Birth Anniversary of Shri Chandrasekhar Azad (Freedom Fighter)
• Chandrasekhar Azad, original name Chandrasekhar Tiwari. • born July 23, 1906, Bhabra, India—died February 27, 1931, Allahabad • Indian revolutionary who organized and led a band of militant youth during India’s independence movement. • Azad was drawn into the Indian national movement at a young age. When apprehended by the police at age 15 while participating in Mohandas K. Gandhi’s noncooperation movement (1920–22) at Banares (now Varanasi), he gave his name as Azad (Urdu: “Free” or “Liberated”) and his address as “prison.” • Azad participated in several violent crimes, notably the Kakori train robbery (1925) and the revenge killing of a British police officer (1928). • Known for his organizational skills, Azad played a key role in reorganizing the HRA as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association after most of the HRA’s members had been killed or imprisoned. • Azad arranged to meet a revolutionary at Allahabad’s Alfred Park (now Azad Park). He was betrayed to the police, who surrounded him as soon as he entered the park. A gun battle ensued, in which two police officers were wounded, and Azad was fatally shot.