Kisan Diwas or National Farmer’s Day
Kisan Diwas or National Farmer’s Day is celebrated every year on 23rd December all across India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh, a great farmer leader & former Prime Minister of the country. Kisan diwas is celebrated is with great zeal and fervor by various organizations and institutions to praise the farmers, the backbone of our economy. Who was Chaudhary Charan Singh Chaudhary Charan Singh, the great farmer leader, was the 5th Prime Minister of India who served the nation for a very short period i.e. from 28th July 1979, to 14th January 1980. He fought & stood for farmer issues as well as their rights. Carrying Chotu Ram’s (farmer leader) legacy forward, he established the Kisan Trust on his 76th birthday - 23rd December 1978, to create awareness of farmers issues among the rural population. Born in a farmer family, Chaudhary Charan Singh rose to the position of state Chief Minister later went on to become the Union Home Minister, Finance Minister, Deputy PM and finally country's Prime Minister. Contributions of Chaudhary Charan Singh Kisan Divas is the perfect day to remember two of his most significant contributions for the nation - first, in opposition to Jawaharlal Nehru & P.C. Mahalanobis – 1st head of the Planning Commission, Chaudhary Charan Singh attempted to articulate an alternative model of development for the country which was inspired by Gandhi & was a reflection of his own peasant origin and second, he brought farmers issues into India’s electoral politics during 1960s & 1970s. Chaudhary Charan Singh made his identity as a farmer, the principle axis of his politics rather than his caste. He always tried to empower the peasantry in different ways & at different levels throughout his life. Chaudhary Singh wrote many books on farmers and their problems portraying various solutions to improve their livelihood. He also introduced several many & initiatives in favor of farmers in the 1979 budget that was presented by him. He also introduced and enacted the Zamindari Abolition Act for them.