National Science Day
In India every year February 28 is celebrated as National Science Day. This day marks the discovery of the Raman effect phenomenon of the Scattering of light by the Indian physicist Sir C.V Raman on 28 February 1928. For the discovery of the Raman effect, he was awarded the noble prize in 1928. Due to the contribution of C.V Raman in the field of Physics and in discovery, the Nation Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) has proposed that every 28 February will be celebrated as National Science Day. The request was approved by the Government of India and from 1936, this is celebrated by the whole country. Science is not just about innovation and new technologies, it is Curiosity based. Science occurred in the age of stone, when the cavemen learned what would happen when two stones were rubbed against one another. There was no internet that time but the curiosity helped their brain grow in finding new knowledge. Theme of National Science Day 2020 Every year National Science Day is celebrated with a theme that spreads the message about the importance of science. This year Department of Science and Technology decided the theme of National Science Day 2020 is “Women in Science”. Last year the theme of National Science Day 2019 is “Science for the People, and the People for Science”. This year’s theme is dedicated to women involved in science and also to motivate them to participate more in a science activity. From past year women are now taking active participation in the space program like we can take the example from mission mars (mangalyan) and Chandrayan 2. What is the Raman effect? It is an inelastic scrambling of a photon by molecules, which means that there is an exchange of energy and a change in light direction this effect is named by Raman Scattering. This phenomenon is also knowns as Raman Spectroscopy which now utilizes the chemist and physicists to know about materials. What is the purpose of celebrating National Science Day? This day is celebrated to show light on the importance of science in our daily life also to show the achievements and the efforts made in the field of science for human welfare. National Science day is celebrated to discuss the important issues facing the field of science. On 28 February 2009, the Indian Department of Science and Technology presented the National Award for Science and Communication to the five institutions in the country. These awards are presented to recognize the efforts of government and non-government bodies and the individuals who helped to make science popular in the country. In 2009 award ceremony Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Center was awarded the highest award for their contribution to the science-related learning material and conducting different training programs on science education. How many awards won by C.V. Raman? 1924 -Fellow of Royal Society 1929- Knight Bachelor 1930- Nobel Prize in Physics 1954- Bharat Ratna 1957- Lenin Peace Prize How National Science Day is celebrated? The National Science Day is celebrated by organizing different science exhibitions, seminars, workshops, public speeches, science movies, exhibitions on the concept of themes, live projects, quiz competitions, and many more science activities. Where the major Celebrations of National Science Day take place? The Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) The Defence Reseach and Development Organization (DRDO) The Indian Department of Science and Technology The Council of Science and Technology The CSIR- National Environment Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI) The Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium.