Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel - The 'Iron Man' of India and The “Architect”of United India

India's first home minister and also the first deputy prime minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel died at the age of 75. Known as the "Iron Man" of India, Patel was instrumental in uniting the country through merger of small princely states. Here are 10 things you should know about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

  • Passed Class 10 at 22

The Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, passed Class 10 at the age of 22. TPatel travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad and Borsad. At the age of 36 he journeyed to England and enrolled at the Middle Temple Inn in London. Completing a 36-month course in 30 months, Patel finished at the top of his class despite having had no previous college background.

  • Win by one vote

On January 5, 1917 Sardar was elected councillor of the Ahmedabad municipality for the first time. He had contested from Dariyapur seat then, and had won by just one vote. In 1924, Sardar was elected president of Ahmedabad municipality.

  • Setting up health labs

India had just two public health laboratories - in Pune and in Karachi in 1921. Sardar felt the need for more such laboratories that could track diseases and keep a check on quality of drinking water supply and food supplies. The third laboratory was set up within Dudheshwar waterworks compound at Shahibaugh.

  • Corruption charges against Patel

When corruption charges were pressed against Sardar Patel and 18 other councillors in Ahmedabad municipality, he sought Jinnah's help. In April 28, 1922, a case of 'misrepresentation of funds' worth Rs 1.68 lakh was registered in Ahmedabad District Court (ADC). Sardar successfully defended the case in ADC. But he was dragged to the Bombay High Court in 1923. Jinnah led a panel of lawyers and fought for Sardar Patel, winning the case.

  • First Gujarati typewriter

The assembly of the first Gujarati typewriter was commissioned by Sardar in 1924. For this, the Ahmedabad municipality had approached Remington company and paid it Rs 4,000 for putting together the first typewriter in the Gujarati language.

  • Instrumental in removing "sexual disqualification" in elections

Sardar happened to be the first to pitch for removing "sexual disqualification" in the district municipal Act.

By this Act, women were barred from contesting elections as per Section 15(1)(C). A resolution was passed in this regard in the Ahmedabad municipality general board on February 13, 1913. Sardar had argued that keeping women out of the elected body was equivalent to eliminating the representation of half of the urban population. In 1926, Section 15(1)(c) was abolished.

  • Construction of hospital

After seeking help from nagarsheths Vadilal Sarabhai and Chunilal Chinoy for construction of VS Hospital, Sardar wrote to the provincial government for a grant of Rs 5 lakh to Rs 10 lakh in April 1927. Patel had earlier suggested that the city civil hospital should be under municipal control. But this suggestion was rejected. It was then that Vadilal Sarabhai and Chunilal Chinoy contributed for constructing a new hospital and a 21 acre plot was earmarked for it.

  • No name for profit

Sardar Patel was against anybody - including his close kin - using his name for profit.

Sardar was so strict about this that he had once told his son, Dahyabhai, to stay away from Delhi if possible, so long as he (Sardar) was in the national capital. "Don't misuse my name. Don't use my name for any favours in Delhi. Till I am in Delhi, stay away from it as far as you can," Sardar had written to his son.

  • A relevant question

In April 1947, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, then a Home member of the interim government, started his tour in Gujarat asking people to maintain calm and communal harmony. There had been a series of skirmishes.

In one meeting in Ahmedabad, Patel expressed his anxiety, "A snake grows a new skin to take place of the worn out one it sheds." Sardar further added, "We may become politically sovereign, but internally we lack the attributes of a free people, such as equality, cohesion and national character." He asked, "Has India organised a new state and society to replace the old order which she wants to discard?"

  • Against building statues and memorials

Sardar Patel was completely against building statues and memorials. If he were alive today, he would have opposed the state government's project under which a Rs3,000 crore sculpture of the Iron Man himself is coming up at Kevadiya near the Narmada dam. The 'Statue of Unity' will be the world's tallest structure of this kind when completed.


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Famous Five (Personalities) Followers

On October 2nd 1869, an enlightened soul was born in India, which inspired and motivated millions of people across the country to fight for their rights. Mahatma Gandhi, lovingly called Bapu by his followers left a permanent mark on the history of this world by promoting non-violence and love among all.

Even Britishers, against whom Mahatma fought for India’s independence were spellbound by his charisma and respected him for his leadership skills and acumen.

Here are the famous 5 personalities who were deeply inspired and motivated by Mahatma Gandhi’s teaching and followed his principles:

Barack Obama

In the year 2009, Barack Obama, US President was having chit chats with 9th graders at Wakefield High school in Virginia, US. A student Lilly asked him, which person, living or dead, would he like to have dinner with? He replied, “Mahatma Gandhi”.

So much inspired and motivated Barrack Obama is with Mahatma Gandhi that his portrait hangs in the Senate office, just to remind that the real results won’t come from Washington DC, but from people.

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King was the famous American activist and revolutionary who led the Civil Rights movement and inspired millions of African-Americans to fight for their rights, using non-violent ways. He was greatly inspired by Gandhi and used his philosophy and teachings while preparing his own strategies and speeches for the Civil Rights movement in America.

He famously said, “Christ gave us the goals, and Mahatma Gandhi tactics.”

Steve Jobs

When Steve Jobs backpacked his way to India during his early years, he read a lot about Mahatma Gandhi and his philosophies in life. Eastern mystics combined by the spiritual power he experienced in India enabled him to think differently and bravely. He was so much inspired by Mahatma’s vision that he featured him for “Think Different” advertisement series for Apple computers.

Mohandas K Gandhi

As he started his second innings at Apple in the year 1997, he stood before a giant portrait of Mahatma Gandhi, his hero and said these words before a packed audience: “”Here’s to the crazy ones. The misfits. The rebels. The troublemakers…because the people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world, are the ones who do.” It is believed that Mahatma Gandhi inspired these words.

Albert Einstein

Mahatma Gandhi and Albert Einstein were connected by an invisible chord of love, admiration and mutual respect for each other. Once, he said, “I believe that Gandhi’s views were the most enlightened of all the political men of our time.”. They exchanged lots of letters and correspondences, sharing their views on politics and religion.

Just like Mahatma Gandhi, he strongly believed that non-violence and love are the only remedy which can cure this world of its diseases and vices.

Nelson Mandela

Mahatma Gandhi had a huge impact on Nelson Mandela’s vision and thinking. Often called South African Gandhi, Mandela never met Mahatma but has referred to his teachings and leadership lessons several times.

In his fight against colonialism and apartheid in South Africa, Mandela derived strength and inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi’s words. In a recent speech, Harris Majeke, South Africa’s ambassador to India said, “While Nelson Mandela the father of South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi is our grandfather.”

It is widely acclaimed that the Satyagraha March by Gandhi deeply influenced Nelson Mandela’s thought process and motivated him to fight the oppressions inside his own country.

Besides these featured personalities, there are millions of others who are daily inspired by Mahatma’s vision and teaching and enable themselves to think better.

On his 151th birthday, we salute this great soul and seek his blessings in overcoming struggles and doing what is right, no matter what are the conditions and what the consequences are.

Inspired By Mahatma Gandhi

By Mohul Ghosh Last updated Jan 20, 2016


Ashtavinayaka means eight Ganeshas refers to a pilgrimage to the 8 Ganesha temples in Maharashtra state. The Ashtavinayaka yatra covers the eight ancient holy temples of Lord Ganesha, situated in Ahmednagar, Raigad and around Pune district.

Moreshwar Temple, Morgaon

Shri Mayureshwar Mandir is located in Morgaon, about 80 kilometres from Pune city. The temple is the starting and ending point of a pilgrimage of eight revered Ganesha temples called Ashtavinayaka.

Siddhivinayak Temple, Siddhatek

Siddhivinayak Temple of Siddhatek is one of the Ashtavinayaka and the only Ashtavinayaka shrine in Ahmednagar district. The temple is located on the northern bank of the river Bhima on a hillock, surrounded by thick foliage of Babul trees.

Ballaleshwar Temple, Pali

Ballaleshwar temple is one of the eight temples of Lord Ganesha and the only incarnation of Ganesha that is known by his devotee’s name. Ballaleshwar Pali temple is situated between fort Sarasgad and the river Amba,at a distance of 30 km from Karjat in the Raigad district.

Varadavinayak Temple, Mahad

Varadvinayak Temple is located in Mahad village situated in Khalapur taluka near Karjat. The idol of this temple is known as Varada Vinayak and temple premises are on one side of a beautiful pond.

Chintamani Temple, Theur

The Chintamani Ganesh Temple of Theur is one of the larger and more famous of the Ashtavinayaka Ganesha temples. Like other Ashtavinyaka icon, central icon of Ganesha is considered self-manifested, located near the confluence of river Bhima and the conjoint river Mula-Mutha.

Girijatmaj Temple, Lenyadri

The Girijatmaja Vinayak temple at Lenayadri is located at Lekhan hills, at a distance of about 160 km from Pune. Lenyadri cave 7 is dedicated to the god Ganesha, one of the Ashtavinayak shrines in Maharashtra.

Vighnahar Temple, Ozar

Vighnahar Ganapati Temple is located about 85 km from Pune on the banks of Kukadi River. The Vigneshwara Temple Ganesha form worshipped here is called Vigneshwara, one of the eight revered shrines of Ganesha in Maharashtra.

Mahaganapati Temple, Ranjangaon

Ranjangaon Ganpati Temple celebrating eight instances of legends related to Ganesha. The idol of these lord Ganesh is also named as Mahotkat, located at Rajangaon 21 km before Shirur and 50 km from Pune.


Mahendra Singh Dhoni announces retirement from International Cricket. This news reminds me the article in YOURSTORY BY Balachandar R. I really liked and could not stop myself to put article on my website for viewers.

10 key takeaways for entrepreneurs who have started and are looking to start up

No job is immune to stress, and some maybe more stressful than others. Of those, the job of the Indian Cricket Team captain occupies the top ranks. So what can entrepreneurs learn from an Indian team captain who handles so much stress and adulation, highs and lows, criticism, success and failures? Quite a few lessons for sure. While the movie on M.S. Dhoni has just released, I thought of exploring the topic on how the life and trails of Dhoni can be good entrepreneurship lessons. 


Plan the work, work the plan

Dhoni has a mind for strategy. He plans for competition and playing conditions and plays to the strengths of the team. But he doesn’t just stop at planning. He executes plans perfectly and keeps a 20 percent contingency flexibility for on-field tactics – in other words, last minute changes in strategy. Similarly, an entrepreneur needs to plan well, have effective strategies in place and go with full force in executing those strategies. 


Build your team

Dhoni took to the helm of Indian cricket following the disastrous 2007 West Indies World cup. He built the team brick by brick to make them a force to be reckoned with for the 2011 World Cup. The 2011 team was a good mix of youth, experience, exuberance and attitude with a good dose of motivation to succeed. Following this, Dhoni did a great job of managing the Indian team during a transition period that saw the exit of legends like Sachin Tendulkar, Rahul Dravid, Sourav Ganguly, VVS Laxman and Anil Kumble. He ensured that the team never succumbed to the vacuum created by these high profile exits. During the team building process, Dhoni had to groom many youngsters and back them through their initial failures, manage the egos of seniors, work with biased selectors and put together a winning team whose collective strength surpassed individual talent. This is ideally what an entrepreneur should do in his business to bring together a successful team.  


Handle criticism well

Few have matched Dhoni’s calm demeanour during post-match press conferences. His witty, humorous, thoughtful and insightful comments at these conferences have earned him the respect of viewers and the journalists alike. He handles criticism well?—?accepting mistakes and giving back what is not fair, thus displaying a rare equanimity in the face of the press and critics alike. This is an important learning for entrepreneurs. During our entrepreneurial journey, each and every step of ours will be scrutinised, commented and critiqued upon by employees, customers, vendors, investors, family and friends. We should learn from the calmness and confidence of Dhoni in handling such situations.


How to keep cool under pressure

Also known as Captain Cool, Dhoni is famously known be cool in the toughest of situations and positions. The answer might also be in what Indian spiritual science calls ‘detached attachment’. The Gita says that the best way to handle life is by forgoing the fruits of your actions. As a result of this, only your efforts and contributions matter and not the end result. This detached feeling gives a sense of calmness in ‘pressure cooker’ situations. People practising this appear cool under fire no matter how stressful the situation.   High-pressure situations are part of the daily work-life of every entrepreneur. Deriving strength from long-term goals and being detached in the short term is a great way of keeping yourself cool under fire. Sign up for Newsletters Check out our popular newsletters and subscribe


Have a sense of humour

Humour is a grossly underrated quality in leaders. It can make tough moments lighter and difficult tasks appear easier to approach. It even lends adds new perspectives to challenges. Humour, when dealt at the right time in the right doses, is the best remedy for any negative situation. Dhoni is as famous for his humour as he is for his composure. For instance, following a 2015 match with Australia Dhoni was asked, “Their tail is like Hanuman’s. Yours is like a Doberman’s. That must be hurting your side?” To this, he replied, “Now even PETA has said you can’t cosmetically remove a tail.” Even a serious captain like Dhoni uses humour to ease uncomfortable situations, a useful lesson for any entrepreneur.


Lead from the front, take tough decisions, and stand by them

During the 2011 World Cup Final, Dhoni placed himself ahead of Yuvraj and played the innings of a lifetime, scoring the winning runs for Team India. He took the pressure on himself and led from the front. There have been other tough decisions did not go his way, but he still stood by them. This is a good lesson for all entrepreneurs to imbibe. 

Don’t give up Dhoni’s life is an excellent underdog story. He is someone who worked hard to succeed against all odds – odds of coming from a small town, odds of education, odds of being weighed down by family pressure and odds of performance. He could’ve given up at any point, but instead he held on and blew away all the odds that weighed against him through sheer hard work and perseverance.

Create your own brand identity “Dhoni koi Tendulkar nahi hai, Dhoni, Dhoni hai.” The famous lines in the movie describe Dhoni’s ascent in the cricket world where he worked hard in creating a niche for himself and established his own brand. He didn’t try to be Sachin, he showed the world who Dhoni is. As an entrepreneur, there is no point trying to be a Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg or a Sachin Bansal. Go create your own identity which will be unique only to you.


Get your priorities right

When playing in South Africa, Dhoni’s girlfriend passed away in a tragic accident, and when Dhoni was playing the 2015 world cup at Australia his wife gave birth to his first baby. During neither time did he abandon his job and leave. He silently stayed back and performed his duty as a team member and leader. This shows Dhoni’s capability to lead from the front and also his clarity of thought in living for the moment and setting his priorities right.


Share the success

In all the post-win celebrations involving Dhoni in the team, one aspect stands the same?—?he gives the credit to his team and lets the team take the limelight. How Dhoni shares his success is a huge lesson for entrepreneurs leading teams. Take the brickbats but share the bouquets with your team.

By Balachandar R


Dhoni – “the brand”

Brand Value - $ 41.2 Million


Bharat Matrimony

Master Card

Mars Snickers




Dream 11

Indigo Paints






SRMB Steel






Indian Terrain


Ashok Layland

Gulf Oil India

Exide Life Insurance

Sumadhura Group


JRD’s contributions to the development of India go far beyond establishing and nurturing the country’s aviation industry, or guiding India’s leading business conglomerate for 50 years. In fact, it was clear that his destiny and India’s would be intertwined, as early as 1926.

Born in Paris in 1904, to Jamsetji Tata’s cousin RD Tata and his wife Sooni Tata, JRD loved France and flying more than anything else. He spoke French better than English, though he was educated in France, Japan and England, before being drafted into the French army for a mandatory one-year service period. He would have loved to extend his time with the armed forces, but was summoned back to India by RD Tata, a fact that caused him pain at the time.

Things changed soon after. After his father’s death in 1926, JRD, a French citizen, became more involved and integrated into the Indian scene and conditions and “realized that his place was in India”. In those days you were allowed dual nationality and his father had enjoyed both British-Indian and French nationalities. JRD, however, renounced his French citizenship in 1929 and decided to become an Indian citizen.

JRD Tata was honoured with the UN Population Award in 1992 for his efforts towards the family planning movement in IndiaPopulation control initiatives

JRD was the first prominent Indian to espouse family planning. He noted that India’s population would double in 50 years (he wasn’t far off the mark – it doubled in 40).

Soon after independence, when JRD raised with Nehru the importance of curbing the population, Nehru said, “But Jeh, population is our strength!” Undeterred, JRD raised the subject again in 1951, at which time India’s population was just 361 million.

For 40 years, he pursued a campaign to promote family planning. He did this through the agency he founded, the Family Planning Association of India. In 1956, through the Dorabji Tata Trust — and in collaboration with the Sir Ratan Tata Trust, the UN and the Government of India — he established International Institute of Population Studies in Mumbai, to serve as a centre for teaching, training and research. For all his efforts, he received the UN Population Award in 1992.

The first HR department

One day when JRD was seriously ill in July 1943, he wrote from his sick bed a thoughtful 2,500-word note on human relations in Tata Steel:

“If we have 50,000 machines,” he noted, “we would undoubtedly have a special staff or a department to look after them… but when employing 30,000 human beings, each with a mind of his own, we seem to have assumed that they would look after themselves, and that there was no need for a separate organization to deal with human problems involved.”

He wanted the workers to have a say in their welfare and safety, and he wanted their suggestion on the running of the company. The note resulted in the founding of a personnel department; it was the first corporate HR department in India.

The Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund

As millions of refugees poured across the frontier post-partition, JRD suggested to Nehru in October 1947, that a national fund for relief and distress should be started in the name of the prime minister. He said that the Tatas would be glad to make a substantial grant to it.

Nehru agreed and created the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund in January 1948. The trustees included a Tata representative, the Prime Minister and Deputy PM, the Finance Minister, the Chief Justice of India, the president of the Indian National Congress and a representative of industry.

The PM National Relief Fund still exists and is utilised primarily to render immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities and to the victims of major accidents and riots.

The Bombay Plan

Delivering the inaugural address at the JRD Tata Centenary celebration in New Delhi, then Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh referred to his contribution to the formulation of the 1944 Bombay Plan. He had played an exceedingly important role, along with GD Birla, Purshottamdas Thakurdas, Ardeshir Dalal, and John Mathai, in the formulation of this long-term plan for India's economic development after World War II.

“When we read it today, nearly 60 years later, we see how relevant many of the central propositions of the Bombay Plan remain," Dr Singh said.

The Bombay Plan, which envisaged the doubling of per capita income over 15 years, was initially released for private circulation, but it generated enough interest to be published as a pamphlet. Demand led to a number of reprints; the document was also translated into several languages.

Lord Wavell, the Viceroy of India, mentioned it as containing a useful and novel approach to the country’s economic problems, and Jeremy Raisman, the finance member, welcomed it. The FICCI (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry) also endorsed the plan.

Creating an opposition party

The Tata group’s association with the Congress goes back to the very first meeting of the Congress, which was attended by Jamsetji Tata, and the support continued throughout the party’s freedom struggle.

However, once India gained independence and became a democracy, JRD Tata recognised the need for not just a strong government, but also a strong opposition. In a letter dated August 16, 1964, he wrote to then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru that in addition to the continued support to the Congress, he would also support the Swatantra Party.

To C Rajagopalachari, one of the founders of the Swatantra Party, JRD wrote that he would support them so that ‘India’s political life develops in a truly democratic way around two main opposing Parties, neither of which would be to the extreme Left or the extreme Right’.

Nehru responded to JRD within a couple of days, on August 18, 1964. He courteously explained his own reason for following the policies of the party and shared his belief that the new party would not be an effective opposition, but also added, “You are, of course, free to help in any way you like the Swatantra Party… All good wishes to you.”

The Indian Air Force

After the India-China War of 1962, India formed a committee, which included the three service chiefs, the defence secretary and JRD Tata, to come up with a 10-year road map on India’s preparedness, need for military aircraft, radar, signaling equipment.?

Over two decades later, at an event to release Keynote, a book containing excerpts from the speeches and addresses of JRD Tata, Air Chief Marshal D A La Fontaine (then chief of Air Staff) delivered a speech in honour of JRD, sharing:?

?“In the year 1963… he was charged by the government of India with studying the requirements of the IAF and the requirements of military aviation and its associated electronics… It is a little difficult to understand sometimes how a civilian was picked to do this job, but in the recent past I have read that report and have discovered that it was very well done indeed. There are many Air Marshals of the Air Force who keep discovering afresh what has been written in that report so many years ago. What has been put in that report has been as a matter of fact slowly coming to fruition… The contribution which has been made to civil aviation in India by JRD Tata is only one aspect of his activity.? That report, I must tell you, still remains top secret. It is there on the records and we are moving towards it slowly and surely.”?

Sources: The Tatas by Girish Kuber; JRD Letters Book, Beyond The Last Blue Mountain, Tata Review


Awards and honours

JRD Tata received a number of awards.

  • He was conferred the honorary rank of group captain by the Indian Air Force in 1948, was promoted to the Air Commodore rank (equivalent to Brigadier in army), and was further promoted on 1 April 1974 to the Air Vice Marshal rank.
  • Several international awards for aviation were given to him – The Tony Jannus Award in March 1979,
  • the Gold Air Medal of the Federation Aeronautique Internationale in 1985,
  • the Edward Warner Award of the International Civil Aviation Organisation, Canada in 1986 and the Daniel Guggenheim Medal in 1988.
  • He received the Padma Vibhushan in 1955.
  • The French Legion of Honour was bestowed on him in 1983.
  • In 1992, because of his selfless humanitarian endeavours, JRD Tata was awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna.
  • In 1992, JRD Tata was also bestowed with the United Nations Population Award for his crusading endeavours towards initiating and successfully implementing the family planning movement in India, much before it became an official government policy.


Under his chairmanship, the assets of the Tata Group grew from US$100 million to over US$5 billion. He started with 14 enterprises under his leadership and half a century later on 26 July 1988, when he left, Tata Sons was a conglomerate of 95 enterprises which they either started or in which they had controlling interest.

He was the trustee of the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust from its inception in 1932 for over half a century. Under his guidance, this Trust established Asia's first cancer hospital, the Tata Memorial Centre for Cancer, Research and Treatment, in Bombay in 1941. He also founded the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS, 1936), the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR, 1945), and the National Center for Performing Arts.

In 1945, he founded Tata Motors. In 1948, JRD Tata launched Air India International as India's first international airline. In 1953, the Indian Government appointed JRD Tata as Chairman of Air India and a director on the Board of Indian Airlines – a position he retained for 25 years. For his crowning achievements in aviation, he was bestowed with the title of Honorary Air Commodore of India.

JRD Tata cared greatly for his workers. In 1956, he initiated a program of closer 'employee association with management' to give workers a stronger voice in the affairs of the company. He firmly believed in employee welfare and espoused the principles of an eight-hour working day, free medical aid, workers' provident scheme, and workmen's accident compensation schemes, which were later, adopted as statutory requirements in India.

Tata was also controversially supportive of the declaration of emergency powers by Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, in 1975. He is quoted to have told a reporter of the New York Times, "things had gone too far. You can’t imagine what we’ve been through here—strikes, boycotts, demonstrations. Why, there were days I couldn’t walk out of my office into the street. The parliamentary system is not suited to our needs."

He was also a founding member of the first Governing Body of NCAER, the National Council of Applied Economic Research in New Delhi, India's first independent economic policy institute established in 1956. In 1968, he founded Tata Consultancy Services as Tata Computer Centre. In 1979, Tata Steel instituted a new practice: a worker being deemed to be "at work" from the moment he leaves home for work till he returns home from work. This made the company financially liable to the worker for any mishap on the way to and from work. In 1987, he founded Titan Industries. Jamshedpur was also selected as a UN Global Compact City because of the quality of life, conditions of sanitation, roads and welfare that were offered by Tata Steel.

JRD Tata, one of the stars of Indian sky, who decorated India by his passion and vision. An aviator and a prolific entrepreneur who expanded the Tata Group from 14 to 95 companies by the time he retired in 1988?.


What is the meaning of YOGA?

YOGA is a physical, mental, or spiritual practice that is originated from India which describes the complete way of life. YOGA is not all about exercise but to discover the sense and identify yourself. The word YOGA has been derived from Sanskrit which means join or unite or else union of the body.

International Day of Yoga is a global event celebrated on every 21st of June. The idea of International Yoga Day was proposed by the Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi during the speech at UNGA. As 21st June is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and shares special significance in different parts of the world, PM Narendra Modi suggested 21st June as International Yoga Day. The logo of Yoga day shows harmony and peace for Humanity which shows the nature of Yoga.

As said by honorable Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi – “Yoga is an invaluable gift of India’s ancient tradition. It embodies the unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfillment; harmony between man and nature; a holistic approach to health and well-being. It is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world, and nature. By changing our lifestyle and creating consciousness, it can help in well being. Let us work towards adopting an International Yoga Day.”

Indian Yoga Guru “Baba Ramdev ” played an important role in spreading awareness about Yoga and taking it across the world.

World Yoga Day 2020 Theme

This year the whole world will celebrate the Sixth International Day of Yoga. This day was declared by UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY (UNGA) in December 2014. International Day of Yoga is a worldwide event and it is celebrated through all the countries by practicing Yoga, meditation, debate and organizing a variety of cultural performance which spread the message and meaning of Yoga Day.

Yoga works at three levels, Firstly, it can improve immunity, Second you can avoid depression by practicing yoga and third yoga helps to set new goals for the global community so that we can be stronger.

Theme of International Day of Yoga 2020

Theme of International Day of Yoga 2020 is -“Yoga at home and Yoga with family”.

The theme is declared by the Ministry of Ayush India and with the United States. This year’s theme shares a message that during COVID-19 people must stay home with family and should do yoga regularly as it is shown that yoga can be one of the best therapeutic during a pandemic.

Importance of Yoga in COVID-19

Yoga has been beneficial for years and not only for losing weight but also for keeping our mind and soul calm. Yoga plays a significant role during the world crisis as it has healing and other alternative therapies. We have seen that the virus is increasing day by day and by staying home people are going through anxiety and depression. To feel happy and stress-free yoga can be the best therapeutic, practicing yoga helps to relieve stress and our mind cool.

Another benefit of yoga during COVID-19 is that yoga helps in boosting our immunity and it has been found that yoga helps to cure breathing problems. By doing Pranayama breathing exercise you can increase your oxygen intake up to five times. The more oxygen-rich blood to the brain, heart, lungs, and digestive organs can help to improve the functioning of these organs and improve our overall health.

During the COVID-19 Pandemic, it has been observed that people from whole world to know more about Yoga and Ayurveda, people also paying attention to yoga while staying at home. Most people have never practiced yoga but now they are joining online yoga classes or learning through online videos.

The Ayush Ministry has announced the International Video Blog Competition titled ‘My Life, My Yoga’ which is open to people from around the globe. To participate, people would need to make a 3-minute video and upload it. In that video, you have to perform yoga or asanas which you usually do in your daily life and also tell people how yoga has changed your life. It is the best way to get involved in International Yoga Day.

Benefits of Yoga for Healthy Heart:

Yoga Asanas(Pose), breathing techniques and meditation affects the heart through the respiratory system of the body which therefore lowers our blood pressure, increases capacity of lungs, lower down cholesterol level and boost blood circulation which in turn improves heart rate.

Benefits of YOGA

  • By doing Yoga daily we can enhance body, focus and can increase your memory and productivity.
  • Yoga can relieve your muscle pain and helps to improve your overall health.
  • It helps to strengthen your body and stabilize your spine which can relieve your back pain, stress, and tension.
  • It stabilizes your mind body and soul and fulfills it by peace and joy.

India has extended a nationwide lockdown for another two weeks to contain the coronavirus outbreak. The home ministry issued new guidelines to regulate life and work in this period, based on districts divided into red ( coronavirus hotspot), green and orange zones.

Here are key things to know about life and work under two more weeks of lockdown, according to guidelines issued by the ministry:

The green zones will be districts with either zero confirmed cases till date; or, no confirmed case in the last 21 days. The classification of districts as red zones will take into account the total number of active cases, doubling rate of confirmed cases, extent of testing and surveillance feedback from the districts. Those districts, which are neither defined as red nor green, shall be classified as orange zones.

The containment areas would be defined by district administrations, taking into account the total number of active cases, their geographical spread, and the need to have well demarcated perimeters from the enforcement point of view. The local authority shall ensure 100% coverage of Aarogya Setu app among the residents of containment zones.

