Philadelphia - World Day of Remembrance • Kosovo marks the World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims

International Day for Tolerance


“Tolerance is respect, acceptance and appreciation of the rich diversity of our world's cultures, our forms of expression and ways of being human.” This statement comes from UNESCO’s 1995 Declaration of Principles on Tolerance. Across the world, societies are undergoing deep transformation, just as globalisation is accelerating. This is opening vast opportunities for dialogue and exchange. It is also raising new challenges, sharpened by inequality and poverty, enduring conflicts and movements of people. We see today the rise of exclusive politics and discourses of division. We see diversity being rejected as a source of weakness. We see myths of ‘pure’ cultures of lore being gloried, fuelled by ignorance and sometimes hatred. We see others being scapegoated and repressed. We see barbaric terrorist attacks designed to weaken the fabric of ‘living together.’ In this context, tolerance must be more than indifference and the passive acceptance of others. Tolerance must be seen as an act of liberation, whereby the differences of others are accepted as the same as our own. This means respecting the great diversity of humanity on the basis of human rights. It means reaching out to others across new bridges of dialogue. This means standing up to all forms of racism, hatred and discrimination, because discrimination against one is discrimination against all. All cultures are different, but humanity is a single community, sharing values, a past and future. All people are different, and this is a strength for all societies, for creativity and innovation. There are seven billion ways of ‘being human,’ but we stand together as members of the same family, all different, all equally seeking respect for rights and dignity. Tolerance is a struggle for peace. This calls for new policies that respect diversity and pluralism on the basis of human rights. Most of all, this calls on each of us, women and men across the world, to act for tolerance in our own lives, in seeking to understand others, in rejecting all racism and hatred, including anti-Semitism. UNESCO’s role in the United Nations is to deepen the binds of a single humanity, through understanding, dialogue and knowledge. This is why we defend humanity’s cultural diversity and heritage from pillaging and attacks. This is why we seek to prevent violent extremism through education, freedom of expression and media literacy, to empower young women and men. This is why we work to strengthen dialogue between cultures and religions, spearheading the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures. This is the spirit of the UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence. This lies at the heart of UNESCO’s collaboration with the Musée de l’Homme (France) through the travelling exhibition, “Us and Them – From Prejudice to Racism.” This is why UNESCO’s International Coalition of Inclusive and Sustainable Cities works to fight racism, discrimination, xenophobia and exclusion. Tolerance is an act of humanity, which we must nurture and enact each in our own lives every day, to rejoice in the diversity that makes us strong and the values that bring us together. This is UNESCO’s message The United Nations is committed to strengthening tolerance by fostering mutual understanding among cultures and peoples. This imperative lies at the core of the United Nations Charter, as well as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and is more important than ever in this era of rising and violent extremism and widening conflicts that are characterized by a fundamental disregard for human life. In 1996, the UN General Assembly (by resolution 51/95) invited UN Member States to observe the International Day for Tolerance on 16 November. This action followed up on the United Nations Year for Tolerance, 1995, proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993 at the initiative of UNESCO, as outlined in the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance and Follow-up Plan of Action for the Year. UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence In 1995, to mark the United Nations Year for Tolerance and the 125th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, UNESCO created a prize for the promotion of tolerance and non-violence. The UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for the Promotion of Tolerance and Non-Violence rewards significant activities in the scientific, artistic, cultural or communication fields aimed at the promotion of a spirit of tolerance and non-violence. The prize is awarded every two years on the International Day for Tolerance, 16 November. The Prize may be awarded to institutions, organizations or persons, who have contributed in a particularly meritorious and effective manner to tolerance and non-violence.

Bal Diwas / Children’s Day


Children's Day (Bal Diwas) is a day which reminds us the preciousness of Kids. People should be aware of the importance of welfare and rights of children. Pandit Nehru is fondly called 'Chacha Nehru'. The most popular reason behind the coinage of this term for him was his love for children. It was for his special love towards children that he came to be known as Chacha or the favourite uncle for the children of the country. November 14 is marked as Children's Day to commemorate the man, the freedom fighter and the first Prime Minister of a free India and is the birth anniversary of independent India's first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Before his death, India used to celebrate Children's Day along with the world on November 20. However, after Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru's death in 1964, it was decided unanimously to commemorate his birth anniversary as Children's Day in the country. The First Children’s day was celebrated on 14th November, 1964 in India, 1st June is celebrated as International Children’s day and the World Children’s day is on 20th November every year. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had once said, "The children of today will make the India of tomorrow. The way we bring them up will determine the future of the country". On this day, chocolates and gifts are often distributed among children, while schools organize different events. It is also a common practice to distribute gifts like clothes, toys and books to orphan children on this day.

