World Fisheries Day
World Fisheries Day is commemorated on November 21 of every year. World Fisheries Day is celebrated to draw attention to the problems related to fisheries like overfishing, unsustainable fishing techniques, habitat destruction, inadequate methods of fishing, and other threats to our freshwater and marine resources. Other than this, this day also tries to label the pollution problems in the coastal areas and the ocean. On this day the participating members will talk about these issues and come up with various corrective measures which can be executed. Facts on fisheries • Small-scale fisheries (marine and inland) employ about 90 percent of those involved in fisheries. • 65 percent of the reported catch from inland fisheries is from low-income food-deficit countries. • Estimates vary, but from around 30 million to over 60 million people in the developing world are involved in inland fisheries; it is thought that about 50 percent are women. • More than 25% of the world’s dietary protein is provided by fish. • The human population consumes over 100 million tons of fish annually Fisheries in India • Fisheries is an important sector in India that provides employment to millions of people apart from contributing to the food security of the country. • India has over 8,000 km of coastline, and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km, and extensive freshwater resources. Thus, fisheries play a vital role in the economy of the country with the practice contributing about 1.07 per cent to the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). • Fisheries in India makes up to 5.3 per cent to agriculture and allied activities. Inland fisheries is also a vital part of fisheries in India. India’s freshwater resources consist of: • Rivers and canals (197,024 km). • Reservoirs (3.15 million hectares). • Ponds and tanks (235 million hectares). • Oxbow lakes and derelict waters (1.3 million hectares). • Brackishwaters (1.24 million hectares) and estuaries (0.29 million hectares). • The inland capture fish production has increased from 192,000 tonnes in 1950 to 781,846 tonnes in 2007.