A limited number of activities will remain prohibited throughout the country, irrespective of the zone including travel by air, rail, metro and inter-State movement by road; running of schools, colleges, and other educational and training/ coaching institutions; hospitality services, including hotels and restaurants; places of large public gatherings, such as cinema halls, malls, gymnasiums, sports complexes etc; social, political, cultural and other kinds of gatherings; and, religious places/ places of worship for public, according to the ministry.

Movement of individuals, for all non-essential activities, shall remain strictly prohibited between 7 pm to 7 am. Local authorities shall issue orders under appropriate provisions of law, such as prohibitory orders [curfew] under Section 144 of CrPC, for this purpose, and ensure strict compliance.

In all zones, persons above 65 years of age, persons with co-morbidities, pregnant women, and children below the age of 10 years, shall stay at home, except for meeting essential requirements and for health purposes.

Out-Patient Departments (OPDs) and Medical clinics shall be permitted to operate in Red, Orange and Green Zones, with social distancing norms and other safety precautions; however, these will not be permitted within the containment zones.”

Construction activities in urban areas have been limited to in-situ construction (where workers are available on site and no workers are required to be brought in from outside) and construction of renewable energy projects.

A large number of other activities are allowed in the Red Zones. All industrial and construction activities in rural areas, including MNREGA works, food-processing units and brick-kilns are permitted; besides, in rural areas, without distinction to the nature of goods, all shops, except in shopping malls are permitted. All agriculture activities are permitted. Most of the commercial and private establishments have been allowed in the Red zones. These include print and electronic media, IT and IT enabled services, data and call centres, cold storage and warehousing services, private security and facility management services, and services provided by self-employed persons, except for barbers etc., as mentioned earlier.

The other industrial activities permitted are manufacturing units of essential goods, including drugs, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, their raw material and intermediates; production units, which require continuous process, and their supply chain; manufacturing of IT hardware; jute industry with staggered shifts and social distancing; and, manufacturing units of packaging material.

Sale of liquor, paan, tobacco will be allowed in green zones after ensuring minimum six-feet social distancing. Not more than 5 persons at one time at a shop will be allowed.


Source : Business standard


Life after lockdown Part 1: How to go back to work

  1. Avoid mass gatherings

That doesn’t just apply to parties, weddings and temples but also your cafeteria and conferences. And while we’re sure there will be further recommendations on how many people should be allowed to assemble in an area, just generally avoiding being in a group of more than four people might be a good idea until the rate of coronavirus infection slows down in the country.

Internal as well as client meetings should still be conducted via video conferencing as much as possible.


  1. Double down on hygiene practices

Staying at home during the lockdown, you may have relaxed your hygiene practices a little but they’ll have to be back at the highest level once you go back to work. Being mindful about what you touch is extremely important. Wash your hands every time you end up touching a doorknob or press the lift buttons with your bare hands. Don’t hug or shake hands with anyone, no one will think you’re being rude. Come up with your own preferred greeting - like an elbow bump or a namaste. Wipe down your desk, mouse, keyboard and screen daily with a paper towel and alcohol rub before you start work. Take a break from your screen every 20 minutes for 20 seconds so you don’t feel the need to rub your eyes. Avoid using shared cutlery - if you really need to use office cutlery, try to wash it yourself.


  1. Distancing at work

Ensure that there is a space of six feet between all seats. The lockdown may be over but that does not mean that there is no need for social/physical distancing anymore. You spend 8-9 hours at work and must maintain a proper distance from everyone during this time, whether they seem fine or not. There are no exceptions to this rule. Avoid crowded lifts and take the staircase instead. If you need to touch the railing for support, be sure to wash your hands with soap and water as soon as you reach the office - even before you set your bag down at the desk.


  1. A protection and safety kit

Prepare your kit before you step out - it must include a face cover, hand sanitizer, hand soap, gloves, toilet seat sanitizer and tissue papers. Wear the face cover as much as possible - not for filtering but it’ll keep you from touching your face too often. Use a hand sanitizer whenever you can’t wash your hands. Carry hand soap in a small bottle if your workplace has a soap bar. Use gloves for whenever you need to be dealing with shared items - like the coffee machine or the office phone. Use a toilet seat sanitizer before and after you use the shared toilet. You can even use it on the tap and the flush. Carry tissue papers to sneeze or cough into, to dry your hands and to turn off the sink tap.


  1. Go digital

If your company hadn’t already, propose going digital now. Save paper as well as the risk of coming in contact with papers that other people may have handled. Scan and send important documents instead. Keep a digital signature ready for a situation that may require it.

  1. Commuting to work

Wear a face cover and gloves if you travel in public transport. If possible, use a digital wallet to make all payments instead of dealing cash. Wash your hands as soon as you reach home or office. If possible, you could request your manager to also allow you to move your shift timings enough so you can travel to work and back during non-peak hours.


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Source : FirstPost Friday, April 24, 2020


World Happiness Report 2020

World's 20 Happiest Countries

  1. Finland
  2. Denmark
  3. Switzerland
  4. Iceland
  5. Norway
  6. Netherlands
  7. Sweden
  8. New Zealand
  9. Austria
  10. Luxembourg
  11. Canada
  12. Australia
  13. United Kingdom
  14. Israel
  15. Costa Rica
  16. Ireland
  17. Germany
  18. United States
  19. Czech Republic
  20. Belgium


World's Unhappiest Countries

  1. Afghanistan
  2. South Sudan
  3. Zimbabwe
  4. Rwanda
  5. Central African Republic
  6. Tanzania
  7. Botswana
  8. Yemen
  9. Malawi
  10. India

World’s Happiest Cities

  1. Helsinki, Finland
  2. Aarhus, Denmark
  3. Wellington, New Zealand
  4. Zurich, Switzerland
  5. Copenhagen, Denmark
  6. Bergen, Norway
  7. Oslo, Norway
  8. Tel Aviv, Israel
  9. Stockholm, Sweden
  10. Brisbane, Australia

World’s Unhappiest Cities

  1. Kabul, Afghanistan
  2. Sanaa, Yemen
  3. Gaza, Palestine
  4. Port-a-Prince, Haiti
  5. Juba, South Sudan
  6. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  7. Delhi, India
  8. Maseru, Lesotho
  9. Bangui, Central African Republic
  10. Cairo, Egypt


At a time like this—when the coronavirus pandemic is sweeping the globe and has killed over 10,000 people—we need some happy news. The annual World Happiness Report has just been released, timed to the UN's annual International Day of Happiness on March 20. For the third year in a row, Finland has placed at the top of the list as the happiest country in the world, with Denmark coming in second, followed by Switzerland, which pushed Norway out of the top three this year.

And while it seems like a strange time to be evaluating happiness, the editors of the report point out that challenging times can actually increase happiness in healthy societies. “The global pandemic poses great risks for some of the main supports for well-being, most especially health and income,” the editors explain in an addendum. “As revealed by earlier studies of earthquakes, floods, storms, tsunamis and even economic crises, a high trust society quite naturally looks for and finds co-operative ways to work together to repair the damage and rebuild better lives. This has led sometimes to surprising increases in happiness in the wake of what might otherwise seem to be unmitigated disasters.”

The reason, they say? “People are pleasantly surprised by the willingness of their neighbors and their institutions to work in harness to help each other. This delivers a heightened sense of belonging, and pride in what they have been able to achieve by way of mitigation. These gains are sometimes great enough to compensate for the material losses.”

The World Happiness Report is an annual survey by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the United Nations. It looks at the state of global happiness in 156 countries, ranking countries based on six variables: income, freedom, trust, healthy life expectancy, social support and generosity. The World Happiness Report was originally launched in 2012, and each year, it has a slightly different focus. This year’s report focuses especially on the environment—social, urban and natural—and how these three categories affect happiness.

For the first time, the 2020 report also ranked the happiest cities around the world. The top 10 is dominated by Scandinavian cities, with Finland’s capital, Helsinki, ranking as the happiest city in the world. The editors of this report say their ranking is different from other lists in that it doesn’t just rely on factors that researchers consider relevant. “Our ranking relies on city residents’ self-reports of how they themselves evaluate the quality of their lives,” say the editors. “Arguably, this bottom-up approach gives a direct voice to the population as opposed to the more top-down approach of deciding ex-ante what ought to matter for the well-being of city residents.”

The unhappiest cities have some common themes. Most are located in underdeveloped countries, including Africa and the Middle East and have experienced war (Kabul in Afghanistan and Sanaa in Yemen), armed conflict (Gaza in Palestine), civil war (Juba in South Sudan, Bangui in the Central African Republic), political instability (Cairo in Egypt) or devastating natural catastrophes (Port-au-Prince in Haiti).

Source : Forbes


As of 13 March,

The COVID-19 coronavirus has spread to more than 100 countries with well over 126,000 confirmed cases.

61 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, North America and South America have announced or implemented school and university closures.

Thirty-nine countries have closed schools nationwide, impacting almost 421.4 million children and youth. A further twenty-two countries have implemented localized school closures and, should these closures become nationwide.

Italy, which has the highest number of cases of coronavirus after China, has extended its emergency measures.

Nationwide restrictions on travel are in place and all shops - apart from food stores and pharmacies - are closed, as are schools, gyms, museums, cafes restaurants and nightclubs.

French President Emmanuel Macron said the country was facing its worst public health crisis in a century and announced measures including the closure of schools, creches and universities from 16 March.

Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel said in a press conference on 11 March that 60-70% of the population could contract COVID-19. Urging people to stay clear of large gatherings and specifically football matches, she said there was no point in closing Germany's borders as the virus was "already inside" the country.

As of 13 March, the UK had not taken any measures to restrict people's movement.

On 13 March just five new cases were reported in Wuhan, and no locally transmitted infections were reported in the rest of China.

South Korea - where an outbreak surged at around the same time as Italy’s - reported the number of people recovering from the virus outpaced new infections for the first time.

US President Donald Trump stunned his European allies by announcing a ban on travel from the EU's Schengen area from 13 March.

Some countries had already restricted travel to and from China, including neighbouring Russia and Mongolia.

Hong Kong stepped up its travel restrictions. From Friday 13 March, all arrivals from Italy, and parts of France, Germany, and Japan are to be put under mandatory quarantine for 14 days.

India has quarantined itself for a month, restricting entry to UN officials and other diplomats.

Australia has banned entry to anyone from mainland China, Korea, Iran and Italy. The chief medical officer of Australia’s most populous state, New South Wales, said models suggested 5% of the state’s population - some 350,000 people - would need hospital treatment as a result of coronavirus.

On 11 March, the WHO announced that COVID-19 was now being characterized as a pandemic. WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus explained:

"Pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly. It is a word that, if misused, can cause unreasonable fear, or unjustified acceptance that the fight is over, leading to unnecessary suffering and death.

"Describing the situation as a pandemic does not change WHO’s assessment of the threat posed by this virus. It doesn’t change what WHO is doing, and it doesn’t change what countries should do."


NEW YORK (December 12, 2019) – Forbes announced the 16th annual ranking of The World’s 100 Most Powerful Women. The women on Forbes’ 2019 ranking represent women in six categories: business, technology, finance, media & entertainment, politics & policy, and philanthropy. They’re  women who are building billion-dollar brands, calling the shots in the financial markets, and using their enormous platforms to broker agreements, provide aid and drive change.

For the ninth consecutive year, German Chancellor Angela Merkel takes the No. 1 spot, also marking her 14th total appearance on the list. Christine Lagarde, President of the European Central Bank rose one spot to No. 2. Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, returns to the list in the No. 3 spot this year as the highest-ranking and most powerful female elected official in American political history. Rounding out the top five is newcomer Ursula Von Der Leyen, President of the European Commission (No. 4) and Mary Barra, CEO of General Motors (No. 5).

"This year’s list of World’s Most Powerful Women is a collection of innovators and instigators who are leading on the world stage to redefine traditional power structures and forge lasting impact in every industry and sphere of influence," said Moira Forbes, Executive Vice President, Forbes and President, ForbesWomen. "As we come to the close of the current decade, our 2019 listees remind us of the huge strides that have been made by women, and the great opportunity they have to define the decade ahead."

“We are seeing more women at the heads of the world’s most influential institutions—the European Commission, the European Central Bank, the U.S. House of Representatives—and more women taking power in c-suites and board rooms across America,” said Maggie McGrath, Editor, ForbesWomen. “Systemic change takes time, but the women on this year’s Power list are wielding their influence across the world to help make that change.”

The 100 women on the 2019 list are builders, disruptors, and innovators in every sector from business to creative worlds, taking a modern, forward-looking view on power. Members of the 2019 Most Powerful Women list represent women in six categories: business (31 honorees), technology (17), finance (12), media & entertainment (14), politics & policy (22), and philanthropy (4). In total, the Power Women control or influence more than $2.3 trillion in revenue and oversee.

The 2019 list spans more than seven generations of influential women, with environmental activist Greta Thunberg becoming the youngest honoree in the list’s history at age 16. With individuals from 32 countries/territories represented, North America maintained the most women on the list at 50, followed by Asia Pacific with 21, Europe (inclusive of Russia and Turkey) with 18, the United Kingdom with 5, the Middle East with 3, Latin America with 2, and one in Africa.

Twenty-three women made their debut on the 2019 World’s Most Powerful Women list, with notable newcomers including Kristalina Georgieva, Managing Director of IMF; Greta Thunberg, environmental activist, Jessica Tan, Co-CEO, COO, CIO of Ping An Group in China, Julie Sweet, CEO of Accenture; Judith Mckenna, President and CEO of Walmart International; Nirmala Sitharaman, Finance Minister for the Government of India; Jennifer Salke, Head of Amazon Studios; Rihanna, entrepreneur and singer/songwriter; and Amina J. Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General for the United Nations.

Notably, Theresa May, Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom was not included on the 2019 list after maintaining the second spot in 2018 due to her resignation from the position this year. Queen Elizabeth, fell 15 spots to No. 38 and Ivanka Trump, First Daughter and Advisor to the President, fell 18 spots to No. 42.

The world’s 100 most Powerful Women 2019 Ranking as per Forbes

 Rank     Name                                                    Age        Country/Territory

#1           Angela Merkel                                       65           Germany

#2           Christine Lagarde                                   64           France

#3           Nancy Pelosi                                          79           United States

#4           Ursula von der Leyen                              61           Germany

#5           Mary Barra                                            58           United States

#6           Melinda Gates                                        55           United States

#7           Abigail Johnson                                      58           United States

#8           Ana Patricia Botín                                   59           Spain

#9           Ginni Rometty                                        62           United States

#10         Marillyn Hewson                                     66           United States

#11         Gail Boudreaux                                      59           United States

#12         Susan Wojcicki                                       51           United States

#13         Isabelle Kocher                                      53           France

#14         Safra Catz                                             58           United States

#15         Kristalina Georgieva                               66           Bulgaria

#16         Julie Sweet                                            52           United States

#17         Emma Walmsley                                    51           United Kingdom

#18         Sheryl Sandberg                                    50           United States

#19         Ruth Porat                                             62           United States

#20         Oprah Winfrey                                       66           United States

#21         Judith McKenna                                     54           United States

#22         Jessica Tan                                            53           China

#23         Ho Ching                                               67           Singapore

#24         Phebe Novakovic                                    61           United States

#25         Shari Redstone                                       65           United States

#26         Amy Hood                                              48           United States

#27         Stacey Cunningham                                45           United States

#28         Jessica Uhl                                             52           Netherlands

#29         Sheikh Hasina Wajed                              72           Bangladesh

#30         Adena Friedman                                     50           United States

#31         Mary Callahan Erdoes                             52           United States

#32         Jane Fraser                                            53           United States

#33         Laurene Powell Jobs                               56           United States

#34         Nirmala Sitharaman                            60           India

#35         Marianne Lake                                       51           UK

#36         Gina Rinehart                                        66           Australia

#37         Kathy Warden                                        48           United States

#38         Jacinda Ardern                                       39           New Zealand

#39         Anne Finucane                                       67           United States

#40         Queen Elizabeth II                                 93           UK

#41         Tsai Ing-wen                                         63           Taiwan

#42         Ivanka Trump                                        38           United States

#43         Rosalind Brewer                                     57           United States

#44         Mingzhu Dong                                        66           China

#45         Erna Solberg                                          59      Norway               

#46         Dana Walden                                          55           United States

#47         Vicki Hollub                                            60           United States

#48         Jennifer Salke                                         54           United States

#49         Jennifer Morgan                                      48           United States

#50         Nicola Sturgeon                                      49           UK

#51         Donna Langley                                       52           UK

#52         Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao                        49          Vietnam

#53         Elvira Nabiullina                                     56           Russia

#54         Roshni Nadar Malhotra                        38           India

#55         Gwynne Shotwell                                    56           United States

#56         Tricia Griffith                                          55           United States

#57         Maggie Wei Wu                                       51           China

#58         Feng Ying Wang                                      50           China

#59         Lynn Good                                              60           United States

#60         Paula Santilli                                           49           Mexico

#61         Rihanna                                                  32           Barbados

#62         Melanie Kreis                                           48           Germany

#63         Hooi Ling Tan                                           35           Malaysia

#64         Bonnie Hammer                                       69           United States

#65         Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw                          66           India

#66         Beyoncé Knowles                                     38           United States

#67         Zhou Qunfei                                            50           Hong Kong

#68         Sophie Wilmes                                         45           Belgium

#69         Jane Jie Sun                                            51           China

#70         Katharine Viner                                        48           UK

#71         Taylor Swift                                             30           United States

#72         Judy Faulkner                                          76           United States

#73         Güler Sabanci                                          65           Turkey

#74         Kathleen Kennedy                                    66           United States

#75         Mette Frederiksen                                    42           Denmark

#76         Sri Mulyani Indrawati                               57           Indonesia

#77         Andrea Marques de Almeida                     48           Brazil

#78         Solina Chau                                            58           Hong Kong

#79         Ava DuVernay                                         47           United States

#80         Zuzana Caputova                                    46           Slovakia

#81         Serena Williams                                      38           United States   

#82         Mary Meeker                                           60           United States

#83         Lam Wai Ying                                          -              Hong Kong

#84         Raja Easa Al Gurg                                    -              UAEmirates

#85         Eliza Manningham-Buller                          71           UK

#86         Jenny Lee                                               47           Singapore

#87         Lee Boo-jin                                             49           South Korea

#88         Ana Brnabic                                            45           Serbia

#89         Meg Whitman                                          63           United States

#90         Reese Witherspoon                                  43           United States

#91         Anne Wojcicki                                          46           United States

#92         Aileen Lee                                               50           United States

#93         Sahle-Work Zewde                                   70           Ethiopia

#94         Dominique Senequier                               66           France

#95         Kirsten Green                                          48           United States

#96         Renuka Jagtiani                                     -              Kuwait

#97         Rania Nashar                                           -              Saudi Arabia

#98         Amina Mohammed                                   58           Nigeria

#99         Margarita Louis-Dreyfus                           57           Switzerland

#100      Greta Thunberg                -                       17           Sweden

Source : Forbes

Salute to all the powerful women

Age 17, Greta Thungberg to Age 93 Queen Elizabeth II and 3 Indian and one Indian origin (Kuwait)


Indian Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Cryptocurrency — RBI Ban Lifted

A historic day for the Indian crypto community, the supreme court has finally ruled on the case against the banking ban by the central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The court held that the RBI circular

Supreme Court Rules: Big Win for Indian Crypto Community

On Wednesday, the Supreme Court of India finally ruled on the case against the banking ban by the Reserve Bank of India, local news platform Crypto Kanoon reported from the courtroom. “The Judgment Day has finally arrived,” the team wrote, tweeting at 10:45 a.m. (Indian Standard Time):

Breaking: Supreme Court of India has struck off Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) banking ban against crypto. The court held that RBI circular dated 6th April 2018 is unconstitutional.

The supreme court concluded hearing the arguments against the RBI ban on Jan. 28, after almost two years since it first decided to hear the case. The court heard extensive arguments from the counsel for the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), Ashim Sood, followed by the counsel representing several crypto exchanges, Nakul Dewan. It also heard the arguments in favor of the ban from the central bank’s counsel, Shyam Divan.

The RBI issued a circular in April 2018 banning regulated financial institutions from providing services to crypto businesses. The ban went into effect three months later and banks subsequently closed the accounts of crypto exchanges, forcing some of them to shut down, including Zebpay, Coindelta, and Koinex.

India’s Crypto Regulatory Framework

Cryptocurrency enthusiasts all over the world have been eagerly waiting to see what India will do about cryptocurrency. The Indian government has been sitting on a draft bill that seeks to categorically ban cryptocurrencies, except state-issued ones, since February last year. The “Banning of Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill 2019” was drafted by an interministerial committee (IMC) tasked with studying all aspects of cryptocurrency and providing recommendations for India’s crypto policy. The IMC was headed by former Finance Secretary Subhash Chandra Garg who has since resigned from his position in government. Nonetheless, he still holds the view that cryptocurrencies have “a very short future,” believing that they are “essentially worthless codes.”

The bill also provides for the RBI to issue a central bank digital currency. The RBI has already been looking into this area, Governor Shaktikanta Das revealed in December last year. “As and when the technology evolves with adequate safeguards, I think it is an area where the Reserve Bank will certainly look at seriously at an appropriate time,” he said.

Indian Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Cryptocurrency Industry - RBI Ban Lifted

This bill was expected to be introduced in the winter session of parliament last year but was not, and the government has since been silent about it. The crypto community believes that the bill is flawed and has been campaigning for the government to re-evaluate the IMC recommendations. Meanwhile, both the RBI and the Indian government have confirmed several times that cryptocurrencies, such as bitcoin, are not banned in India.

Thriving Crypto Industry in India

Even with a banking ban, the Indian crypto community found a way to continue buying, selling, and trading bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. A number of crypto exchanges launched peer-to-peer trading in order to continue providing INR access to their users.

Several exchange service providers recently made announcements regarding their services. For example, the U.K.-based banking platform Cashaa has been expanding its operations in India and is now offering no-fee deposits and withdrawals. The company is also planning a roadshow this month to prepare Indian crypto users for the next bull run. Global exchange Binance and popular Indian exchange Wazirx have joined forces, with the latter launching India’s first initial exchange offering (IEO). The WRX token can be used to pay trading fees on Wazirx at a 50% discount.

Furthermore, Zebpay, formerly one of the largest bitcoin exchanges in the country, relaunched in India on Monday, ahead of the supreme court judgment. The exchange shut down its local operations in September 2018, shortly after the RBI ban went into effect. For the relaunch, the platform is offering five crypto-to-crypto trading pairs with no trading fees for the entire month.

What do you think of the Indian supreme court’s ruling today? Did you expect the court to rule in favor of the crypto industry? Let us know in the comments section below.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only. It is not an offer or solicitation of an offer to buy or sell, or a recommendation, endorsement, or sponsorship of any products, services, or companies. Bitcoin.com does not provide investment, tax, legal, or accounting advice. Neither the company nor the author is responsible, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, goods or services mentioned in this article.

by Kevin Helms



Leap Day: February 29, 2020

A Leap Day, February 29, is added to the calendar during leap years. This extra day, also called Leap Year Day, makes the year 366 days long – not 365 days, like a common year.

When Is the Next Leap Day?

The leap day is Saturday, February 29, 2020.

The last Leap Day was on Monday, February 29, 2016.

Why Add a Leap Day?

Leap days are needed to keep our calendar in alignment with the Earth's revolutions around the Sun.

It takes the Earth approximately 365.242189 days – or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 45 seconds – to circle once around the Sun. This is called a tropical year.

Without an extra, or intercalary, day on February 29 nearly every four years, we would lose almost six hours every year. After only 100 years, a calendar without leap years would be off by approximately 24 days in relation to fixed seasonal days such as the vernal equinox or the winter solstice.

Caesar Introduced Leap Years

Roman general Julius Caesar implemented the first leap day in his Julian Calendar, which he introduced in 45 BCE. A leap day was added every four years. At the time, leap day was February 24, and February was the last month of the year.

Too Many Leap Years

However, adding a leap day every four years was too often and eventually, in 1582, Pope Gregory XIII introduced the Gregorian Calendar. This calendar, which we still use today, has a more precise formula for calculation of leap years, also known as bissextile years.

Traditions & Folklore

Leap day as a concept has existed for more than 2000 years and it is still associated with age-old customs, folklore, and superstition. One of the most well-known traditions is that women propose to their boyfriends, instead of the other way around.

Leap Months

The ancient Roman Calendar added an extra month every few years to maintain the correct seasonal changes, similar to the Chinese leap month.

By Vigdis Hocken


Famous Indian People’s Birthday on 29th February

  • Morarji Desai >  Feb 29, 1896 >  Mumbai > former Indian Finance Minister, Freedom Fighters, Former prime minister.
  • Rukmini Devi Arundale >  Feb 29, 1904 >  Madurai  > Indian Bharatnatyam dancer.
  • S. Seshadri >  Feb 29, 1932 > Kanchipuram >Indian mathematician.
  • amunur Rashid > Feb 29, 1948 > East Bengal >Bangladeshi actor.
  • Ashok Dave > Feb 29, 1952 > Jamnagar >Gujarati humorist from India
  • Prakash Nanjappa > Feb 29, 1976 > Bangalore >Indian shooter
  • Janvi Chheda >  Feb 29, 1984 >  Mumbai > television actress.
  • Adam Sinclair > Feb 29, 1984 > Coimbatore >Indian field hockey player.
  • Karsh Kothari > Feb 29, 1996 > cricketer

Donald Trump India Visit: US President Donald Trump will be on his first state visit to India in the last week of February on the invitation of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

His trip to India aims at rebuilding bonds between the world’s largest democracies and might set the stage for the initiation of a long-term trade pact starting possibly with an announcement of a limited trade package.

In a statement announcing the India visit of the US President, White House Press secretary Stephanie Grisham last week said, “During a phone call over the weekend, President Trump and Prime Minister Modi agreed the trip will further strengthen the US-India strategic partnership and highlight the strong and enduring bonds between the American and Indian people.”

What are the dates of Donald Trump’s India visit?

US President Donald Trump will be in India on February 24 and 25.

Which cities will Donald Trump visit?

Donald Trump will visit Ahmedabad and Delhi on his maiden state visit to India.  On the first day of his two-day visit to India, Trump, along with First Lady Melania Trump, will be in Gujarat, PM Modi’s home state. They are expected to begin their tour by visiting Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad. As a reason behind Ahmedabad featuring on Trump’s itinerary list, the White House statement had mentioned, “It played an important role in Mahatma Gandhi’s life and leadership of the Indian independence movement.”

Later in the day, he will inaugurate Motera’s Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium, which is being billed as the largest stadium in the world. Trump, who is visiting India five months after PM Modi addressed the Indian diaspora in ‘Howdy Modi!’ event in Houston, is expected to share the stage with the prime minister in a similar event there. The event, named ‘Kem Chho Mr President’ (How are you Mr President) in sync with ‘Howdy Modi!’, will see Trump addressing an audience which will mostly comprise Gujarati diaspora and those having families in the US, mostly from the US, at the Motera cricket stadium.

On the second day, Trump is expected to visit Delhi where he is expected to wrap up issues related to trade and defence deals which he can showcase in his campaign.

Agra in Uttar Pradesh was also considered as one of the stops for President Trump, news agency PTI reported where he was likely to visit Taj Mahal. However, it has not been officially confirmed if he would visit Agra.

What can be expected from this trip?

After the visit was announced, Trump, hinting at a limited trade package said, “We want to do something. We’ll see. If we can make the right deal, we’ll do it.”

India is demanding exemption from high duties imposed by the US on certain steel and aluminum products, resumption of export benefits to certain domestic products under their Generalised System of Preferences, greater market access for its products from sectors, including agriculture, automobile, auto components and engineering.

On the other hand, the US wants greater market access for its farm and manufacturing products, dairy items and medical devices and cut on import duties on some ICT products. The US has also raised concerns over the high trade deficit with India.

 Trump, along with First Lady Melania Trump is expected to begin their tour by visiting Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad.

On Wednesday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said both countries share a common commitment to “democracy and pluralism” and the visit will go a long way in further cementing India-US friendship. “India and USA share a common commitment to democracy and pluralism. Our nations are cooperating extensively on a wide range of issues. Robust friendship between our nations augurs well not only for our citizens but also for the entire world,” he added.

However, “fundamental” differences and India’s increasingly protectionist stance may make an agreement difficult to finalise between the two countries anytime soon, say experts.

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: February 15, 2020 12:10:37 pm





Constituency                     Party                     Candidate

Adarsh Nagar                    AAP                       Pawan Sharma

Ambedkar Nagar(SC)        AAP                      Ajay Dutt

Babarpur                            AAP                       Gopal Rai

Badarpur                            BJP                        R S Bidhuri  (Leading)

Badli                                   AAP                       Ajesh Yadav

Ballimaran                         AAP                       Imran Hussain

Bawana(sc)                       AAP                       Jai Bhagwan (Leading)

Bijwasan                            AAP                       Bhupinder Singh Joon

Burari                                 AAP                       Sanjeev Jha (Leading)

Chandni Chowk                  AAP                       Parlad Singh Sawhney

Chhatarpur                         AAP                       Kartar Singh Tanwar

Delhi Cantt                         AAP                       Virender Singh Kadian

Deoli (SC)                           AAP                       Prakash Jarwal

Dwarka                               AAP                       Vinay Mishra

Gandhi Nagar                     BJP                        Anil Kumar Bajpai

Ghonda                               BJP                        Ajay Mahawar

Gokalpur (SC)                    AAP                       Surendra Kumar

Greater Kailash                  AAP                       Saurabh Bhardwaj

Hari Nagar                          AAP                       Raj Kumar Dhillon

Janakpuri                            AAP                       Rajesh Rishi

Jangpura                             AAP                       Praveen Kumar

Kalkaji                                 AAP                       Atishi

Karawal Nagar                    BJP                        Mohan Singh Bisht

Karol Bagh (SC)                  AAP                       Vishesh Ravi

Kasturba Nagar                  AAP                       Madan Lal

Kirari                                   AAP                       Rituraj Govind

Kondli (SC)                         AAP                       Kuldeep Kumar

Krishna Nagar                    AAP                       S K Bagga

Laxmi Nagar                       BJP                       Abhay Verma

Madipur (SC)                     AAP                       Girish Soni

Malviya Nagar                   AAP                       Somnath Bharti

Mangol Puri (SC)              AAP                       Rakhi Birla

Matia Mahal                      AAP                       Shoaib Iqbal

Matiala                              AAP                       Gulab Singh (Leading)

Mehrauli                            AAP                       Naresh Yadav

Model Town                      AAP                       Akhilesh Pati Tripathi

Moti Nagar                         AAP                       Shiv Charan Goel

Mundka                              AAP                       Dharampal Lakra

Mustafabad                       AAP                       Haji Yunus

Najafgarh                          AAP                       Kailash Gahlot (Leading)

Nangloi Jat                        AAP                       Raghuvinder Shokeen

Narela                                AAP                       Sharad Kumar

New Delhi                          AAP                       Arvind Kejriwal

Okhla                                 AAP                       Amanatullah Khan (Leading)

Palam                                AAP                       Bhavna Gaur (Leading)

Patel Nagar (SC)               AAP                       Raaj Kumar Anand

Patparganj                         AAP                       Manish Sisodia

R K Puram                          AAP                       Pramila Tokas

Rajinder Nagar                  AAP                       Raghav Chadha

Rajouri Garden                  AAP                       A Dhanwati Chandela

Rithala                               AAP                       Mohinder Goyal

Rohini                                 BJP                       Vijender Gupta

Rohtas Nagar                     BJP                        Jitender Mahajan

Sadar Bazar                        AAP                       Som Dutt

Sangam Vihar                     AAP                       Dinesh Mohaniya

Seelampur                          AAP                       Abdul Rehman

Seema Puri (SC)                AAP                     Rajendra Pal Gautam

Shahdara                            AAP                      Ram Niwas Goel

Shakur Basti                      AAP                      Satyendar Jain

Shalimar Bagh                   AAP                       Bandana Kumari

Sultanpur Majra (SC)        AAP                       Mukesh Kumar Ahlawat

Tilak Nagar                         AAP                       Jarnail Singh

Timarpur                            AAP                       Dilip Pandey (Leading)

Tri Nagar                            AAP                       Preeti Tomar

Trilokpuri (SC)                   AAP                       Rohit Kumar

Tughlakabad                      AAP                       Sahiram

Uttam Nagar                      AAP                       Naresh Balyan

Vikaspuri                            AAP                       Mahinder Yadav

Vishwas Nagar                   BJP                         Om Prakash Sharma

Wazirpur                             AAP                       Rajesh Gupta


Oscars 2020 : 92nd Academy Awards

Complete list of winners at the 92nd Academy Awards

Best actor > Joaquin Phoenix, Joker

Best director > Bong Joon-ho, Parasite

Music (original song) > "(I'm Gonna) Love Me Again" from Rocketman

Music (original score) > Joker

International feature film > South Korea, Parasite

Makeup and hairstyling > Bombshell

Visual effects > 1917

Best film editing > Ford v Ferrari

Best cinematography > Roger Deakins, 1917

Best sound mixing > 1917

Best sound editing > Ford v Ferrari

Best supporting actor > Brad Pitt, Once Upon a Time…in Hollywood

Best supporting actress > Laura Dern, Marriage Story

Documentary short feature > Learning to Skateboard in a Warzone (If You're a Girl)

Documentary feature > American Factory

Best costume design > Jacqueline Durran, Little Women

Best production design > Once Upon a Time…in Hollywood

Live-action short film > The Neighbors' Window

Best adapted screenplay > Taika Waititi, Jojo Rabbit

Best original screenplay > Bong Joon-ho, Parasite

Animated short film > Hair Love

Animated feature film > Toy Story 4


Points to  Select The Perfect Preschool For Your Child

1) Know your Child!

School vs Child : The approach of a school is its perspective or method towards teaching and learning. You need to check whether that approach matches with your child’s needs as seen around 1-1.5 years of age, and not as per what you want your child’s personality to be.

Keeping your child’s temperament in mind is important while choosing a play school.

2) Budget

This is the easiest one. You need to shortlist a list of preschools that fit into your budget.

3) Know the approach

Different approaches

The following are a few of the main methods of teaching followed in India. Most playschools use one or a combination of any of these methodologies.

  • The Montessori Method

According to Wikipedia, “Montessori education is characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological, physical, and social development.”

In simple terms, this method focuses on the individuality of each child and lets every child follow his/her own pace of learning. In this format, there is no comparison between children of the same ages.

  • The Reggio Emilia Approach

This approach is used in mostly all preschools. However, it is mixed with one or two other forms of instruction. The idea behind this approach is to teach children to discover themselves through symbolic ideas.

These ideas are developed through painting, sculpting, and dramatising. Basically, it is an approach based on exploration and ideation.

Such schools are deeply involved in observing, touching, free play, art and drama.

  • The HighScope Approach

Under this approach, teachers do not teach but only assist children in learning. In other words, teachers help children make their own plan for the day.

Sessions on what children would like to discuss or do during the day are conducted where the idea of every child is given its due. Basically, in this format, the kids are in-charge.

  • The Waldorf Approach

This approach is also called the Steiner approach based on Steiner’s views on stages of development.

Waldorf believes that merely reading and learning through rote is not the true way to develop–imagination and analytical thinking should be cultivated and encouraged in each child.

The concept of ‘circle time,’ where children sitting together in groups to chant rhymes and learning together is widely used in this approach.

Many playschools use one or the other tenets of this theory in their approach to teaching. So go ahead, choose your approach!

4) Emotional Guidance

Meet every child’s emotional needs

Flexibility of approach within a preschool is paramount. In fact, preschoolers approach their teachers as they would approach their mothers so the level of emotional and behavioural guidance within school should be high.

Experts say

This is nothing but playtime directed at making the child more in touch with his/her soft skills–skills of group play, co-operation, calmness, and kindness.

5) All work and no nap!

Time and schedule

The timings of a playschool matter the most, at least during the initial days of school.

Proper school timings set the routine for the entire day of your child. You are then able to comfortably plan his/her eating and napping schedules accordingly.

Preschools, unlike primary and senior schools, should not start at the crack of dawn. Preschoolers need more time to get ready, eat, and leave the house.

Preschools should also not start very late in the day as that sets a bad body clock for the coming years of school.

The timings of the playschool should match with your work timings and your overall schedule.

In short, it’s a balancing act between your and your child’s schedules.

6) Location

In fact, children start getting averse to the very idea of school if reaching it is tiring for them. Hence, the location makes a very important point to consider while choosing a preschool for your child.


7) Cleanliness matters!

Children should be provided with a neat and clean environment in the playschool that you choose so that their health does not suffer.

Since it’s an understood point already, let’s just close with the adages that health is wealth and cleanliness is godliness!

8) Safety

Safety within the school premises, and in the way kids are dispersed from the school forms a key point to consider while choosing a preschool.

Most schools share the measures they take for safety with parents during admission meetings. However, Expert suggests that you should not buy their word and do your own reference check.

The best thing is to talk to parents whose kids are already studying in the school and understand whether the school keeps its promised measures in place or not.

9) Voice and View

For preschoolers, it’s paramount that the school involves parents at every step of the way.

A preschool exposure is more about skills and personality development than about academics for your child. This is the reason why you should check whether the preschool that you are considering allows your voice and views or not.

Openness and interaction between parents and the school are very important at this nascent stage of your child’s development.

10) Accreditation

Since a playschool is a stepping stone for their child’s higher education, parents must consider the board or institution that the school is accredited to.

In India, ICSE, CBSE, IGCSE, IB, and the individual state boards are most common among others. While considering a preschool, you might want to compare the respective board or institution that the school follows.

Choosing a preschool? Be sure to get the answers to these questions first!

  • Is the school accredited and licensed?
  • Are the teachers credentialed?
  • Does the school meet your family’s needs?
  • Does the school meet your child’s needs?
  • What is the school’s educational philosophy?
  • What is the school’s approach to discipline?
  • Will your child be safe here?
  • How much parental involvement do you expect or want?
  • What’s the make-up of the classroom?
  • How much free play time do the children have?

Exam of CBSE Class 10 will start from 15th February 2020 and will over on 20th March 2020.

Exam of CBSE Class 12 will start from 15th February 2020 and will over on 30th March 2020.

Time Table has been released by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) at cbse.nic.in.


Exam of GSEB Class 10 will start from 5th March 2020 and will over on 17th March 2020.

Exam of GSEB Class 12 will start from 5th March 2020 and will over on 21st  March 2020.

Time Table has been released by the Gujarat Secondary Education Board (GSEB) at gseb.org.


Here are the tips to increase concentration for the Board Exams preparation:

Efficient Study Plan:

Make weekly targets and try to cover different subjects so that your mind does not get exhausted with one subject.

Try to mix one difficult subject with an easy subject like mathematics with English or physical education. This way your mind will not get exhausted and you will be able to focus.

Try to fit in all the subjects so that you have a varied revision scheme for the entire week. This will also help you cover different subjects and maintain a concentration equilibrium.

Slot your Study Time:

Instead of studying for long exhaustive hours, try to study in short slots of 2 to 3 hours with concentration.

Make sure you take a 10 to 15-minute break after every three hours of rigorous studies. Sip a cup of tea or treat yourself with a snack to freshen up your brain.

Change subjects with slots if possible. This way you won’t get bored by focusing on just one subject.

Make Short Targets:

The best way to increase your studies is to make short goals. Aim to complete a chapter or an exercise in a slot of two to three hours.

Incentivize your studies by awarding yourself every time you have achieved a goal. For example, treat yourself with a chocolate or a 20-minute break of your preference once you have finished a chapter or exercise.

Understand your strengths and make the targets according to your comfort zone. Don’t plan huge targets as they will take longer time and your concentration will be hampered.

Keep your mind fresh:

No one can understand your concentration and strength better than your, therefore, it is important that you take time to rest. Keeping your mind fresh is the key to concentration.

It is important to take 8 hours of sleep to get yourself ready for the day-to-day study schedule.

Give yourself the best chance with these top study tips, and try not to let the stress get to you!

Give yourself enough time to study

Don't leave it until the last minute. While some students do seem to thrive on last-minute cramming, it's widely accepted that (for most of us) this is not the best way to approach an exam. To help sort out your time management, set up a timetable for your study. Write down how many exams you have and the days on which you have to sit them. Then organize your study accordingly. You may want to give some exams more study time than others, so find a balance that you feel comfortable with.

Organize your study space

Make sure you have enough space to spread your textbooks and notes out. Have you got enough light? Is your chair comfortable? Are your computer games out of sight?

Try and get rid of all distractions, and make sure you feel as comfortable and able to focus as possible. For some people, this may mean almost complete silence, for others, background music helps. Some of us need everything completely tidy and organized in order to concentrate, while others thrive in a more cluttered environment. Think about what works for you, and take the time to get it right.

Use flow charts and diagrams

Visual aids can be really helpful when revising. At the start of a topic, challenge yourself to write down everything you already know about a topic - and then highlight where the gaps lie. Closer to the exam, condense your revision notes into one-page diagrams. Getting your ideas down in this brief format can then help you to quickly recall everything you need to know during the exam.

Practice on old exams

One of the most effective ways to prepare for exams is to practice taking past versions. This helps you get used to the format of the questions, and - if you time yourself - can also be good practice for making sure you spend the right amount of time on each section.

Explain your answers to others

Parents and little brothers and sisters don't have to be annoying around exam time. Use them to your advantage. Explain an answer to a question to them. That will help you to get it clear in your head, and also to highlight any areas where you need more work.

Organize study groups with friends

Get together with friends for a study session. You may have questions that they have the answers to and vice versa. As long as you make sure you stay focused on the topic for an agreed amount of time, this can be one of the most effective ways to challenge yourself.

Take regular breaks

While you may think it's best to study for as many hours as possible, this can actually be counterproductive. If you were training for a marathon, you wouldn't try and run 24 hours a day. Likewise, studies have shown that for long-term retention of knowledge, taking regular breaks really helps.

Everyone's different, so develop a study routine that works for you. If you study better in the morning, start early before taking a break at lunchtime. Or, if you're more productive at nighttime, take a larger break earlier on so you're ready to settle down come evening.

Try not to feel guilty about being out enjoying the sunshine instead of hunched over your textbooks. Remember Vitamin D is important for a healthy brain.

Snack on brain food

You may feel like you deserve a treat, or that you don't have time to cook, but what you eat can really have an impact on energy levels and focus, so keep away from junk food. Keep your body and brain well-fuelled by choosing nutritious foods that have been proven to aid concentration and memory, such as fish, nuts, seeds, yogurt and blueberries. The same applies on exam day - eat a good meal before the test, based on foods that will provide a slow release of energy throughout. Sugar may seem appealing, but your energy levels will crash an hour later.

Plan your exam day

Make sure you get everything ready well in advance of the exam - don't leave it to the day before to suddenly realize you don't know the way, or what you're supposed to bring. Check all the rules and requirements, and plan your route and journey time. If possible, do a test run of the trip. If not, write down clear directions.

Work out how long it will take to get there - then add on some extra time. You really don't want to arrive having had to run halfway or feeling frazzled from losing your way. You could also make plans to travel to the exam with friends or classmates, as long as you know they're likely to be punctual.

Drink plenty of water

As a final tip, remember that being well hydrated is essential for your brain to work at its best. Make sure you keep drinking plenty of water throughout your revision, and also on the exam day.

Good luck!


Expectations from Union Budget 2020 are at an all-time high :

Expectations from Budget. 

  • Reduction in personal tax rate.
  • Increased tax benefits on housing schemes.
  • Low GST on consumer durables and FMCG products.
  • Low-interest rates.
  • Abolish dividend distribution tax.
  • Capital gains tax, increase the minimum holding period.
  • Budget allocation for healthcare needs to go up.
  • Parity with NPS, separate tax deduction for insurance sector.
  • Food ministry seeks over $28 billion for food subsidies in next fiscal.
  • NBFCs seek setting up of permanent refinance window.
  • Increase in Section 80C deduction limit.
  • Auto sector seeks incentive-based scrappage scheme.
  • Reduce GST rates for BSVI vehicles effective April 1 from 28% to 18%.
  • Higher Section 80C income tax deduction will encourage more savings.
  • Seniors want deposit security, more tax benefit.
  • Govt to consider import duty cut on raw material for fertiliser industry.
  • Improving rural income key to shoring up demand in consumer goods sector.
  • To spur rural demand, more money needs to be given for PM-Kisan and MNREGA.
  • Double National Pension System Benefit expected.
  • LTA for foreign travel.

Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman will present her second budget on 1 February, Saturday, at a time when the Indian economy is undergoing a deep downturn. Key demand drivers in the economy--consumption, exports and investments--have been sluggish. 3 key factors can prompts investment.

1) Boosting Business Sentiment

Private investment has been tepid. Not many companies are in a position to invest in big ticket projects. Besides, banks have also become cautious before approving loans for big projects. The Budget could be a reflection similar steps.

2) Tax Reforms

The massive corporate tax cut for domestic companies announced by the government in September, 2019, has been touted as being one of the biggest reforms. The tax cut would see the Centre taking a Rs1.45 lakh crore revenue hit. However, the full impact of tax cut is yet to emerge. Experts and industrialists have sought further reforms such as a roadmap towards convergence of tax rate across different sectors, abolishing dividend distribution tax, among others.


3) Infrastructure Investment

Latest data on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) shows that government expenditure has been the key driver towards growth. However, driving the private sector participation and announcing innovative finance models will be the key.


Highlights of Union Budget 2020:

#1. Between 2006-2016, 271 million are out of poverty and we should be proud of it, says Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

#2. Country has moved on from over 4 per cent growth in 1950s to 7.4 per cent to 2014-19 period, says Sitharaman

#3. Total of 60 lakh new taxpayers and 105 crore e-way bills generated under GST, says Nirmala Sitharaman. Average household now saves 4 percent of monthly spend due to reduced GST rates, she added.

#4. Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman says Central government debt reduced to 48.7 per cent of GDP in 2019 from 52.2 per cent.

#5. Sitharaman now starts putting out a 16-point guide to make India an aspirational economy. India is now 5th largest economy in world, the FM says.

#6. Government to incentivise farmers to go solar. Over 6 crore farmers under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna have been insured. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha and Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) to be expanded, providing 20 lakh farmers in setting up standalone solar pumps.

#7. Railways will set up Kisan Rail through PPP model so that perishable goods can be transported quickly. Krishi Udaan scheme to transport agri products to national as well international destinations to be launched.

#8. Agri-credit target for the year 2020-21 has been set at Rs 15 lakh crore.

#9. Rs 69,000 crores for allocated for the healthcare sector, says Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

#10. Education and training: Rs 99,300 crore allocated for education in FY21. Govt will start start Ind-Sat Exam to promote study in India and a degree-level online education programme for the deprived. A total of Rs 3,000 crore will be given for skill development.

#11. Allocation for Swachh Bharat Mission for 2020-21 stands at Rs 12,300 crore. In further push to PM Modi’s ‘Nal se jaal’ scheme, govt proposes Rs 3.6 lakh crore towards piped water supply to households.

#12. National Textile Mission to be launched with a proposed Rs 1,480 crore allocation, says FM Nirmala Sitharaman.

#13. To boost infrastructure, Sitharaman says 9,000 km of economic corridor will be set up. “Chennai-Bengaluru expressway will also be started. Delhi-Mumbai expressway to be completed By 2023,” says FM.

#14. 550 WiFi facilities have been commissioned at railway stations.

1 lakh gram panchayats to get optical fibre link, says FM Sitharaman. An allocation of Rs 6,000 crore will be provided for BharatNet scheme.

#15. Allocation of Rs 27,300 crore for development of industry and commerce.

#16. FM Nirmala Sitharaman announces Rs 20,000 crore for renewable energy sector in a bid to tackle pollution and climate change. A new scheme of smart meters will be launched, says Sitharaman.

#17. 100 more airports to be developed by 2025, says Sitharaman.  The FM also said 1,150 trains will run under the public private partnership (PPP) mode, also four stations will be redeveloped with the help of the private sector. Besides, the minister promised more Tejas type trains to connect tourist destinations.

An allocation of Rs 8,000 crore will be made for National Mission on Quantum Computing and Technology.

#18. Rs 35,600 crore allocated for nutritional related programme in FY21 while Rs 85,000 crore has been budgeted for the welfare of Scheduled Castes and other backward classes. Tourism promotion gets Rs 2500 crore.

#19. Women schemes, senior citizens in Budget: Sitharaman says enrolment ration for girls under ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao‘ is higher than boys. “Gross enrollment of girls is 94.32 per cent in elementary levels, 81.32 per cent in secondary level and 59.7 per cent in higher secondary level,” she says. Further, Rs 28,600 crore will be allocated in FY21 for women-linked programmes. Allocation for senior citizens and ‘Divyang’ enhanced to Rs 9500 crore.

#20. Here is something for Delhiites! Sitharaman proposes Rs 4,400 crore to tackle Delhi’s air pollution problem. Last year, the Supreme Court had termed the situation as “worse than Emergency” as air quality dipped to hazardous levels.

#21. Your money gets safer! Insurance cover for bank depositors raised from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 5 lakh, says FM Nirmala Sitharaman.

Currently, in the (unlikely) event of a bank going bust in India, a depositor has claim to a maximum of Rs 1 lakh per account as insurance cover — even if the deposit in their account far exceeds Rs 1 lakh. Depositors holding more than Rs 1 lakh in their account have no legal remedy in case of the collapse of the bank.

#22. Foreign direct investment (FDI) into the country has increased to $284 billion during 2014-19 from $190 billion in previous five years.

#23. Nirvik (Niryat Rin Vikas Yojana) scheme to provide enhanced insurance cover and reduce premium for small exporters.

#24. Focus on MSMEs: More than 5 lakh MSMEs benefited from RBI’s restructuring of loans, says FM Sitharaman. “Government has asked RBI to consider extending window of debt structuring by one year to March 2021 for this purpose,” she says.

#25. Fiscal deficit target pegged at 3.8% of GDP for FY 2019-20.  FY21 fiscal deficit target pegged at 3.5% of GDP. Fiscal deficit is considered the most important marker of a government’s financial health. Not letting the fiscal deficit go completely out of control has been one of the standout achievements of the Modi government.

#26. Government to sell part holding in LIC. Besides, govt to also sell stake in IDBI Bank to private investors. That LIC has been identified as a candidate for a potential public listing by the government, was reported first by The Indian Express in July 2019. The government’s move is a part of efforts to push through an aggressive disinvestment and asset monetisation programme.

#27. Nominal growth of GDP for 2020-21 has been estimated at 10 per cent, says Nirmala Sitharaman.

#28. Cheer for the middle class! Sitharaman proposes new simplified tax regime soon. New income tax rates: 10% tax for income between 5 lakh-7.5 lakh; 15% tax for income between 7.5 lakh to 10 lakh; 20% tax for income between 10 lakh to 12.5 lakh; 25% tax for income between 12.5 lakh to 15 lakh; 30% tax for income above 15 lakh.

#29. On account of the income tax relief, Sitharaman says it will cost the exchequer Rs 48,000 crore revenue loss. “Dividend Distribution Tax to be removed. Dividend shall be taxed at the hands of the recipients,” she said.

#30. To boost investments and shore up the lagging economy, corporate tax for existing companies slashed to 22 per cent. Govt proposes 100 per cent tax concession to sovereign wealth funds on investment in infra projects. Moreover, concessional tax rate of 15 per cent extended to power generation companies.

#31. Coming to affordable housing now: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman extends additional Rs 1.5 lakh tax benefit on interest paid on affordable housing loans to March 2021. In another boost, Sitharaman proposes tax holiday to affordable housing developers.

#32. ‘Vivad se Vishwas’ scheme announced by Sitharaman for direct tax payers whose appeals are pending at various forum. 4.83 lakh direct cases pending in various appellate forums.

“Under the scheme, taxpayer to pay only amount of disputed tax. They will get complete waiver on interest and penalty if scheme is availed by March 31, 2020,” Sitharaman said.

#33. 15th Finance Commission has cut state share of central taxes by one percentage point to 41 per cent.

Source : The Indian Express


Items that will become costlier (Union Budget 2020):

* Imported footwear

* Imported furniture — Seats, articles of bedding, including mattresses, lamps, lighting, illuminated signs

* Imported medical equipment

* Cigarettes, tobacco products

* Household items — Tableware/kitchenware made of porcelain or China ceramic, clay iron, steel, copper, glassware, padlocks, brooms, hand sieves, combs, vacuum flasks

* Electrical equipment– Fans, food grinders/mixers, shavers and hair removing appliances, water heaters, hair/hand drying apparatus, ovens, cookers, toasters, coffee/ tea makers, insect repellents, heaters, irons

* Stationery items — Filing cabinets, paper trays, binders, clips, staples, sign-plates, name plates, numbers and symbols made from base metal

* Parts of commercial vehicles, other than electric vehicles

* Toys — Tricycles, scooters, scale models, dolls

* Certain alcoholic beverages

* Mobile Phones

* Imported electric vehicles

Items that will become cheaper(Union Budget 2020):

* Light weight coated paper, newsprint

* Sports goods — Willow allowed duty free import up to 3% of FOB value of sports goods exported in the preceding financial year

* Anti-dumping duty on purified terephthalic acid (PTA) abolished

* Raw sugar, agro-animal based products, Tuna bait, skimmed milk, soya fibre, soya protein

* Microphone and parts: Microphone cartridge, microphone holder, microphone grill, microphone body

* Precious metals: Platinum and Palladium


Coronavirus infection: everything you need to know about the outbreak from China

A new coronavirus has broken out in China, infecting more than 2,740 people and killing 80. As authorities fight to contain the virus, experts warn that the death toll will almost certainly rise.

The disease, which causes pneumonia-like symptoms, has forced Beijing to quarantine 18 major cities, essentially locking down more than 56 million people.

What is the coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from a cold to more severe diseases. Typically, symptoms include a fever, fatigue, sore throat and dry cough, and may later develop into breathing difficulties.

These viruses are transmitted between animals and people. This novel coronavirus, currently named 2019-nCoV, is a new strain that had not been previously identified in humans.

Where and when did the infection start?

The source of the coronavirus is believed to be a seafood market in the central Chinese city of Wuhan. The city's health commission said the infection broke out between December 12 and 29, with some of the patients employed at the market.

The animal source of the outbreak has not been identified but two recent research papers have pointed to bats and snakes as the possible culprits.

The market in Wuhan, now shut down, was home to stalls trading in many different animals, including snakes, marmots and poultry. These “wet” markets are popular in China as customers like to purchase their meat “warm” - that is, recently slaughtered.

How far has it spread?

While most people affected are in China, cases in this fast-moving outbreak have now been found in the United States, France, Australia, Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaysia, South Korea, Taiwan, Macau, Japan and the Philippines. Fourteen people are being tested in the United Kingdom.

How quickly has it spread?

Since the outbreak in mid-December, cases have escalated at pace. Within a month, two people in China had died while about 40 cases were identified. As of January 27, the death toll stood at 80 with more than 2,300 cases.

The city of Macau, a gambling hub hugely popular with mainland tourists, has confirmed five cases as of Sunday. In Hong Kong, six people are known to have the disease

As of January 26, the virus has continued to spread internationally, with the United States recording five confirmed cases. France has confirmed three cases, Singapore has four while Nepal has identified its first and Thailand its eighth.

Elsewhere in Asia,  Taiwan has uncovered four cases so far, South Korean media reported the country's third case, and Vietnam confirmed two cases.  Malaysia and Japan have both confirmed four cases.

Australia has confirmed it has five confirmed cases of the virus.

Despite the speed and spread of the virus, experts have been surprised that the World Health Organisation (WHO) has not declared a global health crisis, which would see emergency measures put in place. The organisation said it was “too early” to do so.

How many people are infected?

Currently, there are more than 2,300 known cases.

How many people have died?

Eighty people have died. Most experts expect this number to rise and there is concern that China is not being honest about the spread and potential impact of the virus.

Is there a vaccine?

No. And some pharmaceutical experts have warned that a vaccine could be years in the making. Beijing was quick to share what it knew about the virus's genetic code, which means researchers in the US and China have already begun working on a vaccine. However, any vaccine may not be available for up to a year and priority would go to health workers most at risk of contracting the virus.

Professor Robin Shattock, from Imperial College London, said his team had “two vaccine candidates” developed from the genetic sequence of coronavirus provided by Chinese scientists, and some British experts are confident that a vaccine could be available within weeks.

Prof Shattock told Radio 4’s Today programme the vaccines would be ready for use in “animal models” by the middle of next month and they were ready to “rapidly move those into human studies” if required.

For now, it is a case of containment. China has started building a hospital to treat only patients with the virus which it hopes to finish within days.

Is this virus like Sars?