WORLD DIABETES DAY The theme for World Diabetes Day 2019 is Family and Diabetes.


The primary aim of the World Diabetes Day and World Diabetes Month 2019 campaign is to raise awareness of the impact that diabetes has on the family and to promote the role of the family in the management, care, prevention and education of the condition. The WDD 2019 has three main focus areas: (1) Discover diabetes (2) Prevent type 2 diabetes (3) Manage diabetes World Diabetes Day (WDD) was created in 1991 by IDF and the World Health Organization in response to growing concerns about the escalating health threat posed by diabetes. World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day in 2006 with the passage of United Nation Resolution 61/225. It is marked every year on 14 November, the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922. WDD is the world’s largest diabetes awareness campaign reaching a global audience of over 1 billion people in more than 160 countries. The campaign draws attention to issues of paramount importance to the diabetes world and keeps diabetes firmly in the public and political spotlight. The World Diabetes Day campaign aims to be the: Platform to promote IDF advocacy efforts throughout the year. Global driver to promote the importance of taking coordinated and concerted actions to confront diabetes as a critical global health issue The campaign is represented by a blue circle logo that was adopted in 2007 after the passage of the UN Resolution on diabetes. The blue circle is the global symbol for diabetes awareness. It signifies the unity of the global diabetes community in response to the diabetes epidemic. Every year, the World Diabetes Day campaign focuses on a dedicated theme that runs for one or more years.

World Pneumonia Day


Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs, making breathing painful and limiting oxygen intake. Pneumonia is the biggest killer of children under age 5 worldwide. Nearly one in five global child deaths result from pneumonia every year. Moreover, this is a preventable and treatable illness via vaccines, antibiotic treatment, and improved sanitation. The United Nations (UN) first celebrated the day on November 12, 2009. World Pneumonia Day is marked every year on November 12th to: Raise awareness about pneumonia, the world’s leading infectious killer of children under the age of 5 Promote interventions to protect against, prevent, and treat pneumonia and highlight proven approaches and solutions in need of additional resources and attention Generate action, including continued donor investment, to combat pneumonia and other common, yet sometimes deadly, childhood diseases Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of deaths in children under five years old despite being easily preventable and treatable. Although vaccines and other preventative efforts are decreasing the burden of the disease, much more work is still required. Those living in poor communities are at highest risk of pneumonia. Every child, regardless of where they are born, deserves access to life-saving vaccines and medicines.

Public Service Broadcasting Day


12th November is observed every year to commemorate the first and last visit of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi to the studio of All India Radio, Delhi in 1947. Mahatma Gandhi addressed the displaced people who had temporarily settled at Kurukshetra in Haryana after partition. About the Day Mahatma Gandhi had decided to convey his message through radio, as he couldn’t visit the refugees of Partition stationed at Kurukshetra in Haryana. “I see ‘shakti’, the miraculous power of God,” Gandhiji had reportedly said about the medium of radio as he entered the studio. Mahatma Gandhi began his speech around 3:30 pm. He began by saying, “My brothers and sisters who are suffering, I do not know if only you or some other people are also listening to it….” The words, which were spoken by Gandhi on that day, became a treasure and a snippet of the speech is played on November 12 every year. Mahatma Gandhi was neither the Prime Minister nor the President, he didn’t hold any post. Like a common citizen, he spoke from the AIR studio. He used to run several newspapers and understood the power of media and hence, was completely against commercial ads and believed that only those non-commercial ads should be accepted that serve some public purpose. For him, the aim of media was service. The day was declared as the Jan Prasaran Diwas (Public Service Broadcasting Day) in 2000, after it was conceptualized by Suhas Borker, Convenor, Jan Prasar

National Education Day


National Education Day in India is celebrated on November 11. It marks the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who served as the first Minister of Education of India from 1947 to 1958. Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 1888. The word “Maulana” is not part of his name, but an honorific that means “learned man”. As a young man, he was interested in literature, philosophy, religion, and journalism. After getting acquainted with Mahatma Gandhi, Azad became involved in Indian independence movement. When India gained independence in 1947, Azad was appointed as the country's first Minister of Education. He was responsible for establishing a national educational system. He laid special emphasis on educating poor children from rural areas and providing girls with access to education. Azad introduced free primary education and established modern higher education institutions such as the Indian Institutes of Technology. He is also credited with the establishment of the University Grants Commission. National Education Day was instituted to recognize Azad's contributions. On this day, various events are held at schools and higher education institutions across India. Best teachers and students are presented special awards on the occasion.

