National Constitution Day
Law Day first transpired to the Supreme Court Bar Association in 1979, under the vibrant leadership of Dr. L. M. Singhvi, to select 26th November to commemorate the similar as " Law Day". November 26, 1949 was the day on which the people of India gave to themselves the exclusive manuscript to govern their national life i.e. the Constitution of India. This document was delightfully designed to make this country a Democratic Republic to be governed by Rule of Law and to continue it as one huge nation with its astonishing and matchless unity in diversity. Why should we venerate this day and celebrate it as Law Day? Dr. Singhvi spelt out the main purpose of celebrating " Law Day" in the following terms: (01) To assess the state of law and administration of justice. (02) To suggest ways and means to recover our legal and judicial systems. (03) To reinforce the Bar and the Bench relationship. (04) To toughen the independence of the judiciary. (05) To brace the freedom of the legal profession. (06) To make the legal and judicial system a valuable instrument to serve the people. (07) To sustain and enlarge public confidence in our legal and judicial scheme. The aforementioned sevenfold objects of celebrating " Law Day" converge on one single objective in final analysis viz : to be a cohesive democracy governed by the Rule of Law. In fact, true democracy and the Rule of Law always go together. It is the rule of law which sentry's democratic polity. This phase of the rationale of celebrating Law Day was designated by Hob'ble Mr. Justice P. N. Bhagwati whilst delivering his " Law Day Address on 26th November, 1985 by saying. " It is therefore in the fitness of things that on the day on which the Constitution was implemented and endorsed should wish to emphasize and highlight the fundamental role of law in society and remind ourselves of he sublime purpose which law is intended to serve in a Republic governed by Rule of Law" The BJP led Government in 2015 declared 26 November as Constitution Day by a gazette notification on 19 November. This day raises awareness about the Indian Constitution. In 2019, it marks the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution. About National Constitution Day 26 November has its own importance in the history of independent India because on this day in 1949, the Constitution of India was adopted and it came in to effect on 26 January, 1950. Therefore, marking the dawn of a new era. To acknowledge the contribution of the framers of the Constitution and to aggravate the people regarding the prominent values, 26 November is celebrated as the 'Constitution Day'. National Constitution Day 2019: Celebrations In all the Government Offices or Institutions the celebrations will start by reading the 'Preamble' of the Constitution. National Campaign will also launch that focus on the fundamental duties an important feature of the Constitution. It will start on 26 November, 2019 and culminate on 26 November, 2020. On 26 November, 2019, the 'Preamble' shall be read out in the Civil Secretariat at 11:00 AM which will be followed by people in Jammu and Kashmir after the abrogation of article 370 and for the first time will celebrate “Constitution Day”. Even the Divisional Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners, Heads of the Departments and the Heads of all the Policy Formations shall undertake similar activity in their offices and ensure that in all the Subordinate offices 'Preamble' shall be read out on Constitution Day at 11:00 AM and pledge to the fundamental duties. Events will be organised in New Delhi by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs. At 11:00 AM mass reading of the Preamble will take place at Offices/ Establishments, PSUs, Private Organisations, Corporate bodies, etc. Several talks/Seminars are also organised on the Indian Constitution/ Duties. Extensive publicity of Mass Preamble Reading by the Ministry of I&B and State Public Relations Department will also be done. • Several campaigns are organised and pamphlets are distributed to make people aware about the meaning of the constitution. • Various dramas and plays are organised. • Seminars and lectures are also organised in the school. • Social media campaign etc. Features of the Indian Constitution How the Constitution of India came into being? As we know that on 15 August 1947, India became independent and on 26 January 1950, we celebrate Republic Day because on this day the Constitution of India came into effect. In 1934, the demand of the Constituent Assembly was made. Let us tell you that M.N. Roy, a communist party leader, was the first who mooted the idea. It was taken up by the Congress party and finally, in 1940, the demand was accepted by the British government. Indians are allowed to draft the Indian Constitution in the August offer. On 9 December 1946, the Constituent Assembly for the first time met before independence. The first president of the Constituent Assembly was Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha. Further, on 29 August 1947, a Drafting Committee was constituted to prepare a Draft Constitution with Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as a Chairman. On 26 November, 1949, the Committee had finished their work. On 24 January 1950, the process was completed when the members signed two handwritten copies of the document one each in Hindi and English. The first meeting of the Assembly was in New Delhi on 9 December 1946 and last till 24 January, 1950. During this time total of 11 sessions were held and met for around 166 days. This is the period between the adoption and enforcement when thorough reading and translation from English to Hindi was done. On 26 January, 1950, the Constitution of India came into force and became the law of the land. 8th International Conference Celebrating 70th Constitution Day 2019 Dates: 26th and 27th November 2019 Venue: Shangri-La’s Eros Hotel, New Delhi. This conference proposes to bring participation from 14 Countries and Legal Luminaries, Senior Government Officials, Legal Departments of Fortune 500 companies, International Law Firms, Senior Lawyers and Judges from across the globe. The main goal of the conference is to provide a platform for the Legal Community to discuss and deliberate on several important issues. The participant’s profile at ”70th Constitution Day” ranges from Federal & State Govt. officials from India and Abroad, Senior Lawyers, Consultants, Entrepreneurs, CISOs, Officials of Fortune 500 Companies & CEO’s of Businesses from large corporations to Small and Medium Enterprises.