Yes and no. Like all the devastating disease outbreaks of recent years, including HIV and Ebola, coronaviruses emerge from animals – in the case of Sars (severe acute respiratory syndrome) the disease jumped from bats to civet cats, a delicacy in parts of China, to humans. And in Mers (Middle East respiratory syndrome) the disease leaped from bats to camels to humans.

Sars, first reported in China in 2002, spread to 27 countries, infecting around 8,000 people and killing 700. It spread quickly but then appeared to run itself out.

Mers on the other hand, is more tenacious. It first emerged in 2012 in Jordan and about 2,500 cases of the disease have been identified so far. It is more deadly than Sars, and has claimed about 850 lives in total.

Like Sars, and unlike Mers, this coronavirus presents symptoms which make it easier to identify.

There is no vaccine for Sars or Mers that is both safe and effective in humans.

China is keen to avoid the international anger it provoked in its slow response to Sars. At the time it was accused of covering up the outbreak.


Source : The Telegraph, by Josh White,  Sarah Newey and  Anne Gulland

27 JANUARY 2020 • 1:34PM


GDP growth stood at 4.8 per cent for the first half of the current fiscal year

India's GDP growth is seen dipping to an 11-year low of 5 per cent in the current fiscal, mainly due to poor showing by manufacturing and construction sectors, government data showed on Tuesday.

As per the first advance estimates of the national income released by the National Statistical Office (NSO), the manufacturing sector output growth will decelerate to 2 per cent in 2019-20, down from 6.9 per cent in the previous financial year.

Likwise, the construction sector growth is estimated at 3.2 per cent as against 8.7 per cent in 2018-19.

According to back series GDP data released by the government in November 2018, the previous low in economic growth was recorded at 3.1 per cent in 2008-09.

The dismal performance for the fiscal was anticipated as the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in the first quarter was 5 per cent and 4.5 per cent in the subsequent three-months period.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had also lowered its forecast for the economic growth to 5 per cent while announcing its bi-monthly monetary policy last month.

The macro-economic data is important as Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman would be using it for preparing Budget estimates for the next financial year. She is expected to present the Budget 2020-21 in Parliament on February 1.

The NSO data further revealed that deceleration in growth will also be witnessed in other key segments, like agriculture; electricity; gas and water supply; trade; hotel and transport sector; financial; real estate; and professional services.

Whereas, some sectors, including mining, public administration, and defence, showed minor improvement.

As per the advance estimates for 2019-20, the growth in real GDP during 2019-20 is estimated at 5 per cent as compared to 6.8 per cent in 2018-19.

The estimated growth of real GVA (Gross Value Added) in 2019-20 is 4.9 per cent as against 6.6 per cent in 2018-19.

The GVA at basic prices for 2019-20 from agriculture, forestry and fishing sector is estimated to grow by 2.8 per cent as compared to 2.9 per cent in 2018-19, the CSO statement said.

As regards, mining and quarrying sector, the GVA at basic prices for 2019-20 is estimated to grow at 1.5 per cent as compared to 1.3 per cent in 2018-19.

The per capita income at current prices is estimated at Rs 1,35,050, showing a rise of 6.8 per cent, as compared to Rs 1,26,406 during 2018-19 with the growth rate of 10.0 per cent.

Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) at current prices is estimated at Rs 57.42 lakh crore in 2019-20 as against Rs 55.70 lakh crore in 2018-19.

At constant (2011-12) prices, the GFCF is estimated at Rs 45.93 lakh crore in 2019-20 as against Rs 45.48 lakh crore in 2018-19.

"In terms of GDP, the rates of GFCF at current and constant (2011-12) prices during 2019-20 are estimated at 28.1 per cent and 31.1 per cent, respectively, as against the corresponding rates of 29.3 per cent and 32.3 per cent, respectively in 2018-19," the CSO said.

Commenting on the data, ICRA principal economist Aditi Nayar said the momentum of spending by the central government dipped in October-November 2019, and there are apprehensions that revenue concerns may necessitate an expenditure squeeze, which has emerged as a key risk to the pace of economic growth.

"For FY2020 as a whole, we expect GVA and GDP growth to print at 5.1 per cent and 5.3 per cent, respectively, modestly higher than the advance estimates of 4.9 per cent and 5.0 per cent," she said.

Source : Business Standard


Fulfilling 2020 with 50 New Year's Resolution Ideas

List of 50 New Year’s resolutions that will inspire you to live your best life while looking forward to the year ahead.

Carve Out Me Time

This could mean taking singing classes to get over the fear of performing in front of others, for example. Especially if you feel like you have tons of commitments that aren’t always for you, carve out some solid "me" time in the year ahead by trying a new hobby—or resurrecting an old one—such as cooking, making art, or reading a good book.

Make New Friends

Okay, we admit that it's not always easy to make new friends (especially in your 30s), but there’s no reason to stop trying. Join a local social group on Meet-up, or volunteer your time to an organization in need—others may also be trying to meet new people, too, which can alleviate some of the pressure.

Create A Budget

While coming up with a budget isn't necessarily the most fun thing to do (unless you're a numbers person), not knowing where your cash has gone, and being unable to cover your monthly expenses, is even less so. Use an online management tool or app, such as Mint and Clarity Money, or use a spreadsheet template to help set short- and long-term goals. Budgeting for social gatherings and incidentals (unexpected dinners out, new clothes, a locksmith's visit) means you won't have to change old habits too much.

Foster New Work

Even if you’re not looking for a new job right now, it’s still wise to keep sharp in case you see a posting that interests you. Revisit old profile pics and update them, edit and add skills to your résumé, network, subscribe to job alerts, and create an online folder where everything job-related is kept in one place. Keep your professional standing in good health now, and be well prepared to nail any job application and interview.


A clean home is a happy home; quell anxiety, overwhelm, and stress by tidying up and de-cluttering everything around you. Tackle the refrigerator, cabinets, and messy drawers, desks, and closets. Toss everything you haven't used in six months, donate what you don't love or need, and get ready to celebrate the new year with new clarity and peace of mind.

Manage Stress

If left unchecked, stress and anxiety can go unnoticed for some time, and later manifest themselves in physical and emotional ways. Instead of waiting for them to rear their ugly heads, learn stress management and reduction techniques now. Some meditate, others practice yoga, and many exercise to combat stress.

Be Happy

Many people spend a good portion of their lives saying, “I’ll be happy when...” Don't wait to be, or get, happy. Instead, keep healthy habits, focus on staying positive, practice gratitude, and let go of too-stringent or unattainable ambitions while acknowledging there may still be achievable goals you'd like to attain during the upcoming year.

Catch Up With Family

Take time to appreciate loved ones via a simple phone call, even if they live just down the street. Check in with those close to you, especially older relatives, if only to say you love them and are grateful for their presence in your life. Not only will it make a sister's, grandparents', or cousin's day, strong family ties contribute to happiness and physical health.

Stop The FOMO

Social media, huge event calendars, and self-imposed guilt only add to one's FOMO, aka Fear of Missing Out. But who wants to start the year off feeling miserable, less connected to others, and stressed out? This year, look within and realize that while there's always something going on, you can't do everything and be everywhere all the time. (How exhausting.) Take some "me" time to relax and recharge instead of dragging yourself out to a rager for the fourth time this week. Or, if you're too good at saying no, start saying yes to people who ask you to do things—even if you don't think you'll have fun.

Nurture True Friendships

Having many acquaintances is nice until you realize that a super-small portion of them will have your back through thick and thin. Resolve to spend your precious energy on, and free time with, only those you care most deeply about—and those who reciprocate. True friendships are about quality, not quantity.

Relish Your S.O.

It's a worthwhile New Year's resolution that keeps on giving all year long. (Sending love notes works, too) Reserve time on your calendar for several date nights per month—and don't be too attached to what you wind up doing. Remember that staying home can be just as good (if not better) than going out.

Give Back

Whether you give back once or repeatedly, taking time to volunteer, practicing random acts of kindness, and donating to charity organizations empowers us and opens us up to new experiences and opportunities.

Satisfy Your Wanderlust

Stop waiting for the "perfect time" to take a trip. Pick a destination and get there in the year ahead.

Prioritize Health

This year, make health a priority

Find A Side Hustle

Whether it’s to earn extra cash or to follow a passion that your day job doesn't satisfy, taking a second job, aka side hustle, could be a great way to indulge your deeper, more fulfilling interests. At the very least, you’ll learn more about work/life balance and develop some pretty major time management skills.

Seek Culture

Troll museum and gallery websites to learn about upcoming art exhibitions, score tickets to a play or ballet, take in an orchestral performance, and over the course of next year, teach yourself to appreciate the finer things in life. Cultural activities inspire creativity and teach you open-mindedness and tolerance—something we all can get behind.

Shun Social Media

Too much social media can be a bad thing—especially when you start comparing your real life to someone’s seemingly picture-perfect online life.

End Procrastination

Mark Twain had it right when he opined, "Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today." Begin by taking a few minutes to make a list of the things you were going to do tomorrow—and yes, do at least one of those things today.

Be Thankful

All successful people practice gratitude to feel healthier, happier, and more at peace with themselves—and they do so daily. Fostering gratitude means writing down a few things you're thankful for—and why.

Spread Kindness

There's actually scientific evidence that being kind makes you feel calmer, healthier, and happier—and it's also contagious. Make the world a better place by resolving to do one kind thing (or more!) for a stranger every day or month.

Try A New Workout

Getting stuck in an exercise rut can be the reason we stop making it a regular part of our lives. This upcoming year, make it a habit to try a new routine at the gym.

Accept Change

In life, change is one of the only constants. Learning to accept it can be difficult, especially if you're change-averse. Remember that change is what allows us to grow and become more comfortable with being uncomfortable. Make a resolution to embrace the unknown and think more positively about any changes that occur.

Remember Important Dates

Have you ever found yourself saying, "I'm awful at remembering birthdays"? If so, make a concerted effort to acknowledge other peoples' milestones as you would your own. Anniversaries, promotions, births—anything you yourself would celebrate—are all fair game.

Drink More Water

Healthy adult females and males should drink roughly 11 Glass and 13 glass, respectively, of water every day. If you're way under this amount (congrats if you're already on track), start drinking more water in the new year.

Live Productively

There are only 24 hours in a day, so spend the new year maximizing the number of things you're able to get done: Work on developing your time management skills, research productivity hacks and apps, and turn off that phone.

Treat Yourself Kindly

Mistakes and bad days are both inevitable. If you find you're apt to browbeat, rather than show yourself kindness, spend the next year working to reverse this negative habit—it only breeds anxiety and depression. Practicing mindfulness, regular exercise, healthy eating, and ample sleep all help to foster self-compassion.

Dream Bigger

Reflect on your current dreams and aspirations. Now ask yourself if they're truly as big as they can be. Create your next, positive life phase by training yourself to think beyond what you imagine you can achieve. Cast doubt aside, concentrate only on what you love and that which makes you most fulfilled, and open yourself up to new possibilities in the coming year.

Start Meditating

Meditating has nothing to do with religion or philosophy and everything to do with cultivating a healthy mindset and reducing stress.


While takeout is super-convenient, it's not that affordable or healthy. Cooking meals yourself means you'll know exactly what's in them, and whether ingredients are fresh (and healthful). Make a New Year's resolution to cook more, or learn how, and save some major cash in the process.

Follow A Skincare Routine

Glowy skin doesn't just appear overnight—it's the result of years of proper care.

Conquer A Fear

What things do you typically avoid like the plague? Whether you loathe speaking in public, detest snakes and spiders, or you're scared of some imaginary tragedy that has yet to happen, fear isn't something to hold onto—especially since it will always return and prevent you from living your best life.

Cultivate Compassion

We never really know what’s going on in someone else's life. So before you get mad at a friend for canceling plans or mutter under your breath when a stranger does something to annoy you, teach yourself to pause and summon some compassion before huffing and puffing.


For adults, reading books is crucial to our self-development.

Commute Productively

If you're lucky enough to work from home, congrats. But if you're like the rest of the commuting to and from work. Instead of letting precious time go to waste, listen to audiobooks and podcasts to boost your productivity while improving your overall experience.

Become More Decisive

Nobody's perfect, and not every decision can be, either.

Channel Your Inner Child

Playfulness is grossly underrated. Especially if you have a particularly draining day job, resolve to make time for play.

Maintain Movement

Keeping it moving doesn't necessarily mean you have to sweat through a high-intensity Tabata workout (but that works, too). Rather, it simply suggests one should be mobile—not sedentary—to get that blood flowing every single day.

Sleep Better

It’s not just how long you sleep but also the quality of your rest.

Give Up A Vice

While smoking, drinking, and eating to excess are the usual suspects, other bad habits (running from your problems, self-sabotaging, constant worrying) can fly under the radar, and rob you of your happiness just the same.

Fly Solo

Although humans are social beings, learning to be, and do things, alone isn't always second-nature.

Care For Something

Sure, we all need to practice self-care to live our best lives, but what about nurturing something other than yourself?

Keep In Touch

These days, not everyone stays in the same place for long.

Stay Present

According to a 2010 study by Harvard University, we spend nearly half of our lives not living in the present moment.

Develop An Abundance Mindset

Too often, life becomes a "keeping up with the Joneses" race to the finish.

Learn Patience

Yes, patience is a virtue, but it's one that can be notoriously difficult to foster and maintain, but science says that waiting for things only makes us happier.

Quit Apologizing

A lot of us (women especially) have the habit of apologizing for passively uttering "I'm sorry," even when we haven't made an error and/or when things aren't our fault.

Practice Optimism

Pessimism is so over; Make a New Year's resolution to always see the light at the end of the tunnel.

Get Yourself Seen

The existential concept of "being seen" basically enables one to harness the vulnerability in exposing our true selves to others in order to foster greater self-confidence.

Love Yourself Unconditionally

Loving yourself just as you are, without restrictions (and not for who you will become one day) is challenging for most people.



Bollywood Movies in year 2020

2020 is a promising year when it comes to Bollywood movies. Here you will get a complete list of the upcoming movies and their release dates. This listing is purely based on the announcements made by the producers/production houses and therefore, the release dates may differ.


English Ki Taay Taay Fisss > Comedy Romance > Cast : Rajpal Yadav, Manoj Joshi > Director : Shailendra Singh Rajput > Release Date : 03 Jan 2020

Sab Kushal Mangal > Drama Romance > Cast : Akshaye Khanna, Riva Kishan > Director : Karan Kashyap > Release Date : 03 Jan 2020

Bhangra Paa Le > Drama > Cast : Sunny Kaushal, Rukshar Dhillon > Director : Sneha Taurani > Release Date : 03 Jan 2020

Shimla Mirchi > Comedy Drama > Cast : Rajkummar Rao, Hema Malini > Director : Ramesh Sippy > Release Date : 03 Jan 2020

Darbar > Action Drama Thriller > Cast : Rajinikanth, Nayantara > Director : A.R. Murugadoss > Release Date : 09 Jan 2020

Tanhaji: The Unsung Warrior > Drama Epic War > Cast : Ajay Devgn, Saif Ali Khan > Director : Om Raut > Release Date : 10 Jan 2020

Chhapaak > Drama > Cast : Deepika Padukone, Vikrant Massey > Director : Meghna Gulzar > Release Date : 10 Jan 2020

The Girl On The Train Bollywood remake > Drama > Cast : Parineeti Chopra, Aditi Rao Hydari > Director : Ribhu Dasgupta > Release Date : 17 Jan 2020

Jai Mummy Di > Comedy Romance > Cast : Sunny Singh Nijjar, Sonnalli Seygall > Director : Navjot Gulati > Release Date : 17 Jan 2020

Ae Kaash Ke Hum > Drama Romance > Cast : Vivaan Shah, Priya Singh > Director : Vishal Mishra > Release Date : 17 Jan 2020

Highway 203 > Thriller > Cast : Kay Kay Menon, Perizaad Zorabian > Director : Shadaab Khan >  Release Date : 18 Jan 2020

Indian 2 > Drama Thriller > Cast : Kamal Haasan, Kajal Aggarwal > Director : Shankar > Release Date : 18 Jan 2020

Mimi > Comedy Drama > Cast : Pankaj Tripathi, Kriti Sanon > Director : Laxman Utekar > Release Date : 23 Jan 2020

Panga > Drama > Cast : Kangana Ranaut, Jassi Gill > Director : Ashwiny Iyer Tiwari > Release Date : 24 Jan 2020

Street Dancer 3D > Romance > Cast : Varun Dhawan, Shraddha Kapoor > Director : Remo DSouza > Release Date : 24 Jan 2020

Bhayam > Horror Thriller > Cast : Gaurav Chansoria, Ankita Kashyap > Director : Veer Narayan > Release Date : 27 Jan 2020

Jawaani Jaaneman > Drama Family > Cast : Saif Ali Khan, Alaia > Director : Nitin Kakkar > Release Date : 31 Jan 2020

Happy Hardy And Heer > Drama Romance > Cast : Himesh Reshammiya, Sonia Mann > Director : Rakesh Thakar Raka > Release Date : 31 Jan 2020

Hacked > Thriller > Cast : Hina Khan, Rohan Shah > Director : Vikram Bhatt > Release Date : 31 Jan 2020

Yahan Sabhi Gyani Hain > Drama > Cast : Atul Srivastava, Neeraj Sood > Director : Anant Narain Tripathi > Release Date : 31 Jan 2020

Tadap > Action Romance > Cast : Ahan Shetty, Tara Sutaria > Director : Milan Luthria > Release Date : Jan 2020


Rat On A Highway > Drama Thriller > Cast : Randeep Hooda > Director : Vivek Chouhan > Release Date : 01 Feb 2020

Bhoot Police > Comedy Horror > Cast : Saif Ali Khan, Ali Fazal > Director : Pavan Kirpalani > Release Date : 02 Feb 2020

3 Days 4 Nights In Bihar > Comedy > Cast : Sharman Joshi, Ruslaan Mumtaz > Director : Abhishek Dogra > Release Date : 03 Feb 2020

Police Channel: Raman Raghav, A City, A Killer > Crime Drama > Cast : Raghubir Yadav > Director : Sriram Raghavan > Release Date : 03 Feb 2020

Platform Singer Ranu Mondal > Biography Drama > Cast :                             > Director : Hrishikesh Mondal > Release Date : 03 Feb 2020

Saumya Ganesh > Drama Romance > Cast : Avinash Dhyani, Sanskriti Bhatt >  Director : Avinash Dhyani > Release Date : 06 Feb 2020

Malang > Thriller > Cast : Anil Kapoor, Aditya Roy Kapur > Director : Mohit Suri >  Release Date : 07 Feb 2020

‘O’ Pushpa I Hate Tears > Comedy Thriller > Cast : Krishna Abhishek, Karthik Jayram > Director : Dinkar Kapoor > Release Date : 07 Feb 2020

Rashmi Rocket > Drama Sports > Cast : Taapsee Pannu > Director : Akarsh Khurana > Release Date : 10 Feb 2020

Chakdaha Express > Biography > Cast :                                   > Director : Susanta Das > Release Date : 13 Feb 2020

Aaj Kal > Drama Romance > Cast : Kartik Aaryan, Sara Ali Khan > Director : Imtiaz Ali > Release Date : 14 Feb 2020

Hum Bhi Akele Tum Bhi Akele > Drama Romance > Cast : Anshuman Jha, Zareen Khan > Director : Harish Vyas > Release Date : 14 Feb 2020

Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan > Drama > Cast : Ayushmann Khurrana, Jitendra Kumar > Director : Hitesh Kewalya > Release Date : 21 Feb 2020

Chehre > Thriller > Cast : Amitabh Bachchan, Emraan Hashmi > Director : Rumi Jaffery > Release Date : 21 Feb 2020

Bhoot Part One The Haunted Ship > Drama Horror Thriller > Cast : Vicky Kaushal, Bhumi Pednekar > Director : Bhanu Pratap Singh > Release Date : 21 Feb 2020

Incredible India > Drama Thriller > Cast : Rajpal Yadav, Ramesh Goyal > Director : Raj Singh Rajput > Release Date : 21 Feb 2020


Bedhab >  Drama > Cast : Sanjay Kapoor, Karishma Kotak > Director : Akash Goila > Release Date : 01 Mar 2020

Namune > Drama > Cast : Abhimanyu Dassani, Mrunal Thakur > Director : Umesh Shukla > Release Date : 03 Mar 2020

Ragu Raja Ram >  Action Comedy > Cast : Salman Khan, Manisha Koirala > Director : David Dhawan > Release Date : 04 Mar 2020

Main Hoon Khalnayak >  Action Comedy > Cast : Jackie Shroff, Kader Khan > Director : Jagdish Sharma > Release Date : 05 Mar 2020

Rambo > Action > Cast : Tiger Shroff > Director : Siddharth Anand > Release Date : 05 Mar 2020

Sheer Qorma > Drama > Cast : Shabana Azmi, Divya Dutta > Director : Faraz Ansari > Release Date : 05 Mar 2020

Baaghi 3 > Action Romance > Cast : Tiger Shroff, Sara Ali Khan > Director : Ahmed Khan > Release Date : 06 Mar 2020

Mard > Drama Romance > Cast : Randeep Hooda > Director : Sai Kabir > Release Date : 06 Mar 2020

Khuda Hafiz > Action Romance > Cast : Vidyut Jamwal > Director : Faruk Kabir > Release Date : 07 Mar 2020

Shershaah > Biography Drama > Cast : Sidharth Malhotra, Kiara Advani > Director : Vishnu Vardhan > Release Date : 07 Mar 2020

Shakuntala Devi > Biography Drama > Cast : Vidya Balan, Avinash Tiwary > Director : Anu Menon > Release Date : 08 Mar 2020

Chhalaang > Comedy > Cast : Rajkummar Rao, Nushrat Bharucha > Director : Hansal Mehta > Release Date : 13 Mar 2020

Gunjan Saxena : The Kargil Girl > Biography Documentary > Cast : Janhvi Kapoor, Pankaj Tripathi > Director : Sharan Sharma > Release Date : 13 Mar 2020

Angrezi Medium > Drama > Cast : Irrfan Khan, Kareena Kapoor > Director : Homi Adajania > Release Date : 20 Mar 2020

Firrkie > Action Romance > Cast : Neil Nitin Mukesh, Jackie Shroff > Director : Ankoosh Bhatt > Release Date : 26 Mar 2020

Torbaaz > Drama > Cast : Nargis Fakhri, Sanjay Dutt > Director : Girish Malik > Release Date : 26 Mar 2020

Sooryavanshi > Action Thriller > Cast : Akshay Kumar, Katrina Kaif > Director : Rohit Shetty > Release Date : 27 Mar 2020

Shouting Silence > Drama > Cast : Vipin Bhardwaj, Varsha Choudhary > Director : Jaimin Bal > Release Date : 27 Mar 2020

Mogul > Music > Cast : Aamir Khan, Gulshan Grover > Director : Subhash Kapoor > Release Date : Mar 2020

Mungilal Rocks > Comedy > Cast : Boman Irani, Satish Shah > Director : Shashi Ranjan > Release Date : Mar 2020


Munnabhai 3 > Comedy Drama > Cast : Sanjay Dutt > Director : Rajkumar Hirani > Release Date : 02 Apr 2020

Chenab Gandhi > History > Cast :                              > Director : Sanjay Leela Bhansali, Vibhu Puri > Release Date : 03 Apr 2020

Nishabdham > Drama > Cast : Anushka Shetty, Madhavan > Director : Hemant Madhukar > Release Date : 03 Apr 2020

SarCar Ki Seva Mei > Drama > Cast : Shreyas Talpade, Shraddha Jaiswal > Director : Shreyas Talpade > Release Date : 04 Apr 2020

K Tina > Comedy Drama > Cast : Disha Patani > Director : Ashima Chibber > Release Date : 05 Apr 2020

Attack > Action Drama > Cast : John Abraham, Jacqueline Fernandez > Director : Lakshya Raj Anand > Release Date : 09 Apr 2020

‘83 : Biography Drama > Cast : Ranveer Singh, Deepika Padukone > Director : Kabir Khan > Release Date : 10 Apr 2020

Lootcase > Comedy Drama > Cast : Kunal Khemu, Rasika Dugal > Director : Rajesh Krishnan > Release Date : 10 Apr 2020

Roohi Afza > Drama > Cast : Rajkummar Rao, Varun Sharma > Director : Hardik Mehta > Release Date : 17 Apr 2020

Gulabo Sitabo > Comedy Drama > Cast : Amitabh Bachchan, Ayushmann Khurrana > Director : Shoojit Sircar > Release Date : 17 Apr 2020

Ludo > Drama > Cast : Abhishek Bachchan, Rajkummar Rao > Director : Anurag Basu > Release Date : 20 Apr 2020

Haathi Mere Saathi > Drama > Cast : Rana Daggubati > Director : Prabhu Solomon > Release Date : 27 Apr 2020


Khabar > Drama > Cast : Priyanshu Chatterjee, Zulfi Syed > Director : Alok Naagar > Release Date : 01 May 2020

Coolie No 1 > Comedy Romance >  Cast : Varun Dhawan, Sara Ali Khan > Director : David Dhawan > Release Date : 01 May 2020

Takht > Action Drama > Cast : Ranveer Singh, Kareena Kapoor > Director : Karan Johar > Release Date : 03 May 2020

Googly > Comedy Drama > Cast : Ayushmann Khurrana, Nushrat Bharucha > Director : Raaj Shaandilyaa > Release Date : 03 May 2020

Bombay Girl > Drama > Cast : Janhvi Kapoor > Director : Ssanjay Tripaathi > Release Date : 03 May 2020

Thappad > Drama > Cast : Taapsee Pannu > Director : Anubhav Sinha > Release Date : 04 May 2020

Father's Day > Drama Thriller > Cast : Emraan Hashmi > Director : Shantanu Baagchi > Release Date : 05 May 2020

Dhaakad > Action Drama > Cast : Kangana Ranaut > Director : Razneesh Ghai > Release Date : 05 May 2020

The Big Bull > Action Drama > Cast : Abhishek Bachchan > Director : Kookie Gulati > Release Date : 05 May 2020

Roam Rome Mein > Drama > Cast : Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Tannishtha Chatterjee > Director : Tannishtha Chatterjee > Release Date : 05 May 2020

Dil Bechara > Drama > Cast : Sushant Singh Rajput, Sanjana Sanghi > Director : Mukesh Chhabra > Release Date : 08 May 2020

Benaras 1918 - A Love Story > Romance > Cast : Om Puri, Yashpal Sharma > Director : Ajay Mehra > Release Date : 15 May 2020

Vikram Vedha > Thriller > Cast : Aamir Khan, Saif Ali Khan > Director : Pushkar, Gayathri > Release Date : 15 May 2020

Laxmmi Bomb > Comedy Horror > Cast : Akshay Kumar, Amitabh Bachchan > Director : Raghava Lawrence > Release Date : 22 May 2020

Mahila Mandali > Drama > Cast : Akshay Kumar, Nimrat Kaur > Director : R Balki > Release Date : May 2020


Helloo India > Drama > Cast : Akshat Kumar, Preity Zinta > Director : Shabnam Kapoor, Amit Kapoor > Release Date : 01 Jun 2020

Talvar 2 > Drama Thriller > Cast : > Director : Vishal Bhardwaj > Release Date : 03 Jun 2020

Wanted 2 > Action Drama > Cast : Salman Khan > Director : Prabhu Deva > Release Date : 03 Jun 2020

Shahrukh Khan - Karan Johar Movie > Action Romance > Cast : Shahrukh Khan > Director : Karan Johar > Release Date : 04 Jun 2020

Satte Pe Satta Remake > Action Comedy > Cast :                               > Director : Rohit Shetty > Release Date : 05 Jun 2020

Inshallah > Action Drama > Cast : Salman Khan, Alia Bhatt > Director : Sanjay Leela Bhansali > Release Date : 05 Jun 2020

Nikamma > Action Drama > Cast : Abhimanyu Dassani, Shirley Setia > Director : Sabbir Khan > Release Date : 05 Jun 2020

Khaali Peeli > Drama Romance > Cast : Ishaan Khatter, Ananya Panday > Director : Maqbool Khan > Release Date : 12 Jun 2020

Radhe: Your Most Wanted Bhai > Drama > Cast : Salman Khan, Bharath > Director : Prabhu Deva > Release Date : 12 Jun 2020

Love Guru > Comedy Romance > Cast : Rocky Sandhu, Monalisa > Director : Rahul Kapoor > Release Date : 15 Jun 2020