World Science Day for Peace and Development


The World Science Day for Peace and Development 2019 theme - "Open Science, leaving no one behind". The World Science Day for Peace and Development, celebrated every year on 10 November, was established by UNESCO in 2001 with the aim of highlighting the important role of science in society and the need to engage the wider public in debates on emerging and important contemporary issues relevant to science. In 2019, the Day celebrated at UNESCO Headquarters on 8 November on theme of “Open Science, leaving no one” and include: - UNESCO Campus: a conversation on Open Science with school students, UNESCO Permanent Delegations and other partner organizations - Policy Roundtable on Open Science: Discussion with experts and policy makers on the benefits and challenges of “opening science to society” and “opening the society to science” - Moderated dialogue on Open Science with scientists and innovators that have benefited from Open Science. The celebration of the World Science Day 2019 will include also the Award-giving ceremony of the PhosAgro/UNESCO/IUPAC grants in green chemistry for young scientists, aiming to support green chemistry solutions and encourage young scientists to get involved in this field. The grants programme is part of the PhosAgro/UNESCO/IUPAC Partnership in Green Chemistry for Life. Open Science is a burning issue in the scientific community, which is gaining increasing attention by the non-scientific community as well. Innovators, engineers, tech developers, both from private and public sectors are embracing the open science and open innovation concepts. And policy makers and citizens are increasingly embracing the concept of open science as a tool for making science more accessible, the scientific process more inclusive and the outputs of science more readily available. Thus, Open Science can be a game changer for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, particularly in Africa, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries, and Small Island Developing States. UNESCO has a crucial role to play in raising awareness and leading the global dialogue on Open Science, ensuring that Open Science practices meet their potential in bridging the world’s STI gaps. Source : www.unesco.org

9th November 2019 - Legal Services Day


The day celebration is organized all over India to increase awareness of free legal aid towards every weak citizen of the country. It aims to make sure the availability of free services to the weaker section people as well as making them conscious about their rights. The legal message has been sending by the government authorities that all the people who come under underprivileged citizens (who are not capable to afford the legal services), must get free legal services as their legal right. It has also been noted that this service is free legal aid which is not associated with a charity. All the legal practitioners should know their constitutional duty that it is the legitimate right for all the legal beneficiaries. The significance of organizing the free services in Nagaland has been emphasized by the Deputy Commissioner Dimapur, Hushili Sema where the disabled people of society would be benefited and assisted in a variety of ways. Various NGOs also played their great role in developing the services by attending the program. The act, regulations, and rules were first implemented by the Sikkim state in 1995 which was continued by a number of states by organizing the services (training programs and awareness) related to removing the crucial issues of the woman, children, and youths. It has also been stated that the students and children of an early age should be aware of the constitutional rights and laws relating to them. There is also a need to be aware of child labor and old parents by opening the welfare centers. The state government has supported and cooperated a lot by granting the funds needed for the SSLSA operations.

International Day of Radiology


The theme of 2019 – Sports Imaging On November 8, radiologists, radiographers, radiological technologists and professionals from related fields will celebrate the eighth International Day of Radiology (IDoR 2019) all over the world. Let’s celebrate together! The International Day of Radiology is an annual event held with the aim of building greater awareness of the value that radiology contributes to safe patient care, and improving understanding of the vital role radiologists and radiological technologists play in the healthcare continuum. Medical imaging is one of the most exciting and progressive disciplines in healthcare and a field of great activity in terms of technological and biological research. X-rays, MRI scans, ultrasound and numerous other medical imaging technologies, as well as the eye-catching images associated with them, are known to many people, but the exact purpose and value of these services is not widely understood. We therefore chose November 8, the day that Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered the existence of x-rays in 1895, as a day of action and awareness. We hope to alert the world to the stunning medical, scientific and even artistic possibilities of medical imaging, the essential role of radiologists and radiographers as parts of the healthcare team in countless medical scenarios, and the high educational and professional standards required of all staff working in medical imaging. Sports imaging has been chosen as the main theme of the day in 2019, to highlight the essential role that imaging professionals play in the detection, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of sports-related injuries, increasing the quality of care and treatment of patients. The day is a joint initiative of the European Society of Radiology (ESR), the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) and the American College of Radiology (ACR), with the full cooperation and involvement of the International Society of Radiology (ISR), as well as umbrella organisations on all continents, including the Asian Oceanian Society of Radiology (AOSR), the Colegio Interamericano de Radiología (CIR), the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR), and the Radiological Society of South Africa (RSSA – which also represents neighbouring countries). The European Federation of Radiographer Societies (EFRS) and the International Society of Radiographers & Radiological Technologists (ISRRT) also support the International Day of Radiology. For 2019, we are happy to say that we are cooperating with the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology (ESSR) on the creation of this year’s IDoR book. We have also launched a special website that uses examples of famous athletes to show how radiology helps in the diagnosis and management of sports injuries – CLICK https://sports.internationaldayofradiology.com to learn more! National radiological societies, radiological subspecialty societies, radiographers’ societies & allied sciences societies from throughout the world will be invited to participate, many of whom will arrange their own activities, such as public lectures, department open days, national media appearances, and press events. To keep up to date with the latest announcements about the International Day of Radiology, visit the website https://www.internationaldayofradiology.com or International Day of Radiology Facebook page.



Rightly said today’s children are tomorrows citizens. Today’s infants are naturally tomorrow’s children! Very important today is to protect the infants. For the sake of secured and peaceful future of the world! November Seventh is Infant Protection Day. Protecting, promoting and development of our infants and young children to protect the health and well being of their mothers and to the first few hours and days of the new born’s life-a critical period for both to be very carefully handled for their future smooth! Let the parents of their wards note and be attentive, Future of the society lies on the nobility of infant today!

International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict


On 5 November 2001, the UN General Assembly declared 6 November of each year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict (A/RES/56/4). . The International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict was established on November 5, 2001 by the United Nations General Assembly, during Kofi Atta Annan's tenure as Secretary-General. Of this observance Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has since written, "We must use all of the tools at our disposal, from dialogue and mediation to preventive diplomacy, to keep the unsustainable exploitation of natural resources from fueling and financing armed conflict and destabilizing the fragile foundations of peace." Various calendars found on the World Wide Web reference November 6th in abbreviated fashion as 'World Day to Protect the Environment in War'. Though mankind has always counted its war casualties in terms of dead and wounded soldiers and civilians, destroyed cities and livelihoods, the environment has often remained the unpublicized victim of war. Water wells have been polluted, crops torched, forests cut down, soils poisoned, and animals killed to gain military advantage. Furthermore, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has found that over the last 60 years, at least 40 percent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources, whether high-value resources such as timber, diamonds, gold and oil, or scarce resources such as fertile land and water. Conflicts involving natural resources have also been found to be twice as likely to relapse. The United Nations attaches great importance to ensuring that action on the environment is part of conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peace building strategies - because there can be no durable peace if the natural resources that sustain livelihoods and ecosystems are destroyed. On 27 May 2016, the United Nations Environment Assembly adopted resolution UNEP/EA.2/Res.15, which recognized the role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably managed resources in reducing the risk of armed conflict, and reaffirmed its strong commitment to the full implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals listed in General Assembly resolution 70/1, entitled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.

Dhanteras Celebration


Dhanteras or Dhantrayodashi, the festival of gold, so to speak, is celebrated on the 13th day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu month Ashvin (Kartik according to the North Indian belief). Dhanvantari, who is the teacher of all physicians and the founder of Ayurveda, is worshiped on Dhanteras. Over the ages, however, Dhanteras festival has become associated with wealth, more than with health. Dhanteras in 2019 will fall on October 25.Auspicous time for Dhanteras puja: 07:18 PM to 08:37 PM. The Story Behind This Festival Hindu mythology speaks of a king called Hima whose son was destined to die by a snake-bite just four days after his marriage. As per Dhanteras story, King Hima did everything in his powers to prevent his son from meeting any woman, but when the son turned 16, he fortuitously met a girl, fell in love and they married. When his wife found out that her husband would die after four days, she did not allow him to sleep on the day, and blocked the doorway to her husband's room with silver and gold ornaments, so that when Lord Yama came in the guise of a snake, he was dazzled by the gold and silver and sat down on the heap. The next morning the snake quietly left, and her husband's life was saved.