Kick 2 > Action Adventure Romance > Cast : Salman Khan > Director : Sajid Nadiadwala > Release Date : 16 Jun 2020

Ummeed - The Hope > Action > Cast : Milind Gunaji, Mrinal Kulkarni > Director : Sudam Waghmare > Release Date : 18 Jun 2020

Mumbai Saga > Action Thriller > Cast : Emraan Hashmi, John Abraham > Director : Sanjay Gupta > Release Date : 19 Jun 2020

Thalaivi > Biography Drama > Cast : Kangana Ranaut > Director : Vijay A L > Release Date : 26 Jun 2020

Jaane Kya Tune Kahi > Comedy Romance > Cast : John Abraham, Genelia Dsouza > Director : Abbas Tyrewala > Release Date : Jun 2020

Gannit > Action Thriller > Cast : Sunny Deol > Director : Neeraj Pathak > Release Date : Jun 2020

8 > Horror > Cast : Sameer Dattani, Sheena Nayar > Director : Wilson Louis > Release Date : Jun 2020


Gandhi Se Pehle Gandhi > Biography > Cast : Gracy Singh, Sameer Kochhar > Director : Iqbal Durrani > Release Date : 03 Jul 2020

Jaya > Biography Drama > Cast : Kangana Ranaut > Director : Vijay A L > Release Date : 03 Jul 2020

Pareeksha > Biography Drama > Cast : Adil Hussain, Priyanka Bose > Director : Prakash Jha > Release Date : 04 Jul 2020

Sam > Drama Thriller > Cast : Vicky Kaushal > Director : Meghna Gulzar > Release Date : 06 Jul 2020

Bulbul Marriage Hall > Drama Romance > Cast :                                > Director : Rohit Nayyar > Release Date : 07 Jul 2020

Sadak 2 > Thriller > Cast : Sanjay Dutt, Pooja Bhatt > Director : Mahesh Bhatt >Release Date : 10 Jul 2020

RRR > Action Romance > Cast : Jr. Ntr, Ajay Devgn > Director : S.S.Rajamouli > Release Date : 30 Jul 2020

Shamshera > Action > Cast : Ranbir Kapoor, Sanjay Dutt > Director : Karan Malhotra > Release Date : 31 Jul 2020

Bhool Bhulaiyaa 2 > Mystery Thriller > Cast : Kartik Aaryan, Kiara Advani > Director : Anees Bazmee > Release Date : 31 Jul 2020

Chalta Hai Yaar > Comedy > Cast : Raghuvir Yadav, Himani Shivpuri > Director : Mahesh Tilekar > Release Date : Jul 2020


Awasthi > Drama > Cast : Nakul Vaid, Pankaj Kapoor > Director : Bhavna Talwar > Release Date : 04 Aug 2020

Aap Jaisa Koi Nahin > Drama > Cast : Puru Raaj Kumar, Sharbani Mukherji > Director : Saleem Ali Khan > Release Date : 04 Aug 2020

Ek Din Laut Ke Aaonga > Drama > Cast : Nausheen Ali Sardar, Javed Sheikh > Director : Javed Fazil > Release Date : 04 Aug 2020

No Entry 2 > Comedy Drama Romance > Cast : Salman Khan > Director : Anees Bazmee > Release Date : 04 Aug 2020

Malamaal Weekly 2 > Comedy > Cast : Paresh Rawal, Rajpal Yadav > Director : Raju Kumar > Release Date : 05 Aug 2020

The Kashmir Flies > Drama > Cast :                          > Director : Vivek Ranjan Agnihotri > Release Date : 05 Aug 2020

Mann Bairagi > Biography Drama > Cast :                              > Director : Ssanjay Tripaathy > Release Date : 05 Aug 2020

Gangubai > biography Drama > Cast : Alia Bhatt > Director : Sanjay Leela Bhansali > Release Date : 05 Aug 2020

Dum Dum Diga Diga > Comedy > Cast : Jimmy Sheirgill, Mayuri Kango > Director : Bobby Khan > Release Date : 06 Aug 2020

Return Of Tarzan > Action Drama > Cast : Hemant Birje, Nidhi Sharma > Director : B. Shekhar > Release Date : 06 Aug 2020

Navy Day > Drama > Cast :                           > Director : Razneesh Ghai > Release Date : 06 Aug 2020

Dhun > Musical > Cast :                 > Director : Rajiv Menon > Release Date : 07 Aug 2020

Arun Khetarpal Biopic > Biography > Cast : Varun Dhawan > Director : Sriram Raghavan > Release Date : 07 Aug 2020

Royal Utsav > Fantasy > Cast : Vikram Kumar, Monalisa > Director : Ravi K Patwav > Release Date : 09 Aug 2020

Shabaash Mithu > Biography Drama > Cast : Taapsee Pannu > Director : Rahul Dholakia > Release Date : 09 Aug 2020

Bhuj The Pride Of India > Drama > Cast : Ajay Devgn, Sanjay Dutt > Director : Abhishek Dudhaiya > Release Date : 14 Aug 2020

Prithviraj > Biography Drama Period > Cast : Akshay Kumar, Manushi Chhillar > Director : Chandraprakash Dwivedi > Release Date : 15 Aug 2020

King Kong Ki Duniya > Sci – Fi > Cast : James Carolus, Elizabeth V Costanzo > Director : Mark Polonia > Release Date : 23 Aug 2020

Kashi To Kashmir > Drama > Cast : Vikas Chaudhary, Shravni Sahay > Director : Sanoj Mishra > Release Date : 28 Aug 2020


Vivash > Drama > Cast : Jackie Shroff, Lucky Ali > Director : Navneet Baj Saini > Release Date : 02 Sep 2020

Devil > Action Drama > Cast : Ranbir Kapoor > Director : Sandeep Reddy Vanga > Release Date : 04 Sep 2020

Durgavati > Drama Thriller > Cast : Bhumi Pednekar > Director : Ashok > Release Date : 04 Sep 2020

1857 Tatya Tope > Biography > Cast : Aman Verma, Gracy Singh > Director : S K Sham > Release Date : 08 Sep 2020

Jeetenge Hum > Action Comedy > Cast : Arbaaz Khan, Arshad Warsi > Director : Sunil Bohra > Release Date : 08 Sep 2020

Jungle Cry > Drama > Cast : Abhay Deol > Director : Sagar Ballary > Release Date : 08 Sep 2020

Teri Meherbaniyan > Drama > Cast : Vikas Kalantri, Tanvi Verma > Director : Hemant Hegde > Release Date : 09 Sep 2020

Chaurahen – Crossroads > Drama > Cast : Victor Banerjee, Roopa Ganguly > Director : Rajshree Ojha > Release Date : 09 Sep 2020

Ekkees > Drama > Cast : Varun Dhawan > Director : Sriram Raghavan > Release Date : 09 Sep 2020

Gangubai Kathiawadi > Drama > Cast : Alia Bhatt > Director : Sanjay Leela Bhansali > Release Date : 11 Sep 2020

Kamakshee > Drama > Cast : Milind Gunaji, Mohan Joshi > Director : Sandeep Bhatt > Release Date : 15 Sep 2020

Haseen Dillruba > Drama Thriller > Cast : Taapsee Pannu, Vikrant Massey > Director : Vinil Mathew > Release Date : 18 Sep 2020

Rifleman > Drama > Cast : Sushant Singh Rajput > Director : Sushant Singh Rajput > Release Date : 25 Sep 2020

Miracle > Mythological Thriller > Cast : Suman Rana, Hari Vishnu > Director : Rudrapatla Venugopal > Release Date : 26 Sep 2020

Bhabhipedia > Comedy > Cast : Hrishitaa Bhatt, Gireesh Sahedev > Director : Saumyy Shivhare > Release Date : 28 Sep 2020


The Good Maharaja > Drama > Cast : Sanjay Dutt > Director : Omung Kumar > Release Date : 01 Oct 2020

Blockbuster > Comedy Drama >  Cast : Sanjay Dutt > Director : Ajay Arora, Lovel Arora > Release Date : 01 Oct 2020

Operation Khukri > War > Cast : Shahrukh Khan > Director : Ashutosh Gowariker > Release Date : 02 Oct 2020

Chanakya > Drama > Cast : Ajay Devgn > Director : Neeraj Pandey > Release Date : 02 Oct 2020

Toofan > Drama Sports > Cast : Farhan Akhtar, Paresh Rawal > Director : Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra > Release Date : 02 Oct 2020

Sardar Udham Singh > Drama Thriller > Cast : Vicky Kaushal, Banita Sandhu > Director : Shoojit Sircar > Release Date : 02 Oct 2020

Bole Chudiyan > Bole Chudiyan > Comedy Drama > Cast : Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Mouni Roy > Director : Shamas Siddiqui > Release Date : 02 Oct 2020

Indoo Ki Jawani > Drama > Cast : Kiara Advani, Aditya Seal > Director : Abir Sengupta > Release Date : 02 Oct 2020

Satyameva Jayate 2 > Drama > Cast : John Abraham, Divya Khosla Kumar > Director : Milap Zaveri > Release Date : 02 Oct 2020

Rizwan > Drama > Cast :                                > Director : Haresh Vyas > Release Date : 02 Oct 2020

Saina Nehwal Biopic > Biography > Cast : Parineeti Chopra, Manav Kaul > Director : Amol Gupte > Release Date : 03 Oct 2020

Birsa Munda Biopic > Biography > Cast :                                > Director : Pa Ranjith > Release Date : 03 Oct 2020

Abhi To Party Shuru Hui Hai > Drama > Cast : Saurabh Shukla, Pankaj Tripathi > Director : Anubhav Sinha > Release Date : 04 Oct 2020

Chhoti Si Baat Remake > Comedy Drama > Cast : Ayushmann Khurrana > Director : Mudassar Aziz > Release Date : 04 Oct 2020

Hira Mandi > Drama >  Cast : Priyanka Chopra > Director : Sanjay Leela Bhansali > Release Date : 04 Oct 2020

Syed Abdul Rahim Biopic > Biography > Cast : Ajay Devgn > Director : Amit Sharma > Release Date : 05 Oct 2020

Agreement - Ek Daastaan > Drama > Cast : Rati Agnihotri, Victor Banerjee > Director : Gautam Verma > Release Date : 06 Oct 2020

KGF Chapter 2 > Action Drama > Cast : Yash, Srinidhi Shetty > Director : Prashanth Neel > Release Date : 06 Oct 2020

Dahi Cheeni > Drama Romance > Cast : Madhavan, Khushali Kumar > Director : Ashwin Neal Mani > Release Date : 06 Oct 2020

Chor Nikal Ke Bhaaga > Action > Cast : John Abraham, Tamannaah Bhatia > Director : Amar Kaushik > Release Date : 07 Oct 2020

Sin > Drama > Cast : Jaaved Jaaferi, Shaylee Krishen > Director : Santosh Sivan > Release Date : 07 Oct 2020

Hungama 2> Comedy Drama > Cast : Shilpa Shetty, Paresh Rawal > Director : Priyadarshan > Release Date : 07 Oct 2020

Cheers - Celebrate Life > Comedy > Cast : Dharmendra, Bobby Deol > Director : Sangeeth Sivan > Release Date : 09 Oct 2020

Shoot the Piano Player > Drama Thriller > Cast : Tabu, Ayushmann Khurrana > Director : Sriram Raghavan > Release Date : 09 Oct 2020

Suraj Pe Mangal Bhari > Drama > Cast : Manoj Bajpayee, Diljit Dosanjh > Director : Abhishek Sharma > Release Date : 09 Oct 2020

Mughal Road > History > Cast : Arjun Rampal, Manoj Bajpayee > Director : Muhammad Ali > Release Date : 10 Oct 2020

Sandeep Aur Pinky Faraar > Romance Thriller > Cast : Arjun Kapoor, Parineeti Chopra > Director : Dibakar Banerjee > Release Date : 14 Oct 2020

Rock Band Party > Drama > Cast : Ravinder Kuhar, Deepti Sadhwani > Director : Sanoj Mishra > Release Date : 16 Oct 2020

Rannbhoomi > War > Cast : Varun Dhawan, Janhvi Kapoor > Director : Shashank Khaitan > Release Date : 19 Oct 2020


1911 > Drama > Cast : John Abraham > Director : Nikkhil Advani > Release Date : 01 Nov 2020

Phobia 2 > Thriller > Cast : Nawazuddin Siddiqui > Director : Pawan Kripalani > Release Date : 02 Nov 2020

Zeenat > Drama > Cast : Mallika Sherawat > Director : Sandesh Nayak > Release Date : 02 Nov 2020

Crazy Hum > Comedy Romance > Cast : Sonakshi Sinha, Diljit Dosanjh > Director : Chakri Toleti > Release Date : 03 Nov 2020

Inspector Ghalib > Drama > Cast :                            > Director : Madhur Bhandarkar > Release Date : 03 Nov 2020

Jersey > Action Drama > Cast : Shahid Kapoor, Mrunal Thakur > Director : Gowtam Tinnanuri > Release Date : 03 Nov 2020

Stree 2 > Comedy Horror > Cast : Rajkummar Rao, Shraddha Kapoor > Director : Amar Kaushik > Release Date : 04 Nov 2020

Bhaichung Bhutia Biopic > Biography > Cast :                      > Director : Anand Kumar > Release Date : 04 Nov 2020

Bunty Aur Babli 2 > Comedy Drama > Cast : Siddhant Chaturvedi, Sharvari > Director : Varun V Sharma > Release Date : 04 Nov 2020

Farzi > Crime > Cast : Shahid Kapoor, Kriti Sanon > Director : Krishna DK, Raj Nidimoru > Release Date : 05 Nov 2020

Kaneda > Romance > Cast : Anushka Sharma, Arjun Kapoor > Director : Navdeep Singh > Release Date : 05 Nov 2020

Black Bud > Drama > Cast : Himarsha Venkatsamy, Atul Kulkarni > Director : Amol Kale > Release Date : 05 Nov 2020

Chappad Phaad Ke > Drama > Cast : Vinay Pathak, Ayesha Raza > Director : Sameer Joshi > Release Date : 05 Nov 2020

26 Black November > Thriller > Cast : Ehsaan Khan, Shahbaaz Khan > Director : Ajit Varma > Release Date : 06 Nov 2020

The White Land > Social > Cast : Ashish Chowdhry, Gracy Singh > Director : Jayant Gillator > Release Date : 08 Nov 2020

Pagglait > Drama > Cast : Sanya Malhotra > Director : Umesh Bist > Release Date : 08 Nov 2020

Bob Biswas > Action Drama Romance > Cast : Abhishek Bachchan > Director : Diya Annapurna Ghosh > Release Date : 09 Nov 2020

Jayeshbhai Jordaar > Drama > Cast : Ranveer Singh, Shalini Pandey > Director : Divyang Thakkar > Release Date : 10 Nov 2020

Aashiqui 3 > Romance > Cast : Sidharth Malhotra, Alia Bhatt > Director : Mohit Suri > Release Date : 14 Nov 2020

Cargo > Sci - Fi > Cast : Shweta Tripathi, Vikrant Massey > Director : Anurag Kashyap > Release Date : 14 Nov 2020

The Music Teacher > Drama > Cast : Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Ragini Khanna > Director : Pushpendra Nath Misra > Release Date : 17 Nov 2020

Ghazab Haseena Ajab Deewana > Comedy Romance > Cast : Jackky Bhagnani > Director : Rajkumar Santoshi > Release Date : 18 Nov 2020

Kanpuriye > Drama > Cast : Aparshakti Khurana, Divyendu Sharma > Director : Ashish Aryan > Release Date : 20 Nov 2020

Jaako Raakhe Saaiyan > Comedy Drama > Cast : Rajpal Yadav, Zakir Hussain > Director : Rajiv S Ruia > Release Date : 24 Nov 2020

Rocketry The Nambi Effect > Biography Drama > Cast : Madhavan > Director : Ananth Mahadevan > Release Date : 26 Nov 2020

Maidaan > Drama Sports > Cast : Ajay Devgn, Keerthi Suresh > Director : Amit Ravindernath Sharma > Release Date : 27 Nov 2020

Lihaaf > Drama > Cast : Tannishtha Chatterjee, Sonal Sehgal > Director : Rahat Kazmi > Release Date : 28 Nov 2020

The Tenant > Drama Mystery > Cast : Shamita Shetty > Director : Sushrut Jain > Release Date : 29 Nov 2020

Geher > Mystery Thriller > Cast : Mithun Chakraborty, Amit Sadh > Director : Ram Gopal Varma > Release Date : 29 Nov 2020

Imli > Drama > Cast : Kangana Ranaut > Director : Anurag Basu > Release Date : 29 Nov 2020

Coat > Drama > Cast : Sanjay Mishra, Vivaan Shah > Director : Sanjay Sankla > Release Date : 29 Nov 2020

Ganit > Drama > Cast :                                   > Director : Prem R Soni > Release Date : 30 Nov 2020

I Know You > Drama Horror > Cast : Riyana Shukla, Akhilesh Verma > Director : Jayveer Panghaal > Release Date : Nov 2020

Shikara - A Love Letter From Kashmir > Drama > Cast :                   > Director : Vidhu Vinod Chopra > Release Date : Nov 2020

Sifar > Drama Romance > Cast : Sudha Chandran, Kanikka Kapur > Director : Dhruv Sachdev > Release Date : Nov 2020

Taish > Drama > Cast : Jim Sarbh, Pulkit Samrat > Director : Bejoy Nambiar > Release Date : Nov 2020

90 Minutes > Thriller > Cast : Bhumika Chawla > Director : E Niwas > Release Date : Nov 2020


The Maya Tape > Horror > Cast : Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Vishakha Singh > Director : Nikhil Allug > Release Date : 01 Dec 2020

Mahavir Karna > Drama History Period > Cast : Vikram > Director : R. S. Vimal > Release Date : 01 Dec 2020

Waah Zindagi > Drama > Cast : Sanjay Mishra, Naveen Kasturia > Director : Dinesh S Yadav > Release Date : 01 Dec 2020

Sridevi Bungalow > Comedy > Cast : Priya Prakash Varrier > Director : Prashanth Mampilly > Release Date : 02 Dec 2020

Kab? Kyon? Aur Kahan > Comedy > Cast : Sharad Kapoor, Sanjay Suri > Director : Anil Mattoo > Release Date : 03 Dec 2020

Dr Abdul Kalam > Biography > Cast : Boman Irani > Director : Anil Sunkara > Release Date : 03 Dec 2020

Saade Saati > Drama > Cast : Ajay Devgn, Anil Kapoor > Director : Anees Bazmee > Release Date : 03 Dec 2020

Dostana 2 > Comedy Romance > Cast : Kartik Aaryan, Janhvi Kapoor > Director : Collin D’Cunha > Release Date : 04 Dec 2020

Desi Magic > Comedy Romance > Cast : Ameesha Patel, Zayed Khan > Director : Mehul Atha > Release Date : 04 Dec 2020

Dancing Dad > Action Comedy > Cast : Salman Khan, Jacqueline Fernandez > Director : Remo DSouza > Release Date : 04 Dec 2020

Kaamyaab > Drama > Cast : Sanjay Mishra, Deepak Dobriyal > Director : Hardik Mehta > Release Date : 04 Dec 2020

Gulab Jamun > Drama > Cast : Abhishek Bachchan, Aishwarya Rai Bachchan > Director : Anurag Kashyap > Release Date : 04 Dec 2020

Dolly Kitty Aur Woh Chamakte Sitare > Drama > Cast : Konkona Sen Sharma, Bhumi Pednekar > Director : Alankrita Shrivastava > Release Date : 04 Dec 2020

Kwatha > Drama > Cast : Aayush Sharma, Isabelle Kaif > Director : Karan Lalit Butani > Release Date : 04 Dec 2020

Bahut Hua Sammaan > Comedy Drama > Cast : Sanjay Mishra, Ram Kapoor > Director : Ashish Shukla > Release Date : 04 Dec 2020

Zehan > Drama > Cast : Aarya Babbar, Surbhi Mahendru > Director : Dhiren Dimri > Release Date : 05 Dec 2020

Womaniya > Drama > Cast : Bhumi Pednekar, Taapsee Pannu > Director : Anurag Kashyap > Release Date : 05 Dec 2020

Partner 2 > Comedy > Cast :                        > Director : David Dhawan > Release Date : 06 Dec 2020

Murder At Koh E Fiza > Thriller > Cast :                   > Director : Divaker Naik > Release Date : 06 Dec 2020

Jhund > Drama Sports > Cast : Amitabh Bachchan > Director : Nagraj Manjule > Release Date : 06 Dec 2020

Time To Dance > Action Drama > Cast : Sooraj Pancholi, Isabelle Kaif > Director : Stanley D Costa > Release Date : 06 Dec 2020

Romeo Idiot Desi Juliet > Drama Romance > Cast : Ruslaan Mumtaz, Rashmi Singh > Director : Sudhanshu Jain > Release Date : 06 Dec 2020

Murthy > Biography > Cast :                        > Director: Ashwiny Iyer Tiwari > Release Date : 06 Dec 2020

The Xpose Returns > Drama Romance > Cast : Himesh Reshammiya > Director : Anant Mahadevan > Release Date : 07 Dec 2020

Tuesdays And Saturdays > Drama > Cast : Anmol Dhillon > Director : Sanjay Leela Bhansali > Release Date : 07 Dec 2020

Ezra > Horror Thriller > Cast : Emraan Hashmi > Director : Jay K > Release Date : 07 Dec 2020

Nawab The Nautch Girl And The John Company > History > Cast : Irrfan Khan, Chitrangada Singh > Director : Sudhir Mishra > Release Date : 08 Dec 2020

Shiddat > Drama Romance > Cast : Sunny Kaushal, Radhika Madan > Director : Kunal Deshmukh > Release Date : 08 Dec 2020

Tipsy > Drama Thriller > Cast : Raai Laxmi, Nazia Hussain > Director : Deepak Tijori > Release Date : 08 Dec 2020

Badhaai Ho 2 > Comedy Drama > Cast : Ayushmann Khurrana > Director : Amit Sharma > Release Date : 08 Dec 2020

Saroj Ka Rishta > Drama > Cast : Kumud Mishra, Sanah Kapur > Director : Abhishek Saxena > Release Date : 09 Dec 2020

Mansuba > Drama > Cast :                           > Director : Amit Rai > Release Date : 09 Dec 2020

Hurdang > Drama Romance > Cast : Sunny Kaushal, Nushrat Bharucha > Director : Nikhil Nagesh Bhatt > Release Date : 09 Dec 2020

Love Aaj Kal 2 > Comedy Romance > Cast : Saif Ali Khan > Director : Imtiaz Ali > Release Date : 10 Dec 2020

Sarfarosh 2 > Drama > Cast : John Abraham > Director : John Matthew Matthan > Release Date : 10 Dec 2020

Helmet > Drama > Cast : Aparshakti Khurana, Pranutan Bahl > Director : Satram Ramani > Release Date : 10 Dec 2020

T For Taj Mahal > Action Crime Drama > Cast : Subrat Dutta, Ali Faulkner > Director : Kireet Khurana > Release Date : 11 Dec 2020

Luka Chuppi 2 > Comedy Drama > Cast : Kartik Aaryan, Kriti Sanon > Director : Laxman Utekar >  Release Date : 11 Dec 2020

Ginny Weds Sunny > Comedy Drama Romance > Cast : Yami Gautam, Vikrant Massey > Director : Puneet Khanna > Release Date : 12 Dec 2020

Agra > Drama > Cast : Rahul Roy > Director : Kanu Behl > Release Date : 12 Dec 2020

Basra > Action Thriller > Cast : Akshaye Khanna > Director : Navdeep Singh > Release Date : 13 Dec 2020

The Song Of Scorpions > Drama > Cast : Irrfan Khan > Director : Anup Singh > Release Date : 13 Dec 2020

Life In a Metro Sequel > Drama Romance > Cast : Rajkummar Rao, Fatima Sana Shaikh > Director : Anurag Basu > Release Date : 13 Dec 2020

Brahmastra > Drama > Cast : Ranbir Kapoor, Alia Bhatt > Director : Ayan Mukerji > Release Date : 15 Dec 2020

Humari Shaadi > Comedy > Cast : Jacqueline Fernandez, Ravi Kant Singh > Director : Ravi Kant Singh > Release Date : 16 Dec 2020

Hera Pheri 3 > Comedy > Cast : John Abraham, Akshay Kumar > Director : Neeraj Vora > Release Date : 18 Dec 2020

Tadka > Comedy Drama > Cast : Nana Patekar, Shriya Saran > Director : Prakash Raj > Release Date : 19 Dec 2020

Garbage > Romance > Cast :                       > Director : Q > Release Date : 20 Dec 2020

Kirik Party Remake > Comedy Romance > Cast : Kartik Aaryan > Director : Abhishek Jain > Release Date : 20 Dec 2020

Fauji Calling > Drama > Cast : Sharman Joshi, Ranjha Vikram Singh > Director : Aaryaan Saxena > Release Date : 20 Dec 2020

Laal Singh Chaddha > Drama > Cast : Aamir Khan, Kareena Kapoor > Director : Advait Chandan > Release Date : 21 Dec 2020

Tera Yaar Hoon Main > Drama >  Cast : Amitabh Bachchan, S.J. Surya > Director : T Tamilvanan > Release Date : 21 Dec 2020

Dhadke Dil Baar Baar > Drama Romance > Cast :                                                > Director : Raajeev Walia > Release Date : 24 Dec 2020

Luv Ranjan's Next > Comedy > Cast : Ajay Devgn, Ranbir Kapoor > Director : Luv Ranjan > Release Date : 25 Dec 2020

Bachchan Pandey > Action Thriller > Cast : Akshay Kumar > Director : Farhad Samji > Release Date : 25 Dec 2020

Ghoomketu > Drama > Cast : Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Richa Chadda > Director : Pushpendra Misra > Release Date : 26 Dec 2020

Tom Dick and Harry Returns > Comedy > Cast : Sana Khan, Sharman Joshi > Director : Deepak Tijori > Release Date : 28 Dec 2020

10 Nahi 40 > Drama Social > Cast : Dr J S Randhaw, Aashi Singh > Director : Dr J S Randhawa > Release Date : 28 Dec 2020

Teefa In Trouble > Drama > Cast : Ali Zafar, Javed Sheikh > Director : Ali Zafar > Release Date : 28 Dec 2020

Pyar Se Pyar Tak > Drama > Cast : Mehna Haldar > Director : Soumya Supriya > Release Date : 28 Dec 2020

Jasmine Story Of A Leased Womb > Drama > Cast : Aishwarya Rai Bachchan > Director : Shree Narayan Singh > Release Date : 29 Dec 2020

Raakh > Action Drama > Cast : John Abraham, Manoj Bajpayee > Director : Milap Zaveri > Release Date : 30 Dec 2020

Amaavas > Drama Romance > Cast : Nargis Fakhri, Sachiin Joshi > Director : Bhushan Patel > Release Date : 30 Dec 2020

Ramyug > Drama Epic > Cast :                     > Director : Kunal Kohli > Release Date : 30 Dec 2020

Love in Tokyo > Drama Romance > Cast :                              > Director : Arif Ali > Release Date : 30 Dec 2020

Radha Kyun Gori Main Kyun Kaala > Drama > Cast : Jimmy Sheirgill, Iulia Vantur > Director : Prem R Soni > Release Date : 31 Dec 2020

Beautiful > Drama > Cast : Parth Suri, Naina Ganguly > Director : Agastya Manju > Release Date : Dec 2020

Dhoom 4 > Action > Cast : Shahrukh Khan > Director : Maneesh Sharma > Release Date : Dec 2020


Hundreds of women from different walks of life participated in the Night walk organised by the Kerala government across the state on Sunday night.

"Pothu Idam Entethum" (public space is mine too) was organised by the Women and Child Development Department from 11 p.m to 1 a.m to coincide with Nirbhaya Day.

According to government sources, 8,000 women turned up for the walk organised to create general awareness to strengthen the defence systems and to establish the rights of women at public places.

Women from the Malayalam film industry, IAS officers, college students and housewives enthusiastically participated in the event.

In Kozhikode, a young woman with her three-month old baby in arms was seen walking shoulder to shoulder with other participants.

Dubbing artiste Bhagyalakshmi, Vice-Chairperson of the Chalachitra Academy Beena Paul, Director Vidhu Vincent, Women and Child Development Director T V Anupama and Planning Board Member Mridul Eapen were among those who took part in the walk in the state capital.