Navratri = worship the nine forms of goddess of power


List of Garba Venues in Vadodara (01)United Way of Baroda, Alembic ground, (02)Vadodara Navratri Festival,Behind Reliance Mega Mall, O P Road, Akshar Chowk, (03)University of Baroda Faculty of Fine Arts,,M.S.U Campus, Maharaja Sayajirao University, Sayajigunj, (04)Maa Shakti Garba, Samta Ground, Samta Rd., (05)Palace Heritage Garba, Navlakhi Grounds, (06)Sanskrutik Kala Nagri Garba Mahotsav, Gotri Road, (07)Shishu Sanskrutik Garba Ground, Harinagar, (08)Mehsana Garba Ground, Nizampura, (09)Goverdhan Garba Ground, Karelibaug, (10)Ambalal Park Garba Ground, Karelibaug, (11)Vijaynagar Garba, Karelibaug, (12)Dheer Swara Rockers(International) Garba, Manjalpur, (13)Kalyanbaug Garba Ground, Manjalpur, (14)Sitabaug Garba Ground, Manjalpur, (15)Parampara Garba, Subhanpura, (16)Jay Ambe Garba Ground, Waghodia Rd, Pangat Park, Waghodia, Vadodara (17)Revapark Garba, Waghodia Road, (18)Adukiyo Dadukiyo Garba Ground, Karelibaug, (19)BITA, Akota Stadium, Akota (20)Yug Shakti Garba, Besides DMart, Akota

Howdy Modi


Howdy Modi is a community summit hosted by Texas India Forum (TIF) for Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday, September 22nd at the NRG Stadium in Houston, Texas at 10 am. Over 50,000 attendees have registered in three weeks for the sold-out event though online registration, waitlist registration for free passes is still open. The live audience will be the largest gathering for an invited foreign leader visiting the United States other than the Pope. The “Howdy Modi” summit has been organized with the support of more than 1,000 volunteers and 650 Texas-based Welcome Partner organizations.

Exhibition by House of Ballies


Navratri Collection, 2 days exhibition by Reeya Mehta and Stuti Sharma Date :- 21-09-2019 and 22-09-2019 Timing :- 10.00 am to 8.00 pm Venue :- Kabir Banquets and Convention, Sevasi, Vadodara

Ganapati Visarjan 2019


Anant Chaturdashi will begin at 5:06 am on 12th September and will end at 7:35 am on 13th September. The timings for Visarjan are as follows: Between 6:01 am and 07:32 am, 10:34 am and 3:07 pm, 4:38 pm and 9:07 pm and between 12:05 am and 1:34 am the next day How to do Ganesh Visarjan? After aarti is done, the Ganesha idol is moved an inch forward, to prepare it for Visarjan. This is done to depict that it is time for the procession of Visarjan and Ganpati will leave the house now. Devotees fervently believe that when the Ganpati idol is taken out for visarjan, the lord also takes away with himself the various obstacles of the house and these obstacles are destroyed along with the immersion. This ritual is about bidding farewell to Lord Ganesha with deep respect and thanking him for staying with the devotees for 10 whole days. While carrying the idols to the water bodies and while immersing them, people generally chant in the Marathi language 'Ganapati Bappa Morya, Purchya Varshi Laukariya' which means 'Goodbye Lord Ganesha, return quickly the following year'

73rd Independence Day 2019


Independence Day 2019 Preparations Live Updates: Ahead of the 73rd Independence Day celebrations in the country, multi-layered security arrangements are in place across the national capital. In wake of the abrogation of Article 370 that accorded special status to Jammu and Kashmir, security has been beefed up across New Delhi and neighbouring border areas. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address the nation from the ramparts of Red Fort at 7 am Thursday. This will be his first Independence Day address after the BJP returned to power with a thumping majority in the Lok Sabha polls. A massive security ring, including NSG snipers, elite SWAT commandos and kite catchers, have been placed around the Red Fort. Special deployments have been made by the SPG and different components of the Army and paramilitary forces, along with around 20,000 Delhi Police personnel, including those from the traffic wing. The full dress rehearsal for the Independence Day took place at the Red Fort on Tuesday amid tight security cover. Defence personnel from the Army, Navy and the Air Force marched across the Mughal-era Red Fort while school children showcased their performance during the rehearsal. Source : The Indian Express

Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian Space Programme


Millions of Indians woke up on Monday to a Google Doodle on one of the most celebrated scientists of our times, Vikram Sarabhai. The Google Doodle features an illustration by Mumbai-based artist Pavan Rajurkar on Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian Space Programme, using elements like the moon, rockets, and more to depict what he firmly stood for.