A case was filed against a 39-year old man in Kasaragod for allegedly making indecent gestures at women who participated in the walk, police said.

Kerala Health minister K K Shailaja said the exercise was carried out by the state government to send out a message that women can walk fearlessly and without being stigmatised on the streets in the night.

She also said that the walk will also present a message that "women can also go out without time restrictions."

The government was planning to organise such walks in 100 cities without prior information every week.

Great Initiative


New Cars Launching in India 2020

EV (Electric Vehicles) launch in 2020

Audi e-tron

While the India-spec e-tron’s specifications have not been revealed yet, the model is expected to be similar to its European counterpart. The 5-seat e-SUV sits between the Q5 and Q7, and gets a 95kWh battery pack which powers two electric motors – a 125kW unit at the front and 140kW unit at the rear – with a total of 360hp and 561Nm of torque sent to all four wheels. In Boost mode, this is cranked up to 408hp and 661Nm, and in that mode, the e-tron cracks 0-100kph in 5.7sec, and is limited to a top speed of 200kph. A real-world range of around 300km can be expected. The e-tron can be charged to 80 percent in just 30min via a DC fast-charger, but it’ll take 8.5hr via a 400V three-phase outlet. Every e-tron buyer in India will get a standard home-charging setup, but fast-chargers will be installed at select dealerships.

Coming Early 2020

Price From Rs 1.4 crore


Jaguar I-Pace

The I-Pace will be one of the first fully electric models from Jaguar to come to India. It uses uses two electric motors, placed on each axle to enable all-wheel drive. The synchronous permanent magnet motors deliver the equivalent of 400hp and 695Nm of torque and helps the SUV achieve 0-100kph in 4.8 sec. According to Jaguar, charging up to 80 percent on a 50kW charger will take 1hr 25min and a 30min charge will deliver 125km of range. Key rivals to the I-Pace are the Mercedes-Benz EQC and the Audi e-tron.

Coming End 2020

Price From Rs 1.5 crore


Mahindra eKUV100

Mahindra has pushed the launch of the eKUV100 to early 2020 and now the model will come with

an updated electric motor that makes 40kW (54.4hp). The battery can be charged in just 5hr 45min using a regular charger or 55min on a fast charger. The only downside, however, appears to be that the battery is rated at 15.9kWh and that the claimed maximum driving range is just around 120km. With the eKUV100, Mahindra could start a niche of affordable high-riding EV hatchbacks in India, a segment that currently has no rival.

Coming Early 2020

Price From Rs 10 lakh

 Mahindra XUV300 EV (S210)

The all-electric XUV300 will sit above the eKUV100 and is expected to hit showrooms around April 2020. It will be powered by a near-130hp electric motor that will draw juice from a 40kWh battery pack. It will have a range of 300km and come with DC fast-charging capabilities. Apart from the aforemented EV tech, the XUV300 EV will share its underpinnings, interior and body panels with the standard vehicle. However, there are talks of it getting a slightly altered exterior styling. It will be priced below the Hyundai Kona in our market.

Coming April 2020

Price From Rs 15 lakh


Mahindra-Ford Aspire EV

Mahindra’s second electric sedan will be based on the Ford Aspire. Essentially, the first product to be co-developed by the recently announced Mahindra-Ford tie-up, this new sedan will get to showrooms sometime by the end of 2020. The Aspire-based EV will not be based on the sub-four-metre version that’s sold here, but instead a full-sized sedan, the same 4.2m-long Aspire that Ford exports to markets like South Africa. Ford will provide just the ‘glider’ or body shell without the engine and transmission to Mahindra Electric, that, in turn, will add in its in-house-developed electric powertrain. A high-voltage 380V system is being developed to match a larger battery back. Mahindra is readying a 60kW (81.5hp) motor along with a bigger 25kWh battery pack. The company is targeting a real-world range of around 150km. Mahindra will initially target this new sedan for corporate customers as a fleet vehicle and then eventually for private buyers.

Coming  Late 2020

Price From Rs 15 lakh

Maruti Suzuki Wagon R EV

Maruti Suzuki will bring its first EV based on the Wagon R sometime in late 2020. The company has already been testing no less than 50 EV prototypes all across India that are based on the Japanese-market Wagon R but for here. The model will look significantly different and will be based on the India-spec Wagon R. Not much is known about the Wagon R EV for India but we can surely confirm that the model will have around 130km of range and will support fast charging.

Coming End 2020

Price From Rs 10 lakh



The MG ZS EV is expected to hit the showrooms by the end of this year. It will come with a 44.5kWh battery pack and will be good for 262km range from a single charge. With a 7kW AC power supply, MG says the battery will take 7hr to charge and though a 50kW DC fast charger would be able to charge the battery to 80 percent in around 40min. A synchronous electric motor that develops 143hp and 353Nm of torque will drive the front wheels.

Coming January 2020

Price From Rs 22 lakh


Porsche Taycan

The first full-electric Porsche for the world will come to India by October 2020. The company will offer chargers at various hotels and will also install them at the owner’s residence and office, according to requirements. The Taycan also stands out for being the first car to use an 800V electrical system, enabling charging at 350kW, which can give 100km of range in 5min minutes, or take the battery from 5 percent to 80 percent in around 20min. It’s two electric motors producing a combined 625hp and 850Nm in the Turbo, deliver a 0-100kph time of 3.2sec. In the Turbo S, variant, they hit a peak of 760hp and 1,050Nm with an overboost function that shortens that sprint to 2.8sec. Performance is enhanced by a 2-speed gearbox on the rear axle, which has a short ratio for maximum acceleration from a standstill. Depending on the selected mode, the Taycan can also switch between four-, rear- and front-wheel drive. The Taycan Turbo will have an official range of 452km based on the latest test regime and the Turbo S at 420km. Interior highlights include the 911-derived driving position and the eye-catching use of a configurable 16.8-inch digital instrument panel, a 10.9-inch infotainment screen and an 8.4-inch screen for the climate control below that. Buyers have the option of adding a fourth 10.9-inch touchscreen for the front passenger too.

Coming mid-2020

Price From Rs 2.5 crore


Tata Altroz EV

The Tata Altroz EV is expected to come some time in the second half of 2020. The car was shown for the first time at the Geneva motor show earlier this year. While the company has not revealed any specifications yet, we know that the model will have a targeted range of around 250-300km and a charging time of around 60min. The EV-version of the Altroz will feature same body and interiors as the standard hatchback but will have minor changes like a different alloy wheel design.

Coming End 2020

Price From Rs 10 lakh


Tata Nexon EV

The Nexon EV will be based on the refreshed Nexon and is expected to hit the market by March 2020. It will feature Tata’s Ziptron EV tech and will have a range of around 300km. The model will come with an all-digital instrument cluster and other creature comforts just like the standard SUV. It’s expected to be priced in the Rs 15-17 lakh range. It’s battery pack will be encased in a high-strength steel casing and boasts an IP67 rating. Tata Motors will offer a standard 8-year warranty on the battery pack and motor.

Coming  March 2020

Price From Rs 15 lakh

Volvo XC40 Recharge EV

The XC40 Recharge is expected to make it to India next year. It features a 408hp twin-motor setup with a claimed range of more than 400km. The four-wheel-drive electric SUV features two 204hp electric motors, one mounted on each axle, that combine to offer 408hp and 660Nm of torque. It largely retains the exterior and interior styling of the conventional XC40, albeit with the addition of a new sealed fascia. Most of the interior bits are shared too. Volvo may bring the SUV to India via the CKD route.

Coming End 2020

Price From Rs 70 lakh


Hatchbacks launch in 2020


Hyundai i20

The popular i20 will see a full model change in 2020. Spy shots confirm the car will be more of an evolution of its predecessor. It will get Hyundai’s new cascading grille, with an array of LED lights at the front and at the back. The new i20’s headlamps merge with the grille, giving it a look similar to that of the recently launched Elantra facelift. On the inside, expect the new car to come with more tech and features, with top variants getting a sunroof. Hyundai will also include its new Blue Link connected car tech in the next-gen i20 hatchback. Under the hood, it will come with a BS6-compliant, 1.5-litre diesel and a 1.2-litre petrol engine. Hyundai will also include the 1.0-litre turbo GDI petrol engine on the i20 that made its debut on the Venue compact SUV in India.

Coming: Mid-2020

Engines: 1.2P, 1.0P, 1.5D

Price: From Rs 5.5 lakh


Maruti Suzuki Celerio

The current-gen Celerio has been on sale since 2014 and has been a steady seller for Maruti in India. The new Celerio (codename: Y1B) will be launched in the second half of 2020. Like all other newer Marutis, including the S-Presso, it will use the lighter yet stiffer Heartect platform. Maruti will offer the new Celerio with the 1.0-litre, BS6-compliant petrol engine and a CNG option.

Coming: End 2020

Engines: 1.0P

Price: From RS 4.2 lakh


Maruti Suzuki Ignis Facelift

The Ignis will get a mid-cycle update next year. The refreshed model will get styling tweaks up

front and a refreshed interior as well. It will also get the BS6-compliant, 1.2-litre petrol engine, mated to either a 5-speed manual or an AMT. The new SmartPlay Studio infotainment will also be included in the updated Ignis, which will make it more competitive.

Coming: Mid-2020

Engines: 1.2P

Price: From Rs 4.8 lakh


Tata Tiago facelift

The Tiago is sure to benefit from the major styling tweaks and the new features. The update will give the Tiago an angular nose, similar to the Altroz. The facelift will comply with crash-test and pedestrian safety norms. Tata, however, will drop the 1.0-litre diesel, which means only the 1.2-litre petrol mated to either a 5-speed manual or an AMT will be on offer.

Coming: Early 2020

Engines: 1.2P

Price: From Rs 4.3 lakh


Tata Altroz

The Altroz will mark Tata’s entry into the premium hatchback segment in India – one that includes the likes of the Hyundai i20 and the Maruti Baleno. The Tata Altroz is expected to come with three engine options – the 85hp, 1.2-litre, naturally aspirated, three-cylinder motor from the Tiago; a 102hp, 1.2-litre three-cylinder turbo-petrol that’s shared with the Nexon and Tiago JTP; and a 90hp version of the Nexon’s 1.5-litre, four-cylinder, turbo-diesel motor. It was expected to arrive late 2019, and there were talks of it launching with BS4-compliant engines, followed by BS6 units later. This plan, however, was scrapped and Tata did a rethink as planning in the first phase would have been complicated. We can now confirm that Tata Motors has pushed the launch to early 2020, in order to equip the Altroz with BS6-compliant engines.

Coming: Early 2020

Engines: 1.2P, 1.2P, 1.5D

Price: From Rs 5.3 lakh

Sedan launch in 2020

Audi A8 L

The latest avatar of Audi’s largest sedan has been on sale overseas for quite some time now. The model will finally head to India at the end of this year and rival the S-class and the 7 Series. Just like the new A6, the A8 L will also feature a barrage of new technology including dual touchscreens. As always, the new A8 L will focus on rear-seat comfort, which means one can expect individual seats for the second row with massage function and footrests. The A8 L will feature LED lights all around, and under the hood, a 3.0-litre V6 turbo-petrol will be on duty. This engine will also come with mild-hybrid tech. There will be no diesel engine on the new A8 L in India.

Coming Late 2019

Engines 3.0P

Price From Rs 1.1 crore

Bentley Flying Spur

The third-gen Flying Spur gets all-new chassis, suspension, fresh W12 engine and 8-speed DCT gearbox. The model is now underpinned by the Volkswagen MSB platform that is also used by other models like the Porsche Panamera. The 635hp W12 engine continues to carry the 6.0-litre displacement but has been thoroughly reworked. The company claims a 0-100kph time of 3.8sec with top speed at around 333kph. The model also gets four-wheel steering and an active all-wheel-drive system. The plush interiors are a step ahead and now come with multiple touchscreen displays and digital dials along with wireless charging and more gadgetry. It also gets a unique three-dimensional leather upholstery and  optional ‘cathedral window’ quilting.

Coming Mid-2020

Engines 6.0P

Price From Rs 4.06 crore



The seventh-gen M3 and M4 be powered by a significantly upgraded six-cylinder engine that will be capable of producing more than 500hp in its top form. The 3.0-litre twin-turbo petrol (Codename S58) is being readied to rev beyond 7,000rpm and deliver a much higher specific output. The new cars will see a power bump of around 11 percent in the standard M4 with claimed outputs of at least 480hp. Apart from the engine upgrades, the new models will see stiffer yet lighter construction and unique styling tweaks that will, like always differentiate it from the standard cars.

Coming Mid-2020

Engines 3.0P

Price From Rs 1.3 crore


BMW 2 Series Gran Coupe

BMW’s 2 Series Gran Coupe will see a world premiere this month and we can already tell you it’s headed to a showroom near you. The new model is slated to go head to head with Mercedes’ A sedan, the CLA and the Audi A3. Teaser shots of the car clearly show a coupé-like profile. The stance of the car looks pretty special, with a rising belt line and sweeping roofline. The model’s interior is yet to be seen but legroom is said to be sufficient enough for six-footers to sit one behind the other in relative comfort. The model is expected to get an 8.0- or 10.0-inch touchscreen, the hexagonal digital instrument panel with some bits shared with the new 1 Series as well. While the mainstay of the range is expected to be the same 2.0-litre diesel that powers the X1, BMW could offer the 2 Series Gran Coupe in a 218d guise with 140hp, or in a 220d form with a strong 190hp. On the petrol engine front, the carmaker will most-likely offer a 2.0-litre petrol, the one currently seen on the X1.

Coming Late 2020

Engines 2.0P, 2.0D

Price From Rs 32 lakh


BMW 8 Series Gran Coupe

BMW’s latest four-door will join the 8 Series Coupe and convertible in the brand’s global

line-up. It will replace the discontinued 6 Series Gran Coupe in a growing market segment that will also includes the Audi A7, the Mercedes-Benz CLS, as well as the Porsche Panamera. It measures 5,082mm long, 1,932mm wide and 1,407mm tall and comes with a 201mm-longer wheelbase. The entry-level 840i gets a turbocharged 3.0-litre in-line six-cylinder petrol good for 340hp. Also available internationally is the diesel 840d, with a 3.0-litre, in-line-six making 320hp. Crowning the initial 8 Series Gran Coupe range is the M850i xDrive, which has a 530hp, 4.4-litre turbocharged V8. All engines are mated to an 8-speed automatic gearbox. Rear-wheel steering is standard on four-wheel-drive cars and optional on rear-wheel-drive models.

Coming mid-2020

Engines 3.0P, 3.0D

Price From Rs 1.4 crore


Hyundai Aura

The Hyundai Aura, which will replace the current-gen Xcent compact sedan, will make its world premier next month. The model will be based on the Grand i10 Nios but with a more rounded profile than the outgoing model. It will get Hyundai’s cascading grille with honeycomb inserts, and a typical three-box silhouette despite its compact dimensions. Expect large wraparound lights (with LED elements) extending into the boot lid. Interior bits will be shared with the hatchback but will get better quality materials, along with a rear armrest and separate headrests for second row passengers. Engine options will include the BS6-compliant 1.2-litre Kappa petrol, a 1.0-litre turbo-petrol from the Venue as well as the U2 1.2-litre diesel. Both the 1.2 engines will come with an AMT gearbox option.

Coming Early 2020

Engines 1.2P, 1.0P, 1.2D               

Price From Rs 5.5 lakh


Honda City

Honda has just unveiled the fifth-gen City and the model will most likely come to India in the second half of next year. Armed with a new look, a sportier cabin and new engines, the new Honda City is over 100mm longer than the outgoing model, making it a fairly substantial car by midsize sedan standards. It is also wider by 53mm but its height is down 28mm. Interestingly, in terms of its larger dimensions, the new City also sits on an 11mm shorter wheelbase vis-à-vis the outgoing model. It gets fresh styling on the outside but the form is still easily recognisable as that of a City. On the inside, it gets an all-new dashboard layout that looks simple yet upmarket. The car that was on display had an all-black interior but the India-spec car could get a beige-on-black theme – in our market, this is perceived to be a more premium offering. The subtle doses of brushed aluminium and piano black trim also help provide more premium-ness to the insides. Also part of the City line-up for India will be a fresh 1.5-litre petrol engine coupled with Honda’s compact i-MMD mild-hybrid tech that made its debut on the new Jazz recently.  Honda has, however, not revealed any details of the hybrid powertrain yet. The new City will also come with a 1.5-litre diesel engine, just like its predecessor. This unit will be upgraded to meet BS6 emission norms and will continue to be part of the City and the Amaze's engine line-up in our market. On the safety front, Honda has equipped the new City with six airbags – dual front, dual front side and dual curtain airbags. It also gets a multi-angle rear-view camera, ABS, EBD, vehicle stability control and hill-start assist.

Coming End 2020

Engines 1.5P, 1.5D

Price From Rs 9 lakh


Mercedes-Benz A-Class sedan

The new Mercedes A-class sedan will sit below the C-class in India. The model will most likely replace the first-gen CLA and will rival the A3 sedan and the BMW 2 Series Gran Coupe. This new sedan features a conventional roof design as opposed to the coupé-like styling on the CLA. The model gets the latest Mercedes styling cues and will also feature top-quality interiors along with the brand’s advanced MBUX infotainment system. Engine options will be Mercedes’ 2.0-litre petrol and diesel engines.

Coming late 2020

Engines 2.0P, 2.0D

Price From Rs 32 lakh


Skoda Octavia RS245

Skoda is planning to bring back the Octavia RS, but this time it will be in the more powerful RS245 guise, which means it will have 15hp more than the 230hp variant that was sold here earlier. The Octavia RS245 will come to India either as a CBU or CKD, without the models having to undergo homologation, provided they meet the homologation criteria for the international market. This is thanks to the government’s new import rules where carmakers can import 2,500 units per year. The car heading to India will be the fully loaded European-spec with a 15mm lower ride height, the option of larger 18-inch alloys and adjustable dampers, along with performance modes. You can also expect to see a customisable 10.25-inch touchscreen, with an additional ‘Sports View’, and Virtual Cockpit digital instrument display. With all these goodies and more power, this version could cross Rs 40 lakh mark, on account of it being a full import.

Coming Mid-2020

Engines 2.0P

Price From Rs 40 lakh


Jaguar XE facelift

The updated XE sedan’s styling and upgrades will be similar to the newer and more modern models like the I-Pace. A more assertive face plus snappier rear styling will be key design changes. Additionally, it’ll also get a plusher and significantly better-equipped interior, a new steering and three comprehensive TFT screens across its fascia. Also new will be a gearstick to work its standard automatic transmission instead of a twist-selector. The model in India is expected to continue with the same petrol and diesel engines from Jaguar’s Ingenium range with BS6 emission upgrades.

Coming December 4, 2019

Engines 2.0P

Price From Rs 42 lakh


Tata Tigor facelift

Like the Tiago, the Tigor will see similar styling and structural tweaks. The model will get Altroz-like front styling, with no major styling tweaks at the back. Its 1.0-litre diesel engine will go off the shelf and the refreshed model will continue with just the 1.2-litre petrol, which will be upgraded to meet BS6 standards. The updated Tigor will offer the same 5-speed manual and AMT gearbox options. Expect minor interior revisions as well, including a fully digital instrument cluster and new seat fabric.

Coming Early 2020

Engines 1.2P

Price From Rs 5.5 lakh


Volvo S60

The new S60 is based on the brand’s modular SPA platform and is currently built only in the United States. It gets fresh styling and looks like a compact version of the larger S90 sedan. The international-spec model gets a choice of four petrol engines including two plug-in hybrids. No diesel engines are being offered. The model is loaded with tech and gizmos including the Pilot Assist system as well as City Safety autonomous braking tech. Key rivals include the Mercedes C-class, Audi A4, BMW’s new 3 Series and the Jaguar XE.

Coming Late 2020

Engines 2.0P

Price From Rs 45 lakh

Disclaimer: All prices, estimated ex-showroom.


In the coming year, many annual celebrations are staging special golden anniversary editions. Check out these — and more — on our calendar of top events worth traveling to in 2020.


Jan-5: Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam — Ho Chi Minh City Marathon. Runners put the Saigon River under foot via the formidable Phu My Bridge.

Jan  17-19: Miami Beach, Florida — Art Deco Weekend. Ocean Drive overflows with awesome architecture and events.

Jan  20-26: Greensboro, North Carolina — U.S. Figure Skating Championships. A fan fest is icing on the cake at America’s top skating competition.

Jan  25-26: Aviemore, Scotland — Aviemore Sled Dog Rally. One thousand dogs and 250 mushers old and young glide through the Highlands.

Jan  31-Feb. 9: Saranac Lake, New York — Saranac Lake Winter Carnival. From Arctic Golf to Snowflake Volleyball, let these winter games begin.


Feb 1-8: Galway, Ireland — European Capital of Culture Opening Event. Galway’s year of special events get cracking, with Rijeka, Croatia, sharing the reins.

Feb 8: San Francisco — Chinese New Year Parade. A 288-foot Golden Dragon stomps the streets as the Year of the Rat scurries in.

Feb 8-March 29 (weekends): Near Apache Junction, Arizona — Arizona Renaissance Festival. Maidens, mermaids and jousting knights revel in a medieval amusement park.

Feb 21-March 7: Jerez de la Frontera, Spain — Jerez Flamenco Festival. Theaters and bars reverberate with passionate flamenco music and Spanish dance.

Feb 25: New Orleans — Mardi Gras. The Crescent City sounds its final toot on Fat Tuesday.


March 19-21: Hong Kong — Art Basel Hong Kong. More than 200 galleries display East-West historical and cutting-edge works.

March 19-22: Seattle — Taste Washington. Palate-pleaser concludes when 235 state wineries and 65 local restaurants host a weekend Grand Tasting.

March 20-April 12: Washington — National Cherry Blossom Festival. D.C. blooms with a big parade and Japanese street festival.

March 21: Rena to Lillehammer, Norway — Birkebeinerrennet. Historic cross-country ski race concludes in former host city of the Winter Olympics.

March 21-May 10: Lisse, Netherlands — Keukenhof. Some 7 million tulips, daffodils and other bulbs flash their color with the arrival of spring.


April 4: Elmira, Ontario — Elmira Maple Syrup Festival. With pancakes, music and pony rides for the kids, this is a festival that sticks with you.

April 22: Worldwide — Earth Day 2020. “Climate Action” is the all-encompassing theme on the golden anniversary of this very green observance.

April 23-25: Albuquerque, New Mexico — Gathering of Nations. “North America’s Biggest Powwow” celebrates Native American heritage with dance, music and crafts.

April 23-26: Charleston, South Carolina — Charleston Race Week. Three hundred keelboats take to the water for this three-day regatta.

April 24: Plymouth, Massachusetts — Plymouth 400 Commemoration Opening Ceremony. Festivities mark arrival of Pilgrims four centuries ago.


May 8-9: Owensboro, Kentucky — International Bar-B-Q Festival. Rack-and-spit spectacle includes the Mutton Glutton Sandwich Eating Competition.

May 8-17: Rochester, New York — Rochester Lilac Festival. The “Largest lilac collection in the U.S.” is the backdrop for 135 concerts and a huge parade.

May 9-16: The Hague — Invictus Games. Wounded warriors compete in 10 sports, from archery to wheelchair rugby.

May 12, 14, 16: Rotterdam, Netherlands — Eurovision Song Contest. Performers from over 40 countries sing for the bling at 65th vocal blowout.

May 16-Oct. 4: Oberammergau, Germany — Oberammergau 2020. Passion play performed entirely by locals runs but once every 10 years.


June 12-July 12: 12 cities across Europe — Euro 2020. Brexit or no Brexit, this soccer tournament with massive worldwide audiences opens in Rome and closes in London.

June 13-20: Detroit — North American International Auto Show. A showroom for tire-kickers, rolling out myriad new vehicles, from the cool to the surreal.

June 24-28: Pilton, England — Glastonbury 50. Arts festival in the Vale of Avalon celebrates golden anniversary, with Diana Ross on stage.

June 24-July 3: Aspen, Colorado — Aspen Ideas Festival. Deep thinkers produce (sometimes) great notions on pressing issues.

June 27-28: San Francisco — San Francisco Pride Parade & Celebration. Golden anniversary edition hails the “Generations of Hope.”


July 4: Bristol, Rhode Island — Bristol Fourth of July Celebration. Nation’s oldest July Fourth event sounds the trumpets in “America’s most patriotic town.”

July 17-Aug. 4: Cooktown, Australia — Cooktown Expo 2020. Celebration of the arrival of iconic explorer James Cook 250 years ago includes a rock music festival.

July 23-26: Key West, Florida — Hemingway Look-Alike Contest. The sun also rises on Papa’s 40th get-together, featuring arm wrestling and a running of the bulls.

July 24-Aug. 9: Tokyo — Games of the XXXII Olympiad. Summer Olympics adds new twists with medals in baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing and skateboarding.

July 29-30: Chincoteague, Virginia — Chincoteague Pony Penning. Carnival and raffle accompany annual wild pony swim from Assateague Island.


Aug 1-8: Tregaron, Wales — National Eisteddfod of Wales. Ceredigion County showcases all things Welsh, including Cymanfa Ganu, a sacred music festival.

Aug 7-16: Sturgis, South Dakota — Sturgis Rally. The 80th motorcycle romp features a scenic Black Hills run from Deadwood to Custer State Park.

Aug 13-23: Edmonton, Alberta — Edmonton International Fringe Theatre Festival. Cutting-edge performers fill 50 venues in the theaters and alleys of the Canadian city’s historic district.

Aug 14-Sept. 6: Utrecht, Netherlands, to Madrid — Vuelta a Espana. Top athletes tackle the 75th running of one of the three Grand Tours of world cycling.

Aug 30-Sept. 7: Black Rock Desert, Nevada — Burning Man. The transitory art community ponders the multiverse and more.


Sept 5-7: Denver — A Taste of Colorado. Half a million fans jam Civic Center Park to rock in the Rockies.

Sept 11-20: Bath, England — Jane Austen Festival. Fans don silks and satins at scores of Regency costumed events.

Sept 16-19: Canton, Ohio — NFL Centennial Celebration. Pro football gives itself a party spotlighting 100 years on the gridiron.

Sept 19-Oct. 4: Munich, Germany — Oktoberfest. Tents are pitched and beer barrels tapped for “the largest folk festival in the world.”

Sept 22-27: Haven, Wisconsin — Ryder Cup. American and European golf teams clash at Whistling Straits.


Oct 8-18: Perry, Georgia — Georgia National Fair. Full-fledged fair combines midway rides and concerts with livestock exhibits and quilts.

Oct 9-12: Augusta, Bangor and statewide, Maine — Maine Statehood Bicentennial Grand Finale Weekend. The 200th birthday bash commemorates “the Maine thing.”

Oct 9-17: Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia — Celtic Colours International Festival. Fiddlers, bagpipers, clog dancers and Gaelic singers join in “an island-wide ceilidh.”

Oct 9-18: Stockholm — Stockholm Jazz Festival. Swedish swing in 60 venues with emphasis on improvisational and world music.

Oct 17: Fayetteville, West Virginia — Bridge Day. Three hundred BASE jumpers take the plunge from the 876-foot New River Gorge Bridge.


Nov 6-15: Kailua-Kona, Hawaii — Kona Coffee Cultural Festival. The 50th annual coffee-bean bash on Hawaii’s biggest island has its perks, including seed-to-cup farm tours.

Nov 15: Toronto — Toronto Santa Claus Parade. One of the world’s oldest and jolliest holiday processions is decked out with Celebrity Clowns.

Nov 20-22: Milwaukee — Holiday Folk Fair International. Dancers representing over 30 nations usher in the festive season.

Nov 26: Dallas — Turkey Trot. Thanksgiving walks and runs serve as warm-ups to turkey day.

Nov 28-Dec. 6: Guadalajara, Mexico — Guadalajara International Book Fair. 2,280 publishers from 47 countries make this Latin America’s largest page-turner.


Dec 4-6: Galveston, Texas — Dickens on the Strand. The Victorian reincarnation promises a dickens of a time with parades, costumes and bed races.

Dec 7: Milan, Italy — Opening Night of La Scala. See and be seen as the famed 1778 opera house raises the curtain.

Dec 12: San Jose, California — Beethoven Birthday Bash 2020. The party honors “the greatest orchestral composer of all time” on his 250th.

Dec 14: Chile and Argentina — Total Solar Eclipse. Moon blocks sun across a 56-mile-wide band of Earth in this astronomical showstopper.

Dec 14-Jan. 5: Throughout the Americas — Christmas Bird Count. Mass tabulation depends on sharp-eyed citizen census takers.

Dates are subject to change. Check in advance to confirm details.

Margaret Backenheimer is a freelance writer.




List of the major sporting events for the year 2020. Not every sporting event can be listed here, though we have tried to include all the big sporting events of the major sports, mostly the international senior competitions.

Major events for this calendar year include the Tokyo Summer Olympics, Euro 2020 Football tournament, ICC World T20 Cricket tournament, Winter Youth Olympics, IWAS World Games as well as the usual annual events.

Date(s) > Sport Event > Location

Jan 9-22 > Multi-sports  > Winter Youth Olympics > Lausanne, Switzerland

Jan 20-Feb 2 > Tennis > Australia Open > Melbourne, Australia

Jan 23-26 > Extreme Sports Winter X Games 24 > Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Feb 1 - Mar 14 > Rugby Union Six Nations > UK, Ireland, France & Italy

Feb 2 > Gridiron/Football Super Bowl > Miami Gardens, Florida

Feb 21 – 8 Mar > Cricket ICC World T20 (women) > Australia

Feb 26 - 1 Mar > Cycling World Track Championships > Berlin, Germany

Mar 13-15 > Athletics World Athletics Indoor Championship > Nanjing, China

Apr 4 > Horse Racing Grand National > Aintree Racecourse in Liverpool

Apr 9-12 > Golf  Masters > Augusta, USA

Apr 18 - May 4 > Snooker World Snooker Championship > Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England

May 1-17 > Ice Hockey IIHF World Championship > Zürich & Lausanne, Switzerland

May 2 > Horse Racing Kentucky Derby > Louisville, Kentucky, US

May 11-17 > Golf US PGA > TPC Harding Park, San Francisco, California

May 24 > Auto Racing Indianapolis 500 > Indianapolis, USA

May 25 - Jun 1 > Tennis French Open > Paris, France

May 23 > Football (Soccer) FA Cup final > Wembley Stadium, London

May 30 > Football (Soccer) UEFA Champions League Final > Atatürk Olympic Stadium, Istanbul

Jun 12 - Jul 12 > Football (Soccer) Euro 2020 tournament played across Europe, the final > London UK.

Jun 12 - Jul 12 > Football (Soccer) Copa America > Argentina and Colombia

Jun 13-14 > Auto Racing                88th 24 Hours of Le Mans Circuit de la Sarthe, Le Mans, France

June > Ice Hockey > Stanley Cup finals  

June > Basketball NBA Finals > USA/Canada

Jun 18–21 > Golf US Open Winged Foot Golf Club, > Mamaroneck, New York

Jun 27 - Jul 19 > Cycling  Tour de France > France

Jun 29 - Jul 6 > Tennis Wimbledon > London, England

Jul 16-19 > Extreme Sports Summer X Games > Minneapolis, USA

Jul 16–19 > Golf                British Open Royal St George's Golf Club, > Sandwich Kent England

Jul 24-Aug 9 > Multi-sports Summer Olympics > Tokyo, Japan

Aug 16-23 > Rowing World Rowing Championships > Bled, Slovenia

Aug 25-Sep 6 > Multi-sports Paralympic Games > Tokyo, Japan

Aug 31 - Sep 13 Tennis US Open > New York, USA

Sep 20-27 > Cycling UCI Road World Championships > Aigle and Martigny, Switzerland

Sep 25-27 > Golf Ryder Cup > Whistling Straits (Haven, Wisconsin)

Sept 26 > AFL Grand Final > Melbourne, Australia

Oct > Rugby League NRL Grand Final > Sydney Cricket Ground, Australia

Oct > Baseball > World Series >

Oct 18–Nov 15 > Cricket ICC World T20 > Australia

Nov 3 > Horse Racing Melbourne Cup > Victoria, Australia

Nov 26 - Dec 5 > Multi-sports Asian Beach Games > Sanya, China

disclaimer: Please note that event dates are believed to be correct at the time of publication, though they are subject to change, particularly this far in advance.


Geeta Gopinath - Chief Economist (IMF)

Gita Gopinath is the John Zwaanstra Professor of International Studies and of Economics at Harvard University. She is currently on leave of public service from the economics department to serve as the Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Her research focuses on International Finance and Macroeconomics. She is the co-editor of the current Handbook of International Economics and was earlier the co-editor of the American Economic Review, managing editor of the Review of Economic Studies, and co-director of the International Finance and Macroeconomics program at the National Bureau of Economic Research. She was a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, member of the economic advisory panel of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Economic Adviser to the Chief Minister of Kerala state in India, and member of the Eminent Persons Advisory Group on G-20 Matters for India's Ministry of Finance.

Professor Gopinath is an elected fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Econometric Society. She is the recipient of the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman, the highest honour conferred on overseas Indians by the Government of India, and the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the University of Washington. She was named among Bloomberg 50 people who defined 2019, Foreign Policy named her one of the Top Global Thinkers in 2019, the IMF named her one of the top 25 economists under 45 in 2014, Financial Times named her one of the 25 Indians to Watch in 2012, and she was chosen as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum in 2011.

Before coming to Harvard, she was an assistant professor of economics at the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business. She received her Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University, after earning a B.A. from Lady Sri Ram College, and M.A. degrees from the Delhi School of Economics and the University of Washington.

The IMF Chief Economist recommended that the Indian government should focus on structural reforms, clean-up of banks and labour reforms, with growth slowing to a six-year low

With economic growth slowing to a six-year low, Gita Gopinath says the government should undertake structural reforms such as bank clean-up and labour reforms to address the slowdown in domestic demand.

She added that the extent of the slowdown of the Indian economy has surprised many, “including us here at the IMF”.

The extent of India’s economic slowdown has surprised many, including us at the IMF: Gita Gopinath

Ms. Gopinath, 48, who is travelling to India this week, rooted for government policies focusing on managing a slowdown in domestic demand, and on boosting productivity growth and supporting employment creation in the medium term.

“Given the cyclical position and the structural challenges of the Indian economy at this point, we recommend that policies focus on managing the slowdown in domestic demand, and on boosting productivity growth and supporting employment creation in the medium term,” she told PTI in an interview.

Recommending a series of key policy priorities for the Prime Minister Narendra Modi government, she said, “Politically, the time - early in the government’s second term - is right for a structural reform push.”

GDP growth slowed for the sixth consecutive quarter in the July-September quarter to 4.5% as manufacturing slumped on low domestic consumption.

Kolkata-born Ms. Gopinath said the policy priorities of the government should also include a credible fiscal consolidation path that is more ambitious than currently envisaged by the government.

“This is needed to reduce the high level of debt and reduce crowding out which would free up financial resources for private investment. This should be driven by subsidy-spending rationalisation and tax-base enhancing measures,” Ms. Gopinath said.

Responding to a question, Ms. Gopinath said India’s medium-term vision to reach a $5-trillion economy which focuses on boosting investment is appropriate. And so is the commitment to support the rural economy, boost infrastructure spending, streamline the goods and services tax (GST), direct tax reforms, and pursue a business-friendly policy agenda, she noted.

Three policy priorities

In this regard, Ms. Gopinath advocated, among others, three policy priorities for the Government of India.

First is to accelerate the clean-up of the banks, other financial institutions, and corporate balance sheets and enhance governance of public sector banks to revive bank credit and enhance the efficiency of credit provision, while monitoring closely emerging risks from the liquidity stress in non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) and enhancing supervision and regulation of the NBFCs.

The Indian-American called for continued fiscal consolidation over the medium term - both at the Centre and State levels - to lower elevated public debt levels, supported by further steps to increase tax compliance and administration, as well as improve fiscal transparency.

And finally, labour, land, and product market reforms aimed at enhancing competition and governance, along with infrastructure investment, should be a priority to create more and better jobs for India’s young and rapidly growing labour force.

“Improvements in health and education are essential for broad-based inclusive growth,” Ms. Gopinath said.

Low food prices

She said, “The extent of the slowdown of the Indian economy has surprised many, including us here at the IMF (International Monetary Fund).”

“Growth slowed further to a six-year low of 4.5% (year-on-year) in the second quarter of FY2019-20 (July-September 2019), from 5% (year-on-year) in the previous quarter. A sharp moderation of investment, slowing consumption growth, and an inventory rundown contributed to the slowdown,” she said.

“We see several factors underlying the weakness of consumption and investment,” said the top IMF economist. “Rural income growth has been weak. Good monsoon rainfall, agriculture sector reform, and food management improvements have pushed down food prices. The low food prices represent a positive development in that they have supported the efforts of the Reserve Bank of India to keep inflation under control.”

She said low food prices hold back farmers’ income and thereby dampen demand. “Stresses in the bank and non-bank financial sector have adversely affected the availability of credit in the economy.”

“Consumption and investment have also been weighed down by weaknesses in specific sectors such as automobiles and real estate. Business sentiment has declined sharply,” she said.

Source : The Hindu


It's been a record-breaking year for CEO departures.

McDonald - Steve Easterbrook

The board of directors fired Easterbrook on Friday (01-11-2019) after concluding he had violated the company’s policy against manager relationships with direct or indirect reports and announced the decision Sunday. He was replaced by Chris Kempczinski, previously the president of McDonald’s USA.

Ousted McDonald’s CEO Steve Easterbrook cannot take a job with a rival fast-food business for two years, according to a regulatory filing Monday, one day after the company announced he had shown “poor judgment” by engaging in a consensual relationship with an employee.

Easterbrook’s separation agreement temporarily prohibits him from working for such competitors as Burger King, Yum Brands and Starbucks, as well as convenience store giants such as 7-Eleven and Wawa. He also will receive 26 weeks of pay, though the value of the severance package was not immediately clear. Easterbrook earned nearly $16 million in 2018, including a base salary of $1.35 million.

Here are another 26 most dramatic exits.

During the first three quarters of 2019, 1,160 CEOs have left their positions, according to staffing firm Challenger, and Christmas. This number exceeds the number of CEOs who departed during the same nine-month span at the height of the 2008 recession (which saw 1,132 CEOs departures). The tech sector has seen the second-highest number of CEO departures, with 154 executives in that industry leaving their positions.

Over 1,000 CEOs have stepped down during the first three quarters of 2019, according to a report published by staffing firm Challenger, Gray and Christmas - 1160 executives, to be exact.

Departures within the first nine months of this year have already exceeded the number of CEOs who stepped down during the first three quarters of 2008 (1132 CEOs), during the height of the recession. This is also the year with the highest CEO turnover in the first three Quarters that Challenger, Gray, and Christmas has seen since the firm began tracking departures in 2002.

  1. WeWork — Adam Neumann

WeWork (officially "The We Company") is an American commercial real estate company that provides shared workspaces for technology startups and services for other enterprises. Founded in 2010, it is headquartered in New York City. As of 2018, WeWork managed over 4 million square metres.

  1. Juul — Kevin Burns

Juul Labs, Inc  is an American electronic cigarette company which spun off from Pax Labs in 2017. It makes the Juul e-cigarette, which packages nicotine salts from leaf tobacco into one-time use cartridges. Juul Labs was co-founded by Adam Bowen and James Monsees.

  1. eBay — Devin Wenig

eBay Inc. (eBay) is a commerce company, which operates through its Marketplace, StubHub and Classifieds platforms. The Company connects buyers and sellers around the world. Its platforms enable sellers around the world to organize and offer their inventory for sale, and buyers to find and purchase it.

  1. MetLife — Steven Kandarian

MetLife, Inc. is the holding corporation for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MLIC), better known as MetLife, and its affiliates. MetLife is among the largest global providers of insurance, annuities, and employee benefit programs, with 90 million customers in over 60 countries.

  1. Colgate-Palmolive — Ian Cook

Colgate-Palmolive Company is an American multinational consumer products company focused on the production, distribution and provision of household, health care, and personal care products. Under its "Hill's Pet Nutrition" brand, it is also a manufacturer of veterinary products.

  1. New York Post — Jesse Angelo

The New York Post (sometimes abbreviated as NY Post) is a daily newspaper in New York City. ... Established in 1801 by Federalist and Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, it became a respected broadsheet in the 19th century, under the name New York Evening Post. In 1976, Rupert Murdoch bought the Post for US$30.5 million.

  1. Best Buy — Hubert Joly

Best Buy Co., Inc. is an American multinational consumer electronics retailer headquartered in Richfield, Minnesota. It was originally founded by Richard M. Schulze and James Wheeler in 1966 as an audio specialty store called Sound of Music.

  1. Burlington Stores — Tom Kingsbury

Burlington, formerly known as Burlington Coat Factory, is an American national off-price department store retailer, and a division of Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corporation with 631 stores in 45 states and Puerto Rico, with its corporate headquarters located in Burlington Township, New Jersey.

  1. Rite Aid — John Standley

Rite Aid Corporation is a drugstore chain in the United States. The company ranked No. 94 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. ... Rite Aid is the largest drugstore chain on the East Coast and the third largest in the U.S.

  1. Warner Bros. — Kevin Tsujihara

Warner Brothers Entertainment, Inc. provides video based entertainment services. The Company produces feature films, television programs, home video and DVDs, animation, interactive entertainment, and games, as well as publishes comic books. Warner Brothers Entertainment serves customers worldwide.

  1. Mattress Firm — Steve Stagner

Founded in 1986, Houston-based Mattress Firm is the nation's leading specialty bedding retailer with over $3.5 billion in pro forma sales in 2015. In September 2016, the company was acquired by Steinhoff International for $3.8 billion, and Mattress Firm now operates as a subsidiary of Steinhoff.

  1. Bed, Bath & Beyond — Steven Temares

Bed Bath & Beyond Inc. is an American chain of domestic merchandise retail stores. Bed Bath & Beyond operates many stores in the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, and Mexico. Bed Bath & Beyond was founded in 1971. It is currently part of the S&P 500 and Global 1200 Indices.

  1. REI — Jerry Stritzke

Recreational Equipment, Inc., commonly known as REI, is an American retail and outdoor recreation services corporation. It is organized as a consumers' co-operative. REI sells sporting goods, camping gear, travel equipment, and clothing. It also offers services such as outdoor-oriented vacations and courses.

  1. Boingo Wireless — Dave Hagan

Boingo Wireless is an American company that provides mobile Internet access for wireless-enabled consumer devices. The company reports having over one million small cell networks for cellular extension services (aka distributed antenna system (DAS) and Wi-Fi access that reaches more than one billion consumers annually.

  1. Mozilla — Chris Beard

The Mozilla Corporation (stylized as moz://a) is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Mozilla Foundation that coordinates and integrates the development of Internet-related applications such as the Firefox web browser, by a global community of open-source developers, some of whom are employed by the corporation itself.

  1. Guess — Victor Herrero

Guess is an American upscale retailer and a brand of clothing and other fashion accessories like watches, perfumes and jewelry. It was founded in the year 1981 and is headquartered at Los Angeles in California. The brand is owned by the brothers Maurice and Paul Marciano.

  1. UnitedHealthcare — Steve Nelson

UnitedHealth Group is a diversified health and well-being company dedicated to helping people live healthier lives. ... Our network includes approximately 700,000 physicians and health care professionals, 5,200 hospitals and care facilities, approximately 119,000 dental providers and approximately 66,000 pharmacies.

  1. HP — Dion Weisler

HP (Hewlett-Packard) is a multinational information technology (IT) company that sells hardware, software and related business services. ... The company's corporate culture is encapsulated in an approach known as the HP Way, a set of values designed to foster innovation, respect for individuals and value for customers.

  1. Blue Apron — Brad Dickerson

Blue Apron, LLC operates as an e-commerce business that delivers fresh ingredients and recipes to make meals for homes. The Company offers fresh meats, fish, herbs, vegetables, and fruits in refrigerated boxes with ingredients and recipe cards. Blue Apron serves customers in the United States.

  1. Kraft Heinz — Bernando Hees

The Kraft Heinz Company (KHC), commonly known as Kraft Heinz, is an American food company formed by the merger of Kraft Foods and Heinz with co-headquarters in Chicago, Illinois and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

  1. PG&E — Geisha Williams

The Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) is an American investor-owned utility (IOU) with publicly traded stock that is headquartered in the Pacific Gas & Electric Building in San Francisco, California, United States.

  1. AutoNation — Carl Liebert

AutoNation is an American automotive retailer, which provides new and pre-owned vehicles and associated services in the United States. The company was founded by Wayne Huizenga in 1996, and has more than 360 retail outlets.

  1. Care.com — Sheila Lirio Marcelo

Care.com is a public corporation headquartered in Waltham, Massachusetts, that helps families find child care, senior care, special needs care, tutoring, pet care, housekeeping, etc. ... It has raised $111 million in venture funding and went public on January 24, 2014.

  1. Overstock — Patrick Byrne

U.S. Overstock.com, Inc. is an American internet retailer headquartered in Midvale, Utah, near Salt Lake City. Overstock.com was originally founded in 1997 by Robert Brazell as D2: Discounts Direct. Two years later, it was sold to Patrick M. Byrne who renamed it Overstock.com.

  1. David's Bridal — Scott Key

David's Bridal is a clothier in the United States that specializes in wedding dresses, prom gowns, and other formal wear. It is the largest American bridal-store chain. David's Bridal currently operates more than 300 stores in 45 states, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Puerto Rico

  1. Wells Fargo — Tim Sloan

Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational financial services company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with central offices throughout the United States. It is the world's fourth-largest bank by market capitalization and the fourth largest bank in the US by total assets.


With the current economic situation of the Indian economy, the Indian diaspora can play a huge role in reviving the Indian economy. India is the world’s largest recipient of remittances at around $80 billion last year, with one of the largest diaspora populations in the world with over 15.6 million, according to the United Nations (UN) Department of Economic and Social Affairs. A Ministry of External Affairs report says that, as of last year, there were over 30 million Non-resident Indians (NRIs) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) residing outside of India.

From a recent visit by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), he made a speech by sharing India’s “ambitious, yet achievable, path to be a $5 trillion economy by 2024-25. We are targeting about $1.7 trillion worth of investments in the coming five years,” he said. How can India’s diaspora, both NRIs and PIOs, contribute further to the nation’s economic growth?

First, there is much of a diversified Indian portfolio abroad – from professionals as well as blue-collar. Former External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj noted “that the government’s aim is not to just export ‘manpower’ to the world, but to export ‘skills’. The current External Affairs Minister, Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, recently said, “As far as the Indian government is concerned, we value the diaspora enormously because we think in many ways they are the image of the country in the world. The success of the diaspora in different parts of the world leads to stronger connections with other societies.”

For instance, in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada, whom the three have sizeable Indian communities, since the 1990s there has been a surge of highly-skilled professionals and students. Generally in the USA, for example, much of the Indian diaspora is living comfortably at least in the middle and upper-middle class categories, where particularly the highly-skilled migrants (and their children) are across various professional class career paths, particularly in academia, information technology and medicine. In fact, Indian-Americans are among the highest-earning ethnic groups per capita in the US, with almost two-thirds earning over $100,000 per annum; the average Indian-American household earns $107,000, doubling the US-born average of $56,000.

It is not only, as the more highly skilled the individual is the more money they can send via remittance, but how much more integrated they become in their adopted home countries. Entrepreneurship of Indians abroad creating businesses is a common experience found across much of the Indian diaspora globally – from small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to large multinational corporations (MNCs). In the UAE, where there are 3.3 million NRIs residing, large-UAE companies Lulu International, NMC Healthcare, and Aster are actually NRI business and have recently announced major multimillion investment projects in India. And across various sectors, such as the tech industry in Silicon Valley, Indian entrepreneurs are playing a large role in technology and innovation. These include the likes of M.R. Rangaswami who is known for launching the Indiasapora, with the aim to “Transforming the success of Indian Americans into meaningful impact worldwide.”

In the political sphere abroad there are also Indian descendants who are in prominent positions, such as Nikki Haley, Bobby Jindal, Kamala Harris and Preet Bharara in the USA and Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar. The growing prominence of Indians in both business and politics abroad is definitely raising the profile of the country and potentially can further encourage future trade links.

Finally, it is worth noting that the remittances back to India should continue to be used not only to support families but in sustainable investment. In other words, much of remittances (not just in India but across the world) should be further encouraged to create further wealth, such as starting businesses. By doing this, further sustainable wealth could be generated and further help any developing economy.

India’s NRI and PIO populations clearly are making positive impacts across the world. Through their remittance in the past and present it has helped the country and with the evolution of the diaspora, such as in the USA where they are now one of the wealthiest ethnic groups, their growing business and political influence abroad can continue to help India as the country aims to be one of the world’s largest economies in the future.

(Richie Santosdiaz is an economic development expert and currently Head of Strategy for Dubai-based Rise Group ME and Rajesh Mehta is Founder/President of Entry-India, EU Gate India and Mehta Software Services. Views expressed are the author’s personal)

by Richie Santosdiaz and Rajesh Mehta

Source: Financial Express


In a few hours from now, the night sky across urban and rural India will come to life.

The country, already in the grip of Diwali, the annual festival of lights, will break into celebrations, praying, lighting lamps, bursting crackers, exchanging sweets, gambling through the night, and making merry in general.

Though a Hindu festival, Diwali is celebrated across communities in India and by the country’s wide-ranging Diaspora.

Diwali marks the peak of India’s longest festival season, which begins with lord Krishna’s birthday at the end of the annual torrential rains in August and goes on up to New Year’s Day. It is also the time that the country’s economy receives a huge boost as consumption perks up.

People splurge on clothing, gifts, food, and sweets, among other things. In fact, the four months from September to December contribute a major chunk to the annual sales of consumer durables. Every year, e-commerce majors like Flipkart and Amazon cash in on the euphoria with eye-popping discounts of up to 80% on mobile phones and ethnic clothing.

It’s that time of the year again when the high street outlets, the brightly-lit shopping malls, and even your local store across the street will put up display boards screaming “Sale”, “Diwali Dhamaka”, and “Diwali Bonanza”. Online stores will be brimming with schemes and offers, and your inboxes will be flooded with notifications of festive sales and extra special discounts.

It’s also the time of the year when these offers will be lapped up with a smile, as millions of Indian shoppers happily pull out their purses to make purchases.

Big Boom Diwali for E-Commerce Companies

According to the latest study cited by Business Today, e-commerce brands like Amazon, Snapdeal, and Flipkart sold $3 billion (Rs 19,000 crore) worth of products during the six-day festive sale this year.

The study further predicts that e-commerce companies in India will generate GMV (Gross Merchandise Value) sales to the tune of nearly $6 billion (Rs. 39,000 crore) over the entire festive month until the end of this month. The sales of Flipkart and Amazon will increase by 30% in 2019, compared to the GMV of 2018’s festive season, according to the study.

In 2019, Walmart-owned Flipkart led the festive sales with a standalone GMV of 60% against its own record of 51% in 2018. Along with other group companies, such as Jabong and Myntra, the e-commerce company seized a total market share of 63%. Flipkart’s rival, Amazon, grabbed 30% of the market share during the festive sale, the survey said.

2019 Diwali Spending Trend

In August 2019, YouGov conducted a survey to sense the excitement of people about Diwali shopping and to evaluate consumer sentiments about ongoing promotional offers.


India is the land of festivals, cultural fairs and holistic seasonal congregations. Festivals in India have a deep rooted connection with country’s economy. As a festival hits the calendar, there’s always a thrill around, certainly hard to overlook. The country celebrates a wide range of delightful events passionately and spiritually in commemoration of the Rishis, Gurus, Gods and Goddesses and the victory of good over evil since down the ages in excess of four festivals per month without government intervention and participation except security personnel in unusual situations. As per the data released by Rajya Sabha – 2013 (Government of India), there are 51 official festivals of which 17 are nationally and 34 are regionally or locally celebrated. These festivals help to reinforce cultural roots and values, enable communities to preserve their traditions and bring economic values. All these auspicious festival roots are connected with the economic agents such as agricultural bliss, business prosperity, entrepreneurship development and social benefits.

Economic Importance:

All these festivals allow the local communities to connect with their talent, art, craft, food, dance and other forms of cultural landscape and promote significant livelihoods through entrepreneurial activities. They fetch an economic boom through the culture of exchanging gifts, sweets and fruits which are completely associated with the economic agents such as producer, entrepreneur and consumer. In every festive season, demand for specific goods and services driven by cultural events and supply follow the demand by and large. Thousands of shopkeepers who live in a temporary shop on the streets find new opportunities during festive period.

Many market players believe that launching a new product or service during festival time attracts its target customers as compared to non-festival season. Therefore, producers and entrepreneurs wait for the auspicious occasion to launch their product or service for its demand and to establish the pan-India brand. Hence, new products like automobile, home utensils, furniture and electronics etc, enter into the market during that time.

Festivals encourage the trend of sustainable spending specifically from the higher end of the social strata than the lower ends, and the lower ends tend to benefit from the consumption of the higher end by gaining additional income through entrepreneurial and tertiary activities.

Social Integration:

Celebration of the festivals is the way of life of Indians. Whole society integrates during the festivals to celebrate it privately and publicly in various temples, residential complexes, and at the streets by singing devotional songs and organizing peaceful processions of the Gods and Goddesses and exchanging sweets and gifts, etc, to the relatives, friends and neighbors. Therefore, it explores the situation to understand our co-existence of customs and culture with the economic agents.

Twelfth Five-Year Plan of India more specifically emphasized on inclusive economic growth by accommodating the marginalized sections into the mainstream economic system.

Today, these festivals have been creating wide range of opportunities for various small-scale entrepreneurial activities such as event management, public sound systems, musical instrument players, tent houses, idol makers, photo/ videographer, garland makers, transporters in addition to providing employment to purohit (Brahmins) and agricultural labourers. Thousands of agricultural labourers and non-farm labourers get into the income generating activity through selling the puja material.


Festivals are seen as a major source of entrepreneurship, income and tourism at local and national levels. There is plethora of opportunities for each state in India to attract international tourists and develop a policy framework for huge entrepreneurial activities. Any economic slowdown will not affect Indians’ sustainable expenditure on festivals owing to their deep-rooted family savings for precautionary expenditure of their children, family members and customs. Therefore, culturally bonded economic rich country like India, need not necessarily follow the western model of solutions in addressing the unemployment issue. There is plethora of ways to solve each economic problem by adopting and promoting festivals with economic and tourism perspective.


This was the most astonishing, fortuitous, preposterous climax to any cricket match I’ve witnessed, let alone a World Cup final. Only the Kiwis could have coped so graciously with the manner of their defeat in the most riveting final this tournament has ever witnessed. At the end of it England emerged as World Cup winners for the first time. It is hard to believe how they managed it. We had better start at the end.

The game had been gripping throughout. But in the final over it had more twists and turns than a Hitchcock thriller. England needed 15 runs to win from the last over, which was bowled by Trent Boult. Ben Stokes was on strike with two wickets remaining.

The first two deliveries produced nothing. Stokes hit the fielders and declined to run; the crowd, at least the majority of them, groaned. Stokes hit the next ball over midwicket for six. Nine runs were now needed from three balls.

Now comes the twist that few scriptwriters could ever have conceived. Stokes heaved again and the ball sped to midwicket. Martin Guptill swooped and sent it back to the wicketkeeper’s end to which Stokes was sprinting to complete a second run. He dived desperately for safety; the ball struck his bat and was consequently redirected towards the pavilion. There was a frantic pursuit but no Kiwi could stop it.

In these circumstances the etiquette is that the batsmen should not run, which was observed by the two England players. But once the ball had crossed the boundary the umpires had no alternative but to signal that six runs had been scored. Two had been run plus the four overthrows. Three runs were now needed off two balls. Stokes hit to long on and Adil Rashid was run out at the bowler’s end seeking a second. No matter. Two needed from one ball. This time Stokes intentionally patted to long on calculating that they could scramble two runs. A perfect throw came from Jimmy Neesham and Mark Wood was nowhere to be seen.

And so the match was tied and we moved to the super over, cricket’s equivalent to the penalty shootout. Out came Stokes again along with Jos Buttler. Once again Boult had the ball. England mustered 15 runs. So now New Zealand, on the verge of victory 20 minutes earlier, needed 16 to win the World Cup. Out came Neesham and Guptill. Jofra Archer was given the dubious honour of bowling, quite a compliment for the novice. A wide was followed by a mighty six from Neesham; then a misfield and we were back in familiar territory. Three runs needed off two balls, then two from the last one. It was established that if the match was tied England would win on the relatively random basis that they had hit more boundaries in the match. Guptill hit to midwicket. Jason Roy’s throw was far from perfect but Buttler gathered it and dived for the stumps with Guptill a yard adrift. Somehow England could celebrate victory, yet no sane cricket fan in the ground could conclude that New Zealand deserved to lose. After this surreal hour they emerged with as much credit as England, maybe more, since the cricketing deities had been so cruel.