ICC World Cup 2019


India v New Zealand Match: Semi Final 1 Date: Tuesday 09 July 2019 Venue: Old Trafford, Manchester

ICC World Cup 2019


SRI LANKA v INDIA, SATURDAY 06 JULY 2019 - Headingley, Leeds, England

ICC World Cup 2019


Sri Lanka v India SATURDAY 06 JULY 2019 - Headingley, Leeds, England

Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman will present her first Budget on Friday.


Nirmala Sitharaman may talk about direct tax code in her first budget on Friday.

ICC World Cup 2019


WEST INDIES VS INDIA Date: Thursday, 27 June, 2019 15:00 IST Venue: Old Trafford, Manchester



INDIA VS AFGHANISTAN Date: Saturday, 22 June, 2019 15:00 IST Venue: The Rose Bowl, Southampton

World Yoga Day


Theme for Fifth World Yoga Day is "Yoga for Heart Care" Vadodara Municipal Corporation is all set to celebrate the Fifth World Yoga Day on Friday, 21-06-2019. Time : 6.00 am at (1) Sama Indoor Sports Complex (2) Manjalpur Sports Complex (3) Akota Stadium (4) Sayajibaug Band Stand (5) M S University Pavalion Ground (6) Deep Chamber Garden, Manjalpur (7) Avial Garden, Diwalipura (8) Palika Garden, Vasna (9) Sports Complex, Near Rajiv Gandhi Swimming Pool, Waghodia Road (10) Deepika Garden, Karelibaug (11) Open Air Theatre, Kamatibaug (12) Laxminath Vyayamshala (13) Nyay Mandir (14) ISKON Mandir (15) Laxmi Valas Palace Gate (16) Kalyanraiji Hall (17) Sarvanand Hall (18) Sankheda Dasha Lad Bhavan (19) Polo Club (20) Satyam Shivam Sundaram Hall (21) Dabhoi Dasha Lad Bhavan (22) Subhanpura Atithigruh (23) Diwalipura Atithigruh (24) VCCI Hall, GIDC Makarpura

ICC World Cup 2019 India vs Pakistan


INDIA VS PAKISTAN Date: Sunday, 16 June, 2019 15:00 IST Venue: Old Trafford, Manchester

ICC World Cup 2019


INDIA VS NEW ZEALAND Date: Thursday, 13 June, 2019 15:00 IST Venue: Trent Bridge, Nottingham

ICC World Cup 2019


SOUTH AFRICA VS INDIA Date: Wednesday, 05 June, 2019 15:00 IST Venue: The Rose Bowl, Southampton

PM Modi's swearing-in ceremony


Prime Minister Narendra Modi's oath-taking ceremony for the second consecutive term will be held on May 30, 2019, at Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi. President of India, Ram Nath Kovind will administer the oath of office and secrecy to the Prime Minister and other members of the Union Council. High-profile leaders and guests have been invited from around the world and across the nation to attend the oath-taking ceremony of the Prime Minister. BIMSTEC member states This year, the government has extended invitations to the member states of Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) which comprises Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Myanmar, apart from India. Bhutan PM Lotay Tshering, Thailand PM Prayut Chan-o-cha, Sri Lankan PM Ranil Wickremesinghe, Nepalese PM KP Sharma Oli and Myanmar Prime Minister Aung San Suu Kyi will be marking their presence on the event. As per reports, the leaders of Mauritius and Kyrgyzstan are also expected to attend the oath-taking ceremony. Chief Ministers The list of chief ministers include West Bengal Chief Minister and Trinamool Congress Chief Mamata Banerjee, JD(S) leader and Karnataka Chief Minister HD Kumaraswamy, AAP leader and Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao and Andhra Pradesh CM (designate) YS Jagan Mohan Reddy, among others. Movie stars As per reports, India's superstar Rajnikanth and Kamal Haasan are expected to attend PM Modi's swearing-in ceremony. While the guest list from Bollywood is yet to come, some Bollywood stars are expected to mark their presence.

ICC World Cup 2019


ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 : Google mark the start of the tournament with a doodle

The 2019 Indian General Election


The 2019 Indian general election was held in seven phases from 11 April to 19 May 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha. The counting of votes will be conducted on 23 May, and on the same day the results will be declared. About 900 million Indian citizens were eligible to vote in one of the seven phases depending on the region. The 2019 elections attracted a turnout of over 67% – the highest ever in the history of Indian general elections, as well the highest recorded participation in Indian elections by women.

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