Throughout New Zealand had been at their most resilient in what seemed destined to be a slow burning classic that must have enthralled an enlarged audience, whatever their age or gender. They have become the experts at defending small totals, which are supposed to be chicken feed in the modern era. Here they had to defend 241.

They managed to reduce England to 86 for four in the 22nd over. Then it became trickier for the Kiwis. Stokes dug in MS Dhoni-style alongside Buttler. They repaired the damage with Buttler speeding along at a run a ball, which was faster than anyone else on the day. Stokes, by contrast, gritted his teeth and battled. For a while it looked as if this pair might guide England to a conventional victory as they added 110, but the New Zealanders grabbed every chance that came their way and refused to budge an inch. By the start of the final over of the game they were favourites.

Naturally they would have preferred a bigger total to defend but earlier in the day England had been coldly clinical in the field with Chris Woakes and Archer on target from the start, exploiting a surprisingly green surface.

Guptill has been in a drought but he delivered a couple of eye-catching boundaries. An upper cut over third man off Archer cleared the boundary, for six. This was followed by a crunching straight drive over the bowler’s head but this would not be Guptill’s day. He would soon be lbw to Woakes. Meanwhile Kane Williamson was batting as if a crisis, while not present, was just around the corner. After 22 deliveries he had just two runs.

However the storm was weathered by Henry Nicholls and Williamson. The pressure eased; the slips dispersed; Adil Rashid was then summoned up as the Kiwis dutifully went about their business, passing three figures in the 22nd over.

Eventually Liam Plunkett found the edge of Williamson’s bat and Nicholls was bowled via an inside edge for a plucky 55. Now the boundaries were few and far between, though none foresaw that this would be a decisive factor. Ross Taylor was given lbw to Wood and at the end of their innings New Zealand could not break free despite a few crisp strokes from Tom Latham.

Yet 242 soon seemed a long way off. Boult’s first delivery to Roy was just about perfect and it prompted a huge appeal for lbw, which was declined by Marais Erasmus. A review was sought. The ball pitched in line but was deemed to be hitting the outside of the leg stump so Roy survived by virtue of an umpire’s call.

At the other end Matt Henry kept beating the bat and then Roy would unfurl a majestic drive. But on 17 Roy was beaten again but this time the ball had brushed his bat.

Out came Joe Root, usually the most reassuring of sights, but not this time. For Root, of all people, lost control. He heaved against Colin de Grandhomme and missed. The next ball was wider and Root tried to hit it hard, always a bad sign. A drive became a swish and he was caught behind. This stunned the audience; it was like a great actor fluffing his lines on the grandest stage.

Soon Jonny Bairstow was bowled off the inside edge by Lockie Ferguson, who was to produce something more sensational. Eoin Morgan thrashed outside the off stump; the ball flew towards deep point, where Ferguson sprinted in before diving forward to hold a brilliant catch. It felt like a match-winning moment. Yet this was just the start of a bewildering, helter-skelter finale. What a day. What a ricochet.

Source : The Guardian


Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government on Friday proposed giving foreign investors a bigger role in India's giant insurance and aviation sectors to help reverse weakening growth and investment that threatens to take the shine off its recent landslide election victory.

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman unveiled the proposals while presenting the budget for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2020, to parliament, the first since the Hindu nationalist-led government was re-elected in a vote in April and May.


Garima Kapoor, Economist, And Vice-President, Elara Capital, Mumbai

"The budget strikes a reasonable balance between addressing the objective of inclusivity and laying the path for a $5-trillion economy by focusing on infrastructure spending, incentivising affordable housing, providing growth capital for PSU banks and signalling support for sound NBFCs."

"Additional areas of spending have been created not at the cost of a higher fiscal deficit. The fiscal deficit has been reduced by 10 bps to 3.3% in FY20, which is heartening."


Dr. Karthik Nagendra, Founder & CEO, ThoughtStarters and Co-Founder, Pink Ladder

"Mandating business payments to be done online and levy TDS of 2% on cash withdrawal exceeding Rs 1 crore in a year from a bank account is bad idea as it will further boost the circulation of cash with businesses not even bringing in that money into the bank accounts.. It will work against their idea of reducing cash payment..."

"The Modi 2.0 budget is a big let down for small and medium enterprises. Various measures proposed in the economic survey don't find any place in the budget. Companies that had taken major hit due to demonetisation and GST were hoping for some lifelines to be offered in this budget, especially when the govt had a majority mandate and no opposition. Some will continue to suffer and this is no good news for employment opportunities in the country."


Swetank Shekhar, Founder & CSO, E3 Retail

"In the first budget of second term of the new government, it has made it easy for FII and FDI to invest more funds in the country by lowering their risk. Retail sector which contributes significantly to the growth impetus has been given a fillip with the easing of local sourcing norms for single brand retailers; enabling the MSMEs; easing Angel Tax for start-ups; and addressing the need to fill the skill gap that exists in areas like AI, Big Data, Robotics  and others. Young India is going to be a major supplier of skilled manpower to the world, and more importantly to an merging technology-savvy country like India, and hence arming the youth with new age skills will boost its probability of achieving its goal to take the country from the current 3 trillion economy (almost) to a 5 trillion economy. Incentives for faster adoption of EVs is one of the heartening aspects of the budget, for a country battling with rising air pollution and health concerns, which are likely to emerge as major cause of loss of manpower in the coming future."


Anagha Deodhar, Economist, ICICI Securities, Mumbai

"Agriculture sector is a major employment generator in the country and is currently reeling under stress. Hence, Sitharaman's focus on agriculture and the rural sector is a welcome step."

"Moreover, the proposals to make India an electric car manufacturing hub, a large investment in quality higher education, focus on building infrastructure, efforts to widen tax net, incentives for start-ups, etc. are big positives. She also proposed to provide 700 billion rupees for PSU bank recapitalisation and raised the disinvestment target to 1.05 trillion rupees, which will be taken positively by the market."

"On the downside, the proposal to increase minimum public shareholding in listed companies to 35% could negatively impact some companies. If budgets in the coming years keep focusing on the right areas, the target of making India a $5-trillion economy in the next 5 years looks achievable."

"There was a widespread expectation of a stimulus to combat the current slowdown. The budget did not announce any stimulus. On the contrary, (it) raised some of the taxes. Also, the fiscal deficit target for FY20 was revised down to 3.3%, which is surprising."


Rajiv Singh, CEO, Stock Broking, Karvy, Hyderabad

"The nominal GDP growth assumption is realistic and can be achieved by giving a boost to infrastructure. The economy has enough strength to achieve this growth rate, however, the risk to this forecast would be from a financial market turmoil or an increase in commodity prices like oil which may result in a significant depreciation of the rupee."

"The increase in public shareholding from 25% to 35% is a good step for the deepening of capital markets. It also means that many companies will need to increase their public shareholding, mostly by selling of promoter stake or additional equity issuance. The requirement to meet 35% would result in companies needing to offer approximately 1 trillion rupees to the public."

"The additional supply of equity should keep a lid on valuations, but in the longer term, (it) should help in getting more retail money in equity markets."


Vivek Gupta, Partner And National Head – M&A/ PE TAX, KPMG, New Delhi

"The move to increase minimum public shareholding for listed companies from 25% to 35% must be implemented carefully. Timing, applicability, etc (need) to be closely evaluated. We don't want this to be another 'forced sale'. (This is a) good opportunity for institutional capital and funds."


Anil Talreja, Partner, Deloitte India, Mumbai

"The proposed announcement to increase the minimum shareholding threshold from 25% to 35% is a move to increase public participation in listed entities, thereby fortifying the fundamentals of governance."

"One would need to evaluate once the fine print is available (as the FM mentioned that SEBI will be issuing the requisite circulars) as there would be some clarifications expected, including on grandfathering of existing situations, a movement to the desired threshold."

Source : Businessworld


Google is most popular and best search engine. However, sometimes we need Local Search Engine Website (LSEW) to search for business or services in our area. Local search Engine website can help us for that.

While the world is a global village, for digital marketing to be successful, it is further shrunk down to locality level for best results. Local Search Engine Website is like life line for any Business to succeed.

Irrespective of national or global, Search Engines have become incredibly expensive, brutally competitive and less penetrable thereby losing to meet the end of potential customers. When your services assist for a specific geographical area and to meet the target audiences, Local Search Engine Website comes into the picture. As a result, small business slowly tuning into the Local Search Engine Website to increase their exposure. Every company with a local target market can gain from LSEW.

LSEW has now become a need for a business that wants to survive in the long run. With the increase in the mobility market, people use Local Search Engine Website to find anything or everything, in that case, if your business is not listed locally then you will defiantly lack in growth.

So targeting local customers should always be the first priority for expansion.

LSEW focuses on targeting the specific location of your audience or business with keywords and can set your brand apart from the rest.



Any business that is not yet listed on Local platforms gets a chance to showcase their presence by submitting some information like- Name, Address, Contact Details, Nature of Business and much more.

So always try to give true and accurate data about the business, try to upload pictures & videos that are of high- quality and relevant to your business.



Traditional Advertising like- local newspapers, leaflets, direct mail, etc are much more expensive than LSEW listing.

LSEW reaches customers only when they are in need of your service.

LSEW are both efficient & cost-effective and also provides higher and reliable conversions as a comparison to Traditional Marketing.



The main focus of LSEW is to create awareness in the market about your presence so that people who are interested in your services will automatically try to contact you through local search engines.



LSEW focuses on keywords and demographics and ensures that your business or services are shown in the focused areas.

This increases your rankings and gives you less competition based on local search.



Not all customers search on Google for everything, some use sites like- JustDial, Askme, IndiaMart Yelp, and other directories that list businesses by location and type.

This can help increase your search rankings and give your audience more information about your organization.



If your product is well known locally or globally you have automatically created your brand image, and LSEW focuses on creating your brand image in the market so that people get attracted towards you and wishes to avail the services you offer.



Instead of reaching out to a genuine audience, you can tailor your social media campaigns and profiles to a localized audience or group.

Social Media is actually using virtual spaces to showcase your product and make connecting with the users.

This automatically leads to huge customer flow in the business.



Today’s consumer wants to join with a company that they can connect with on a personal level.

They aren’t buying a brand or a product. They are buying the professional expertise of local businesses that meet their needs.

LSEW is a starting phase where you get connected with your customers personally so that they always avail services from you instead of going somewhere else.



Your website is a second location that represents you in the market. With the help of LSEW, you can reach your customers easily as it helps them to study what kind of business you run, what services you offer, and much more.

This helps in building Business extensions with customers and business units.



If your steps are taken properly and correctly, then LSEW can take your Business on the next level by making more profit along with the much-needed online exposure.


However, in today's digital landscape, going local can be cheaper and more effective option. In this arena, every penny counts but the old proverb is true, ‘you have to spend money to make money.’

Whatzoff is a Local Search Engine Website


About Yuvraj Singh
Yuvraj Singh is a left-handed batsman who also bowls left-arm orthodox spin, a flamboyant and fearless cricketer. A better player of fast bowling, Yuvraj has the ability and power to strike the ball long and clean, and his aggressive batting has even proved to be a match winner on many occasions. He is also a spectacular point fielder, with quick reflexes that make him rank high on the list of prolific fielders effecting ODI run outs.

Yuvraj Singh began his cricket career playing domestic cricket in tournaments such as the Under-19 Cooch-Behar Trophy and the Under-19 World Cup in Sri Lanka (2000). He was selected for the National Cricket Academy in Bangalore, and since then his cricketing career moved ahead in full stream. Yuvraj made his One-Day International debut for India against Kenya at Nairobi in 2000, at the 2000 ICC Champions Trophy. He proved his potential with brilliant innings at tournaments like the Natwest Series final (2002) with his amazing partnership with Mohammad Kaif; the 2003 Cricket World Cup and the 2005 Indian Oil Cup where he scored a memorable 110 runs of 114 balls, and was also judged the man of the match against West Indies.

Although Yuvraj Singh was dropped from the team on a few occasions and with his attitude and clashes with the team management citing differences with former coach Greg Chappel, he always bounced back with his stunning performances.

Yuvraj has played 40 Tests, scoring 1900 runs with his highest being 169. He has taken 9 test wickets and 31 test catches till date. He has played in 304 ODI’s scoring 8701 runs with fourteen centuries and 52 half centuries. His highest score in the ODI’s remains his 150 runs. He has taken 111 ODI wickets. He has taken 94 catches and 31 runouts in the ODI’s. Yuvraj has appeared in the 2003 and 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup playing 14 matches and scoring 376 runs with his highest being 83. Performance of Yuvraj Singh in the Cricket World Cup 2011 has been instrumental in taking India to the path of becoming the World Champions. He played 9 matches in the World Cup 2011 and scored 362 runs while also taking 15 wickets. He went on to become the “Man of the Series” in the tournament.

Yuvraj Singh’s career took a backseat when he was diagnosed with cancer in his left lung in the year 2011 after not being in a good form for a long time. The things worsened when in January 2012, it came to light that the left hand batsman also has tumor and the cricketer went through chemotherapy in the United States.

Yuvraj Singh returned to India on 9 April after going through treatment for a cancerous tumour between his lungs in the US where he spent two and a half months. His fans that had been a constant support ever since his illness were present in large numbers at the airport to welcome their hero along with several other famous personalities. The ailment Yuvraj was suffering from is called mediastinal seminoma. Yuvraj went through three sessions of chemotherapy at the IU Simon Cancer Centre at the Indiana University Medical Centre. The left handed batsman who took India to victory in the World Cup 2011 announced his arrival on Twitter and his return was anticipated ever since. In 2016, Yuvraj kept himself busy with Duleep Trophy and also became the captain of the team ‘India Red’.

Outside Cricket
Yuvraj has been brand-ambassador of many brands like Microsoft’s Xbox 360 video game, sports365.in, Puma and Ulysse Nardin. He also runs a charity YouWeCan and has treated thousands of cancer patients through it.

He is going to be the main protagonist in the upcoming animated film Captain India.

Personal Life
Yuvraj Singh was born on 12 December, 1981 in Chandigarh, Punjab. He is the son of Yograj Singh who is a former Indian fast bowler and a Punjabi movie star. He did his schooling from DAV Public School, Chandigarh.

Yurvraj married Hazel Keech on 30 November 2016.

He hit six sixes in a single over in a 2007 ICC World Twenty20 match
He is the first all-rounder to score 300 plus runs and to take 15 wickets in a single World Cup
He was the Man of the Tournament in the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011
In 2012, he was awarded with the Arjuna Award (India’s second highest, Sporting Award) by the President of India.
He was awarded with the Padma Shri Award in 2014.
He was honoured with FICCI Most Inspiring Sportsperson of the Year Award in February 2014.
Source : mapsofindia.com



The President of India, as advised by the Prime Minister, has directed the allocation of portfolios among the following members of the Union Council of Ministers:-

Shri Narendra Modi                         Prime Minister and also in-charge of: Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions; Department of Atomic Energy; Department of Space; and All important policy issues; and All other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.

Cabinet Ministers

  1. Shri Raj Nath Singh Minister of Defence.
  2. Shri Amit Shah Minister of Home Affairs.
  3. Shri Nitin Jairam Gadkari Minister of Road Transport and Highways; and Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
  4. Shri D.V. Sadananda Gowda Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
  5. Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman Minister of Finance; and Minister of Corporate Affairs.
  6. Shri Ramvilas Paswan Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
  7. Shri Narendra Singh Tomar Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare; Minister of Rural Development; and Minister of Panchayati Raj.

- 2 -

  1. Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad Minister of Law and Justice; Minister of Communications; and Minister of Electronics and Information Technology.
  2. Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal Minister of Food Processing Industries.
  3. Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  4. Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar Minister of External Affairs.
  5. Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ Minister of Human Resource Development.
  6. Shri Arjun Munda Minister of Tribal Affairs.
  7. Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani Minister of Women and Child Development; and Minister of Textiles.
  8. Dr. Harsh Vardhan Minister of Health and Family Welfare; Minister of Science and Technology; and Minister of Earth Sciences.
  9. Shri Prakash Javadekar Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change; and Minister of Information and Broadcasting.
  10. Shri Piyush Goyal Minister of Railways; and Minister of Commerce and Industry.
  11. Shri Dharmendra Pradhan Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas; and Minister of Steel.
  12. Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi Minister of Minority Affairs.
  13. Shri Pralhad Joshi Minister of Parliamentary Affairs; Minister of Coal; and Minister of Mines.
  14. Dr. Mahendra Nath Pandey Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
  15. Shri Arvind Ganpat Sawant Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprise.
  16. Shri Giriraj Singh Minister of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.

- 3 -

  1. Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Minister of Jal Shakti.                Ministers of State (Independent Charge)
  2. Shri Santosh KumarGangwar Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  3. Rao Inderjit Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation; and Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Planning.
  4. Shri Shripad Yesso Naik Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH); and Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence.
  5. Dr. Jitendra Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region; Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office; Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions; Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy; and Minister of State in the Department of Space.
  6. Shri Kiren Rijiju Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority Affairs.
  7. Shri Prahalad Singh Patel Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Culture; and Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Tourism.

- 4 -

  1. Shri Raj Kumar Singh Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Power; Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
  2. Shri Hardeep Singh Puri Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs; Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Civil Aviation; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  3. Shri Mansukh L. Mandaviya Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Shipping; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. Ministers of State
  4. Shri Faggansingh Kulaste Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel.
  5. Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  6. Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises.
  7. General (Retd.) V. K. Singh Minister of State in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
  8. Shri Krishan Pal Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  9. Shri Danve Raosaheb Dadarao Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
  10. Shri G. Kishan Reddy Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.

- 5 -

  1. Shri Parshottam Rupala Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  2. Shri Ramdas Athawale Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  3. Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development.
  4. Shri Babul Supriyo Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
  5. Shri Sanjeev Kumar Balyan Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.
  6. Shri Dhotre Sanjay Shamrao Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development; Minister of State in the Ministry of Communications; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
  7. Shri Anurag Singh Thakur Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
  8. Shri Angadi Suresh Channabasappa Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.
  9. Shri Nityanand Rai Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  10. Shri Rattan Lal Kataria Minister of State in the Ministry of Jal Shakti; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  11. Shri V. Muraleedharan Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.
  12. Smt. Renuka Singh Saruta Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
  13. Shri Som Parkash Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

- 6 -

  1. Shri Rameswar Teli Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries.
  2. Shri Pratap Chandra Sarangi Minister of State in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.
  3. Shri Kailash Choudhary Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  4. Sushri Debasree Chaudhuri Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development. 

For immediate release.

(Ashok Malik)

Press Secretary to the President



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The 2019 ICC Cricket World Cup is the 12th edition of the Cricket World Cup, scheduled to be hosted by England and Wales, from 30 May to 14 July 2019.

Cricket format: One Day International

Tournament format(s): Round-robin and Knockout

Participants: 10

Dates: Thu, 30 May, 2019 – Sun, 14 Jul, 2019

Matches played: 48

Administrator: International Cricket Council


30 May 03:00 pm IST England vs South Africa - Match 1

31 May 03:00 pm IST West Indies vs Pakistan - Match 2

1 Jun 03:00 pm IST New Zealand vs Sri Lanka - Match 3

1 Jun 06:00 pm IST Afghanistan vs Australia - Match 4

2 Jun 03:00 pm IST South Africa vs Bangladesh - Match 5

3 Jun 03:00 pm IST England vs Pakistan - Match 6

4 Jun 03:00 pm IST Afghanistan vs Sri Lanka - Match 7

5 Jun 03:00 pm IST South Africa vs India - Match 8

5 Jun 06:00 pm IST Bangladesh vs New Zealand - Match 9

6 Jun 03:00 pm IST Australia vs West Indies - Match 10

7 Jun 03:00 pm IST Pakistan vs Sri Lanka - Match 11

8 Jun 03:00 pm IST England vs Bangladesh - Match 12

8 Jun 06:00 pm IST Afghanistan vs New Zealand - Match 13

9 Jun 03:00 pm IST India vs Australia - Match 14

10 Jun 03:00 pm IST South Africa vs West Indies - Match 15

11 Jun 03:00 pm IST Bangladesh vs Sri Lanka - Match 16

12 Jun 03:00 pm IST Australia vs Pakistan - Match 17

13 Jun 03:00 pm IST India vs New Zealand - Match 18

14 Jun 03:00 pm IST England vs West Indies - Match 19

15 Jun 03:00 pm IST Sri Lanka vs Australia - Match 20

15 Jun 06:00 pm IST South Africa vs Afghanistan - Match 21

16 Jun 03:00 pm IST India vs Pakistan - Match 22

17 Jun 03:00 pm IST West Indies vs Bangladesh - Match 23

18 Jun 03:00 pm IST England vs Afghanistan - Match 24

19 Jun 03:00 pm IST New Zealand vs South Africa - Match 25

20 Jun 03:00 pm IST Australia vs Bangladesh - Match 26

21 Jun 03:00 pm IST England vs Sri Lanka - Match 27

22 Jun 03:00 pm IST India vs Afghanistan - Match 28

22 Jun 06:00 pm IST West Indies vs New Zealand - Match 29

23 Jun 03:00 pm IST Pakistan vs South Africa - Match 30

24 Jun 03:00 pm IST Bangladesh vs Afghanistan - Match 31

25 Jun 03:00 pm IST England vs Australia - Match 32

26 Jun 03:00 pm IST New Zealand vs Pakistan - Match 33

27 Jun 03:00 pm IST West Indies vs India - Match 34

28 Jun 03:00 pm IST Sri Lanka vs South Africa - Match 35

29 Jun 03:00 pm IST Pakistan vs Afghanistan - Match 36

29 Jun 06:00 pm IST New Zealand vs Australia - Match 37

30 Jun 03:00 pm IST England vs India - Match 38

1 Jul 03:00 pm IST Sri Lanka vs West Indies - Match 39

2 Jul 03:00 pm IST Bangladesh vs India - Match 40

3 Jul 03:00 pm IST England vs New Zealand - Match 41

4 Jul 03:00 pm IST Afghanistan vs West Indies - Match 42

5 Jul 03:00 pm IST Pakistan vs Bangladesh - Match 43

6 Jul 03:00 pm IST Sri Lanka vs India - Match 44

6 Jul 06:00 pm IST Australia vs South Africa - Match 45

9 Jul 03:00 pm IST 1st Place vs 4th Place - 1st Semi Final

11 Jul 03:00 pm IST 2nd Place vs 3rd Place - 2nd Semi Final

14 Jul 03:00 pm IST T.B.C. vs T.B.C. - Final


Celebrate Life - Festivals are a known panacea for all our sorrows, they bring in so much happiness and laughter in our lives. But do we really need a reason in the form of festivals, to rejoice? "Each day will be a day of festivity if we learn to celebrate every moment of our life." Says lifestyle expert Dr. Prakash Joshi

Over the ages many incidents have marked the achievement of human beings, giving man a reason to set apart days to celebrate these achievements. But if we look at our surroundings with total awareness and alertness, we will realise that no other being follows this practice. for all other creatures existence itself is a celebration. In the morning birds start singing, with sunrise the light starts breathing, the waves of the ocean are dancing. The whole universe seems to be celebrating something, except man because the human mind creates such misery and illusion around itself that prohibits man from enjoying the beauty of existence. All other creations of God are totally engrossed in their celebration because they move in accordance with the existing force. Festivals bring in physical and mental happiness. In every part of the world there are festivals to be celebrated. Festivals bring with them an urge to revivify. People become ready and excided to wear new clothes, to renovate the house and to replace old things and thoughts with new ones.

Festivals free your mind from thoughts of the past or anxiety of the future and you live in the present and you start living every moment of life. When festivals are around the corner, we are always in a mood to love each other, wish goodness to everybody and spread happiness around us.

Festival shed a light of awareness on the human mind and a lot of positive energy is radiated in the form of sharing. Celebration is an attitude, make your life a festival. so make a vow with total awareness to live and grow in festivity. when we live our life as a celebration we have lived it fully.

Prakash Joshi (9662277748)


The Indian Institute of Export, Vadodara was established in the year 1972 as one of the only Education Institute offering Correspondence Course on Export Import Management  having students from entire Country as well as from Asian Countries too. The course designed in simple language and in practical aspects of the working, by Late Shri Chandraprasad M Pandit, well known as C. M. Pandit in the field of Export Import Business.

After independence Export was the prime requirement for the economic development of the country as India is one of the largest crop yielding Countries in the World with labor and resources in abundance apart from the need of  Industrialization. Mr C. M Pandit had a privilege to work with British Company as Sales and Marketing Executive where he gained the knowledge of Export and Import. After Independence he started The Indian Export Trade Journal, a monthly magazine for promotion of Indian product in domestic and International market for more then 30 years.

Working as an Editor for export magazine, he experienced the need of Education for Export Import, hence he started THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF EXPORT SOCIETY an autonomy body as non profit  Charitable Trust under which he started six month correspondence course which was well accepted by the Indian Industries, Manufacturers, Traders and Consultant for better growth. The studentship he received for Export Import Management from all age group and all department of working professionals.


Time always demands change, and in 1995 he started Export Import Management course as Classroom Classes in Evening to accommodate professionals and working people, offering them Post Graduate Diploma in Export Import Management, PGDEIM,. Over 18000 plus students have passed out over this years and have contributed large to the Export Business of the State of Gujarat as well as of the Nation.

Export is the need of the hour for every Country, and with India having a large resources and being a agricultural country exported huge amount of agro and agro byproducts. Gradually India become the highest exporters of  Indian Spices, Handicrafts and Agricultural products in short time, Indian government also played a vital role in promoting export by giving incentives, subsidies, funding, tax relaxation and liberalizing government policy. Indian Handicraft Board of central government planned a special promotion of Indian Handicraft Export and appointed The Indian Institute of Export, Vadodara, to conduct 15 days Workshop in the different parts of west zone states, as the educating and training centre for the artisans and manufacturers.

The eminent personality and learned consultants are the faculty of the Institute, who have contributed to the growth and have expedite the utmost updated knowledge to the students. Leading Personality like Dr. Rajesh Khajuria, Educationist and Consultant, Mr. S. B. Parikh, Cost Accountant, Mr. Naresh Sheth, Consultant and Practitioner, Mr. S. V. Modi Export Consultant and Visiting Faculty, Mr Rajan Nair, CEO Alltime Shipping Co., Mr. Ramesh Mehta, EX BOB Executive, Mr R. S Jamdar, Export Consultant, Mr. Vijay Safaya, Marketing Consultant, Cornl J. S. Rathor, Mr Amit Karr, Logistics Manger, Ms. Manisha Thaker, Export Consultant and Trainer, Ms. Khyati Doshi, Education Consultant and Freelancer, Mr. Prashant Wadeker, Export Consultant, Mr N. B. Shah QC Consultant. Mr. TNC Rajgopalan, EXIM Expert, Mr. K. B Srinivasan, Export Taxation and Consultant, Mr. R. D. Shah, Export Consultant and Mr. U. C. Trivedi, ISO and TQM Consultant have contributed their expertise on subject during the course and have been guiding student in day to day requirement during their working after completion of the course.


Leading Organisation of Vadodara and Guajrat State have absorbed the pass out student, to name few Banco, Linde, Apollo Tayer, Kemrock, Almebic, Prakash Chemical, Vasu Pharmaceuticals, Tulsi Logistics, Bombardier, Modern Foods, Lexicon Freight International P. Ltd., Nexsus Logistics, Som International, Sorbead India, Nippon Expres India Pvt Ltd, Freight Systems India Pvt., Ltd, Buenavesta Inc.,  MKS Global Logistics, Piramal Glass Pvt. Ltd., Yesha Electricals Pvt. Ltd., AVS Air-Sea Services Pvt. Ltd., and many more organization.

The Indian Institute of Export, Vadodara, is working with the moto of developing Exporters for various products and services and make every individual competent to work in various area of Export Import Ornganisation. It is mater of proud for Institute as many of them have started their own Export House, CHF company, Shipping and Logistics orgnaisation, Consultant and Merchant Exporters.


Recently,  Indian Institute of Export have introduce a four week training program dedicated to Shipping and Logistics Management to fulfill the manpower requirement of the Industries. In coming years Institute plan to introduce short term certificate program for the all round development of students and groom them to make a mark in the Industry they work in.

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